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Like his Master, he was a man of sorrows, and writes: "I think the early death of my father and mother, the death of a beloved wife and children, wrought in a remarkable way for my good. I could not but notice that when God took them away, He always supplied their room with Himself. Of some who reviled his views of the doctrines of grace from the press he says, “Whatever they wish me, my heart's desire is, that they may obtain redemption through the blood of Christ, even the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace. Whatever they call me, may Jehovah call them the redeemed of the Lord, sought out, and not forsaken.' In 1787 the labours of this devoted minister were brought to a close, and it is considered that the end was hastened by his laborious studies, constant preaching, and pastoral visits. In vain his friends urged him to desist from his work; his reply was, “How can a dying man spend his last breath better than in

preaching Christ?" His last sermons were from Luke ii. 26, and Acts xiii. 16. During his illness, the expression which fell from the lips of this dying saint could only have been surpassed in grace of expression, depth of experience, and the full assurance of faith, by one who had long preceded him to glory, by a century, Samuel Rutherford, whose letters he looked upon as a treasure to Scotland. His favourite authors besides, were Hervey (cotemporary with himself), Owen, Erskine, and the very unpopular, but highly scriptural “Cole on God's Sovereignty." His literary taste shows what his doctrinal views were. But to return to the death-bed of Mr. Brown, and the gracious words that fell from his expiring lips at this time. “How astonishing," said he, as he was taking a little wine, “that God's Son should be obliged to take gall and vinegar when His thirst was great, and I have wine when is by no means excessive! How I long to drink of the new wine of my Father's kingdom, which will hurt neither head nor heart! Oh, that I had all the world around me, that I might tell them of Christ! Had I ten thousand tongues and ten thousand hearts, and were employing them all in the commendation of Christ, I could not do for His honour what He hath deserved, considering His kindness to me." “I am weak, but it is delightful to find oneself weak in everlasting

My memory is much failed, but, were death once over, I shall remember God's keeping of mercies, and my multiplied provocations, and sing thanksgivings to God for ever.”

"I find reading tires me, walking tires me, riding tires me; but, were I once with Jesus above, fellowship with Him will never tire : 'so shall we be for ever with the Lord.' If doubting, disputing, trampling on His kindness, could have made Him change His love, it would never have been continued to me. Though I have never been left to commit gross crimes, yet He knows the outrageous wickedness of my heart; such wickedness as would have provoked any but a God of infinite love to cast me into hell.

Yet, lo, instead of casting me thither, He takes me to His bosom and says, 'I have loved thee with an everlasting love.' Oh, what must Christ be in Himself when He sweetens heaven, sweetens Scripture, sweetens ordinances, sweetens earth, and even sweetens trials! I need not go farther than myself to see that God is love ; for even in my trouble He treats me as a mother does her sucking child. I have no more

dependence on my labours than on my sins. “How strange a kind of debt is the debt of grace! Were I even now two or three hundred pounds in debt to any man, it would considerably

my thirst


distress me; but my views of my debt to free grace greatly refresh my heart.

“The command is, 'Owe no man anything.' What a mercy it is there is no such precept as this, Owe a Saviour nothing; or even this, Study to owe Him as little as possible! I confess that I should not like to stand at the market-cross with a paper on my breast, declaring I was a bank.

pt to men; but, oh, I think I should love to stand in the most public place in all heaven, having all the redeemed pointing to me as the greatest sinner that ever was saved.

“When my heart enters properly into these words, For ever with the

· Lord,' the leaving of my family diminishes into a very small point; and, although my natural affection for them be as strong as ever, I hope that when I am away Christ will far more than supply my room to them, and then we shall be better on all hands.” We are told that 'the solid joy of God's salvation and the peace that passeth all understanding, continued with him to the last.' "The Lord is my strength and my song, and He is become my salvation. God is an everlasting rock," he said as he was dying; but his two last words were, “My Christ!”


THE PROPHET'S “WOE!”-THE SERAPHIM'S “LO!" In the sixth chapter of Isaiah, an account is given of a vision which the prophet had of Christ's glory. See John xii. 41. He saw Him, and then spake of Him. Nothing is so well calculated to fit a redeemed sinner to speak of Christ as a revelation of Him made to the soul and in the soul. Those who are favoured to see Christ believingly will speak of Him lovingly.

In what position did the people see Him? “Sitting upon a throne," &c. What a King is Christ! What a perfect knowledge He has of all His subjects of who they are, where they are, and what they are! It is the Saviour's will that all those given Him by His Father should be with Him, that they may behold His glory (John xvii. 24). How little of Christ's glory is seen by the Lord's people here below! “We now see through a glass darkly, then face to face." Yes, " they shall see His face." How is it that death is so much feared by those who have a good hope, through grace, that for them “ to die would be gain ?” A man may fear death, and yet gain by dying, while, on the other hand, a person may not fear it, and yet be quite unprepared for it?

