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humanely learn to become cannibals; it would be less you, flog where one will!» Thus it is; you have flogged disgusting that they were brought up to devour the the Catholic, high, low, here, there and every where, dead, than persecute the living Schools do you call and then you wonder he is not pleased. It is true, that them? call them rather dunghills, where the viper of time, experience, and that weariness which attends intolerance deposits her young, that, when their teeth even the exercise of barbarity, have taught you to flog are cut and their poison is mature, they may issue forth, a little more gently, but still you continue to lay on the filthy and venomous, to sting the Catholic. But are lash, and will so continue, will perhaps the rod may be these the doctrines of the Church of England, or of wrested from your hands, and applied to the backs of churclımen? No; the most enlightened churchmen are yourselves and your posterity. of a different opinion. What says Paley? «l perceive It was said by somebody in a former debate (I forget no reason why men of different religious persuasions, by whom, and am not very anxious to remember), if should not sit upon the same bench, deliberate in the the Catholics are emancipated, why not the Jews? If same council, or fight in the same ranks, as well as men this sentiment was dictated by compassion for the Jews, of various religious opinions, upon any controverted it might deserve attention, but as a sneer against the topic of natural history, philosophy, or ethics.» It may Catholic, what is it but the language of Shylock transbe answered that Paley was not strictly orthodox ; 1 ferred from his daughter's marriage to Catholic emanknow nothing of his orthodoxy, but who will deny that cipation ?he was an ornament to the church, to buman nature,

Would any of the tribe of Barralbas to christianity?

Should have it rather than a Christian. I shall not dwell upon the grievance of tithes, so severely felt by the peasantry, but it may be proper to I presume a Catholic is a Christian, even in the opiobserve that there is an addition to the burthen, a per nion of him whose taste ooly can be called in question centage to the gatherer, whose interest it thus becomes for his preference of the Jews. to rate them as highly as possible; and we know that in It is a remark often quoted of Dr Johnson (whom I many large livings in Ireland, the only resident Pro- take to be almost as good authority as the gentle apostle testants are the tithe proctor and bis family.

of intolerance, Dr Duigenan), that he who could enterAmong many causes of irritation, too numerous for lain serious apprehensions of danger to the Church in recapitulation, there is one in the militia not to be these times, would have «cried fire in the deluge. passed over, I mean the existence of Orange lodges This is more than a metaphor, for a remnant of these amongst the privates : can the officers deny this? And antediluvians appear actually to have come down 10 us, if such lodges do exist, do they, can they tend to pro- with fire in their mouths and water in their brains, to mote harmony amongst the men, who are thus indi- disturb and perplex mankind with their whimsical outvidually separated in society, although mingled in the cries. And as it is an infallible symptom of that disranks? And is this general system of persecution to be tressing malady with which I conceive them to be permitted, or is it to be believed that with such a system afflicted (so any doctor will inform your Lordstips) for ilie Catholics can or ought to be contented? If they are, the unhappy inyalids to perceive a flame perpetually they belie human nature; they are then, indeed, un- Washing before their eyes, particularly when their eyes Worthy to be any thing but the slaves you have made are shut (as those of the persons to whom I allude have them. The facts stated are from most respectable au- long been), it is impossible to convince these poor creathority, or I should not have dared in this place, or any tures, that the fire against which they are perpetually place, to bazard this avowal. If exaggerated, there are warning us and themselves, is nothing but an ignis plenty, as willing as I believe them to be unable, to fatuus of their own drivelling imaginations. What disprove them. Should it be objected that I never was rhubarb, senna, or «what purgative drug can scour in Ireland, I beg leave to observe, that it is as easy to that fancy thence ?»—It is impossible : they are given know something of Ireland without baving been there, over, theirs is the true as it appears with some to have been born, bred and

Caput insanabile tribus Anticris. cherished there, and yet remain iguorant of its best interests.

