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action activity adolescent animals association attention average become body boys brain cause cells cent Chap character child closely complex concerned connected curve defective definite depends difficult Education Elements emotion example experience fact factors fatigue fear feel fibres four functions girls give given greater growth habit hand head height hence ideas images imagination imitation important increase individual instinct interest kind known language learning less letters light means measures Medical memory mental method mind motor movements muscles nature nerve nervous system neurones normal object obtained organs perception period person physical play practice present probably problem produced Psychology reached seems seen sensation sense sensory shown sound stimuli Study suggestion TABLE teacher tests theory things Thorndike tion various whole writing
Strona 271 - If we fancy some strong emotion, and then try to abstract from our consciousness of it all the feelings of its bodily symptoms, we find we have nothing left behind, no "mind-stuff...
Strona 270 - Common sense says, we lose our fortune, are sorry, and weep; we meet a bear, are frightened, and run; we are insulted by a rival, are angry, and strike. The hypothesis here to be defended says that this order of sequence is incorrect, that the one mental state is not immediately induced by the other, that the bodily manifestations must first be interposed between, and that the more rational statement is that we feel sorry because we cry, angry because we strike, afraid because we tremble...
Strona 17 - There is no escape from the conclusion that nature prevails enormously over nurture when the differences of nurture do not exceed what is commonly to be found among persons of the same rank of society and in the same country.
Strona 297 - Is the mildest degree of mental defect, and the feeble-minded person is 'one who is capable of earning a living under favorable circumstances, but is incapable from mental defect existing from birth, or from an early age, (a) of competing on equal terms with his normal fellows; or (b) of managing himself and his affairs with ordinary prudence.
Strona 144 - ... means the possession of a structure weak enough to yield to an influence, but strong enough not to yield all at once. Each relatively stable phase of equilibrium in such a structure is marked by what we may call a new set of habits. Organic matter, especially nervous tissue, seems endowed with a very extraordinary degree of plasticity of this sort ; so that we may without hesitation lay down as our first proposition the following, that the phenomena of habit in living beings are due to the plasticity*...
Strona 270 - My theory, on the contrary, is that the bodily changes follow directly the perception of the exciting fact, and that our feeling of the same changes as they occur is the emotion.
Strona 144 - Plasticity, then, in the wide )* sense of the word, means the possession of a structure weak enough to yield to an influence, but strong enough not to yield all at onceA Each relatively stable phase of equilibrium in such a structure is marked by what we may call a new set of habits.
Strona 265 - Few men in a great passion, and telling some one to be gone, can resist acting as if they intended to strike or push the man violently away. The desire, indeed, to strike often becomes so intolerably strong, that inanimate objects are struck or dashed to the ground ; but the gestures frequently become altogether purposeless or frantic.
Strona 270 - ... we feel sorry because we cry, angry because we strike, afraid because we tremble, and not that we cry, strike, or tremble because we are sorry, angry, or fearful, as the case may be.
Strona 270 - Without the bodily states following on the perception, the latter would be purely cognitive in form, pale, colorless, destitute of emotional warmth. We might then see the bear, and judge it best to run, receive the insult and deem it right to strike, but we should not actually feel afraid or angry.