No doubt, some have died in fear who have, notwithstanding, died " in the Lord.” It is, indeed, a solemn question, How will it be with our precious soul in the swellings of Jordan?

What the prophet saw led him to speak lowly of himself, “Woe is me! for I am undone." A spiritual and believing view of the Lord Jesus will prevent a man saying, "Stand by, for I am holier than thou." When the Lord Jesus is seen in His true light by the child of God, he then sees himself in his true character. It is not very common to hear a man say of Himself, “Woe is me!” but, when the Lord's servant used these words, he was brought into an uncommon place, saw uncommon things, felt in an uncommon way. A person may be in God's favour who feels in himself undone. The presence of sin in the heart, and a sense thereof in the conscience, do not prevent the Lord from revealing Him



self to His people. “Mine eyes have seen the King." Reader, your eyes will see Him (Rev. i. 7).

“Then flew one of the seraphim unto me, having a live coal, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar.” Those who, like the prophet, feel undone, will not be sent to hell, but will have a message sent them from heaven. Heavenly things have life in them, but they are things brought, not bought. A live coal, if brought into contact with a person asleep, would be likely to awake him, or, if cold, to warm him. There is heat in a live coal. A person can tell

, if in a living and healthy state, when fire touches him. To know that these live coals are on the altar will not satisfy a living soul; he wants one brought therefrom. It kept alive in the seraphim's

hand, and, when he laid it upon the Isaiah's mouth, he said, “Lo, this hath touched thy lips, and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged.”

When a live coal is brought to a regenerated believer, something encouraging is spoken to his soul.

Christ is the Christian's altar, and what is brought to Him from the altar removes guilt, enlivens the soul, warms the heart, makes him attentive to His voice, and willing to obey the Lord.

There are great encouragements in store for those who feel in themselves undone. A bitter sense of sin precedes a sweet sense of pardon.

A true sight of ourselves will prevent us saying anything in our own favour. Persons who in a Gospel sense are blameless in the Lord's sight are very blameable in their own; hence they are often led to confess their sins. Gracious characters who are tormented with sin in this life will not be tormented for their sins in the life to come. In this life the child of God has a mortal body and a sinful soul, but in the life to come he will have an incorruptible body and a sinless soul, being without spot or blemish or any such thing. What efficacy in Christ's blood to remove all sins from the souls of his people!

Health of soul.—The soul of a child of God can only be kept in a healthy state by eating and drinking-spiritually and believinglyChrist's flesh and blood. Such a soul can never die.

The wonderful Saviour.- What a wonderful being is Christ! There is no creature in heaven but loves Him most ardently. Some love Him in heaven who hated Him (when dead in their sins) on earth. There is that in Christ which will keep alive the interest of redeemed multitudes throughout eternity, without in the least degree flagging; but, on the contrary, their interest in Him and His will increase. The fulness there is in Him is but little known on earth. Millions of redeemed souls will be filled with His fulness, and yet it will be inexhaustible. O glorious Saviour! O blessed fountain of bliss! O Thou chiefest among thousands, shall I be with Thee ? Eternal and Holy Spirit, assure my heart and satisfy my soul that I am bought with His blood, and that I shall be with Him and like Him for ever, to join in singing the song of Moses and the Lamb. What a song! What singers ! All their voices will be in tune, and will never get out of tune. Some who never could sing on earth will be able to sing there. What a place to sing in heaven!

Effects of pardon.-A sense of pardon will not harden; quite the contrary, “ It dissolves the heart of stone." When a sense of pardon enters a sinner's soul, a sense of guilt goes out. Nothing but this can remove it.

Questions and answers.—How grand were the questions the Lord put to Job! How little they made him feel! Man may ask questions he




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cannot answer; not so with God. “In Him dwelleth all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.” The Saviour had many questions put to Him while on earth ; some of which He did not answer, as in Herod's case : others He most graciously answered. What an answer that was He gave to Peter's question, “How oft shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him, until seven times? I say not unto thee until seven times, but until seventy times seven.' Who but He who is ready to pardon would have given such an answer? Note also the question put by the men whose eyes Jesus had opened: "Lord, who is He, that I might believe on Him?Jesus said, “It is He that talketh with thee." What a great privilege to be allowed to ask questions of the Saviour!

