Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

sy air, upborne by the shouts and huzzas of a giddy multitude, all of them are now silent and forgotten ; all that remains of them is consigned to oblivion in the musty records of Parliament, or lives only in the shadow of a name. I wished therefore to bring them on the stage once more, and drag them out of that obscurity, from which it is now impossible to redeem their fellow actors. I was uneasy till I had made the monumental pile of octavos and folios," wherein I saw them quietly inurned, open its ponderous and marble jaws," and " set the imprisoned wranglers free again." It is possible that some of that numerous .page.of prators, yhä bave sprung up within the last ten years; to whom I should certainly have first paid my compliments, may riot:be satisfied with the space allotted them in these volumes.. But I capnot. helpeit. My object was to revive what was forgatten, irid.embody what was permanent ; and not to echo the loquacious babblings of these accomplished persons, who, if all their words were written in a book, the world would not contain them, Besides, living speakers may, and are in the habit of printing their own speeches. Or even if this were not the case, there is no danger, while they have breath and lungs left, that they will ever suffer the public to be at a loss for daily specimens of their polished eloquence and profound wisdom.

There were some other objects to be attended to in making this collection, as well as the style of different speakers. I wished to make it a history, as far as I could, of the progress of the language, of the state of parties at different periods, of the most interesting debates, and in short, an abridged parliamentary history for the time. It was necessary that it should serve as a common-place book of the principal topics, of the pros and cons of the different questions, that may be brought in. to dispute. If, however, this work has the effect which I intend it to have, it will rather serve to put a stop to that vice of much

speaking, which is the fashion of the present day, by shewing our forward disputants how little new is to be said on any of these questions, than offer a temptation to their vanity to enrich themselves out of the spoils of others. I have also endeavoured to gratify the reader's curiosity, by sometimes giving the speeches of men who were not celebrated for their eloquence, but for other things ; as Cromwell, for example. If, therefore, any one expects to find nothing but eloquent speeches in these volumes, he will certainly be disappointed. A very small volume indeed, would contain all the recorded eloquence of both houses of parliament.

As to the notes and criticisms, which accompany the speeches, I am aware that they are too long and frequent for a work of this nature. If, however, the reader should not be of opinion that “ the things themselves are nei her

new nor rare," he is at liberty to apply the next line of the satire to them,he may naturally enough wonder, “ how the devil they got there." The characters of Chatham, Burke, Fox, and Pitt, are those which are the most laboured. As to the first of these, I am not so certain. It was written in the heat of the first impression which his speeches made upon me : and perhaps the first impression is a fair test of the effect they must produce on those who heard them. But farther I will not be answerable for it. As to the opinions I have expressed of the three last speakers, they are at least my settled opinions, and I believe I shall not easily change them. In the selections from Burke, I have followed the advice of friends in giving a whole speech, whereas I ought to have given only extracts.

For the bias which may sometimes appear in this work, I shall only apologize by referring the impartial reader to the different characters of Fox and Burke. These will, I think, shew, that whatever my prejudices may be, I am not much disposed to be blinded by them.

OF

VOLL ME THE SECOND.

56

Parliamentary Speeches from 1761 to 1802.

Page

His present Majesty's first Speech from the Throne 1

Lord Chatham, on the American Stamp Act

7

in reply to Mr. Grenville

14
in reply to Lord Mansfield

26

an the State of the Nation

43

in reply to Lord Sandwich

:
on the Address:

171
bh a motion of Adjournment .. 181

Mr. Grenville, Qri ihe:Taxation of America

12

on allowing Members to vacate their Seats 130
Lord Mansfield, on the Middieses Election

22
on the same Subject -

60
on the Privileges of Members of Parliament 69

Marquis of Rockingham, on the State of the Nation

37

Duke of Grafton, in reply

41

Lord Sandwich, on the Middlesex Election

53

Lord Camden, on the same Subject

65

Colonel Barre', on the Motion for an Address

74

in reply to Lord North

80

on his Majesty's Message

Lord North, on the Address -

78
on the Situation of Boston

104

Lord North’s Defence of his political conduct

195

Speech on Reform

238

Mr. Burke, on the Criminal Laws of the Country

81

on economical Reform

217

his Character of Mr. Grenville

286

- of Lord Chatham and Mr. C.

