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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

THE History and Rationale of the Book of Common Prayer are subjects which have been already treated by numerous writers of distinction. At the time, however, when the present series of Manuals was projected in the hope of supplying wants expressed on every side by students in Theology, it did not appear that any one of the existing volumes, taken singly, was available for the desired object. During the greater part of the past century, Wheatly's Rational Illustration has been the chief source of knowledge on liturgical subjects. But in the course of the last twenty years the whole question has been re-opened by divines of greater learning and more accurate research; and it is mainly with the view of epitomizing their extensive publications, and correcting by their help the errors and misconceptions which had obtained a currency amongst us, that the present volume has been put together. The materials out of which it is composed lie scattered in the older works of Strype, Nicholls', and Comber', and in those of more

Nicholls, Commentary on the Book of Common Prayer, 2d ed. 1712.

Comber, Companion to the Temple, 2 vols. 1701. Bishop Spar

row's Rationale has not been referred to, from the feeling that that excellent little volume will be in the bands of every student.

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recent date which have resulted from the investigations of Dr. Cardwell', and Messrs. Palmer', Maskell’, Clay', and Lathbury'.

The Author has, of course, been under the necessity of touching many questions which have always given rise to controversy; some of these relating to differences of opinion in the Church itself, and others to more serious disputations which maintainers of the PrayerBook hold with its opponents. On the former class of controversies he claims for himself the liberty of giving

Cardwell, Documentary An- The Book of Common Prayer nals (1546—1716), 2 vols. Oxf. Illustrated, Lond. 1841. 1814.

Historical Sketch of the Synodalia, Articles, Cauons, Prayer-Book, Lond. 1849. &c. (1547-1717), 2 vols. Oxf. 5 Lathbury, History of Conro1842.

cation, 2d ed. 1853. History of Conferences, &c. To the above must be added, (1558—1690), Oxf. 1841.

Mr. Robertson's work, entitled, 2 Palmer, Origines Liturgicæ, How shall we conform to the or Antiquities of the English Ritual, Liturgy of the Church of England ? 2 vols. Oxf. 1836.

2d ed., Lond. 1844: also, The 3 Maskell, The Ancient Liturgy Book of Common Prayer, with of the Church of England, accord- Notes, &c., a reprint of the Sealed ing to the Uses of Sarum, Bangor, Books' (Ecclesiastical History SoYork, and Hereford, and the Mo- ciety); and The Book of Common dern Roman, Lond. 1846.

Prayer, printed from the MS. Monumenta Ritualia Eccle- attached to the Irish Act of Unisiæ Anglicanæ, or Occasional Offices, formity (Eccl. Hist. Soc.), 3 vols. &c., 3 vols. 1846, 7.

1849. Much light is also thrown 4 Clay, Liturgies and Oecasional upon the early history of the Forms of Prayer set forth in the Prayer-Book by the series of Orireign of Queen Elizabcth (Parker ginal Letters relative to the English Society), 1847.

Reformation, and the Zurich LetPrivate Prayers, put forth ters, published by the Parker by Authority in the reign of Queen Society. Elizabeth (Parker Society), 1851.

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free expression to what he believes to be the truth ; while in reference to the latter, as might naturally be expected, he makes no effort to conceal his prepossessions for the doctrine and ritual of the Church of England.

A pleasing duty now remains, — to thank those friends of the Author who have given him the benefit of their suggestions, and examined for him such references as lay beyond the compass of his own library. He would especially mention the Rev. C. Hardwick, and the Rev. J. S. Purton, Fellows of St. Catharine's Hall, whose kindness in this matter is accepted as an evidence of true friendship, worthy of the members of their ancient brotherhood.

WITTON VICARAGE,
The Peast of the Circumcision, 1855.

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