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ever made ? But does the paššágě refers to Oworks done before the grace of Christ 2. Then the representation here censured by his Lordship is precisely that of the Articles and Homilies.

CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

CALVIN.

Albeit that good works, They allege that justificawhich are the fruits of faith, tion by faith destroys good and follow after justification, works. I omit all observacannot put away our sins, tion on the characters of and endure the severity of these zealots for good works, God's judgement; yet are

who thus calumniate us. Let they pleasing and acceptable them rail with impunity as to God in Christ, and do licentiously as they infect spring out necessarily of a the whole world with the true and lively faith; inso- impurity of their lives. They much, that by them a lively affect to lament, that while faith may be as evidently faith is so magnificently exknown, as a tree discerned tolled, works are degraded by the fruit.--Art. 12. from their proper rank.

As the good fruit is not What if they be inore enthe cause that the tree is couraged and established? good, but the tree must first For we never dream either of be good, before it can bring a faith destitute of good forth good fruit; so the good works, or of a justification deeds of men are not the unattended by them : this is cause that maketh man good, the sole difference, that while. but he is first made good by we acknowledge a necessary the spirit and grace of God, connexion between faith and that effectually worketh in good works, we attribute him, and afterward he justification not to works, bringeth forth good fruit.- but to faith. Our reason for 2 Hom.on alms deeds, p. 236. this we can readily explain,

The right and true Chris. if we only turn to Christ,

CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

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tian faith is, not only to be- towards whom faith is dilieve, that * "holy scripture rected, and from whom it and all the aforesaid articles receives all its virtue. Why of our faith are true; hut then are we justified by faith? also to have a sure trust Because, by faith we appreand confidence in God's hend the righteousness of merciful promises, to be Christ, which is the only saved from everlasting dam- medium of our reconcilianation by Christ : whereof tion to God. But this you doth follow a loving heart to cannot attain, without atobey bis commandments.- taining at the same time to For how can a man have this sanctification. For he " is true faith, this sure trust and made unto us wisdom, and confidence in God, that by righteousness, and sanctifithe merits of Christ his cation, and redemption*." sins be forgiven, and he re- Christ therefore justifies no conciled to the favour of God, one whom he does not also and to be partaker of the sanctify. For these benefits kingdom of heaven

by

are perpetually and indisChrist, when he liveth un- solubly connected, so that godily, and devieth Christ whom he illuminates with in his deeds ?-3 Hom, of his wisdom, them he resalvation, p. 18.

deems; whom he redeems, Very liberal and gentle is he justifies; whom he justithe spirit of wisdom. In fies, he sanctifies. his power shall we have suf

But as the present question ficient ability to know our relates only to righteousness duty to God. In him shall and justification, let us inwe be comforted and encou- sist on them. We may diraged to walk in our duty. stinguish between them, but In him shall we be meet ves- Christ contains both insepasels to receive the grace of rably in himself. Almighty God: for it is he wish then to obtain righ,

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* 1 Cor. i. 30.

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CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

CALVIN. that purgeth and purifieth teousness iú Christ?. You the mind, by his secret work- must first possess Christ ; ing. And he only is present but you cannot possess him every where by his invisible without becoming a partaker power, and containeth all of his sanctification, for he things in his dominion. He

cannot be divided. Since lighteneth the heart, to con

then the Lord affords us the ceive worthy thoughts of enjoyment of these blessings, Almighty God: he sitteth in only in the heslowment of the tongue of man, to stir himself, he gives them both him to speak his honour. together; and He only ministereth spiritual without the other. Thus we strength to the powers of our see how true it is, that we soul and body. To hold the are justified not without way which God had pre- works, yet not by works; pared for us, to walk rightly since union with Christ, by in our journey, we must ac- which we are justified, conknowledge that it is in the tains sanctification as well as power of his spirit, wbich righteousness.--Institut.l.3. helpeth our infirmity. -3 C. 16. s. 1. Hom. for Rogation week, p. 299.

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The Bishop tells us, that “ if we believed that good works were not the appointed condition of our salvation, we should of course become indifferent to the character of our actions.” p. 172. The compilers of the Articles and Homilies seen not to have been

apprehensive of the doctrine of salvation by grace having any such tendency. His lordship also maintains, “ that there is no necessary connexion between faith or belief and good works.”. p. 130. But how can he reconcile this with the above quotations from the Church?

CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

CALVIN.

True faith will show forth It is also exceedingly falsę itself, and cannot long be idle:

that the minds of men are for, as it is written, the just seduced from an inclination man doth live by his faith; to virtue, by our divesting he never sleepeth, nor is them of all ideas of merit. idle, when he would wake Institut. I. 3. c. 16. $. 2. and be well occupied. And Besides, if men require to God, by his prophet Jeremy, be stimulated, no man can saith, that he is a happy and urge more forcible arguments blessed man which hath faith than such as arise from the and confidence in God : for end of our redemption and he is like a tree set by the calling; such as the word of water side, and spreadeth his God adduces, when it incul. roots abroad towards the

the cates, that it is the greatest moisture, and feareth not and most impious ingratitude, heat when it cometh: his not reciprocally to “ love leaf will be green, and will him who first loved us *

j not cease to bring forth his that “by the blood of Christ fruit : even so, faithful men our consciences are purged (putting away all fear of ad- from dead works to serve the versity) will show forth the living God † ;" that it is a fruit of their good works, as horrible sacrilege, after hav. occasion is offered to do ing been once purged, to them.- 1 Hom. on fuith, defile ourselves with new

pollutions, and to profane St. Paul therefore teach that sacred blood; that we eth, that we must do good have been “ delivered out of works, for divers respects. the hand of our enemies I," 1. To show ourselves obe that we “ might serve him dient children to our heaven without fear, in holiness and ly Father, &c. 2. For that righteousness before him all they are good declarations the days of our life $;" that

P. 21.

* Jolin iv. 10, 19. Luke i. 74, 75.

+ Heb. ix. 14.

| Ibid. x. 29.

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and testimonials of our jus- we are “ made free from tification. 3. That others, sin *,” that with a free spirit seeing our good works, may we might“ become the sera the rather by them be stirred vants of righteousness t ;" up and excited, &c.Hom. " that our old man is cruciof fasting, Part I.

fied,” that " we should walk The just man falleth seven in newness of life.” Again, times, and riseth again. “ If ye be risen with Christ, Though the godly do fall, (as his members indeed are) yet they walk not on pur- seek those things which are posely in sin ; they stand not above f," and conduct yourstill, to continue and tarry in selves as pilgrims on the sin; they sit not down like . earth, that you may aspire careless men, without all fear towards heaven, where your of God's just punishment for treasure is. That "the

grace sin; but, defying sin, through of God hath appeared, teachGod's great grace and infinite ing us, that derying ungod. mercy, they rise again, and liness and worldly lusts, we fight against sin.—2 Hom. should live soberly, righteon certain places of scripture, ously, and godly, in this p. 226.

present world ; looking for that blessed hope and the glo

rious appearing of the great God and our Saviour g.” Wherefore “God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by Christ ff." That we are " the temples of the Holy Ghost ,” which it is unlawful to profane. That we are not darkness, “but light in the Lord **", whom it becomes to 6 walk as children of the light;" that “ God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness. For this is the will of God, even our sanctification, that we should abstain from fornication ft" that our calling is a holy one, which should

* Rom. vi. 18. + Ibid. vi. 4, 6. Col, iii. 1. Tit. iii. 11. ll % Thess. v. 9.

1 Cor. ii. 16, 17; vi. 19. ** Eph. ii. 21; v.

H 1 Thess. iv, 3, 7.

8.

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