Townshend

288

Conclusion of his Speech on American Taxation 294

on the American Character

297

on the Government of India

300

on the French Revolution

414

on the Test Act

423

Mr. Fox, on the Lowther Estate

84

on the Conclusion of the American War

203

in answer to Mr, Pitt

366
on the Regency

395

10T

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Page
Mr. Foć, on the Slave Trade

410
on the Test Act

418
on Treasonable Designs

434
on the War with France

474
on the Habeas Corpus

491
on an Inquiry into the Conduct of Ministers

511
on Mr. Pitt's Bill for preventing Sedition

517
on the Address to his Majesty

528
in answer to Mr. Dundas

542

Sir W. Meredith's Speech on the Lord Mayor (Wilkes) being
committed to the Tower

86

on the frequency of Executions 163

Mr. Sawbridge's Motion for shortening the Duration of Parlia-

ments

89

General Burgoyne, on American Affairs

95

Mr. Jenkinson (Since Earl of - Liverpool) on Articles of Sub-

scription

102

Hon. Temple Luttrell, on the American War

112

Mr. Wilkes, on the Middlesex Question

119,

on equal Representation

141

on the State of the British Museum

158

Marquis of Granby, on the Contest with America

135

Earl of Effingham, on the same

138

Mr. Dunning, (Lord Ashburton) on punishing Persons suspect-

ed of Piracy

154

on the Powers of the Admiralty Board - 188

on the Right of Petition

- 316

Thomas Lord Lyttleton, on the War with America

· 174

The Duke of Manchester, on the same

179

Sir Charles Bunbury, on the State of Parties

- 191

Mr. Pitt, on economical reform

- 304

on the American War

- 318

on a Reform of Parliament

- 328

on the State of Ireland

- 364

on the Regency

· 393

on the Slave Trade

408

on the Army Establishment

413

on the Test Act

420

on the Time for Reform

429

on the Dismission of M. Chauvelin

444

on the Existence of a Conspiracy

498

on the Imperial Loan

504

on bringing in his Bill to prevent Seditious Meetings 514

on the Success of the War

533

Mr. Sheridan, on a Military Force -

- 309
on the Situation of Ireland

357
- on the Trial of Warren Hastings

379
in reply to Lord Mornington

451

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

O

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Page
Mr. Sheridan, on the Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act 501
on Mr. Addington's Administration

• 581

Mr. Adam, on political - Conversion

313

Mr. T. Townshend, in reply

..315

Sir James Lowther, against continuing the American War 320

Mr. Powys, on the same Subject

. 322

on a Reform of Parliament

335

Sir George Saville, on the American War

324
Mr. Grattan, on the Declaration of Rights

326
in reply to Mr. Flood

356

Mr. T. Pitt, on Parliamentary Reform

337

Mr. Beaufoy, on the same

340

on the Test Act

372

Duke of Richmond, on putting the Seals into Commission.

342

Duke of Portland, on the same

349

Lord Stormont, on the same.

350

| Lord Loughborough, on the same

- 351

Mr. Flood's Invective against Mr. Grattan

354

Motion for a more equal Representation • 425

Mr. Curran, on the Liberty of Ireland

369
Mr. Wilberforce, on the Slave Trade

400
Mr. Henniker, on the same subject

411

Mr. Wyndham, in reply to Mr. Flood

428

on the Existence of a Conspiracy

442

on the Treaty of Amiens

575
Lord Mornington, on the War with France

448

Mr. Sergeant Adair, on the Introduction of Foreign Troops into

the Kingdom

482

Mr. Dundas, on employing the Emigrants

484

Mr. Grey, on the Treason Bill

486

- on moving for Peace

507

Mr. Canning, on the Treason Bill

488

Mr. Courtenay, in reply

489

Mr. Erskine, on the Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act 521

Lord Thurlow, on the same

· 526

Duke of Bedford, on the Address

• 536

Lord Grenville, in reply

• 539

Marquis of Lansdowne, on the same,

540

Earl of Fife, on an Inquiry into the State of the Nation 561
Mr Horne Tooke, on the Eligibility of Clergymen to sit in Par-
liament

562

.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
« PoprzedniaDalej »