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THE

TITHE IN

IN SCRIPTURE

BEING CHAPTERS FROM "THE SACRED TENTH"

WITH A REVISED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TITHE-PAYING

AND SYSTEMATIC AND PROPORTIONATE GIVING

BY

HENRY LANSDELL, D.D.

F.R.G.S., M.R.A.S.

AUTHOR OF

CHAPLAIN OF MORDEN COLLEGE, BLACKHEATH,
THE SACRED TENTH, THROUGH SIBERIA, RUSSIAN CENTRAL ASIA,"

“CHINESE CENTRAL ASIA,” ETC.

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All the tithe of the land ... is the Lora's: it is holy unto the Lord.”-LEV. xxvii. 30.

Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, . and prove Me now herewith,
will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not
be room enough to receive it.”—Mal. iii. 10.

In all thy gifts show a cheerful countenance, and set apart thy tithes with gladness.”—
ECCLUS. XXXV. 9.

Ye tilhe mint and anise and cummin ...: these ought ye to have done.-Matt. xxiii. 23.

PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE TRACT COMMUTEE

SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE,
LONDON: NORTHUMBERLAND AVENUE, W.C.

BRIGHTON : 129, NORTH STREET.
NEW YORK: E. S. GORHAM, 285, FOURTH AVENUE.
TORONTO: MUSSON BOOK CO. WINNIPEG: RUSSELL, LANG & CO.

(All rights reserved)

PREFACE

THE

HERE are, happily, throughout the world,

many persons of all countries and in every clime who recognise that it is a religious and moral obligation to give ; and the publication of The Sacred Tenth has brought to the knowledge of the Author that, as in past ages, so now, many earnest people not only approve but practise the principle of setting aside from their incomes “not less than a tenth for God.”

Some of these have suggested that inasmuch as the two volumes of The Sacred Tenth are not, and cannot be, within the reach of all, it is very desirable that there should be published apart, at least those portions thereof which are directly concerned with Holy Scripture.

Hence the appearance of the following chapters, to which is added a revised edition of the original bibliography with additions up to date. That these Scriptural studies may help many inquirers to “perceive and know what is the mind and will of God respecting their giving, and that they may have v

grace and power faithfully to perform the same,” is the prayer and fervent desire of the Author.

HENRY LANSDELL, D.D.

MORDEN COLLEGE, BLACKHEATH, S.E.

Whitsuntide, 1908.

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failure in tithe-paying, 7.-Bearing of the Septuagint on

the rejection of Cain's offering, 8.-Sacrifices of Noah,

Abram, and Jacob, II

7-12

CHAPTER II

ABRAM AND JACOB

Abram's tithe to Melchizedek, 13.-Tithing traced to Babylonia,

15.-Extent of Abram's tithes, 15.— Jacob's vow and its

confirmation of tithe-paying, 17.-Scientific deduction from

patriarchal tithing, 18.-Hypothesis for primeval origin of

tithe-paying, 19.-Adam's sons presumably the first tithe-

payers, 19.-Absence of written law, and silence of Genesis,

no objection thereto, 21.–Pagan tithe-paying not learnt from

Jewish Scriptures, 21

13-22

Dosaic

CHAPTER III

ISRAEL'S THREE TITHES

Tithe-paying expressly enjoined in the Pentateuch, 24.—The first

tithe, and observations thereon, 24.-Given by God to the

Levites, 25.—The second, or festival, tithe ; its object, mode

of payment, and personal benefit to the offerer, 26.—The

third, or poor's, tithe, 30.—Not a substitute for second tithe,

as witnessed by Tobit, Josephus, and others; Maimonides to

the contrary, notwithstanding, 32.--The third tithe, by

modern comparison, not excessive, 34

. 23-36
Judah and Israel, 63.-Reformations under Asa and Jeho-

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shaphat, 64.-Giving in the times of Elijah and Elisha, 64.---

Church repairs under Joash, 66.—Amos on Israel's tithes,

67.—Hezekiah's restoration of Passover, tithe-paying, and

firstfruits, 68.-Temple repairs and offerings under Josiah,

70.-IV. After the Captivity, 71.–Offerings from Cyrus,

71.- Rebuilding and presents to Temple under Ezra, 72.-

Malachi's "robbery" for withholding tithes, 73.-Nehemiah's

offering, and the people's oath concerning tithes, 73.–

Tithing organized, 74.- Review of tithing from Joshua to

Malachi, 75

63-77
Talmudic

CHAPTER VIII

TALMUDIC TEACHING ON THE FIRST AND

SECOND TITHES

The Talmud : Mishna and Gemara, 87.—Divisions and transla-

tions of Mishna, 88.--Book VII., on first tithe, regulates what

is to be tithed, and when, 88.–Tithing applied to business

transactions, 89.-Tithing cooked fruit, transplanted vege-

tables, and ant-hills, 91.-Rules concerning the second tithe,

92.-Not to be exchanged, nor coins for it reckoned common,

93.-— Redemption of the second tithe, 95.-Second tithe in

relation to reciting Mosaic formula, 96

87–97

CHAPTER IX

THE DEMAIOR DOUBTFUL TITHE

The Demai, or doubtful tithe, 98.-Its exemptions, differences,

and minute requirements, 98.-Its bearing on the unedu-

cated, on buying and selling, exchange of corn, payment of

rent, and acceptance of hospitality, 99.--Four tithes recog-

nized in the Talmud, and their application to all classes, 102.

-Antiquity of Talmudic bye-laws, and their influence when

Christianity appeared, 104

98-104

Aew Testament

CHAPTER X

CHRIST'S ATTITUDE AND EXAMPLE AS TO TITHING

Jews, in the time of Christ, ruled by Gentiles, 105.—Tithing

among the Romans, Samaritans, and Palestine Jews, 106.-

Essenes, Sadducees, and Pharisees, 107.-The Pharisees,

tithe-payers par excellence, and how admitted to membership,

108.–Varieties of Pharisees, and our Lord's attitude towards

them, 108.- Prevalence of tithe-paying, and impossibility of

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