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VIEW ON THE UPPER LAKE, FROM RONAYN'S ISLAND. The Upper Lake at Killarney, lying to the westward | name, who, in the eagerness of the chase, or in of the Lower Lakes, is embosomed above them in the the pursuit of an enemy, leaped across the chasm mass of mountains which, for some distance, covers here, and left the impression of his foot or feet (for the country beyond them in that direction. The the accounts differ,) in the solid rock. There is a lofty wall thus separating it from them, is perforated mark still shown as his veritable foot-print, and the only at one point, where a deep defile affords a narrow wonderful phenomenon 'is "minutely described, and channel for the waters descending from the Upper studiously exaggerated, by the credulous guides." Lake to the Lower Lakes. For a long time the only To a traveller ascending this connecting river in convenient mode of passing from the Lower Lakes to his passage from the Lower Lakes to the Upper Lake, the Upper Lake was by ascending this connecting this extraordinary contraction of the channel at Colestream in a boat; but within the last few years a new man's Leap has a very remarkable appearance. road has been constructed, running up along the The devious course of the river above the Eagles' Nest*, margin of the channel. This road does not end at and the numerous impediments which commonly arise from the top of the channel ; it passes by the Upper Lake, rocks, shoals, and the rapidity of the current, are produc(at one part through a tunnel,) and continuing its tive of repeated disappointment, and excite no small

degree course to the westward between the mountains, at of impatience in those who anticipate the view of the

romantic confines of the Upper Lake. The long-wished for length reaches the town of Kenmare, upon that inlet scene is expected to open at every turn; but one short reach of the Atlantic which is called Kenmare River. of the river succeeds to another, terminated by huge rocks,

The channel of communication itself is about three beyond which nothing is visible but distant mountains. miles in length ; it winds considerably, and varies Ai length the boat arrives in a little basin, bounded for the very much in its breadth. The narrowest part is at

most part by steep rocks, to which several different outlets the very top, where it is contracted into a little pas

appear. The stranger naturally concludes that one to be

the proper channel which is the widest, and whose direction şage, scarcely more than thirty feet broad. This pass accords best with the course of the river; it is not without bears the appellation of Coleman's Leap; and it is * of this remarkable rock we have already given a description. said to be so called after a legendary hero of that I See Killarnay, No. I., Vol. XI., p. 57. VOL. XII.


surprise therefore that he beholds the oars, after a few them and the English lakes, where the green sod always strong and rapi! stokes, drawn in, and the bort sullenly contines the apparently overflowing waters, producing the pui a wut and directed through a narrow pass between the idea of eternal plenitude. rocks, barely sullicient for its admission. This is the entrance to the Upper Lake, and soon after passing it, the lake is, Oak Isle, or Rossburkree, which in the

The most striking of the islands upon entering the most distant shores are revealed to view, with the impense Winter season, is separated into several parts, so as mountains which rise beyond them.

to form a cluster of islets, On passing Coleman's Leap the traveller enters at

It rises from a rocky once upon the Upper Lake. He finds it to be en

base, and is crowned with wood; from its shores is tirely encompassed by mountains ; and if, after pro- obtained a splendid and majestic view of the lofty ceeding a short distance, he cast his eyes back, he is mountains, which form so characteristic a feature of unable to distinguish the narrow opening by which Killarney, grouped in the most varied manner. he entered, so completely is it lost in the confusion

The shores of the Upper Lake are extremely intriof hill, bay, and promontory.

“ In this retreat from cate, being indented by numerous wooded and rocky the busy scenes of life, the beautiful and the sublime promontories, by bays, inlets, and long creeks, which

wind towards the base of the mountains, as if purare exquisitely united.”

On the south of the lake stands Cromiglaun or the posely to receive the streams which rush through the Drooping Mountain, which rises from the very water. glens, and conduct their waters in silence and tranAdjoining this, on the west, is Derricunnihy, after quillity to the lake. The largest of these inlets is which comes Derry-Dinma, separated from it by the that bearing the name of Newfoundland, which lies littlę river Kavoge. The Coombui Mountains are

at the eastern extremity of the lake, and is nearly

The entrance into seen in the distance towards the south-west ; and three quarters of a mile long. further to the west is Barnasna. In the west are

this inlet lies through a narrow pass, defended by

two vast perpendicular rocks, in passing which an also seen Baum, with its conical summit, and the Margillicuddy's Reeks, with their lofty, shattered, extensive basin suddenly opens to view, bearing the and shelving tops. The nearest of the Reeks to the appearance of a fourth lake.

