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Love and enmity are notable whetters and 6. It is sometimes an interrogative : as, quickners of the spirit of life in all animals. which is the man?
Wbich of you convinceth me of sin? Febne WHEY. n. s. (hpcy, Sax. wey, Dutch.] For which of these works do ye stone me? 1. The thin or serous part of milk, from
Febna which the oleose or grumous part is se
Two fair twins, parated.
The puzzled strangers which is wbicb enquire.
Tickel. I'll make you feed on curds and whey. Shaksp.
Milk is nothing but blood turned white, by Which SO'EVER pron. (swbich and see being diluted with a greater quantity of serum ever.] Whether one or the other.
or whey in the glandules of the breast. Harvey. Whicbsoever of these he takes, and how often 2. It is used of any thing white and thin. soever he doubles it, he finds that he is not one Those linen cheeks of thine
jot nearer the end of such addition at first setAre counsellors to fear. What, soldiers when ting out.
Sbaksp. WHIFF. n. 5. [chruytb, Welsh.] A blast;
But with the abit'and wind of his fell sword
Th’unnerved father falls.
Sbakit fortify the operation of the liver, in sending
If some unsav'ry wbij betray the crime, down the wbiyey part of the blood to the rems.
Invent a quarrel strnight.
Three pipes after dinner he constantly smokes,
Nick pulled out a boatswain's whistle : upci
the tirst wbif the tradesmen came jumping in.
Árvaibad 1. The pronoun relative, relating to To Whi'ffle. v. n. (from wbif.] To things.
move inconstantly, as if driven by a puff The apostles term it the pledge of our hea
of wind. venly inheritance, sometimes the handsel or earnest of that which is to come.
Nothing is more familiar, than for a thirring In destruction by deluge, the remuant which
fop, that has not one grain of the sense of a mo hap to be reserved are ignorant.
Was our reason given to be thus puffod abouts
Like a dry leaf, an idle straw, a feather, also their want of opportunity to apply to such consideration as may let them into the true
The sport of ev'ry wbijsling blast that blows?
Res. goodness and evil of things, which are qualities which seldom display themselves to the first
A person of a tohiffling and unsteady curn of view,
mind cannot keep close to a point of controver. The queen of furies hy their side is set,
sy, but wanders from it perpetually: Watts. And snatches from their mouths th' untasted WHI'FFLER. n. s. [from whiffle.) meat,
1. A harbinger; probably one with a horn Which if they touch, her hissing snakes she or trumpet.
The beach After the several carths, consider the parts of Pales in the food with men, with wives and the surface of this globe whicb are barren, as
boys, sand and rocks.
Locke. Whose shouts and claps outvoice the deepe 2. It had formerly sometimes the before it.
mouth'd sea, Do they not blasphème that worthy nante by Which, like a mighty wbijler 'fore the king, the which ye are called ?
James. Seems to prepare his way. Sbak:pearls 3. It formerly was used for who, and re- 2. One of no consequence; one moved
lated likewise to persons: as in the first with a whiff or puff. words of the Lord's Prayer.
Our fine young ladies retain in their service : The Almighty, which giveth wisdom to whom- great number of supernumerary and insignificant soever it pleaseth him, did, for the good of his fellows, which they use like tobiffiers, and conchurch, stay those eager affections. Hooker. monly call shoeing-horns.
Sputator. Do you hear, sir, of a battle?
Every whifler in a lared coat, who frequents -Every one hears that,
the chocolate-house, shall talk of the constitu. Wbich can distinguish sound.
The south-west counties of Scotland have selg. The genitive of which,' as well as of
dom corn enough to serve them through the who, is whose; but whose, as derived
year; and the northern parts producing mere from which, is scarcely used but in than they need, those in the west come in the poetry.
summer to buy at Leith the stores that come Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit
froin the north; and from a word, whiggan, Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste. used in driving their horses, all that drove were
called the whiggamors, and shorter the wligs.
