Intelligence in Ape and Man (Psychology Revivals)

Przednia okładka
Psychology Press, 27 sty 2014 - 370

What is language and what is the nature of the intelligence that can acquire it? This volume, originally published in 1976, describes 10 years of research devoted to these questions. The author describes his programmatic research of decomposing language into atomic constituents, designing and applying training programs for teaching these to chimpanzees, and for teaching chimps major human ontological categories, as well as for interrogative, declarative, and imperative sentence forms. The volume details the progress from teaching apes simple predicates such as same–different, to more complex predicates such as if–then, and the success of the program led to the following questions directly related to intelligence: What made the training program effective? What is the cognitive equipment of the species which enables it to learn language? What does this tell us about human intelligence? The answers were suggested in terms of conceptual structure, representational capacity, memory and the ability to handle second-order relations. The results of this experimentation, which resulted in synonymy in some animals, shed light not only on the nature of language, but the nature of intelligence as well.

One of the earliest ape language and intelligence studies, today this classic can be read and enjoyed again in its historical context.

 

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Spis treści

1 Introduction
1
2 Subjects and General Procedure
21
3 The Physical Basis of Language
37
4 Early Failures
53
Mapping a Social Transaction
73
6 Transfer
112
SameDifferent No and the Interrogative
131
8 Name of and Metalinguistics
162
12 Toward Logical Connectives and the Concept of Causality
236
13 Quantifiers and ThisThat
262
14 Synonymy
283
15 Words and Memory
294
16 Syntax
315
Preconditions for Language
336
References
356
Author Index
363

9 Properties and Property Classes
177
Use of Concepts to Generate New Instances of Themselves
200
11 Class Membership
214

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