On the right of lake is that called Ghirmeen, at the foot of which is

this inlet rises a steep overshadowing cliff, clothed the entrance to the sequestered defile of Comme bounded by masses of bleak rocks, while the dis

with straggling trees : on the opposite side it is Duff, or the Black Valley.' On the north and east are Ghirmeen and the Purple Mountain at a distance, tant view in the middle of the picture is occupied and the Long Range (as the mountains on the north by a wood of oaks, from out of which issues the of the channel between the Upper' and Lower Lakes river Esknamucky, which may be ascended for some are called.) backed by Tomies and Glena.

way in a boat. Mr. Wright says that a walk along From its situation in the midst of a stupendous am

the banks of this stream will surprise and delight the phitheatre of mountains, the Upper Lake displays the tourist

. An irregular path winds along the banks most wild and romantic scenery. Its length is nearly between trees whose thick. foliage confines the view the same as that of Turk, its breadth somewhat until at the end of about half a mise, a space sudinferior." The mountains which bound it on every denly opens, discovering some cottages," surrounded side, are a continuation of those forming the defile by a few small enclosures." The sound of "falling wa through which it is approached, and their characte- ter here strikes the ear; and on turning the eye ristic features are sinlilar, but they are loftier, and towards the Turk mountain, which the visiter has all their parts are on a grander scale; the glens are

thus insensibly approached,“ 'a beautiful cascade is deeper, the woods more'extensive and of older growth,

seen over the trees at the head of a deep glen. the rivers larger, and the falls more lofty and preci

It is scarcely in the power of imagination to conceive a

more romantic retreat. pitous. The highest mountains are those at the

No' vestige of human industry upper end of the lake, which are likewise the most

appears beyond the precincts of this little hamlet : woods varied in their outline ; ainong them rise Macgilli- rotally cut off from the society of their fellow creatures. cuddy's Reeks,“ pre-eminent in grandeur." Of Nor is the retreat less remore in reality from the busy these Reeks, which are the highest mountains in scenes of life than it appears to be: the plough has never Ireland, we have already given an account*. They left the traces of its furrows on the vale; the soil is turned are visible from the Lower Lake, but their appear

with the spade; and the produce, if more than sufficient for ance, from the Upper Lake, is so different, that they away on horses, by a craggy path which winds along the

the maintenance of the humble cultivators, is conveyed would scarcely be recognised for the same.

borders of the stream. On entering the Upper Lake (says Mr. Weld,) the attention is at first wholly engaged by the vastness of the the visiter passes Arbutus Island, which lies on the

Advancing up the lake towards its western end mountains, and next by the extreme wildness and ruggedness of the scene. The numerous islands, as well as the northern shore, about half a mile to the west of the shores, present on every side immense rocks; some bleak entrance into the lake at Coleman's Eye. and terrific, others of a less savage aspect, teeming with called on account of the profusion of the arbutus vegetable life.

plant which it displays, and which indeed covers the The islands in the Upper Lake are very numerous; rocky sides of its pyramidal form. Of these strawthe rocks along their shores generally consist of a berry trees, which are to be found in abundance on green stone, which, close to the edge, assumes a dark every part of the shores of Killarney, but in especial hue, agreeing so nearly with the reflections of over luxuriance in the islands of the Upper Lake, which shadowing trees in calm weather, that the line of are celebrated for possessing the finest specimens of separation cannot be traced without difficulty. the plant in the British Islands,-an anonymous

And here (says Mr. Wright), as in all her works, Nature writer thus speaks :has proved herself the most accomplished artist, in adapt

