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shall have received from their courts. For the note which had been rejected, contain: Four part, M. le Comte, in giving these ed the view which he had engaged at explanations to the cabinet of Madrid, you Verona to support ; and that having thus will declare to it, that his Majesty's Go. failed in convincing his Majesty of its vernment is intimately united with its wisdom, he would be betraying the conallies in the firm resolution to repel by fidence reposed in him by his Majesty's every means revolutionary principles and august allies, if he continued in a sitnation movements; that it equally concurs with where he could not fulfil the understanding its allies in the wishes which they form, to which they had mutually come. His that a remedy may be found by the noble Majesty received this paper, and in the Spanish nation itself for these evils---evils course of the evening sent a message to which are of a nature to disturb the go. the Minister, accepting his resignation ; vernments of Europe, and to impose on and an ordinance to that effect was signthem precautions which always must be ed by the King on the same night, and painful. You will, in particular, take care published in the Moniteur of the 27th. to make known, that the people of the Pe. It charges M. de Villele, ad interim, with ninsala, restored to tranquillity, will find the office of Foreign Affairs. On the 28th, in their neighbours faithful and sincere another ordinance received the royal sigfriends. You will, therefore, give to the nature, and was published in the Moniteur cabinet of Madrid the assurance, that the of the following day, constituting the Vissucours of every kind which France can count Chateaubriand, late ambassador to dispose of in favour of Spain, will always the Court of London, and also one of the be offered to her, for the purpose of as. French Ministers to the Congress of Vero. suring her happiness, and increasing her na, to the vacant office. M. de Chateauprosperity ; but you will at the same time briand, the personal friend of the Duke declare, that France will in no respect of Wellington, it is understood, entertain. relax the preservatory measures which ed sentiments, with regard to Spanish af. she has adopted, while Spain continues to fairs, coincident with those of his Grace, be torn by factions. His Majesty's Go. and did not strongly second the warlike vernment will not even hesitate to recal views of his colleague, at the Congress. you from Madrid, and to seek guarantees M. de Montmorency, on his retirement, in more efficacious measures, if its ensen. has been graced with the nominal title of fial interests continue to be compromised, Minister of State and Member of the and if it lose the hope of an amelioration, Pri Council, to wbich effect an ordiwhich it takes a pleasure in ‘expecting, nance was published at the same time as from the sentiments which have so long that announcing the appointment of his united Spaniards and Frenchmen in love
The ambassadors of Russia, for their kings, and for a wise · liberty. Austria, and Prussia, dispatched extraorSach are, M. le Comte, the instructions dinary couriers to Madrid, at the same which the King has ordered me to submit time the above French note was sent off'; to you, at the moment in which the notes and it was understood that these couriers of the cabinets of Vienna, Berlin, and were the bearers of the separate declaraSt Petersburgh, are about to be presented tions of the above-named three powers to the cabinet of Madrid. These instruc- resolved upon in Congress. tions will serve to make known to you Here the question at present rests, but, the views and the determination of the in the meantime, both parties are prepaFrench Government on this momentous ring for a trial of strength; and the French decurrence. You are authorised to com- papers inform us, that the continuance of mnunicate this dispatch, and to furnish a peace will still depend on the answer recopy of it, if it be demanded.
turned by the Spanish Government to the "Paris, Dec. 25, 1822."
representations made to it by France. When the determination of the King PORTUGAL.-_'The ordinary Cortes of was declared, preferring the above letter Portugal assembled on the 1st December. to that of the Duke of Montmorency, the The King made an effort to attend in latter took from his pocket a paper con. person, but an indisposition, by which he taining his resignation, and the reasons had been for some days oppressed, be. why he could no longer remain in the came so severe as to compel his Majesty ministry. He stated, that, in compli. to absent himself, and to commit the anee with his Majesty's commands, he perusal of his speech to a Minister. The had attended the Congress at Verona ; speech contains no distinct allusion what. that, after having obtained the consent ever to the state of foreign affairs. The of the continental part of the Holy Alli. answer of the President is equally vague rice, he returned to Paris, not only as the on this point. The omission, however, Minister of the King, but, in a certain sense, is compensated by the article, professing as the representative of that alliance ; that to be official; in a Madrid paper, which TOL. XII.
