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DIVINITY

SCHOOL

AN

INTRODUCTION

TO THE

CRITICAL STUDY AND KNOWLEDGE

OF THE

HOLY SCRIPTURES.

BY THOMAS HARTWELL HORNE, M. A.

(OF ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE,) Curate of the united parishes of Christ Church, Newgate Street, and St. Leonard, Foster Lane.

FROM THE FOURTH CORRECTED EDITION.
ILLUSTRATED WITH NUMEROUS MAPS AND FAC-SIMILES OF

BIBLICAL MANUSCRIPTS.

VOLUME II.

UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY.

HARVARD

Philadelphia:

PUBLISHED BY E. LITTELL.

SOLD ALSO BY

G. & C. CARVILL, NEW-YORK; AND CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO. BOSTON,

1825.

BS 475 ,465 1824

v. 2

CONTENTS

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CHAPTER I. On the Original Languages of Scripture.

SECTION I. On the Hebrew Language.

I. Antiquity of the Hebrew Language ; — II. And of its Characters. - III. OF

the Vowel Points.

Page 1

Section II. On the Samaritan Pentateuch.

I. Origin of the Samaritans. II. Their enmity against the Jews, in the time

of Jesus Christ. — III. Critical notice of the Samaritan Pentateuch, and of its

variations from the Hebrew. - IV. Versions of the Sainaritan Penta-

teuch.

10

Section III. On the Greek Language.

I. Similarity of the Greek language of the New Testament with that of the

Alexandrian or Septuagint Greek Version. - II. The New Testament, why

written in Greek. — II1. Examination of its style. -- IV. Its Dialects He-

braisms - Rabbinisms — Syriasms and Chaldaisms - Latinisms Persisms

and Cilicisms.

15

SECTION IV. On the Cognate or Kindred Languages.

1. The Chaldee. - II. The Syriac. - III. The Arabic. – IV. The Ethiopic. -

V. The Rabbinical Hebrew. - VI. Use and Importance of the Cognate Lan-

guages to Sacred Criticism.

31

CHAPTER II. On the Manuscripts of the Bible.

Section 1. On the Hebrew Manuscripts of the Old Testament.

I. Different Classes of Hebrew manuscripts. - II. The rolled manuscripts of the

synagogues. — III. The square manuscripts used by the Jews in private life.

- IV. Antient recensions or editions of Hebrew manuscripts.- y. Age of

Hebrew manuscripts. — VI. Of the order in which the sacred books are ar-

ranged in manuscripts. — Number of books contained in different manuscripts.

- VII. Modern families or recensions of Hebrew manuscripts. — VIII. Notice

of the most antient manuscripts. — IX. Brief notice of the manuscripts of the

Indian Jews.

34

Section II. On the Manuscripts of the Greek Scriptures.

$ 1. General Observations on Greek Manuscripts.

1. On what materials written. – II. Form of letters. - III. Abbreviations. -

IV. Codices Palimpsesti or Rescripti. - V. Account of the different families,

recensions, or editions of manuscripts of the New Testament. – 1. The system

of Dr. Griesbach and Michaelis. - 2. Of Dr. Scholz. -- 3. Of M. Matthrei. — 4.

Of Mr. Nolan. – VI. On the Fædus cum Græcis, or coincidence between many

Greris manuscripts and the Vulgate Latin Version

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