In the latter end of October, when I first visited Killaring the light and airy tints of the limestone-rock to the gay and luxuriant shores of Glena and Mucruss, and the

ney, they were in high beauty, many of their bells and more dingy shadows to the bold, terrific, and savage fea

blossoms still remaining, the fruit on some just forming, tures of the Upper Lake. This exposure of the rocky

and on others nearly ripe. The same bough often exhibited bases of the islands and stony strands, which occur in the all these varieties. The ordinary height of the tree is ten lakes of Kerry, forms a distinguishing character between

or twelve feet, but I have seen some, of a happier growth,

which rose to eighteen or twenty. "The blossom 'is shaped * See Saturday Magazine, Vol. XII., p. 137.

like a goblet, and the fruit nearly spherical ; it is at first

It is so


of a pale yellow, which deepens as it advances to ripeness, matter, which is furnished by the trees, and the apand gradually gives place to a rich scarlet. It equals the

pearance of which is deserving of notice. largest garden strawberry in size, but must be eaten with more caution, for those who are unaccustomed to it, and

In traversing this island, (says an anonymous writer,) I indulge too freely, are seized with an oppression little less decayed leaves and boughs. I could easily discover the

observed it was carpeted over with a thick covering of than lethargic. This I take upon the credit of the countrypeople, who use it themselves without reserve, generally strata of the several past years by the different degrees of accompanying it with a hearty draught of water, to quality

putrefaction ; till near the bottom, where the dissolution its juices. The elder Pliny calls this fruit unido, because

was more complete, they were cemented into one uniform no more than one berry can be eaten at a time with safety;

mass condensed by the pressure above, and so swoln by the but Virgil makes it the common food of the first inhabit the decay was more perfect, the colours declined more per

rains and moisture as not to be at all distinguishable. As ants of the earth; following Lucretius, who ranks it with the acorn itself , and tells us that in the earlier ages it ceptibly from the original lighter tints, ending in the bot

tom in as perfect a black as I ever saw in any of our bogs. grew to an extrordinary size, and was found in great abundThe arbutus was no less esteemed among the an

The similitude of the contexture as well as the colour, cients for its pleasant shade than for its fruit, as may be dis- convinced me that the black bogs with which Ireland covered from the poets, and particularly from Horace, the abounds, have been formed by the same process : a process admirer and best judge of whatever is elegant in retirement.

which is probably forwarded by the continual moisture and

rains in a climate neither burnt up by scorching heats, nor Thy isle, gay green, of never-fading dye, Spreads Nature's comeliest wardrobe to the eye

congealed by the rigours of cold.
And when the honours of the groves are shed,

The similarity here spoken of between the mass of
Midst the pale ruin lifts its blooming head :
Now o'er the glassy and pellucid stream, ..

decayed vegetable upon this island and the peat of Throws the mild lustre of the emerald beam;

the bogs does exist. The average depth of the peat One everlasting smile of joy it wears,

in the bogs being twenty-five feet, its surface is And winter's sickly, drear doininion, cheers.,

covered with moss of various species, and to the A little beyond Arbutus Island, on the opposite side of the lake, the visiter reaches Collin Point; and fibres of similar vegetables in different stages of de

depth of ten feet it is composed of a mass of the as soon as he has doubled it, he discovers that it is the end of a very long narrow promontory, and stands surface; below this to the depth perhaps of ten feet

composition, proportioned to their depth from the at the mouth of a large bay or inlet, which runs inland for a considerable distance, and receives at its more, generally liesa light blackish-brown turf, in which

the fibres of moss are still visible though not perfect. termination or head, the little river of Derricunnihy

At a greater depth the fibres of vegetable matter Mountain, or the river Kavoge as it is called. The cascades on this river far surpass, both in beauty blacker, and the substance much more compact in

cease to be visible, the colour of the turf becoming and volume, all others at Killarney, being, in general, the best supplied with water. They lie concealed forms a black, which, when dry, has a strong resem

proportion as the depth increases; near the bottom it from the lake, being situated in the depths of a thick

blance to pitch or bituminous coal. The old opinion, wood; and the numerous rocks and thick tangled underwood which intervene, render the approach to

however, at one time very generally adopted, that the them a task of some difficulty.

bogs have originated from the decay of large forests At the western end of the lake lies the little cluster tigations having led to the discovery of facts incom

is not tenable at the present day; more recent invesor archipelago of the Seven Islands, which are beau

patible with that theory of their formation. The tiful in themselves, and so grouped as to form a

trees which are found in the bogs, standing as they delightful assemblage. They are all lofty and rise

seven feet of compact very boldly from the water upon rocky bases, whose grew, have generally six or

peat under their roots, clearly proving the formation bold broken crags in many places overhang the lake,

of the peat to have been previous to the growth of which“ seem to forbid the approach of human foot

the trees. steps, and consecrate them to their native ospreys and eagles."