Now in that year, before the news came down 8. It is sometimes a demonstrative : as, of duke Hamilton's defeat, the ministers ani. take which you will.
mated their people to rise and march to Edin. What is the night?
burgh; and they came up marching at the head Almost at odds with morning, which is of their parishes with an unheard-ot fury, praywhisk,
shahsp. ing and preaching all the way as they came,
The marquis of Argyle and his party came and sisible strength against some sins, whilst in headed them, they being aboui six thousand. others he permits men a power of repelling his This was called the whiggamors inroad; and,
Decay of Picty. ever after that, all that opposed the court came All hearts shall bend, and ev'ry voice in contempt to be called wbigs: and from $cot- In loud applauding shouts rejoice; land the word was brought into England, where While all his gracious aspect praise, it is now one of our unhappy terms of disunion. And crow Is grow loyal as they gaze. Addison.
Burnet. He sits attentive to his own applause ; Whoever has a true value for church and *W'bile wits and templars ev'ry sentence raise, state, should avoid the extremes of wbig for the And wonder with a foolish face of praise. Pope, sake of the former, and the extremes of tory on To WHILE. V. n. [from the noun.] To the account of the latter.
Swift. loiter. WHIGGISH. adj. (from ubig.] Relate
Men guilty this way never have observed that ing to the whigs.
the whiling time, the gathering together, and She 'll prove herself a tory plain,
waiting a little before dinner, is the most awks From principles the whigs maintain ;
wardly passed away of any. Spectator. And, to defend the whigsish cause,
WHILE'RE. adv.' (while and ere, or beHer topicks from the tories draws. Swift. Whi’GGISM. 1. s. [from wbig.]
fore.] A little while ago; ere while. The
Not in use. nocions of a whig.
That cursed wight from whom I 'scap'd I could quote passages from fifty pamphlets,
wbilere, wholly made up of zubiggism and atheism. Swift. A man of hell, that calls himself Despair. WHILE. n. s. (weil, Germ. hpre, Sax.]
Spenser. Time; space of time.
Let us be jocund: will you troul the catch If my beauty be any thing, then let it obtain You taught me but wbile-ere?
Sbaksp. this much of you, that you will remain some
Those armies, that while-ere wbile in this company, to ease your own travel Affrighted all the world, by him otruck dead and our solitariness.
Drayton. I have seen her rise from her bed, and again Here lies Hobbinol, our shepherd whilere. return to bed; yet all this wbile in a most fast
He who, with all heaven's heraldry, whilere One wbile we thought him innocent,
Enter'd the world, now bleeals to give us ease. And then w'accus'd the consul. Ben Jonsore
Milton. We saw him feeding come,
Whi’lom, adv. (bpilom, Saxon, that is And on his recke a burthen logging home, once on a time.] Formerly; once; of Most highly huge, of sere-wood; which the pile old. Not in use, That fed his tire supplide all supper wbile.
Where now the studious lawyers have their Chapman.
bowers, I hope all ingenuous persons will advertise nie
There whilom wont the Templar nights abide, fairly, if they think it worth their while, of what
Till they decayed through pride. Spenser. they dislike in it.
In northern clime a vatrous knight
Did wbilom kill his bear in tight,
Yet art thou not inglorious in thy fate; for which thine own conscience did condemn
For so Apollo, with unweeting hand, thee all the while thou wast doing of them?
Wbilom did slay his dearly loved mate. Milton. Tiliotson.
WHIM. n. so' [This word is derived by That which I have all this while been endea
Skinner froin a thing turning round; youring to convince men to, is no other but nor can I find anyetymology more pro, What God himselt doth particularly recommend. bable.] A frek; an odd fancy; a ca.
price; an irregular motion of desire. Few, without the hope of another lite, would
All the superfluous wbims relate, think it worth their abile to live above the ale That till a female gamester's pate. Swift. lurements of sense.
Atterbury. Fie learnt his wbisnis and high-flown notions What fate has dispos d of the papers, 'tis not
too, worth wbile to tell.
Such as tine men adope, and fine men rue. Harta WHILE.
adv. [hpile, Saxon. Whiles To Whi’MPER. V. 11. [wimmeren, Ger. WHILES. is now out of use.]
man.) To cry without any loud noise. Whilst, $
The father by his authority should always stop 1. During the time that.
this sort of crying, and silence their whimperig. Wbiles I was protector,
Locke. Pity was all the fault that was in me. Sbak:p.
