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svtrrun with errors, especially the pernicious heresies of Marcion and Valentinus. And when Marcion, meeting him one day accidentally in the street, and resenting his neglect, called out Polycarfi, tea us; the good man replied, I own thee to be the first born of Satan. So religiously cautious (says Ireneus) were the Apostles and their followers to avoid communication with such; observing St. Paul's rule, Mark them that cause divisions, and walk contrary to sound doctrine. And again, Titus, iii. 9. 10. A man that is an heretic, after the first and second admonition, rejects knowing that he that is such, is perverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself. Indeed, the piety and zeal of this excellent Father of the Church was frequently disturbed with the poisonous principles, which, even in that age, corrupted the simplicity of the Christian faith. This he would frequently manifest when hearing of schism and heresy, by stopping his ears, and crying out with tears—Good God, unto shot times hast thou reserved me, that I should hear such things! avoiding the place and company where such things took place. This apostolical zeal he manifested in all his epistles to the neighbouring Churches; which he learned from St. John, of whom he frequently told the following story:*—That St. John going into a bath at Ephesus, and espying Corinthius the Heresiarch there, he presently started back—Let us be gone, (says he to his companions) lest the bath, wherein there is Corinthius, the enemy of the truth, fall u/ion our heads. This passage, (says Ireneus) some yet alive heard from St. Polycarp's own mouth, who was personally and intimately acquainted with St. John, and in many of his epistles, speaks of bim in point of character, shape, countenance, miracles, faith, and practice.
We shall now draw towards the conclusion of this most excellent and pious man's life, which was crowned with martyrdom.
In the year of our Lord 167, under the reign of M. Antonius, began a most severe persecution of the Christians; in which suffered the Bishop of Smyrna; the particulars of which we have related in an epistle, written not long after his death, by the Church of Smyrna, directed to all the dioceses of the Holy Catholic Church, and worded by Eusebius; from which I have selected the following: The persecution! growing hot at Smyrna, and many having already idled their confession with their blood, the general outcry was, Away "with the impious, let Polycarfi be sought for. The good man was not disturbed at the news; but resolved to meet his fate with the firmness of a Christian. But his friends knowing his singular usefulness, and that our Lord had given leave to his disciples, when persecuted in one city, to flee to another, prevailed with him to flee into a neighbouring village, where with a few companions, he continued day and night in prayer, earnestly interceding with heaven, for the peace and tranquility of the Church throughout the world. Three days before his apprehension, falling asleep after prayer, he dreamed that his pillow was on fire and burned to ashes, which he told his friends was a presage he should be burnt alive for the ca-use
* Eusebius L. 4. cap. 14. t Euseb. h. 4. cap. 15.
of Christ. In the mean time he was diligently sought for; upon which his friends persuaded him to retire into another village, where he was immediately discovered by a couple of youths; who perceiving him enter an house at evening, gave notice to his enemies; and although he was warned of his danger, and might have escaped, yet he refused, saying the vrill of the Lord be done. Hearing his persecutors below stairs, he went down, and saluted them with a cheerful and gentle countenance; insomuch that they who had not hitherto known him, were greatly astonished at his venerable and grave appearance, wondering why any should wish to apprehend this poor old man. Perfectly calm, he ordered a table to be spread, and provisions to be set on; inviting them to partake, only requesting that in the mean time he might have one hour for solemn prayer. Leave being granted, he retired to his devotions ; where being divinely assisted, he continued nearly two hours; commending to God the care of all his friends and acquaintance, with the state of the whole Catholic Church throughout the world; while all that heard him were greatly astonished and grieved, (even his enemies) that so divine and venerable an old man should be put to death.
His prayer being ended, he voluntarily submitted. They put him upon an ass, and proceeded towards the city. They were soon met byHerod and his fatherNicetus, beingcivilofficers, such asouryW/cc* of the peace. Herod was a bitter enemy to Christianity; notwithstanding, he took Polycarp into his chariot, and by plausible insinuations, sought to undermine his constancy, and persuade him to renounce his faith in Christ. To all which he answered not, except by a silent contempt, shewing them his firmness; disappointed, they changed their deceitful tone into the mostabusive language,and threw him from the carriage with such violence, as to bruise him, and endanger his life; but undaunted, he hastened on to the place of trial, surrounded with a guard and tumultuous rabble. [To be continued.'}
MEDITATIONS ON THE BEE.
