Obrazy na stronie

Messano, or Maxentio, of the Order of Preaching Friars, Archbishop of Tyre in Phænicia, and Vicar of the Most Holy Church of Jerusalem, and Fr. Umbert, of the Order of the Knighthood of the Temple, or Templars, Bishop of Paneas in the Trachonitis, of the authentic nature of sundry relics, of the Wood of the True Cross, of SS. Philip, the blessed Helena, the blessed Stephen, the Mensa or “Table” of our Lord, the blessed Laurence, the Lord's Sepulchre, the blessed Eufemia, and the blessed Barbara, received by Sir Alaim de Lassellis, knight, from D. Fr. Thomas Berardi, Master of the Temple, and others, and by him placed within a certain holy cross. It is dated at Arezzo, in Tuscany, 15 May, A.D. 1272.

75. Here the original writer introduces a list of “ Saints who happily rule in the Kingdom of Heaven.” He begins with Adam, and includes most of the Patriarchs, Prophets, Apostles, and notable personages of the Scriptures. It is remarkable that, though the list of Apostles on p. 154, col. 1, endeavours to harmonise the order given in the gospels, it does not agree with any of the three passages on which the arrangement of names is founded. The following is the list :Peter, Andrew, John, James, Philip, Bartholomew,

Matthew, James, Thomas, Simon, Judas, Mathias. Matth. X 2. Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (son of Alphæus), Lebbæus-Thaddæus, Simon, Judas-Iscariot.

major accrescat deuotio ! ipsas Reliquias dictorum sanctorum esse testificamur , sicut a predicto Magistro templi , et a quibusdam aliis Religiosis et Nobilibus intelleximus ffdedignis. In Cujus Rei testimonium presentes litteras fieri fecimus sigillorum nostrorum munimine roboratas .

Datum Arretio anno domini . MO CCO LXXIJ. Indictione xvą die xva mensis Maij.

The seals of the two prelates are appended by red silk plaited cords, and there is an endorsement, as follows :-Littera testimonialis ij Episcoporum de terra sancta de reliquijs impositis in quadam cruce per adquisicionem Alani Lasselles militis Anglie Anno domini MO CCO LXXIJO

Mark iii, 16. Simon-Peter, James, John, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James (son of Alphæus), Thaddæus, Simon (Canaanite), Judas-Iscariot.

Acts i, 13. Peter, James, John, Andrew, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew, Matthew, James (son of Alphæus), SimonZelotes, Judas (brother of James), Mathias.

Nor does it agree with the arrangement in the special litany of New Minster, at p. 262, which transposes the position of Matthew and James, the seventh and eighth, but otherwise coincides with it. This list of personages is, unfortunately, imperfect at the end, one or more leaves having been lost. It would have been of great interest to observe the later saints, who were thought worthy to find a place in the company of the patriarchs, prophets, and popes.

76. The imperfect charter of King Edweard the Elder has been fully described in the accompanying footnotes at pp. 155-157. The charter contributes the name of Byrnhelm, the abbot of New Minster (otherwise known as Beornhelm and Brithelm, if contemporary texts may be trusted), hitherto not identified with the abbey.

80. The Charter of Abbot Riuuallo, granting or setting aside the revenues of the rich and productive manor of Alton, which had passed into the hands of the abbey under circumstances which we have already discussed, as alms for support of their poor and pilgrim visitors, supplies a link in the history of the manor, and throws a side light upon the machinery by which the maintenance of the poor and destitute was carried on in England before the better parochial system of later ages..

81. The Interrogation or Colloquy between Pope Damasus and Jerome in Latin, followed by an AngloSaxon version, sets forth the rules established at the Council of Nice by three hundred and nineteen fathers, regarding the hours at which mass should be celebrated; the work, probably, of an interpolator, as it does not occur among the works attributed to either of the personages between whom the interview is declared to have taken place.

82–85. To this follows a series of articles which has been elevated by the fancy of Astle into an Order of the Mass among the Anglo Saxons. They are (1) the Gloria in Excelsis, or Hymnus Angelicus ; (2) the Lord's Prayer; (3) the Apostles' Creed ; (4) the Nicene Creed. Of these articles, the first is not found in Early Missals, which have been edited by Rev. F. E. Warren, a fact which effectually dispels the notion of this primitive arrangement of four separate pieces to form an Order of the Mass. Nor is it likely that two creeds would be placed in close juxtaposition in such a service. What is more probable is that the entry of these paragraphs has been made for the guidance of the sub-deacon, or other properly appointed member of the monastery, when he was reading those portions of the Martyrology that took the place of, or represented the presentation of, the whole contents of the book at the daily service, to which attention is directed at p. II.

86 Is a later addition of a scientific nature of no great interest, beyond showing the curious state of ethnological knowledge at the time when it was written.

87 Has been treated of under 72.

88. The last article is a long list (in contemporary handwritings from A.D. 1467 to the time of the dissolution and destruction of the abbey in A.D. 1538), setting forth the names of members who were admitted to the participation in the spiritual benefits which the abbey services could render to them. It must be taken as a continuation of the previous list, which ends at p. 147, but probably not with

[graphic][merged small][graphic][merged small][ocr errors]
« PoprzedniaDalej »