These are your true Protestants. Like Payle, who proBut there are, who assert that the Catholics have tested against all sects whatsoever, so do they protest already been too much indulged ! See (cry they) what against Catholic petitions, Protestant petitions, all rehas been done : we have given them one coure college, dress, all that reason, lumanity, policy, justice, and we allow them food and raiment, the full enjoyment of common sense, can urge against the delusions of their the elements, and leave to fight for us as long as they absurd delirium. These are the persons who reverse have limbs and lives to offer; and yet they are never to the fable of the mountain that brought forth a mouse, be satisfied ! Generous and just declaimers! To this, they are the mice who conceive themselves in labour and to this only, amounts the whole of your arguments, with mountains. when script of their sophistry. These personages re- To return to the Catholics, suppose the Irish were mind me of the story of a certain drummer, who being actually contented under their disabilities, suppose them called upon in the course of duty to administer punishi- capable of such a bull as not to desire deliverance, ought ment to a friend tied to the halberts, was requested to we not to wislı it for ourselves? Have we nothing to flog; ligh; he did- to flog low, he did—lo flog in the gain by their emancipation? What resources have beea middle, he did-high, low, down the middle, and up wasted, wliat talents have been lost, by the selfish again, but all in vain, the patient continued his com- system of exclusion! You already know the value of plaints with the most provoking pertinacity, until the Irish aid; at this moment the defence of England is rumıner, exliausted and angry, flung down his scourge, intrusted to the Irish militia ; at this moment, while exclaiming, « the devil burn you, there's no pleasing the starving people are rising in the fierceness of de

their cause,

If

spair, the Irish are faithful to their trust. But till equal jesty's ministers permit me to say a few words, not on energy is imparted throughout by the extension of free their merits, for that would be superfluous, but on the dom, you cannot enjoy the full benefit of the strength degree of estimation in which they are held by the which you are glad to interpose between you and de- people of these realms. The esteem in which they are struction. Ireland has done much, but will do more. held has been boasted of in a triumphant tone on a At this moment the only triumph obtained through late occasion within these walls, and a comparison inloot years of continental disaster has been achieved stituted between their conduct, and that of noble lords by an Irish general; it is true he is not a Catholic; had on this side of the house. he been so, we should have been deprived of his exer- What portion of popularity may have fallen to t! tions; but I presume no one will assert that his religion share of my noble friends (if such I may presume to would have impaired his talents, or diminished lus pa- call them), I shall not pretend to ascertain; but that triotism, though in that case he must have conquered of his majesty's ministers it were vain to deny. It is, to in the ranks, for he never could have commanded an be sure, a little like tlie wind, « no one knows whence army.

il cometh or whither it goethi,» but they feel it, they But while he is fighting the battles of the Catholics enjoy it, they boast of it. Indeed, modest and unosabroad, his noble brother has this night advocated:entatious as they are, to what part of the kingdom,

with an eloquence which I shall not depre- even the most remote, can they tlee to avoid the triciate by the humnble tribute of my panegyric, whilst a umph which pursues them? If they plunge into the third of his kindred, as unlike as unequal, has been midland counties, there they will be greeted by the. combating against his catholic brethren in Dublin, with manufacturers with spurned petitions in their bands, circular letters, edicts, proclamations, arrests, and dis- and those ballers round their necks recently voted in persions — all the vexatious implements of petty war- their behalf, imploring blessings on the heads of those fare that could be wielded by the mercenary guerillas who so simply, yet ingeniously contrived to remove of