states, that an 'alliance, offensive and de. nunziata suffered most; all its finely-cul. fensive, has been actually settled between tivated lands were covered with a very Spain and Portugal, under which Portugal thick stratum of lapillo and ashes. Near is to dispatch immediately a corps of 8000 Ottalano, about forty or fitty moggia of picked troops to the assistance of the wood were consumed. The eruption, on Spaniards—this force to be increased as the whole, is considered by people who occasion may require.
have been eye-witnesses to all three, as In the sitting of the Cortes of the 4th, superior in grandeur to that of 1794, and a report was made on a dispatch from almost equal to that of 1779, which Sir the Minister for the Home Department, William Hamilton described so particu. in which the Congress was informed, that larly. the Queen, having refused to take the GREECE AND TURKEY.--Recent ad. oath to the Constitution of the Monarchy, vices state, that the Greeks have again the King had resolved on carrying into succeeded in setting fire to a Turkish Geet execution the decree of the Cortes, or at Tevedos. It appears that the Capitaine daining that whoever shall refuse to swear Pacha's ship, of 84 guns, was attacked to the Constitution, shall quit the king on the evening of the 10th November, dom, and renounce the rights of a Por. by three ships belonging to Ipsara, by tuguese citizen. But that the Queen hay. whom a fire-vessel was drifted against ing represented that her delicate health their opponent, which was completely would not permit her to travel without successful; and the result was the blowendangering her life, and the physicians ing up of the Turkish Admiral's ship, and of her household having consulted to the destruction of the whole of her crew. gether, and unanimously declared that Two Ottoman frigates were also driven on her life would actually be endangered if shore, but their crews were saved, and she were compelled, in her present state, one brig was captured. But this brilliant to undertake a journey either by sea or by action is not ibe only success of the land-his Majesty issued a decree, com- Greeks. manding the Queen to retire to the Quin. Omer Vrioni has experienced a signal ta de Ramalhao with the necessary at. defeat at Missolonghi, the consequence of tendants, but refusing her request to be which, it is said, will be the liberation of allowed to take along with her the Western Greece from all hostile attack, Infantas, the daughters : adding, that this till the expiration of the winter. retirement in the Quinta de Ramalhao Letters from Tricste, dated the ti should continue until the state of her ultimo, speak of the altered tone of the health might permit her to travel beyond British Government towards the Greeks, the kingdom.
as shewn in the conduct of the British ITALY.-Eruption of Mount Vesuvius. officers. An English frigate had arrived -A dreadful eruption of Vesuvius took near the castle of the Morea, and the cap. place on the 21st of October last, and tain, after giving a superb entertainment continued with little intermission till the to the public authorities, assured thern, 30th. In the course of that time, the that, in future, the Greeks would not be greatest terror prevailed among the inha. molested by the English in their efforts bitants in the vicinity. Torrents of lava to effect the liberation of their country. fowed down the mountain in various di. Advices had likewise been received from rections, in several places more than a the Ionian Islands, stating that the exmile broad. The showers of ashes dark- portation of every description of warlike ened the sky, and fell even in the streets stores was permitted to all parts of Greece. of Naples. The eruption of stones was At Constantinople, there has been a frequent ; and the sounds which issued complete change of Ministry. The Grand from the mountain were frightful. The Vizier and the Mufti have been deposed, damage, however, done by the eruption, and Haleb Effendi, long the Sultan's fawas not so considerable as the dreadful vourite, has been exiled. These changes and menacing appearances of the moun. originated in a mutiny of the Janissaries, tain gave cause to apprehend. Portici who, discontented at the reduction of the and the Torre del Greco suffered no other current coin, ran tumultuously through inconvenience than that arising from the streets, and surrounded the Seraglio, some sharp showers of lapillo and ashes. where they uttered menaces against the Rosina had about twenty moggia of land object of their hatred, Haleb Effendi, and covered. A moggia is a Neapolitan mea- against the Sultan hiniself. The Sultan sure, equivalent to about four-fifths of an would have appeased the turnult by proEnglish acre. From the Torre del Greco, fusely distributing money amongst them to the Torre del Annunziata, the road was and Ilaleb Effendi would even have given covered to the depth of two feet, with ls up his treasures under these errousapiilo and fine ashes. The 'Torre del An.
