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* Byrnhelm abbud .
"In the name of the Lord. I, King Edward, have obtained from Bishop Denewulf and from the convent at Winchester the Wicker-work (?) church and the stone dormitory, and thereto of the land south of the church and the dormitory, twenty-four rods * in length; and in breadth, where it is broadest, five rods; and, where it is least broad, one rod : in order that I might thereon found a monastery for the health of my soul and that of my venerable father, King Alfred
And I have let, with the counsel and leave of all the 'witan" of the West Saxons, to the bishop and the convent the church of St. Andrew and the "worthy" which was thereto granted to the place, in perpetual inheritance, so that no man may separate it from the place.
Now this is the augmentation which the "witan" of all the West Saxons have in addition chartered to me in perpetual inheritance. First, due south from the refectory to Saint Gregory's church; then from the south-west corner of Saint Gregory's church twelve rods due west to the street ; then due north thirteen rods to the North street: then due east forty-three rods and six fe the East street; then due south twenty rods and six feet to the South street ; then due west by the South street to the cemetery seven rods and six feet ; then due north five rods. Then the circuit of the whole is three furlongs and three mete-rods."
Although I am unable to point out the respective sites of the “ Windchurch" (perhaps an ancient pre-Augustine wicker-work church), the church of Saint Andrew, the church of Saint Gregory, and “the cemetery," yet the enumeration of the boundaries of the land added by the witan to King Edward's acquisition of land from Bishop Denewulf whereon to “ found a monastery." i.e., Hyde or New Minister, seems to point to a site contiguous to and enclosed by the Southígate) Street, the Westsgate] Street, Eastsgate) Street, and North(gate) Street, in the city of Winchester, a site in fact in the very heart of the old city.
It is not improbable that this deed related to the land afterwards acquired by William the Conqueror for the site of his palace, to which attention has already been drawn, p. 111. Edwards, in his edition of the Liber de Hyda (Rolls Series, 1866), gives, at p. xli, a plan showing the relative position of the royal palace and the church of New Minister, which seems to favour this view ; both lying to the south of the High Street, and the palace to the west of the church, on the site of the monks' cemetery, as we gather from the charter printed above, at p. 111. If this charter did relate to the site thus pointed out, it would not be difficult to suppose that on the transfer of the land to the king. the body of the copy of the charter was torn out of the manuscript, in order to conceal some of the terms contained in its text; or, perhaps, the original being then no longer extant, the leaves were abstracted by way of a title-deed to the property. It is difficult to find a reason for the concluding part of the charter escaping the notice of the mutilator of the MS. Other charters of Edward the Elder, contained in Edwards' Liber, pp. 85-116, may be compared with this. The names of the witnesses agree in some cases, but the properties are different. There is a charter in MS. Harl. 1761, f. 48, entitled "Carta Regis Edwardi primi de Much(eldever)." A.D. 900 for 901, where the witnesses are identical (see Appendix), but Adelward is called filius Regis. See Cart. Sax., No. 596.
* Thorpe uses the word rod throughout, but I am more inclined to think the word yard is signified.
* Ocea minister.
HE' RELIQUIE SUNT IN GESTATORIO LIGNI DOMINI .
1 This heading and paragraph written in a twelfth century handwriting.
? Theoderic, king of the Ostrogoths ? 06. A.D. 526. But there are several saints of this name, among them Theoderic of Monte, or near Rheims, ob. A.D. 523, seems prominent.
3 This name I am unable to identify, there is no point or stop after it ; can it be an error of the scribe for something by way of a relic of Aaron? See p. 159, 9h. 3.
1. 1051 pvs IS SE HALIDÓM ÞE HIS GELOGOD INNAN ÞAM
HALIGAN SCRINE ÞE MAN NEMNAT IOHANNIS .
& PAULI .
1 Aaron is commemorated on 1 July.
3 Oswald, Bishop of Worcester and Archbishop of York, ob. A.D. 992; or Oswald, king and martyr, A.D. 672.
In the ark taken by Titus to Rome were, inter alia, the wand of Aaron and “the yerde of Moyses," Warner's Mandeuill, p. 43.
• Sic, MS. .
? Virgin martyr of Rome, third century. For her relics, see A. S. Boll.,
9 St. Gregory the Great, Pope, A. D. 590-604. 10 For these, see Gildemeister and Von Sybel. Der Heilige Rock su Trier, 1844 ; Warner's Maundeuill, etc., p. 158; Arculfus De Locis Sanctis, ed. Tobler, i, p. 156.
11 Sec Theodosius De Terra Sancta, Dd init., in Tobler, Itin., i, p. 63.
Reliquię Sancti Christophori in albo.
induere circa Christum . De stola sancti Petri .
10 De ueste sanctae Mariae . De spongia domini?. De ligno quod saluator suis manibus plantauit. Her is Jære spongian 8 dæl be mon da punde mid hpoh . Sanctorum martyrum Iohannis & Pauli. Et Sancti Vitalis. De capite sancti Pancratii 10. Reliquię Sancti Cyriaci 11 martyris. Ex candela que caelitus accensa fuit in Hierosolymam 12. De Sancto Abundío 18.
20 Dens sancti Berhtini 14 abbatis .
1 Martyr, probably in Lycia under Decius, A. S. Boll., 25 July, vi, p. 146
9 Virgin martyr of Catania, in Sicily, A.D. 251 ; for her relics, see ib., 5 Feb., i, p. 631. For her mamillæ, also preserved at New Minster, see lower down, in the list of relics preserved in the shrine made by Alwold the churchwarden. 3 See p. 150, n. 4.
See p. 152, n. 6. 5 See p. 150, n. 11.
6 See p. 159, n. 10. 7 " At Constantynople es the spounge and the rede of whilk the lewes gafe oure Lorde to drynke," Warner's Maundeuill, p. 5. and n., p. 158. Beda De Locis Sanctis, states that the sponge was in a silver cup. Tobler, Itin., i, p. 63.
8 See p. 149. 1. 6; and p. 160, n. 7. 9 There are several saints of this name. The hermit of Nantes, ninth century, may be intended.
10 St. Pancras the martyr, A. D. 293 : or the bishop and martyr of Sicily, first century.
11 See p. 155, n. 4.
12 See Warner's Maundeuill, p. 38, and note p. 178. The annual festival of this so-called Holy Fire (at Easter) is still observed, Conder, Tent Work, 174.
18 Martyr of Rome under Valerian ; or Bishop of Como, in Italy, A. D. 468.; and see p. 150, n. 7.
14 See p. 5. n. 2.