To enter at any length into a description of the

various bays and inlets, glens and cascades on this The largest of these islands is called Ronan's or

romantic lake, would be useless and fatiguing to the Ronayn's Island ; and a visit to it forms an essential reader. The visiter who has sufficient time at his part of the regular tour of the lakes. It is richly disposal will do well to explore it at his ease; he will wooded with oak, arbutus, and other trees, and is accessible at only one spot, namely, close to the cot-dinary variety of scenes which its irregular and

find an ample reward for his trouble in the extraortage. Hence a path winding round the rocks leads almost fantastic arrangement enables it to display. to an eminence or sort of natural terrace on the

The new road running along the margin of the summit of an island, about thirty feet above the sur

channel between the Upper Lake and the Lower face of the water.

Lakes, should not pass unvisited ; to those who have No power of language, (says Mr. Weld,) is adequate to

but a little time' at their disposal, it affords a good convey an idea of the wildness and variety of the view which opens from this spot. The lake is seen in all its in- survey of this remarkable passage which is spoken tricate windings studded with islands, and bounded by im- of as being " quite unique in mountain scenery.” mense mountains

The rocks which enclose the channel have a very With woods o'erhung and shagg'd with mossy rock,

romantic appearance, every cleft being choked with Whence on each hand the gushing waters play,

arbutus, holly, and other evergreens; and And down the rough cascades white dashing fall, Or gleam in lengthened vistas through the trees.

scenery along the whole of this beautiful piece of Not a single habitation, not a trace of man's labour can road,” to use the words of Mr. Barrow, “ is quite be discovered in any part of this vast amphitheatre. enchanting." It is scarcely possible to enter the confines of this seques The new road to Kenmare, (says another recent writer,) tered and enchanting region, without feeling the influence has converted the aquate system of viewing the lakes into of a spell which abstracts the mind from the noise and folly a more secure, and for that reason, perhaps, a more agreeof the world, and banishes for the moment the desire of able mode, and has at the same time unfolded a new series returning to the gay and busy scenes of human life. of landscapes into which the lakes themselves enter as It is from Ronayn's Island that the view repre

minor component parts, an advantage but partially enjoyed sented in our engraving is taken: the large mountain in sketehing either from the water or its banks. From the in the background is that which bears the name of is conveyed, the Upper Lake is seen expanding and spread

curious tunnel through which Mr. Grillitlis' romantic road Derricunnihy. The surface of the island is covered ing away amidst little bays and indentations, until it apwith successive layers of the decayed vegetable pears to lave the foot of the majestic Carran Tual.


" the

ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE BIBLE FROM THE The engraving which we have copied, represents a MONUMENTS OF ANTIQUITY.

Jewish, not an Egyptian chariot, but the description No. XIII,

of one is, in a great degree, applicable to the other ; THE OVERTH ROW OF Pharaoh's Host in and we shall, as we proceed, point out the most THE RED SEA.

remarkable points in which they differed. The chaPharaoh had no sooner given the children of Israel riots were intended to carry two warriors, one of liberty to depart than he became sorry for his con- horses, while the other wielded the weapons of war.

whom principally attended to the management of the cessions, and resolved to pursue them. From what But in the Egyptian representations, we frequently we have said before, it is evident that the Hebrews find the king or warrior alone in the chariot, and in were valuable subjects; they occupied rich pastures which the native Egyptians would have neglected, fastened round his body, while his hands are engaged

one example we see the charioteer with the reins partly from their dislike of a pastoral life, and partly in wielding his bow and arrows. No mention is from dread of the Arab tribes ; they had been profit- made of any similar practice in Holy Writ ; whenever able slaves in executing the public works, which the there is mention made of a royal chariot, the driver usurping invaders had deemed necessary for their security; and, finally, their example was likely to account of Ahab's death at the battle of Ramoth

or charioteer is particularly noticed. Thus, in the influence other races in Upper and Middle Egypt, to

