The Media and the Rwanda Genocide
"It was the French philosopher, Voltaire, who wrote: 'We owe respect to the living; to the dead we owe only truth.' In the case of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, the news media accomplished neither of Voltaire's admonitions. Confronted by Rwanda's horrors, Western news media for the most part turned away, then muddled the story when they did pay attention. And hate media organs in Rwanda--through their journalists, broadcasters and media executives--played an instrumental role in laying the groundwork for genocide, then actively participated in the extermination campaign. On the eve of the tenth anniversary of the Rwanda genocide, the School of Journalism and Communication at Carleton University in Ottawa hosted a one-day symposium on 13 March 2004, entitled 'The Media and the Rwanda Genocide.' The symposium examined in tandem the role of both the international media and Rwanda's domestic news organizations in the cataclysmic events of 1994. The Carleton symposium brought together for the first time an international collection of experts as well as some of the actors from the Rwandan drama; it also inspired this collection of papers. Many of the contributions found here are based on papers delivered at the Carleton event, but others were commissioned or have been reprinted here because of their valuable contribution to the debate. The symposium was made possible by generous contributions from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and the Government of Canada, through the Global Issues Bureau of the Foreign Affairs department and the Canadian International Development Agency. The IDRC has also played a key role in the publication of this collection; it continues to support Carleton's efforts to build a Media and Genocide Archive and to establish a partnership with the School of Journalism and Communication at the National University of Rwanda in Butare through a project called The Rwanda Initiative."--Excerpted from preface.
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accused Africa agencies April Article Arusha attack Burundi cent Chamber finds Chrétien commit genocide conflict crimes against humanity crisis Daily Nation Dallaire Der Stürmer direct and public editor enemy ethnic group extermination Ferdinand Nahimana film foreign French Gisenyi Goma Guardian Habyarimana Hassan Ngeze hate media hatred Holocaust Human Rights Watch humanitarian Hutu ICTR ICTR exhibit ICTR transcript Interahamwe International Criminal Tribunal international media intervention interview Inyenzi issue Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza judgement Kangura Kantano Kigali killing Kinyarwanda listeners massacres media coverage media outlets Media Trial military militia MRND newspapers NGOs officers organizations party peacekeepers political President propaganda Prosecutor public incitement Radio Rwanda radio station rape rebels refugees responsibility role Roméo Dallaire RTLM broadcasts RTLM’s Rwanda genocide Rwandan Patriotic Front story targeted Tribunal for Rwanda Tutsi Tutsi civilians Tutsi ethnic Tutsi population Tutsi women UNAMIR United Nations Zaire
Strona 424 - Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: a) killing members of the group; b) causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; c) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; d) imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; e) forcibly transferring children of the...
Strona 372 - Under the convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group...
Strona 107 - Yet each communicant is well aware that the ceremony he performs is being replicated simultaneously by thousands (or millions) of others of whose existence he is confident, yet of whose identity he has not the slightest notion.
Strona 303 - Any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence shall be prohibited by law.
Strona 326 - Burke said there were Three Estates in Parliament ; but, in the Reporters' Gallery yonder, there sat a Fourth Estate more important far than they all. It is not a figure of speech, or a witty saying ; it is a literal fact,— very momentous to us in these times.
Strona 104 - Humanly speaking, no more is required, and no more can reasonably be asked, for this planet to remain a place fit for human habitation.
Strona 331 - III makes punishable not only an act of genocide but also conspiracy to commit genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, attempt to commit genocide and complicity in genocide.
Strona 336 - Territorial and temporal jurisdiction The territorial jurisdiction of the International Tribunal for Rwanda shall extend to the territory of Rwanda including its land surface and airspace as well as to the territory of neighbouring States in respect of serious violations of international humanitarian law committed by Rwandan citizens. The temporal jurisdiction of the International Tribunal for Rwanda shall extend to a period beginning on 1 January 1994 and ending on 31 December 1994.