Obrazy na stronie

De sancto Grimbaldo?.
Ossa Sancti Herenhpanti ' abbatis .
Reliquię Sanctorum infantum .
Reliquie Sancti Georgii : martyris . & aliorum multorum.



pæt is of Sancte Iohanne baptista . 7 of montem Sion . 7 of 8am stáne“ be se oród stod on uppan de

ure dryhten ondropode . 7 of þære binnan de ure dryhten p.105.] onlæg 5.7 of mensa domini 6.7 of pare gyrde pe Moyses ? 10

hæfde ofer þa readan så.7 of fare dune monte caluarie8.
7 sepulchrum domini . 7 of lignum dominio. 7 of sancte
Andreç apostolę . 7 of sanctę Pancrate 10. 7 of Mel.
chisedech 11.7 of sancte Uedaste 1%. 7 of sancte
Ypolite 18.7 of sancte Pelai 14. 7 of sancte Cyriace 16. 715
sancte Martines tog 18.7 of sancte Reméi 17. 7 sancte

* See p. 5, n. 2.
? Perhaps of Brittany, but I cannot find any notice of this saint.
s Of Lydda, in Palestine, A.D. 303.

4". Fast by the mount of Calvary .... er foure stanes whilk all way droppez water ; and sum men saise that thase stanes grette for our Lord's deed," Warner's Maundeuill, p. 39, and notes to pp. 160, 179.

5 Probably the spelunca masi, "ubi dominus , quando predicabat in Hierusalem , requiescebai ." Tobler, i, p. 87. o See p. 151, n. 2.

See p. 159, n. 3. 8 See Warner's Maundeuill, p. 38, and note p. 178. See also S. Home's recent work, In Christ's Country Clark, 4. Lincoln's Inn Fields,) for a remarkable photograph of Calvary, "the place of a skull"; and chapters on "The True Golgotha," p. 66, and The Sepulchre of Christ," p. 78, with an illustration, p. 83.

See p. 150, n. 10, 11. 10 See p. 150, n. 6. 11 The third saint in the list given at p. 153.

19 For the memorials of this saint, see Rev. Dr. W. S. Simpson's paper in the Journ. Brit. Arch. Assoc., vol. xlii.

18 See p. 149, n. 7. 14 There are several Saints Pelagia and Pelagius. Perhaps Pelagius the child martyr of Cordova, A.D. 925, is intended.

16 See p. 155, n. 4. 16 The teeth of saints, being perhaps not so liable to decay as other bones, are frequently contained in lists of holy relics ; see p. 148, n. 3. St. Martin, Bishop of Tours, ob. A.D. 401, and the translation of his relics, have formed the subject of numerous works.

17 Bishop of Rheims and apostle of the Franks, A.D. 532. His remains were translated and frequently described. There are also St. Remi, Archbishop of Rouen, ob. A.D. 771 ; and St. Remi, Archbishop of Lyons, A.D. 852.

Hilarii'. 7 sancte Ceaddans toð 8.7 of sancte Firmine“. 7 of Cosme 7 Damianeb. 7 sancte Gaugerice 6. 7 of sancte Georige?. 7 manna domini 8.7 of ures dryhtenes reafeo. Nota . 7 sancte Tremori 10.7 sancte Bricii 4.7 of Sancte Maximiane 18. 7 sancte Cyllias 18 earm . 7 sancte Ualentinus 5 Nota . heafod 14. 7 of sancte Desideri 16.


CYRICPEARD BEPORHTE . p is eal sé halidom de pæs on Æþestanes 16 kyningces gimme . 7. of Sanctę Sebastianes 17 báne . 7 of sepul- 10 chrum domini 18. 7 of presepio 19 domini . 7 of sancta Marian reafe 20. 7 sancte Bærhtines $1. II. tex. De uesti

1 Bishop of Arles, A. D. 449 ; or of Poictou, A.D. 369. Perhaps more likely the latter, whose relics were twice translated, A. S. Boll., 13 Jan., i, p. 790.