Gilead : withdraw themselves from their allegiance to the foreign intruders. The Scripture narrative very

And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote clearly intimates the motives which actuated the the king of Israel between the joints of the harness :

wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thine wicked king

hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded. And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: And the battle increased that day: and the king was stayed and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned up in his chariot against the Syrians, and died at even: against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, and the blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the that we have let Israel go from serving us ? (Exod. xiv. 5.) chariot. (I. Kings, xxii. 34, 35.) It was no point of duty, no feeling of pride, and

The second verse which we have quoted, leads us still less was it any sense of wrong, which induced to remark a peculiarity of the ancient chariots, which the monarch to violate the compact he had so recently we shall again have occasion to notice; they were made with Moses. Avarice, not ambition, hurried open at the back, and unprovided with a seat; hence him forward; he was enraged at the thought of losing when Ahab was mortally wounded, his servants were such profitable slaves. His preparations for the pur- obliged “ to stay him up" in his chariot, otherwise suit must next engage our attention.

he must have fallen out in the hurry of the retreat. This circumstance also enables us to appreciate the fulfilment of Elijah's remarkable denunciation against Abab :

Thus saith the Lord, Hast 'thou killed, and also taken possession ? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the Lord, In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine. (I. Kings, xxi. 19.)

The blood welling from the wouna coagulated on the floor of the chariot, and when the servants washed it in the pool of Samaria, the dogs licked the drops as they trickled on the ground.

Every chariot was drawn by two horses, and great attention was bestowed on the breeding and training

of the steeds. They were richly caparisoned, and And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with their heads were frequently adorned with plumes of bim: And he took six hundred chosen chariots,

and all the ostrich feathers. The Egypchariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

tian chariots had usually a And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the child quiver and bow-case fixed dren of Israel went out with an high hand. But the Egyp- outside them, which were detians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of corated with extraordinary Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook taste and skill, so that they them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before contributed very much to the Baal-zephon. (Exod. xiv. 6—9.) It is first mentioned, that “ he made ready his riot. The cover of the qui

picturesque effect of the chachariot ;" on the monuments kings and noble warriors appear always mounted in chariots, when they into the head of some animal,

ver was frequently fashioned are going out to war or to a distant chase. The and the sides of it were cochariot appears generally to have been framed of

vered with embossed leather, wood, but in one or two instances it would seem as if at least part of the frame was made of brass. It woods and ivory. The He.

inlaid with variegated was mounted on two wheels, which were sometimes

brews did not make so much of wood and sometimes of metal. In the age of

use of the bow as the SyriSolomon cast wheels appear to have been principally used, for in the description of the great brazen laver,

ans and Egyptians. We find

that one of the earliest imwe read,

provements made by David Under the borders were four wheels; and the axletrees after his accession, was the of the wheels were joined to the base : and the height of a wheel was a cubit and half a cubit. And the work of formation of a company of the wheels was like the work of a chariot-wheel: their

archers, which he levied from axletrees, and their naves, and their felloes and their

the tribe of Judah. In close spokes, were all molten. (I. Kings, vii. 32, 33.)

combat the Egyptian cha







rioteers used either the curved sword, commonly i Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of called the falchion, or a heavy and formidable weapon, her gods he hath broken unto the ground. (Isai. xxi. 6—9.)

This very simple explanation removes many of the difficulties which commentators have noticed in this remarkable prophecy; it has been asked, “ how

could it be known, from the appearance of a chario similar to the pole-axe of the middle ages; and as the and a couple of horsemen, that Babylon had fallen?" cars were hung low, the warrior in the chariot could The answer is, that the Assyrians and Babylonians easily cut down an enemy who opposed him on foot.

never employed horsemen in conjunction with chariots, and hence this circumstance showed that the approaching chariot belonged to a different nation. And this is further confirmed by the prophet's direct description of the Persian army; “ Elam (Persia,)

bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen," Chariots were regarded as the most valuable part (Isaiah xx. 6); a description which is confirmed by or an army's equipment in ancient times, and those Xenophon, who declares that the three great lessons of Egypt were particularly celebrated. The number taught to the Persian youth, were “ to use the bow, with which Pharaoh pursued the Israelites is very to manage the horse, and to speak truth." remarkable, for six hundred are mentioned as The catastrophe of the Egyptian army is told in a “ chosen chariots,” that is, such as were used by few words by the sacred historian. kings, nobles, and eminent warriors, which must, of And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand course, have been only a small proportion of "all over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the the chariots of Egypt.' The Scriptural expression, Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. that there were “ captains over every one of the

