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over his creatures, to ponte

earn of historians; for Vegetius, l. ii. de re wrath for their sin, to the size

each legion had a purse in the hands of « On the subject of een

each soldier put a piece of money, to conclares, that it is not frums

the burial of the soldiers of that legion, er passive therein." Chain

also by the testimonies, both of Tully in « The third sectina otis

Cornelius Tacitus, l. i. that the generals, dying in infancy, are regio

ed their enemies to bury the corps of their spirit-50 also are other des

d them themselves. outwardly called by the mic

Imourning, has made a pleasant and use“Let the reader Out

uonies used about dead persons, some few - Others not elected that

After the nearest relation has received a of the word, and mar hite

is eyes, he washes the body with warm they never truly come to Corze

rowns him with flowers, and puts on his appears the reason why ieri

panied with mourning, tears and sobs, to to Christ, and therefoetz

e ceremony, who orders all matters, and That none but the eleti cazby

ce all his former calamities. Then some section of the third chaper

their breasts. Some rend their clothes, are not elected in conser

ads, or fall down upon the ground, &c. &c. imfirove the means of gre

the company, where the friends comfort vere unto the end, is er

How long, say they, will you lament explicitly declares that I

them to life again, by all your tears," &c. of their faith or good

little into the sentiments of the facetious other thing in the cre

liam Temple is pleased to say, that “he to." The elect, there

f life, and of true sense in the conduct of The first section of i'

troduces Archytas praying, that he may can neither total!

to lie unburied. And what a curse he but shall certainly

nay learn from the end of epod. 5. His saved.”

markable words, “ Amongst the ancients * The author

rievous of evils for one to have his body of his numbers

ul was believed to have no rest, but to wanrant that the

body was deposited in a grave.”.. propagated.

famous passage in Homer, iliad 23. where great body

introduced complaining, that his funeral and reprobin

ied; fession of

Thus the phantom said, * Now

his Patorclus dead? testane

dearest, tend'rest care ; of Cak

vander in the air.
e rites of burial know,
ce in the realms below.
inds no resting place,
h' unbody'd spectres chase

ound the dark abode,
• emeable flood.”
... atter of such importance, that he introdu- ·

on an embassy from the gods to stir up

pay this duty to his dear friend Patroclus. -- it was the common opinion of the ancients, :

na rted were not admitted into the number of - "had received the funeral rites. They sup

them, wandered about an hundred years,
I over the infernal erier. The emperors
rian ordered, that thv people should not :

hinder the burying even of those who had suffered punishment by death, the Romans being of opinion, that the souls of such bodies as were not buried, wandered up and down an hundred years, as not being able to get into the Elysian fields. Virgil also hath the same sentiment, concerning the state of departed souls ; at least had in his view the above passage of Homer, as appears from the following words. -. .

“ The ghosts, rejected, are the unhappy crew, . “ Depriv'd of sepulchres and funeral chue.

« An hundred years they wander on the shore,

“ At length, their penance done, they're wafted oʻer." i To transcribe all that is to be found for the purpose in ancient authors, would be to write a volume, rather than a part of a short essay. For, the Heathens not ouly accounted the burying of the dead to be a thing so holy and inviolable, that they attributed the original invention thereof to one of the gods, viz. to him whom the Grecks called Pluto, and the Romans Dis or Summanus; but like wise, they had always a regard to the care that was taken of sepul. chres, as a religious duty grounded upon the fear of God, and the belief of the soul's immortality, though they had no notion of the resurrection from the dead : insomuch, that the violation of a sepul. chre, or the defiling of a grave, was a crime of an enormous size with them. How then may many, very many, in a Christian country, blush, and be ashamed ? if yet a blush remains ! But more of this in its proper place. : So sacred did the Heathens look upon burying-grounds to be, that they reckoned them in the number of holy and unalienable things, and accordingly, those who violated the sepulchres of the dead, or searched them, were hated by all nations, and very severely punished. The pyramids of Egypt, which were built for sepulchres to the kings, are standing monuments of that singular regard and veneration for dead bodies, even among the Heathens, which I am now insisting upon. Some of them are of a vast height; and Pliny speaks of one, for the building of which 32,000 men were employed for twenty years, and says, it took up eight acres of ground. This is also plain from the accounts we have of their embalming, and from their mummies, which are frequently found to this day whole and entire, though some of them have lain above three thousand years in their graves. But, though the Heathens entertained so religious a respect for the body after death, for the reasons above specified ; yet, they had no notion of the resurrection from the dead, as already observed ; but, on the contrary, scoffed at it with their whims of transmutations of bodies, and transmigrations of souls.

[To be continued.]

POETRY.

PSALM 19th. .

EMANUEL, A MORAL ECLOGUL. By William Hamilton Reid.