9 Bishop of York and Lichfield, ob. 2 Mar., A.D. 672. 8 See p. 261, n. 16.

* Bishop of Amiens, A.D. 290. o See p. 150, n. I.

6 Bishop of Cambray, ob. A.D. 619. 7 St. George 7 of Lydda, A.D. 303. 8 Cf. Warner's Maundeuill, p. 76. 9 The clothing of our Lord, see ib. and p. 159, n. 10.

10 Perhaps St. Tremeur, a child, ob. in Brittany, sixth century, commemorated on 8 Nov.

11 Perhaps St. Brice, hermit of Maine, sixth century, commemorated on 3 Nov.

19 Bishop of Syracuse, ob. A.D. 594 ; or Patriarch of Constantinople, ob. A.D. 434.

13 I am unable to identify this saint. 14 Bishop, circ. A.D. 273. See the works " De Veneratione capitis S.V." and “Translatio capitis," etc., in A. S. Boll., 14 Feb., ii, p. 758.' The head was given by Queen Emma, widow of King Cnut, in A.D. 1041, to New Minster, A. Š. Chron., ad an., Edwards' Liber de Hyda, pp. XXXVI, Xxxvii.

16 There are several saints of this name.

16 King Æthelstan was a great collector of relics. William of Malmesbury says that at Middleton Abbey, Dorsetshire, the king "multas sanctorum reliquias ex Britannia transmarina emptas reposuit." Gesta Pontif. (Rolls), p. 186. The same thing was done at Malmesbury Abbey, ib., p. 198. The Leofric Missal gives at pp. 3-5 a long list of relics (very similar to these) preserved in the Monastery of St. Mary and St. Peter, Exeter, "quarum maximam partem gloriosissimus et victoriosissimus rex Athelstanus , ejusdem scilicet loci primus constructor', illuc dedit." The new edition of Dugdale's Monasticon contains numerous entries of relics preserved in religious establishments, in the Index.

17 See p. 150, n. 12.

18 See Beda de Locis Sanctis, ii, where is given a detailed description of the Holy Sepulchre. Tobler, i, 148, gives a plan of it, to illustrate Arculfus, iii.

19 See p. 151, n. 13.

30 Antoninus Martyr de Locis Sanctis (Tobler, v) speaks of the "Domůs Sancte Marie .".. "Multa ibi sunt beneficia de vestimentis ejus." There are many other references to the clothes of the Virgin Mary in Tobler's collections.

a See p. 5, n. 2; p. 160, n. 14.

mento sancti Johannis baptiste!. De uestimento domini.
Dens sancti Benedicti 8: 7 of sancte Eadgides reafe .
7 of sancte Contestores 6 bane . 7 sancte Christofores 6
ban . 7 of Sancte Petres rode . 7 of his drih . 7 of Sancte
Ualentiani?. 7 of 'Sancte Radegunde 8. De mamilliss
Sancte Agathe .



co. HANTS, A.D. 1080—1087.)
P.107.] Ego Riuuallo11 gratia Dei abbas sancti Petri monas. 10

terii quod appellatur nouum . dedi consentientibus fratri-
bus in elemosina pauperum & peregrinorum terram quae
dicitur Auueltonals in perpetuum . quam rex. W. Nobis
dedit in cambiacionem pro terra cimiterii aecclesiae
nostrae , in qua aula eius constructa est. In primis pro 15
anima ipsius regis & uxoris ac filiorum . deinde pro me
& pro omnibus fratribus mihi commissis , ad extremum

[merged small][ocr errors]

1 See p. 160, 1. 3.

* See 162, n. 9.
8 There are several saints of this name. The abbot and founder of the
Benedictine Order is probably intended.

Daughter of King Eadgar, nun of Wilton, ob. A.D. 984. See the Nunna-
minster Codex, pp. 7, 129.