And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the chariots," seems to intimate that the use of these

sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared ; vehicles was restricted to warriors of high rank, and

and the Egyptians fled against it; and the Lord overthrew this is confirmed by the monuments, which do not returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and

the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. And the waters exhibit soldiers of the lower castes mounted in chariots. all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them;

It is generally believed that the use of war there remained not so much as one of them. But the chariots was anterior to that of cavalry or mounted children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the horsemen. Homer mentions chariots only in all his sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right descriptions of the battles round the walls of Troy. hand, and on their left. Thus the Lord saved Israel that

day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw. the It is indeed very probable, that the notion of em

Egyptians dead upon the sea shore. (Exodus xiv. 26–30.) ploying cavalry arose from the custom of bringing spare horses, as relays for the steeds which were

It has been sneeringly asked by infidels, "how it either wearied from drawing the chariots or wounded

happens that no direct evidence of this great event in 'battle. This opinion is greatly strengthened by has been discovered on the monuments?" We have the account given of the entrance of the Egyptians already anticipated a great part of a satisfactory into the dry bed of the Red Sea.

reply. The Pharaoh by whom the Israelites were And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to persecuted and pursued, was a foreign intruder and tae midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, conqueror, with whose fate the native Egyptians had and his horsemen. (Exod. xiv. 23.)

no sympathy; and it may be added, that the monuThe word rendered “ horsemen" may, with more

ments of Lower Egypt, where the Israelites abode, propriety, be translated charioteers, and the horses, have not yet been explored, all the antiquities yet which are mentioned distinct from the chariots, were developed by the researches of travellers having been probably the relays. Even so late as the days of found in Middle and Upper Egypt. But the monuAhab, we find that chariots were preferred to cavalry,

ments of Middle Egypt afford some indirect confir

mation of the overthrow, of the intrusive Pharaoh, for when Benhadad, king of Syria, was about to invade Israel, his servants advised him,

for they show us that the Hyksos, who had long Do this thing, Take the kings away, every man out of tyrannized over the land, were, by some sudden his place, and put captains in their rooms : And number event, reduced to such a state of weakness, that they thee an army, like the army that thou hast lost, horse for were expelled with very little difficulty. Now such horse, and chariot for chariot: and we will fight against an event was most probably the sudden destruction them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than of their best warriors in the Red Sea, which rendered they. And he hearkened unto their voice, and did so. them unable any longer to maintain their supremacy (I. Kings xx. 24–28.)

over the native Egyptians. And this view of the The horses here mentioned are clearly designed subject is confirmed by a remarkable direction given for the service of the chariots, and not for mounted by Moses, in his recapitulation of the law, a little cavalry. From Isaiah indeed we learn, that the before his death, which took place many years after Medes and Persians were the first nation that em the Hyksos had been expelled from Egypt. He said ployed cavalry in aid of the corps of chariots, for in to the congregation, “ Thou shalt not abhor an the beautiful description of the destruction of Baby- Egyptian, because thou wast a stranger in his land." lon, we find that the circumstance wbich proved (Deut. xxiii. 7.) A very remarkable expression, that the Assyrians must have been overthrown, was which seems to draw a clear distinction between the that the watchman saw a couple of horsemen accom native Egyptians and the intrusive conquerors by panying a chariot.

whom the Israelites were oppressed. Indeed we shall Thus hath the Lord said unto me, Go, set a watchman, see in many subsequent examples, that so far from let him declare what he seeth. And he saw a chariot with there being anything like an hereditary hatred between a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot of the Israelites and the Egyptians, the two nations camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed: evinced the most friendly dispositions towards each And he cried, A lion: My lord. I stand continually upon other, while an inveterate animosity existed between the watchtower in the daytime, and I am set in my ward whole nights: And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, the Israelites and the Amalekites, who certainly with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, belonged to the same race as the Hyksos.

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