government, clad in the rusty armour of their obso- them from their miseries in this to a better world. lete statutes. Your lordships will doubtless, divide new they journey on to Scotland, from Glasgow to Johnny honours between the saviour of Portugal, and the dis- Groat's, every where will they receive similar marks of penser of delegates. It is singular, indeed, to observe approbation. If they take a trip from Portpatrick to the difference between our foreign and domestic poti- Donaghadee, there will they rush at once into the emcy; if Catholic Spain, faithful Portugal, or the no less braces of four Catholic millions, to whom their vote Catholic and faithful king of the one Sicily (of which, of this night is about to endear them for ever. When by the by, you have lately deprived him), stand in they return to the metropolis, if they can pass under veed of succour, away goes a fleet and an army, an Temple Bar without unpleasant sensations at the sight ambassador and a subsidy, sometimes to fight pretty of the greedy niches over that ominous gateway, they bardly, generally to negotiate very badly, and always cannot escape the acclamations of the livery, and the to pay very dearly for our Popish allies. But let four more tremulous, but not less sincere applause, the blessmillions of fellow-subjects pray for relief, who fight ings, « not loud but deep» of bankrupt merchants and and pay and labour in your behalf, they must be treated doubting stock-holders. If they look to the army, as aliens, and although their « father's house has many what wreaths, not of laurel, but of night-shade, are mansions,» there is no resting-place for them. Allow preparing for the heroes of Walcheren! It is true, there me to ask, are you not fighting for the emancipation are few living deponents left to testify to their merits of Ferdinand the Seventh, who certainly is a fool, and on that occasion; but a « cloud of witnesses» are gone consequently, in all probability, a bigot; and have you above from that gallant army which they so generously more regard for a foreign sovereign than your own and piously dispatched, to recruit the « noble army of fellow-subjects, who are not fools, for they know your martyrs.» interest better than

you
know
your own;

who are not What if, in the course of this triumphal career(in which bigots for they return you good for evil; but who are they will gather as many pebblesas Caligula's army did on in worse durance than the prison of an usurper, inas- a similar triumph, the prototype of their owu), they do much as the fetters of the mind are more calling than not perceive any of those memorials wbich a grateful those of the body.

people erect in honour of their benefactors; what alUpon the consequences of your not acceding to the though not even a sign-post will condescend to depose claims of the petitioners, I shall not expatiale; you the Saracen's head in favour of the likeness of the know them, you will feel them, and your children's conquerors of Walcheren, they will not want a picture children when you are passed away. Adieu to that who can always have a caricature ; or regret the omisUnion so called, as « Lucus a non lucendo,» a Union sion of a statue who will so often see themselves exalted from never uniting, which, in its first operation, cave in effigy. But their popularity is not limited to the a death-blow to the independence of Ireland, and in

narrow bounds of an island; there are other countries its last may be the cause of her eternal separation from where their measures, and, above all, their conduct to this country. If it must be called a Union, it is the the Catholics, must render them pre-eminently popular. union of the shark with his prey; the spoiler swallows If they are beloved here, in France they must be adored. up his victim, and thus th`y become one and indivi- There is no measure more repugnant to the designs and sible. Thus has Great Britain swallowed up the par- feelings of Bonaparte than Catholic emancipation; no Tiament, the constitution, the independence of Ireland, line of conduct more propitious to his projects, than and refuses to disgorge even a single privilege, although that which has been pursued, is pursuing, and, I fear, for the relief of her swollen and distempered body will be pursued, towards Ireland. What is England politic.

without Ireland, and wbat is Ireland without the C1And now, my lords, before I sit down, will his ma-tbolics? It is on the basis of your tyranny Napoleon hopes to build his own. So grateful must oppression equally mindful of the deference to be paid to this of the Catholics be to bis mind, that doubtless (as he House. The petitioner states, amongst other matter has lately permitted some renewal of intercourse) the of equal, if not greater importance, to all who are next cartel will convey to this country cargoes of Sèvres British in their feelings, as well as blood and birth, china and blue ribands (things in great request, and of that on the 21st January, 1813, at luddersfield, limequal value at this moment), blue ribands of the legion self and six other persons, who, on hearing of bis arof honour for De Duigenan and his ministerial disciples. rival, had waited on him merely as a testimony of reSuch is that well-earned popularity, the result of those spect, were seized by a military and civil force, and extraordinary expeditions, so expensive to ourselves, kept in close custody for several hours, subjected to and so useless to our allics; of those singular enquiries, gross and abusive insinuations from the commandingso exculpatory to the accused, and so dissatisfactory to officer relative to the character of the petitioner; that the people; of those paradoxical victories, so honour- he the petitioner was finally carried before a magistrate; able, as we are told, to the Britislı name, and so destruct- and not released till an examination of his papers proved ive to the best interests of the British nation : above that there was not only no just, but not even statutaall, such is the reward of a conduct pursued by minis- ble charge against him; and that notwithstanding the lers towards the Catholics.