The Grand Vizier, whow bead
the revolters demanded, as well as that of Killis, I am not well informed how far f. Haleb Effendi, was for calling into the effect extended in these radi of the Constantincple the Asiatic troops, en: circle. camped at Badjuck-dere, and commanded " The shock was felt so violently at by Ibrahim Pacha. Sultan Mahmoud was sea, within two leagues of Cyprus, that resolved to convince himself, with his own it was thought the ship had grounded. eyes, of the truth or falsehood of the com. Flashes of fire were perceived at various plaints He traversed the streets of Con- times throughout the night, resembling stantinople on the 9th, in the strictest the light of the full moon; but at no place, incognito. He spoke with several per. to my knowledge, has it left a chasm to sons who met him; the information any extent, although, in the low grounds, which he obtained on this occasion, de. slight crevices are every where to be seen, cided his purpose. In the same night, and out of many of them water issued, the Grand Vizier, Salih Pacha, and the but soon subsided. There was nothing Munti, both creatures of Haleb Effendi, remarkable in the weather, or state of the Frere deposed, and the seals of the empire atmosphere. Edifices, on the summits given to Abdallah Pacha, who latterly of the bighest mountains, were not safer commanded the army stationed at Scuta. than those on the banks of the rivers, of B. The vacant place of Mufti was given on the beach of the sca. It is impossia to Sidke Sadi, a member of the body of ble to convey any, adequate idea of the Elemas, who, as President of the confer. scenes of horror that were simultaneousenées, was present at all the negociations ly passing on the dreadful night of Au. of Lord Strangford with the Turkish Mi. gust 13. The awful darkness-the con. nistry. Haleb Effendi himself received tinuance of the most violent shocks at ders on the 10th, in the afternoon, to short intervals the crash of falling walls leave the capital. Capidgi Buscbi ac- -the shrieks, the grouns, the accents of companied him to Brussa, where he is to agony and despair of that long nigbt, wait his further destiny.
cannot be described. When at length
the morning dawned, and the return of ASIA.
light permitted the people to quit the spot - EARTHQUAKE IN SYRIA. The follow- on which they had been providentially ing account of the dreadful earthquakes saved, a most, affecting scene ensued.. which desolated some of the finest cities in You might have seen many unaccustom. Syria, is written by Mr Barker, the British ed to pray, some prostrate, some on their Consul at Aleppo :
knees adoring their, Maker, others run. "Near the ruins of Antioch, Sept.13,1822. ning into each other's arms, rejoicing in
ki It has failen to my lot to relate the their existence. An air of cheerfulness particulars of an event that has thrown and brotherly love animated every coun-, enost of the families of this part of Syria tenance. into Sorrow and mourning, and all into 2. “In a public calamity, in which the the greatest difficulty and distress. On Turk, the Jew, the Christian, the Idolator the 13th August, at half-past nine o'clock were indiscriminate victims or objects of in the evening, Aleppo, Antioch, Idlit, the care of an impartial Providence, every Hitro, Giperstrogt, Darcourh, Armenos ; one forgot for a time his religious animo. Levery village, and every detached cot. sities, and what was a still more universal tage in this Pachalic, and some towns in feeling in that joyful moment, every one the adjoining ones, were, in ten or twelve looked upon the heaviest losses with the seconds, entirely ruined by an earthquake, greatest indifference. But as the sun's and are become heaps of stones and rub. rays increased in intensity, they were kisk, in which, at the lowest computation, gradually reminded of the wants of shelter 20,000 human beings, about a tenth of and oi' food, and became at length alive, the population, vere destroyed, and an 10 the full extent, of the dreary prospect equal number maimed or wounded. The before them, for a greater mass of human extreme points where this terrible phe. misery has not been often produced by Domenon was violent enough to destroy any of the awful convulsions of nature. the edifices, seem to be Diabekir ard A month has now elapsed, and the shocks Marhah, (twelve leagues south of La- continue to be felt, and to strike terror tachin,) Aleppo and Scanderoon, Killis into every breast night and day. The fear and Khan Shekoon. All within those that they may not cease before the rainy points have suffered so nearly equal, season commences, has induced those except Orfa and Latachin, which have whose business cannot allow of their not suffered much, that is impossible to quitting the ruins of their towns, instead fis a central point. The shock was sen. of rebuilding their houses, to construct sibly felt at Damascus, Adena, and Cy- temporary hovels of wood without the prus. To the east of Diabekir and north walls'; and many families, who thought