GO forth, O my soul, like the industrious Bee, to thy work and to thy labour, until the evening of thy day upon earth. Take the wings of the morning, and fly quickly into the garden of > God, the Church of the Redeemed. Visit continually the assemblies of the faithful; those flowers whose unfading beauty graces the inheritance of the beloved; and whose sweetness diffuses around them a savour of life unto life. There feed among the lillies of Paradise, which shine invested with the righteousness of Saints, and towering above the earth, keep their garments unspotted from the dust of corruption. Fly amongst them day by day, and familiarize them all to thy acquaintance. Pass not by them hastily, nor be content to gaze only upon their beauty; but settle and fix thy meditations on them, until thou hast extracted the spirit and life that is in their writings and their examples, the nourishment of wisdom, and the sweetness of consolation. These flowers, it is true, spring from the same earth, the same influences of heaven nourish and support
them; but various are their colours, and their virtues are diverse. To one is given knowledge; to another meekness; to another humility; to another charity; by the same spirit. Each has its use and its beauty"; and he who would make honey must suck virtue from all. But, above all, forget not to dwell evermore on the contemplation of him who grew from the virgin stem of Jesse; for in him are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge, and of his fullness have all others received. He is the true rose of Sharon; red in the day of his passion, opening his beauties as the morning, in the midst of a crown of thorns, and perfect through suffering. He is the lilly planted in the humble vale,and from thence ascending uptowards heaven, having his garments white as the light, which admits no stain to sully its virgin purity, and passetli through all things undefiled. Fly daily to him and delight thyself in meditation on his life and death. From him and the other sweet flowers of his planting, when thou hast drawn matter of instruction in righteousness, return home and deposit these treasures in the cells of thy understanding and affections, thy head and thy heart, that thou mayest become a land flowing with honey, a land wherein dwells the righteousness of Jesus, and the comforts of the Holy One. And when thou hast thus laid up within thee the words of eternal life, be a faithful dispenser to others of the manifold grace of God, and let thy tongue be a channel tq convey it from thy heart into those of thy brethren, distilling it in such proportions as every one is able to receive it: so that the heavenly bridegroom may seal thee to salvation with this gracious testimony: Thy lips, O my spouse, drop as the honey-comb; honey and milk are under thy tongue; sweet and healing as the one, innocent and nourishing as the other, are all thy communications. And toencourage theetobe thus liberal to othersof what he has freely given thee, thy dear Lord has told thee that what thou givest to the least of thy brethren, he takes as given to him. And as, when risen from the dead, he accepted at the hands of his disciples a piece of an honeycomb, so in the person of his members, risen from the death of sin, through the power of his resurrection, he expects from his disciples, and more especially from his ministers, a portion of that word which is declared by the holy psalmist to be sweeter than honey and the honey-comb. And in this respect he is graciously pleased to say, that he does himself feed upon it; for so it is written—" I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse; I have eaten my honey-comb with my honey." These lessons of heavenly wisdom, O my soul, mayest thou learn from that pretty insect, of which the son of Sirach saith—" The Bee is little among such as fly, but her fruit is the chief •f sweet things." Br. Houne.
[The subject of Ihe following Address is of such serious importance, that no apology can be necessary, for having recourse to a newspaper, to till the pages of the Magazine.]
FROM THE UNITED STATES' GAZETTE.
tO THE HUMANE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES.