promise aod order from the presiding magistrales of a I have to apologize to the House, who will, I trust, copy of the warrant against your petitioner, it was af. pardon one, not often in the habit of intruding upon terwards withheld ou divers pretexts, and has never their indulgence, for so long attempting to engage their until this hour been granted. The names and condiattention. My most decided opinion is, as my vote will tion of the parties will be found in the petition. To be, in favour of the motion.

the other topics touched upon in the petition, I shall not now advert, from a wish not to encroach upon the

time of the House; but I do most sincerely call the afDEBATE ON MAJOR CARTWRIGHTS PETITION,

tention of your lordships to its general contents-it is JUNE 1, 1813.

in the cause of the parliament and people that the rights of this venerable freeman have been violated,

and it is, in my opinion, the highest mark of respect LORD BYRON rose and said:

that could be paid to the llouse, that to your justice, My Lords, the petition which I now hold for the rather than by appeal to any inferior court, he nos purpose of presenting to the House, is one which I cominits himself. Whatever may be the fate of tuis rebumbly conceive requires the particular attention of nonstrance, it is some satisfaction to me, though irixed your lordships, inasımuch as, though signed but by a with regret for the occasion, that I have this opportusingle individual, it contains slateinents which (if not nity of publicly stating the obstruction to which the disproved) demand most serious investigation. The subject is liable, in the prosecution of the mose lawful grievance of which the petitioner complains is neither and imperious of his duties, the obtainiog by petition selfish nor imaginary. It is not his own only, for it reform in parliament. I have shortly stated his 'comhas been, and is still felt by numbers. No one with plaint; the petitiover has more fully expressed it. out these walls, nor indeed within, but may 10-morrow Your Lordships will, I hope, adopt some measure fully be made liable to the same iosult and obstruction, in the to protect and redress him; and not him alone, but the discharge of an imperious duty for the restoration of the whole body of the people insulted and aggrieved in his true constitution of these realms by petinoning for re- person by the interposition of an abused civil, and unform iu parliament. The petitioner, my lords, is a man lawful military force, between them and their right of whose long life has been spent in one unceasing struggle petition to their own represeаtatives. for the liberty of the subject, against that undue intlu- His Lordship then presented the petition from Major ence which lias increased, is increasing, and ought to be Cartwright, which was read, complaining of the cirdiininished; and, whatever difference of opinion may cumstances at Huddersfield, and of interruptions given exist as to his political tenets, few will be found to to the right of petitioning, in several places in the oorthquestion the integrity of his intentions. Even now ern parts of the kingdom, and which his lordship moved oppressed with years, and not exempt from the infir- should be laid on the table. mities attendant on his age, but still unimpaired in ta- Several Lords having spoken on the question, lent, and moshaken in spirit-«frangas non flectes»- LORD BYRON replied, that he had, from motives he has received many a wound in the combat against of duty, presented this petition to their lordships' concorruption; and the new grievance, the fresh insult of sideration. The noble Earl bad contended that it was which he complains, may inflict another scar, but no not a petition, but a speech; and that, as it contained dishonour. The petition is sigued by John Cartwright; no prayer, it should not be received. Wbat was the and it was in behalf of the people and parliament, in necessity of a prayer? If that word were to be used in the lawful pursuit of that reform in the representation its proper seuse, their lordships could not expect that which is the best service to be rendered both to parlia- any man should pray to others. He had only to say, ment and people, that lie encountered the wanton out- that the petition though in some parts expressed strong rage which forms the subject matter of his petition 10 ly perhaps, did not contain any improper mode of adyour lordships. It is couched in firin, yet respectful dress, but was couched in respectful language towards language-in the language of a mau, pot regardless of their lordships; he should therefore trust their lordships what is due to himself, but, at the same time, I trust, would allow the petition to be received.

1

Don Juan.