A laughing, toying, wheedling, wbimp'ring she What we have, we prize not to the worth Shall make him amble on a gossip's message. Whiles we enjoy it; but being lackt and lost, Why then we rack the value.
In peals of thunder now she roars, and no Repeated, while the sedentary earth
She gently wbimpers like a lowing cow. Swift. Attains her end.
Milion. *. As long as.
Whi'MPLED. adv. [I suppose from Use your memory; you will sensibly expe
whimper.] This word seems to mean rience a gradual improvement, wbile you take
distorted with crying. care not to overload it.
This wbimpled, whining, purblind, wayward 3. At the same time that.
boy, Whiles by the experiment of this ministration This signior Junio's giant dwar“, Dan Cuid, they glorify God, for your professed subjection Regent of love-zhimen, lord of folded anns, unto the gospel.
2 Corinthians, Th' anointed sovereign of sighs and y? uans. Can he imagine that God sends forth an irre.
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Whi’MSEY. n. s. [only another form of len-drapers would in four-and-twenty hours the word whim.] A freak; a caprice;
raise their cloths and silks to above a double an odd fancy; a whim.
price; and, if the mourning continued long, At this rate a pretended freak or whimsey may
come whining with petitions to the court, that be palliated
they were ready to starve.
Swift. L'Estrange. WHINE. n. s. (from the verb.) Plaintive All the ridiculous and extravagant shapes that can be imagined, all the fancies and wbimsies of
noise; mean or affected complaint. poets and painters, and Egyptian idolaters, if so The favourable opinion of men comes oftenbe they are consistent with life and propagation
times by a few demure looks and affected whines, would be now actually in being if our atheists
set off with some odd devotional postures and notion were true.
grimaces. So now, as health or temper changes,
Thy hateful wine of woe In larger compass Alma ranges;
Breaks in upon my sorrows, and distracts This day below, the next above,
My jarring senses with thy beggar's cry. Roze As light or solid whimsies move. Prior. To WHI'NNY. V. n. [hinnio, Latin; from What I speak, my fair Chloe, and what I write, shows
the sound.) To make a noise like a The difference there is betwixt nature and art;
borse or colt. I court others in verse, but I love thee in prose;
WHI'NYARD. 1. s. (binnan, and are, to And they have my wbimsies, but thou hast my gain honour, Saxon. Skinner. I know heart.
not wbether this word was ever used seOranges in whimsey-boards went round. King. He spoke with such a sedate and undisturbed
riously, and therefore perhaps it might mind, that I could not impute it to melancholy,
be denominated in contempt from wtin, or a splenetick whimsey.
Blackmore. a tool to cut wbins.] A sword: in Th' extravagance of poetry
contempt. Is at a loss for figures to express
He snatch'd his wbinyard up, that fled Men's folly, whimsies, and inconstancy. Swift. When he was falling off his steed. Hudibres WHIMSICAL.adj
. [from whimsey.) Freak- TO WHIP. v.a. [hpecp.in, Saxon; whipish ; capricious; oddly fanciful. In another circumstance I am particular, or,
pen, Dutch.] as my neighbours call me, whimsical: as my
1. To strike with any thing tough and garden invites into it all the birds, I do not suf
flexible. fer any one to destroy their nests. Addison.
He took Whin. n. s. [chwyn, Welsh ; genista spi
The harness'd steeds, that still with horror nosa, Latin.] Furze; gorse.
shook, With whins or with furzes thy hovel renew.
And plies them with the lash, and whips 'em on;
Addijes. Plants that have prickles in their leaf are holly, juniper, wbin-bush, and thistle.
2. To sew slightly.
Bacon. TO WHINE, V. n. (panian, Saxon ; wee
In half-wbipt muslin needles useless lie. Gay.
3. To drive with lashes. nen, Dutch ; cwyno, Welsh.] To la.
This unbeard sauciness, and boyish troops; ment in low murmurs; to make a plain- The king doth smile at; and is well prepard tive noise ; to moan meanly and effemi- To whip this dwarfish war, these pigmy arms, nately.