After the manner of the Messiah. THE heavenly concave's everlasting I came not that ye might have life, but frame,

that ye might have it more abundantly. The azure canopy where meteors LO! a new æra unto mortals given ; flame,

The dove-like spirit now discends from The selfpois’dearth beneath and these heav'n; accord

The day-spring now hath visited the To join in owning their etemal Lord. earth, Day speaks his praise in heaven's And teeming nature owns her second all clearing light,

birth : Repeated by a thousand tongues at The living verdure of the vernal night,

year, All nations learn the mighty theme to Compard with that, a desert shall apsing;

pear; AU look with rapture to the day's To this bright sun the paler stars give bright king:

way, His presence shining thro' th'ethe..

the 'Tis Heaven's own light, and shining rial round,

reason's ray! Draws the dark forest from the earth. The small still voice, confusion now

must hear, profound; The de'w-fraucht clouds, he from the And heavenly music sooth the opening

ear, ocean fills Distill’d anew, or stream'd adown the

the While young experience the dumb

doth teach , hills.

To vent their transports in melodious A verdant robe he for the earth pre- speech; pares

And abject minds in sensual fetters Bedeck'd with flowers, whose vari bound, ous tissue bears

Now risc exulting at the joyful sound. Each hue that on his cloud-wrought Where dragon passions spread their cincture glows

brutal rage; The azure violet, or crimson rose. Where thorny cares th' unstable mind His purple throne he in the East engage; displays ;

Where serpent craft, low cunning, His vast domain unwearied he sur

bent on guile, veys;

Where lion tempers urge the haughty Unnumber'd realms are in his presence smile ;

Where wolfish avarice would seize its His course triumphant ends in glorious prey, rest.

Where aspish slander would its sting From his exhaustless sea of lambent

convey; . light,

Each nobler view oppos’d, its power He richly fills the silver orb of night. doth prove, The morning star, and brother choir

Or new desires infuse a generous love. advance,

Like this blest lore the healthful And, wreath'd with rays, perform

breezes blow; their mystic dance..

" The starry orbs not with more brill

iance glow; Through boundless space, thus sun Less constant not the parent planets and stars proclaim

shine, Th’ Almighty hand that form'd this Nor light's fair efflux from its source wondrous frame,

divine ; And for his praise their rapid wheels Not more delectable the flowery hue employed,

That decks the summer, or autumnal Forever rolling thro' the mighty void.

view; Orth. Ch. Mag. Nor richer plenty in her golden years,

Dad

blest,

Nor more harmonious heaven's im. Unvarying still, God's saving power mortal spheres.

remains, But aid no more the muse exhausted “His realm forever lasts, his own brings,

Messiah reigns." From nature's stores, or pomp of

Orth. Ch. MagMemphian kings ; For regal thrones and empires meet their fate, in

The following lines were written by the Once like the sun in his meredian Res. Samnuel Wesley, upon Dr. Watts state,

saying, that a form of prayer was a Their moons and stars, each tributary crutch. + beam,

FORM stints the spirit, Watts has said, Fleet thro' expansion like a morning And therefore ott is wrong: dream.

At best a Crutoh the weak to aid, Yet tho' the noblest works of man A cumbrance to the strong. decay,

Old David, both in prayer and praise; And time's rude hand, each vestige A form for Crutches brings : sweeps away ;

But Watts has dignified his lays, Tho'here he sees his utmost wish And furnished him with wings.

prevail, Fall'n grandeur frowning thro' oblivi. E'en Watts, a form for praise can :on's mail;

choose, Tho' monumental stone and letter'd For prayer, who throws it by ; .

Crutches to walk he can refuse, page, Lie scatter á victims to his ruthless But uses them to fly.

rage,

FROM THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE.

A1 ACCOUNT of the CEREMONIES performed on the DAY of

EIPIATION....Levit. xvi. THIS was one of the most solemn days amongst the people of the Jews. It was celebrated on the 10th day of the month Tisri, which was the first month of their civil year; and was named the great fast, or the fast, only, because they fasted all the day long, and began even the day before; but, especially, because this was the only fast enjoined by the law. It is probable this is the same as mentioned, Acts xxvii. 9, where it is said, that they were afraid of a storm, because the fast was already past; that is, it was about the beginning of October, when sailing becomes changerous. It may, however, be understood of a fast of the Heathens, which was celebrated about this time.

The institution of this day of expiation, and the ceremonies performed upon it, are related in the xvith chapter of Leviticus. Of these ceremonies, some were to be observed both by the priest and people ; as the abstaining from all kinds of food, and all manner of work: others related only to the high-priest, who, seven days before the feast, left his house, and went into the temple to purify and prepare himself for the approaching solemnity. See Lev. xvi. 29, and xxiii. 27, 28. On the 3d and 7th of those days, some of the ashes of the red heifer were put upon his head, which was a kind of expiation. The night before the feast, he washed several times his hands, his feet, and his whole body, and changed his garments every time. When the day was come, after the usual sacrifice, he offered several piliers, both for the priests in general, and for himselfand his family

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