themselves, before this calamity, straitly " At half-past five, P. M., a violerit lodged in a dozen of apartments, now shock of an earthquake has destroyed all exult in the prospect of passing the win our hopes of its being terminated. ter in a single room twenty feet square. “I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, The spacious mansion that has been the
+ G. LIDDLE." residence of the British Consul at Aleppo for two hundred and thirty years, is com
AMERICA, pletely ruined. The houses of all the other public agents, and private European
UNITED STATES.—The Congress of inhabitants, at Aleppo, have been entirely the United States assembled on the 34 ruined. , At Aleppo the Jews suffered the
of December, on which occasion, the cusmost, on account of their quarter being tomary message from the President was badly built, with narrow lanes ; of a po.
read. A great part of this message is ocpulation of less than three thousand souls, cupied with the internal condition of the six hundred were lost. Of the Europeans, United States, of which the President only one person of note, Signor Esdra di gives the most satisfactory account. The Picciotto, the Austrian Consul-General, . public revenue is said to be flourishing, and ten or twelve women and children,
as also the trade and manufactures of the perished. But the greater part are now
country. Great progress has been made suffering from ophthalmia and dysentery, in the fortifications along the coast, and occasioned by exposure to the excessive in the establishment of national armories heats by day and to the cold dews of night. and arsenals, it being laid down as a prin. When it is considered that two-thirds of ciple, that, in order to avoid , war, they the families in Aleppo have neither the ought to be prepared for it. means of making a long journey to remove
The most important part of the mesto a town out of the effect of the earth. sage is that which relates generally to the quake, nor of building a shed to keep off unsettled state of the world, and to the the rain, it is impossible to conceive all policy which, in their circumstances, it the misery to which they are doomed the
most befits America to pursue. With reensuing winter, “or ever to find more gard to the independent states of South deserving objects of the compassion and America, a hope is expressed that the charity of the opulent,” who it has “ please mother country will open her eyes to the ed God to place in happier regions of the folly of protracting an unavailing struga globe.” Here planks and fuel are cheap, gle in that quarter, and will enter into and the people have the resource of tiles, the views of the United States in recogwhich they were taught to make during nising the independence of those colonies.. their long residence at Antioch; but at
But whatever may be her views on this Aleppo, where wood is very dear, they point, no change, it is intimated, will be have no contrivance to keep out the rain, made in the policy adopted by America but freestone walls and flat roofs, made
to these states. of a very expensive cement."
The war between the Greeks and Turks
is mentioned. The highest sympathy is. “ September 20.
expressed for the suffering Greeks, and. “ I am sorry to say, that shocks of the an earnest hope that they will succeed in earthquake continue to be felt to this day, recovering their independence. With re. the 30th after the principal shock; and gard, also, to Spain and Portugal, the Preno change has taken place in the state of sident assumes a decided tone. He speaks . desolation which that dreadful catastro of the revolution in those countries as a phe has produced.
great effort for the improvement of the 16 October 18.
people; he also commends the modera
tion with which it has been conducted. “ Until the Ith inst. slight shocks of On the whole, he concludes, from the earthquakes continued to be felt ; since present aspect of things in Europe and that day, they have entirely ceased, but elsewhere, that the United States ought confidence in a continuance of safety from
to be on their guard, lest, with every disthat dreadful calamity is not restored."
position to preserve peace, war may over.
take them, as it did before, in an unpre" Levant Co.'s Office, Dec. 19, 1822.