From out the circle of his territories. Stubre They came to the wood, where the hounds Let's wbip these stragglers o'er the seas again : were in couples staying their coming, but with Lash hence these over-weeuing rags of France, a wbining accent craving liberty. Sidney.
These famish'd beggars.
Sbaksplan. At his nurse's tears
Since I pluck't geese, play'd truant, and a bine He wbin'd and roar'd away your victory,
top, I knew not what it was to be beaten till That pages blush'd at him.
Sbakspears. Twice and once the hedge-pig whin'd. Sbaksp.
It ordered every day to whip his top so long Whip him,
as to make him wearv, he will wish for his back, Till, like a boy, you see him cringe his face, if you promise it him as a reward of having And wbine aloud for mercy, Sbakspeare, whipt his top lustily quite out.
The common people have a wbining tone and W brpt cream; unfortified with wine or sense! accent in their speech, as if they did still suffer Froth'd hy that slattern muse, Indifference,
Harte some oppression.
4. To correct with lashes. And teil our tale,
I'll leave you to the hearing of the cause, Men are in pain
Hoping you'll find good cause to zubip them all. For us again;
Sbuespera So neither speaking doth become
Reason with the fellow, The lover's state, nor being dumb. Snclling Before you punish him, where he heard this, He made a viler noise than swine
Lest you should chance to wbip your in:cumaIn windy weather, when they wbine. Hudibras.
Sbakspeare Some, under sheep's clothing, had the pro- Hourly we see some raw pin-feather'd thing perties of wolves; that is, they could wline and Attempt to mount, and fights and heroes sing howl, as well as bite and devour.
Soutb. Who for false quantities was mbips at school I was not born so base to flatter crowds, But t'other day, and breaking grammar-rule, And move your pity by a whining tale. Dryd.
Drydens Laughing at their abining may perhaps be the How did he return this haughty brave, proper method.
Who cobipt the winds, and made the sea his Life was given for noble purposes; and there
Dryden. fore it must not be sacrificed to a quarrel, nor
This requires more than setting children a whined av ay in love.
Collier. task, and wbipping them, without any more ado, Upon a general mourning, mercers and wool it it be not done to our fancy.
Oh chain me! whip me! let me be the scom WHI'PLASH. 1.5. The lash or small end Oi sordid rabbles and insulting crowds !
or a whip. Give me but life.
Have whiplash wel knotted and cartrope Heirs to cities and large estates have a weak
Tusset. ness in their eyes, and are not able to bear the pain and indignity of whipping.
Whipper. n. s. [from whip.] One who
Swift. 5. To lash with sarcasm.
punishes with whipping.
Love is merely a madness, and deserves as well They would zohip me with their fine wits, till I was as crest-fallen as a dried pear. Sbaksp.
a dark-house and a whip as madmen do; and
the reason why they are not so punished is, that 6. To inwrap:
the wobippers are in love too. Sbaksp. Its string is firmly cobipt about with small gut, WHIPPINGPOST. n. s. (whip and post] that it may the easier move in the edge of the rowier.
A pillar to which criminals are bound TO WHIP. v. a. To take any thing
when they are lashed. nimbly: always with a particle ascer
Could not the whippingpost prevail,
With all its rhet'rick, nor the jail, taining the sense; as, out, on, up, a wny, To keep from flaying scourge thy skin, A ludicrous ise.
And ancle free from iron gin? Hudibras. In his lawless fit,
Whi'PSAW. n. s. (tuhip and satv.} Behind the arras hearing something stir,
The shipsaw is used by joiners to saw such He whips his rapier out, and cries, a rat!
great picces of stuff that the handsaw will not And in this brainish apprehension kills
easily reach through.
Moxon. The unseen good old man. Sbakspeare: Writ'PSTAFF. n. s. [On shipboard.) A She in a arry whips up her darling under her
piece of wood fastened to the helm, Raise yourself upon your hinder legs, and then which the steersman holds in his hand to stretch out your heari: I can casily whip up to move the lielm and turn the ship. Bail. your horns, and so out of the well.' L'Estrange. Wai'PSTER. 11. s. (from whip.] A nim
Prisk Susan wlips her linen fron the rope, bie feliow.