3 Probably St. Contest, Bishop of Bayeux, circ. A.D. 480, ob. A.D. 513.
Lebreton, Biogr. Norm., i, 334.

6 See p. 16gn. I.
7 Probably for Valentiniani. There are three saints of this name. For
St. Valention and other co-martyrs see A. S. Boll., May, vi, 23 ; vii, 849, etc.

8 St. Radegonde, daughter of Bertaire, King of Thuringia, and Queen of
Clotaire I, King of Soissons, became a nun at Poitiers in A.D. 544, ob. 13 Aug.,
A.D. 587.

i The virgin of Catania, ob. 5 Feb., A.D. 251. Her relics were as famous as her miracles. Alban Butler, Lives of the Saints, vol. ii, p. 57, writes of her martyrdom : "Quintianus . . . the governor . . . commanded her breasts to be tortured, and afterwards to be cut off. At which she made him this reproach: 'Cruel tyrant, do you not blush to torture this part of my body, you that sucked the breasts of a woman yourself ?'" St. Peter, in a vision, healed all her wounds.

The opinion of a twelfth century Benedictine monk (William of Malmesbury) respecting the traffic in relics, such as are enumerated in the foregoing lists, is interesting :-"Sic enim Christianitas viluit , sic cupiditas increvit , ut Sanctorum corpora mercem fatiamus , felices exuvias venum proponentes." Gesta Pontif. (Rolls), p. 419.

10 To this deed Astle has prefixed the foolish title “Carta Sunwalli Abbas." 11 See p. III.

12 See p. III.

pro omnibus benefactoribus huius loci . Testes autem
sunt huius donacionis . Walcelsinus] episcopus?. & Hugo
uicecomes. & Godefredus 8 prior , & Osbernus de ó.
et Wuillelmus de Gimices . & Rodb(ertus] Corñ , &
Teotset & Walterius Scot. & Johannes . & Willelmus . 5
& Benedictus ceterique homines abbatis.

Siquis autem hanc elymosynam quandono 6 subtraxerit de uictu pauperum & peregrinorum excommunicationi subiaceat in aeternum . sitque in inferno dampnatus cum Dathan & Abiron & Iuda & Nerone , 10 & cum his qui domino Deo dixerunt . "recede ? a nobis quoniam nolumus scientiam uiarum tuarum ." Amen.


INTERROGATIO DAMASI PAPę 8. Frater & presbiter noster Hieronime . Quid tibi uidetur de die dominico , & de aliis diebus quibus & is qualibus horis licitum est missarum sollemnia agere . & celebrare ?

Domino nostro Beato & sacratissimo papae Dámaso . Tibi ueritas minime est absconsa . & sinodus Niceni concilii'. quómodo & qualiter apud illos trecentos decem 20 & nouem patribus est inuentum , ut nullus in dominico die post horam tertiam ipsius diei presumat missam celebrare , & qui presumat anathema sit a Deo & hominibus .

1 Bishop of Winchester, 30 May, A.D. 1070-3 Jan., A.D. 1098.

See Domesday Book, f. 47, Hugo de Port, or Porth. Dugdale, Baronage, i, 463. 8 Godfrey of Cambray, Prior of Winchester, A.D. 1080—1107.

• Probably a member of the family of the Counts of Eu in Normandy, of whom Robert, Count of Ow, and his son, William de Ow, were Domesday tenants in capite in Hampshire. See Ellis, Introd., vol. i, p. 463. BThis clause in a darker ink.

6 Sic, MS. 7 Perhaps in reference to Matth. viii, 28; Marc. V, 2, etc. ; Luc. viii, 27.

8 St. Damasus I, the Pope, A.D. 366-384. Villarsius' edition of the Opera S. Eusebii Hieronymi, contains no notice of this remarkable article.

o The first general Council, held by Constantine, at Nice, in Bithynia, 19 June to 25 Aug., A. D. 325.

[ocr errors]
« PoprzedniaDalej »