pared state. “ SirIn addition to the communica The late commercial arrangements tion which I made to you yesterday re which have been made with this country garding the earthquakes in Syria, I beg · are also adverted to. It is well known, to aquaint you farther, that Mr Consul, that, by our navigation laws, the vessels Marker reports, under the date of the 19th of the United States were most unwisely October, (being the day after the date of excluded from the trade of our colonies : the latest extract published) as follows in to this America replied by a similar pro
vision, that from whatever part of our the Imperial troops which were sent to colonies American vessels were excluded, Guatamela had been completely routed, British Fessels from the same port should and that, in consequence, another army, be excluded from the United States that composed of 2000 men, under the comif we relaxed these provisions, they would mand of General Rencon, was to march relax aiso-and that it was in our own in that direction. It was, however, power either to have a free trade or a thought they would experience the same restricted trade-or to have our trade re- fate, as the Guatamelians appeared destricted to any extent we choose. The termined not to be imperialists, but reAmerican law was strictly retaliatory ; publicans. it reflected back upon us the exact image SOUTH AMERICA. Lima Gazettes. of our own policy : and its effect has have arrived to the 3d of July. Besides happily been to-shew us the extreme the details of the occupation of the city folly of two great corpmercial states con- and kingdom of Quito by the united forces tending with each other in these petty re- of Peru and of Columbia, which success strictions. Great Britain, by her late was already known to the public by adacts, has wisely relaxed the rigour of her vices by way of the West Indies, they tavigation laws, and America has conse- mention, that disputes had again arisen quently taken off the corresponding re- among the commanders of the Spanish strictions she had laid on British naviga- forces, and that Generals Canterac and tion and commerce. It is grateful to see Valdes, with their partizans, who were the progress of this liberal policy between principally active in deposing the late two enlightened nations, who may be the Vicery, Pezuela, had attempted to recause either of much mischief or of much move from his command Generel Rami. good to each other ; but who, we hope, rez, the Governor of the province of Arewamed by past experience, will hereafter quipa, an officer much looked up to and exist, not for animosity and strife, but respected among the Spaniards. General for the more amiable purposes of mutual San Martin had taken advantage of these benevolence and peace.
circumstances to address a proclamation MEXICO.-By recent accounts from to the soldiers of the Spanish ariny, point. Havannah, it appears that Mexico is still ing out the hopelessness of the cause in a disturbed state. Addresses had been they were engaged in, and promising those presented to the Emperor Iturbide from who should abandon the Royalist standvarious public bodies in Mexico, com. ard, if natives of Old Spain, a safe conveyplaining violently of the oppressions ex- ance thither, and, if Americans, permisperienced by the people under his Go- sion to retire to their homes, or to join, vernment, and upbraiding him with ha. if they so chose, the army of the Indering violated his oaths made in the most pendents. The proclamation was to be solemn manner in the presence of the followed directly by an expedition intend. Congress of the empire. They represent ed to land near Arequipa, in the heart of the country as sinking fast into ruin, and the enemy's country, composed of the express their determination to restore it troops returned from Quito, assisted by to liberty, or perish in the attempt. their Columbian allies. It was expected
Acounts from Vera Cruz, dated the that the Congress would be opened on the Ilth of the preceding month, state, that 28th of July.
used that right for a hundred years, and 2-Salisbury Craggs.~Last week the he was doing nothing illegal in continuing Lords of the Second Division of the Court these operations. The Lord Ordinary of Session pronounced judgment in the refused to grant the interdict, and the process of declarator, at the instance of Officers of State petitioned the Inner the Officers of State, for the interest of House, who advised the petition with an.' the Crown, against the Earl of Hadding- swers, and adhered to the Lord Ordinary's ton. In this process, the pursuers main- interlocutor, and, in hoc slatu, refused the tained, that the defender was not entitled, petition for the Officers of State.' The' by virtue of the rights he had to the Royal Lord Advocate pled for the Crown, and domains surrounding the Palace of Holy. Mr Clerk and Mr Hope for the Earl of rood, to sell, quarry, or take away stones Haddington. from Salisbury Craggs. The Earl con- 5. Accident.- On Thursday forenoon, tended that he and
his predecessors had a' lamentable and fatal accident occurred