I am not valiant neither;
But ev'ry puny whipster gets my sword. Sbaks. Thus disposed, it lics rcady for you to zubip ir
Give that whipster but his errand, out in a moinent.
He takes my lord chiet justice' warrant. Prior. To Whi?. v.o. To move nimbly. A
WHIPT, for whipped. ludicrous word.
In Bridewel a number be stript, Two friends travelling together, met a bear Lesse worthie than these to be ubipt. Tusser. upon the way: the one whips up a tree, and the
TO WHIRL. 7. a. [lipynfan, Saxon ; other throws himself fiat upon the ground.
wbirbilen, Dutcb.] To turn round raThe simple 'squire made a sudden start to
pidly. follow; but the justice of the quorum wbimped My thoughts are whirled like a potter's wheel: between.
Tatler. I know not where I am, nor what I do. Sbaksp. WHIP. n. s. [lipecp, Saxon.) An instru
He wbirls his sword around without delay, ment of correction tough and pliant.
And hews through adverse foes an ample way.
Dryden. There sat internal Pain,
With his full force he whirl'd it first around; And fast beside him sat tumultuous Strife;
But the soft yielding air receiv'd the wound, The one in hand an iron wbij did strain,
Drydena The other brandished a bloody knife. Spenser.
The Stygian food,
Falling from on high, with bellowing sound
I biris the black waves and rattling stones ao Sbakspeare. round.
Addisong Love is merely a madness, and deserves as
With impetuous motion whirl'd apace, Well a dark-house and a whip as madmen do.
This magick wheel still moves, yet keeps its Słodspeare. place.
Granville. High on her head she rears two twisted snakes; Her chain she ratiles, and her bip she shakes.
They have ever been taught by their senses, Drydin.
that the sun, with all the planets and the fixed In his right hand he holds the whip, with
stars, are wbirled round this little globe. Watts, which he is supposed to drive the horses of the
TO WHIRL, V. 11.
Addison, 1. To run round rapidly. Whip and spur. With the utmost haste. He, wrapt with whirling wheels, infames the Each staunch polemick
skyen Come whip and spur, and dash'd thro'thin and With fire not made to burn, but fairly for to thick.
Spenser, WuI'PCORD. 1. s. [whip and corit.] Cord
Five moons were seen to-night, of which lashes are made.
Four fixed, and the fifth did whirl about
The other four in wondrous motion. Sbaksp. In Raphael's first works are many small foldings, often repeated, which look like so many
As young striplings whip the top for sport
On the sn:ooth pavement of an empty court, whipcords.
The wrocden engine flies and whirls about, Whi'PGRAFTING. n. s. [In gardening.) Admir'd with clamours of the beardless route A kind of grafting.
Dryden. WHIPH A'ND. n. s. (whip and hand.) Ad- Wild and distracted with their fears, vantage over.
They justling plunge amidst the sounding deepc; The archange!, when Discord was restive, and
The Hood away the struggling squadron sweeps, would not be drjún from her beloved monastery And men, and arms, and horses whirling bears. with fair words, has the whiphand of her, and
Smith, drags her out with many stripes,
Druilen. 2. To inove hastily.
She what he swears regards no more
by the atoms must be thrust and crowded to the Than the deaf rocks when the loud billows roar; middle of those whirlpools, and there constipate. But wbiri'd away to shun his hateful sight, one another into great solid bodies. Bentley Hid in the forest.
Dryden. Whi'RLWIND. 1. s. (wèrbelwind, Germ.) WHRL. n. s. from the verb.]
A stormy wind moving circularly. 1. Gyration ; quick rotation ; circular In the very torrent and whirlwind of your motion ; rapid circumvolution.
passion, beget a temperance that may give it "Twere well your judgments but in plays did sinoothness.
Skabsp. · range;
With wbirlwinds from beneath she tosi'd the But ev'n your follies and debauches change
ship, With such a wbirl, the poets of your age
And bare expos'd the bosom of the deep. Droit Are tir'd, and cannot score them on the stage. WHERRING. adj. A word formed in imi.
Dryden, tation of the sound expressed by it. Wings raise my feet; I'm pleas'd to mount From the brake the wbirring pheasant springs, on high,
And mounts exuling on triumphant wings.