Difficile est proprie communia dicere.

HOR. Epist. ad Pison.
Dost thou think, because thou art virtuous, there shall be no more

Cakes and Alet-Yes, by St Anne, and Ginger sball be hot i
the mouth, 100 !-Twelfth Night; or What you Will.-

SUAKSPEARE

CANTO 1.

J.
I want a hero :-an uncommon want,

When every year and month sends forth a new one,
Till, after cloying the gazettes with cant,

The age discovers he is not the true one;
Of such as these I should not care to vaunt,

I'll therefore take our ancient friend Don Juan;
We all have seen him in the pantomime
Sent to the devil somewhat ere his time.

II.
Vernon, the butcher Cumberland, Wolfe, Hawke,

Prince Ferdinand, Granby, Burgoyne, Keppel, Howe,
Evil and good, have had their tithe of talk,

And fild their sigo-posts then, like Wellesley now;
Each in their turn like Banquo's monarchs stalk,

Followers of fame, « nine farrow» of that sow:
France, too, had Buonaparté and Dumourier,
Piccorded in the Moniteur and Courier.

III.
Barnave, Brissot, Condorcet, Mirabeau,

Petion, Clootz, Danton, Maral, La Fayette,
Were French, and famous people, as we know;

And there were others, scarce forgotten yet,
Joubert, Hoche, Marceau, Lannes, Dessaix, Moreau,

With many of the military set,
Exceedingly remarkable at times,
But not at all adapted to my rhymes.

IV.
Nelson was once Britannia's god of war,

And still should be so, but the tide is turn'd;
There's no more to be said of Trafalgar,

'T is with our hero quietly inurn'd,
Because the army's grown more popular,

At which the naval people are concern'd:
Besides, the prince is all for the land-service,
Forgetting Duncan, Nelson, Howe, and Jervis.

V.
Brave men were living before Agamemnon, i

And since exceeding valorous and sage,
A good deal like him too, though quite the same pone,

But then they shone not on the poet's page,
And so have been forgotten:-1 condemn none,

But can't find any in the present age
Fit for my poem (that is, for my new one);
So, as I said, I'll take my friend Don Juan.

VI.
Most epic poets plunge in « medias res»

(Horace makes this the heroic turnpike road), And then your hero tells, whene' er you please,

What went beforc-by way of episode,
While seated after dinner at his ease,

Beside his mistress in some soft abode,
Palace or garden, paradise or cavern,
Which serves the happy couple for a tavera.

VII.
That is the usual method, but not mine-

My way is to begin with the beginning;
The regularity of my design

Forbids all wandering as the worst of signing,
Ind therefore I shall open with a line

(Although it cost me balf an hour in spinning),
Narrating somewhat of Don Juan's father,
And also of his mother, if you

'd rather.

VIII.
in Seville was he born, a pleasant city,

Famous for oranges and women-he
Who has not seen it will be much to pity,

So says the proverb-and I quite agree;
Of all the Spanish towns is none more pretty,

Cadiz perhiaps, but that you soon may see:
Don Juan's parents lived beside the river,
A noble stream, and call'd the Guadalquiver.

ix.
His father's name was Jose-Don, of course,

A true hidalgo, free from every stain
Of Moor or Hebrew blood, he traced his source

Through the most Gothic gentlemen of Spain.
A belter cavalier ne'er mounted horse,

Or, being mounted, e'er got down again,
Than Jose, who begot our hero, who
Begot-but that's to come-Well, to renew :

X.
His mother was a learned lady, famed

For every branch of overy science known-
lo every christian language ever named,

With virtues equall'd by her wit alone;
She made the cleverest people quite ashamed,

And even the good with inward envy groan,
Finding themselves so very much exceeded
In their own way by all the things that she did.

XI.
ller memory was a mine: she knew by heart

All Calderon and greater part of Lopé,
So that if any actor miss'd his part,

She could have served Juim for the prompier's copy:
For her Feinagle's were an useless art,

And he himself obliged to shut up shop-- he
Could never make a memory so fine as
That which adornd the brain of Donna loez.

