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and, delighted as I was with the deep religious feeling which seemed to pervade many assemblies of the people, I immediately sought those who appeared to be the most zealous; but soon discovered that the pride of doctrine was the ruling besetment, and consequently found that the character of a true believer in Christ Jesus was not in itself sufficient to obtain that communion with my brethren which my heart desired. In this distressing situation, a stranger in the countryma stranger in the church—"a sparrow alone upon the housetop,” I threw myself on my Saviour, and praying for the Holy Spirit, mercifully promised to “teach us all things," determined, by the grace of God, to study the Scriptures, and judge for myself. I accordingly devoted much of my time to this pursuit after truth, and, having continued with great satisfaction until I reached the book of Revelation, I thought of recommencing, without reading it. I was however constrained as it were to go on, and, opening at the 11th chapter, my attention was arrested by its contents, and in about three hours I understood it nearly as explained in the present publication. I therefore fell on my knees, and with tears, and praises, and prayers, implored God to help me, in order that all the world might know the real contents of the book.

“My willing soul would stay,

In such a frame as this,
And sit and sing herself away

To everlasting bliss." With repeated daily importunities to Him, my only instructor, I have at length been enabled to present this translation, with a plain reading of it, to my fellow-Christians. In doing this, I appeal to the simplicity of its detail—the uniformity of its coincidence with the Scriptures—the total absence of all invidious references to the opinions or practices of any Christian sect whatever—to the test of the plumb-line in the midst of the people, that the tried stone, the precious corner stone, the sure foundation, has not in any way been disturbed.

I am aware that many authors, who have written on this subject, and who have far greater pretensions to literature and theological knowledge than I can presume to claim, must have produced a bias on the public mind favourable to their opinions, and that therefore I have to encounter a scepticism of no minor consideration. But “God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the Gospel of His Son.” The symbols and metaphors are expressed in plain language; the persons to whom they allude are distinctly named; and the whole so entirely deduced from Scripture that there cannot be a doubt, in the mind of the attentive reader, that the explanation contained in the following pages is the true interpretation of that book which has remained so long unknown to the Christian world. It is therefore to be presumed that it was intended for this particular period—why, or wherefore, is not for me to determine. “ Unsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past finding out.” “He has hid those things from the wise and prudent, and revealed them unto babes. Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight.” If, in answer to in-wrought importunate prayer, my Heavenly Father has granted me more than I expected, to Him be all the glory; for I solemnly avow that I could not have developed

the true meaning of this book if the Lord had not instructed - me, and opened my understanding for the purpose. I would

earnestly entreat my readers to seek, by fervent prayer, the teaching of the Spirit in perusing these pages.

“ Prayer was appointed to convey
The blessings God designs to give;
Long as they live should Christians pray,
For only while they pray they live.

If pain afflict, or wrongs oppress,
If cares distract, or fears dismay,
If guilt deject, if sin distress,
The remedy's before thee-pray."

I have given a reading in which the Scriptural import of the metaphorical terms is clearly expressed; and it is curious to observe that the meaning of the remaining Greek words in such sentences strictly conforms thereto, thus rendering the reading as pure a translation as the text; for example

Ου κρίνεις και εκδικείς το αίμα ημών από των κατοικούντων επί της γης και TRANS.—Dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? READ._Dost thou not adjudge and restore our life to them that abide in the flesh ?

Had I not circumscribed the reading within the limits of the language of the text, Satan might have tempted some to imagine that my ingenuity had contrived a plausible story. Conscious of my sincerity before God, I trust to the Spirit to convey to the minds of others those enlarged conceptions and views which the light thus afforded is calculated to supply.


“ For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts. For as the rain cometh down and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater;


word be that goeth forth out of my mouth : it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.”—Isaiah lv. 8-11.

so shall

By the preamble to this interesting book of Revelation the inspired writer seems to imply that the subject matter of it should remain as sealed until God in his own time, and for his own purpose, should develop the same for the guidance of the church. See ch. i. ver. 3.

There are two distinct visions : one an interview with our blessed Lord—the other a detail of the circumstances attending the old and new covenants. In the first vision, “being in the spirit on the Lord's day," John saw Jesus in glory, and fell at his feet as if dead. But he laid his right hand on him, saying, “ Fear not, I am the first and the last: I am he that liveth and was dead, and behold I am alive in

of ages, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be on account of these things.” Jesus then gave instructions for the seven churches in Asia which required the observations they contained, lest the errors which they had fallen into should be transmitted to the future ages of the church. John having been aroused from this vision, and pondering on the subject of the communication he had received, “ looked, and behold a door opened in heaven;" and a voice, talking with him, said, Come up hither, and I will show you things which it behoveth to have been on account of these things, ch. iv. ver. 1. And immediately he was again in the spirit, and saw the second vision.


The fourth chapter contains an account of the ark of the covenant, which, having been lost by the misconduct of Saul, was restored to David through the Lamb, and recorded in heaven, till it should appear in the world in the blessed Redeemer, who was himself the Temple and the Ark, of which that now given to David was the earthly type and exact foreshadow. And, as by this chapter we are informed that a counterpart of the ark is registered in heaven, so we are also shown that the character and conduct of the kings who presided at the ceremonial worship thereof, as well as those of the twentyfour elders and people, were also marked; but particularly the conduct of the kings who are represented as beasts having wings, under which they gathered their congregations, and with eyes within and without, or spiritual and fleshly eyes, they watched and fostered according to their individual dispositions. Thus, the lion is remarkable for its strength of vision (denoting prophecy), activity, boldness, generosity, gratitude, and strength, as was David. The calf, in the Greek word Móoxos, here used for calf, also signifies a tender branch. (Solomon my son, whom alone God has chosen, is yet youNG AND TENDER, 1 Chron. xxix. 1.) It is distinguished for sweetness of breath (the savour of the wisdom of holiness), docility, and meekness, as was Solomon. The beast like a man is emblematical of frailty, and represents Rehoboam. The flying eagle is notorious for rapacity, and is continually hovering in search of prey, figuring Jeroboam. Those beasts therefore appear at the same time round the altar, to exhibit the righteousness and power of David, the wisdom and strength of Solomon, the indifference and frailty of Rehoboam, and the rapacity and blasphemy of Jeroboam, who had also covenanted with God, but by his apostasy had laid the foundation of the destruction of Israel, or that portion of the twelve tribes which was taken from the house of David, because of the sinful conduct of Solomon in his latter days. The chapter concludes with remarking that, whensoever they (the beasts) SHALL GIVE GLORY to God, the twenty-four elders SHALL PROSTRATE themselves in prayer; thus signifying at once the condition of the covenant made with each, and that their precept, and example, and prayers, would not only be accepted before the altar of

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