I HAVE been highly gratified by looking over a volume of the " Transactions of the Royal Humane Society" of London.— The benefits which have already, and may still farther be received from this benevolent institution, entitle them to the gratitude of all mankind. To men, such as they must be, the most acceptable manifestation of it would be to follow their godlike example. That this has been done in so few instances in the United States, I can attribute to nothing but the limited knowledge that we have of the existence of mich transactions. Surely the citizens of the United States would be behind no people upon earth in encouraging amongst them, institutions from north to south, which have for their object the rescuing their helpless fellow creatures from the jaws of death. Why sre not these transactions to be found in our bookstores? It is an institution which could not fail to be favoured by every thinking man in every class of the community, could the transactions be but generally known.
The main object, however, of this address is not to call your attention to the demand for such institutions amongst us, though it would be to me a subject of unceasing happiness for the remainder of my life, if it were to be effectual to that end. I had before read enough^on the subject of suspended animation, to view with horror the precipitancy of our measures in cases of death happening amongst us. That there have been instances of suspended animation from various causes, is too well attested to admit of dispute; how numerous these causes may be, probably the best physicians cannot decide.
Amongst the learned, a criterion on which to rely, in the ascertainment of the uifference between real and apparent death, is found a question of great difficulty. With us this fact is for the most part left to be decided by the most ignorant of human beings; beings that are no less careless than ignorant, to say nothing of the circumstance of the cover, which the precipitate measures usually adopted, offered to those who may be actuated by the most diabolical views in their proceedings. A person is no sooner reported to be dead, than the physician turns his back; he thinks it unnecessary even to take a view of the body, and, without one single caution, leaves him to be treated in the way that may seem best to those about him. They indeed but too often begin their proceedings at an earlier date. To a reflecting man what can be more shocking than the habit that is said to prevail of snatching the pillow from under the head of a person gasping for breath? and that, for the most part, perhaps in less than one hour, every chance of recovery, in case of suspended animation, is cut off, when he is laid out, if not before. The rital spark must be strong indeed, to remain when every step that is taken is against it. The head is lowered, the mouth is closed, the arms are pinioned, and a weight, (a plate of salt) is placed on the pit of the stomach. The hurry that there is especially amongst the lower classes of people, in putting the dead into the ground, must hare been observed by all. Those who have come from Europe cannot fail to have been struck with horror at it. This is a subject in which all are interested: to this state of suspended animation we are all liable, however free we may individually think ourselves front it. To whomsoever of us it may happen, it were better for him that he were out of the reach of man than in the house of his most affectionate friend. But I will not suppose a suggestion of individual risk necessary to excite an interest in my subject, in a community abounding with benevolent characters, and professing a religion, which, in order the more fully to enforce on us the duties we owe to each other, teaches us to regard all mankind as our brethren. There is one consideration that must operate with peculiar force on the minds of the pious; that is, the probable reformation that would take place in those who might recover from a state so nearly approaching to death. The prospect of being in any way instrumental to a happy change in the eternal state of a fellow creature, cannot but have great weight with those whose views of happiness are fixed upon another life.
I hope, I trust, I pray, that it may not be long before societies upon a similar plan as that of the " Royal Humane Society" of London, will be common amongst us- More active measures would then be pursued for the ascertainment of cases oF suspended animation, and for the restoration of those labouring under it. And I am not without hopes, that in the mean time, extracts may be offered by others, who have a better opportunity of examining and selecting from the transactions than I have, containing directions for those ends that may be proper to be generally recommended. My present aim extends little farther than to the prevention of mischief. The extracts which will be subjoined from this invaluable book, when the weight of authority is duly considered, will suffer a doubt to remain on the mind of no reflecting man, respecting the frequent existence of a state of suspended animation. Of the difficulty of discriminating between real and apparent death, there is no less doubt. However small and imperceptible the remains of life may be, we know that we cannot be guiltless in doing any thing that may have a tendency to extinguish it. Let me then implore you, at least, to forbear from those habits by which unquestionably but too many' lives have already been lost. Avoid every measure by which the semblance of death may be turned into the reality. Let nothing be done which can impede the return of breath in those under your care, respectively, who may appear to be dead. Let them be kept in all respects in such a situation as may be most favourable to reanimation, and every circumstance attended to that can be conducive to that end: until the safety of those about them, which ought never to be lost sight of, requires that it should