Their various turnings and their wbirls declare, WHISK. n. s. [wischen, to wipe, Germ.]
1. A small besom, or brush,
The white of an egg, though in part trans. I have been watching what thoughts came up
parent, yet being long agitated with a wobisk or in the whirl of fancy, that were worth commu.
spoon, loses its transparency.
If you break any china with the top of the How the car rattles, how its kindling wheels
wbisk on the manile-tree, gather up the fraz. Smoke in the wbirl: the circling sand ascends,
Swift , And in the noble dust the chariot 's lost. Smith, 2. A part of a woman's dress. 3. Any thing moved with rapid rotation. An easy means to prevent being one farthing For though in dreadful wbirls we hung
the worse for the abatement of interest, is weate High on the broken wave,
ing a lawn wbisk instead of a point de Venice. I knew thou wert not slow to hear,
Cond Nor impotent to save.
To Whisk. v.a. [wiscben, to wipe, Germ.) WHI'RLBAT. n. s. [wbirl and bat.] Any
1. To sweep with a small besom. thing moved rapidly round to give a
2. To move nimbly, as when one sweeps. blow. It is frequently used by the poets
Cardan believ'd great states depend
Upon the tip o'th' hear's tail's end; for the ancient cestus.
That, as she whisk'd it t'wards the sun, At whirlbat he had slain many, and was now Strow'd mighty empires up and down. Hudibras, himself slain by Pollux.
L'Estrange. The whirlbál's falling blow they nimbly shun, WHI'SKER. n. s. [from wbisk.] The bair And win the race ere they begin to run. Creech. growing on the upper lip unshaven; the
The guardian ångels of kingdoms he rejected, mustachio. as Dares did the whirlbats of Eryx, when they A sacrifice to fall of state, were thrown before him by Entellus, Dryden. Whose thread of life the fatal sisters
The wbirlbat and the rapid race shall he Did ewist together with its whiskers. Hadibras, Resery'd for Cæsar, and ordain’d by me. Dryd, Behold four kings, in majesty rever'd, WHIRLBONE. n. s. The patella ; the cap With hoary whiskers and a forky beard. Pepee of the knee.
Ainsworth. A painter added a pair of wbiskers to the face. WHIRLIGIG. n. S. (whirl and gig.) A
sadises, toy which children spin round. To WHI'SPER. v.n. (whisperen, Dutch.]
He found that marbles taught him percussion, To speak with a low voice, so as not to and wbirligigs the axis in peritrochio.
be heard but by the ear close to the
Arbutbuot and Pope. That since they gave things their beginning,
speaker; to speak with suspicion or And set this wbirligg a-spinning.
timorous caution. Prior.
He sometime with fearful counter.ance would SHIRLPIT. ?n. s. [hpynfpole, Sax.) desire the king to look to himselt; for that all Whi'RLPOOL.) A place where the wa- the court and city were full of whisperings, and
ter moves circularly, and draws what. expectation of some sudden change. Sidney. ever comes within the circle toward its
All that hate me whisper together against me.
Psalasa centre; a vortex.
In speech of man, the whispering or susurrus, Poor Tom whom the foul fiend hath led
whether louder or softer is an interior sound; through ford and whirlpool, o'er bog and quage but the speaking out is an exteriour sound; and mire.
Shakspearea therefore you can never make a tone, nor sing, In the fathomless profound
in whispering, but in speech you may. Barona Down sunk they, like a falling stone,
The king Acestis calls;
This calm of heaven, this mermaid's melody, And bade his daughters at the rites appear,
Pape And in a moment sinks you. Dryden. It is as offensive to speak wit in a fool's comSend forth, ye wise ! send forth your lab'ring pany, as it would be ill manners to wbisper in it:
thought : Let it return with empty notions fraught
he is displeased at both, because he is ignorant
of what is said. Of airy columns every moment broke, Of circling wbirlpools, and of spheres of smoke.
The hollow whisp'ring breeze, the pliant rills
Purle down amid the twisted roots. Thomsema
Prior. There might arise some vertiginous motions TO WHISPER. v. a. a whirlpools in the matter of the chaos, wherea 1. To address in a low voice.