How readily Jesus answered all those questions put to Him by those who felt their need of instruction, help, healing, pardon, and salvation ! It is written in the Bible, “Every man shall kiss his lips that giveth a right answer." How many questions are presented to the Lord Jesus in prayer by His people every day and hour! Who but the all-wise Saviour could answer them? What relief an answer from Him brings to the soul! How great the advantage of having a correspondence between Him and our souls !

Why leave out election ? Some professing Christians believe in God's direction, instruction, and protection, but not in His election. The Lord's people are elected, protected, and directed. They are sought, bought, taught, and brought. All who by the Holy Spirit feel their need of God's protection and direction most certainly belong to "the election of grace."

Sin and grace. It is a great mercy to be kept by God's power from the dominion of indwelling sin. A man who is active in the practice of sin outwardly, cannot at the same time be under the reigning power of divine grace inwardly. King Grace and King Sin do not sit and reign at the same time upon the same throne. King Sin likes to occupy the throne of the heart; but King Grace can upset him, and keep him down, although he does not like to be disturbed from his seat. He never shows himself in his true character till he gets upset by King Grace. This sets him fretting and fuming, raging and raving for awhile, till he gets a blow from the hand of King Grace which studs him for a time.

King Grace sets up those who often lament being upset by King Sin. With some of God's people this upsetting and setting up work have been going on for many years. The last upset is at hand. There will be none of them in glory. The Lord make us more like Christ, who in every respect when here below was what He professed to be (not like some of His professed followers); and whose thoughts, words, and ways agreed with each other.

F. F.


Spiritual sorrow and joy are inseparable companions in this life.

Nervousness reminds thee where thy strength is; Jacob's thigh must be put out of joint, that he might know that he overcomes not in the flesh, but in the Lord. Nervousness is frequently made the furnace for purification, and imparting of the Spirit of Christ. It is a severe discipline. Oh, what agony of mind tried souls pass through! Oh, what is trial-what are afflictions, compared to this heart-gloom, this failure of the animal spirits ? Many of God's choice servants have been martyrs to these sensations. Who but a God can deliver ?


BEFORE AND AFTER. WILLIAM HENRY KRAUSE, a name dear to many of God's called and chosen people, previous to his entering the ministry, obtained, in the year 1826, the appointment of moral agent to Lord Farnham, in the County Cavan, his office being to visit schools, make himself acquainted with the tenantry, and superintend everything connected with their moral improvement—his area of labour being about 30,000 acres of land, over which were distributed the farms and schools which came under his inspection. In a small memoir of Mr. Krause, by Dr. Stanford, published in 1853, we have some valuable letters, written during this time, which afford much information about the state of Ireland, prior to the Act of Catholic Emancipation, which will aptly meet the objection so often raised now, that a Protestant church and people have had no beneficial influence in the country.

In 1826 Mr. Krause thus writes: “The state of Ireland is at this moment peculiarly interesting. The strongholds of Popery have been boldly and openly attacked by zealous advocates of truth and faithful servants of the Lord Jesus, and a spirit of inquiry has been excited among the people from one end of Ireland to the other, which all the subtlety and authority of the priests will not put a stop to. A most powerful engine now at work is the Irish Society, by means of which men, capable of speaking the Irish language, are sent throughout the country as readers and distributors of the Scriptures in that much-loved language; and they have been listened to with attention, and received a hearty welcome where English readers and the English version of the Scriptures were not tolerated.

In the December of the same year (1826), he thus writes : “ Lord Farnham is doing everything to diffuse light amongst the Roman Catholics in this country, and to induce them to free themselves from the temporal and spiritual bondage under which they have so long laboured, through the wickedness of a covetous and ungodly priesthood. You may have seen the account in some of the papers of the recantation of three hundred Roman Catholics within the last nine weeks, in this country. Of all these we cannot be certain; most of them, I believe, are sincere." In 18:27 Mr. Krause thus writes: “In Ireland there is a 'shaking of the dry bones,' and a stir throughout the country, such as never was known. Popery is attacked fearlessly and unceasingly with spiritual weapons. The people are beginning to inquire and discuss; the word of God is read, and the priests are trembling for their empire. They do not hesitate to publish the most barefaced falsehoods, and to use the most barbarous and unchristian means to maintain their dominion over the people's minds. Bold champions of truth, holy men of God, are everywhere crying to the deluded Roman Catholics, Come out of her, my people; and, blessed be God, the cry has been effectual in many parts. Upwards of five hundred have conformed to the Protestant religion in the county of Cavan within the last four months."

In another letter he thus writes: “At this moment Ireland assumes a wonderfully-interesting appearance. In one part of it a wonderful stir has been among the Roman Catholics. For the last five weeks several, every Sunday, have renounced publicly the errors of Popery. Last Sunday there were twenty ; to-morrow there will be nearly forty-making,


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