XU.
ller favourite science was the mathematical,

Her noblest virtue was her magoanimity,
Her wit (she sometimes tried at wit) was Attic all,

Her serious sayings darken'd to sublimity;
In short, in all things she was fairly what I call

A prodigy-hier morning dress was dimity,
Her evening silk, or, in the summer, muslin,
And other stuffs, with which I wont stay puzzling.

XIII.
She knew the Latin-that is, « the Lord's prayer,»

And Greek—the alphabet, I 'm nearly sure;
She read some French romances here and there,

Although her mode of speaking was not pure : For native Spanish she had no great care,

At least her conversation was obscure;
ller thoughts were theorems, her words a problem,
As if she deem'd that mystery would ennoble 'em.

XIV.
She liked the English and the Hebrew tongue,

And said there was analogy between 'em;
She proved it somehow out of sacred song,

But I must leave the proofs to those who've seen 'eth; But this I heard her say, and can't be wrong,

And all may think which way their judgments Ican' em, « 'Tis strange-the Hebrew noun which means 'I am,' The English always use to goveru d-n.

XV.

With

XIX. lle was a mortal of the careless kind,

With no great love for learning, or the learnd, Who chose to go where'er he had a mind,

And never dream'd his lady was concern'd: The world, as usual, wickedly inclined

To see a kingdom or a house o'erturn'd,
Whisper'd he had a inistress, some said two,
But for domestic quarrels one will do.

XX.
Now Donna Ivez had, with all her merit,

A great opinion of her own good qualities;
Neglect, indeed, requires a saint to bear it,

And such indeed she was in her moralities;
But then she had a devil of a spirit,

And sometimes mix'd up fancies with realities,
And let few opportunities escape
Of getting her liege lord into a scrape.

XXI.
This was an easy matter with a man

Ofe in the wrong, and never on his guard;
And even the wisest, do the best they can,

llave moments, hours, and days, so unprepared, That you might « brain them with their lady's fan;»

And sometimes ladies bit exceeding hard, And fans turn into falchions in fair hands, And wliy and wherefore no one understands.

XXII. 'T is pity learned virgins ever wed

persons of no sort of education,
Or gentlemen who, thougla well-born and bred,

Grow tired of scientific conversation:
I don't chuse to say much upon this head,

I'm a plain man, and in a single station,
But-oli!

ye

lords of ladies intellectual, Inform us truly, have they not hen-peck'd you all?

XXIII. Don Jose and lois lady quarrell'd—why, Not any of the many

could divine; Though several thousand people chose to try,

'T was surely no concern of theirs nor mine : I loathe that low vice curiosity;

But if there's any thing in which I shine, "T is in arranging all my friends' affairs, Not having, of my own,

domestic carcs.

XXIV.
And so I interfered, and with the best

Intentions, but their treatment was not kind;
I think the foolish people were possessid,

For neither of them could I ever find,
Although their porter afterwards confessid-

But that's no matter, and the worst's behind
For little Juan o'er me threw, down stairs,
A pail of housemaid's water unawares.

XXV.
A little curly-headed, good-for-nothing,

And mischief-making monkey from his birth;
His parents ne'er agreed except in doring

Upon the most unquiet imp on earth :
Instead of quarrelling, had they been but both in

Their senses, they'd have sent young master, forth To school, or diad him whipp'd at home, 946 To teach him manners for the time to come.

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Oh! she was perfect past all parallel

Of any modern female saint's comparison; So far above the cunning powers of hell,

Her guardian angel had given up his garrison; Even her minutest motions went as well

As those of the best time-piece made by Harrison : In virtues nothing carthly could surpass her, Save thine « incomparable oil,» Macassar! 2

XVIII. Perfect she was, but as perfection is

Iosipid in this naughty world of ours, Where our first parents never learn'd to kiss

Till they were exiled from their earlier bowers, Where all was peace, and innocence, and bliss

(I wonder how they got through the twelve hours), Don Jose, like a lineal son of Eve, Weat plucking various fruit without her leave.

have

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