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substituting the title of “Encyclopædia of Useful Knowledge” for the more vulgar one of “Penny Cyclopædia,” he always conceived that he was doing a service to that very publication itself. At all events, the change of title, if it were indeed such, appears to have been a very proper one, since it met with the tacit approbation of certain so-called critics, who would never have allowed this opportunity of gratifying personal animosity to have passed unheeded, had they conceived it capable of furnishing any ground of attack. The account of Coins, Weights, and Measures, which accompanied the edition of Lempriere in two volumes, has been appended to the present work in a more condensed and convenient form. It is from the pen of Abraham B. Conger, Esq., formerly one of the Mathematical instructers in Columbia College, but at present a member of the New-York bar. The very great clearness and ability which characterize this Essay have been fully acknowledged by its republication abroad in the Edinburgh edition of Potter's Grecian Antiquities, and it will be found far superior to the labours of Arbuthnot, as given in the Dictionary of Lempriere. Before concluding, the author must express his grateful obligations to his friend, Francis Adams, Esq., of Banchory Ternan, near Aberdeen (Scotland), for the valuable contributions furnished by him under the articles detius, Alerander of Tralles, Areta:us, Celsus, Dioscorides, Galenus, Hippocrates, Micander, Oribasius, Paulus JEgineta, and many other medical biographies scattered throughout the present work. Mr. Adams is well known abroad as the learned author of “Hermes Philologicus,” and the English translator of “Paul of AFgina.” Whatever comes from his pen, therefore, carries with it the double recommendation of professional talent and sound and accurate scholarship. With regard to the typographical execution of the present volume, the author need say but little. The whole speaks for itself, and for the unsparing liberality of the publishers. In point of accuracy, the author is sure that no work of its size has ever surpassed it; and for this accuracy he is mainly indebted to the unremitting care of his talented young friend, Mr. Henry Drisler, a graduate of Columbia College, and one of the Instructers in the College-school, of whose valuable services he has had occasion to speak in the preface to a previous work. Columbia College, August 1, 1842.

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roRMING PART of The AUTHOR's PRivate COLLECTION, AND WHICH HAVE BEEN CONSULTED FOR The PURPOSES OF THE PRESENT EDITION.

A

Abulsedae Descriptio Ægypti, Arabice et Latine, ed. Michaelis, Gotting, 1776, 8vo. Ackerman, Numismatic Manual, Lond., 1840, 8vo. Adagia Veterum, Antv., 1629, fol. Adelon, Physiologie de l'Homme, 3 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1829. Adelung, Glossarium mediae et infimae Latinitatis, 6 vols. 8vo, Halae, 1772–84. , Mithridates, oder allgemeine Sprachenkunde, 4 vols. 8vo, Berlin, 1806–17. Adrichornus, Theatrum Terrae Sanctae, Col. Agripp., 1628, fol. Ahmedis Arabsiadas Vitae et rerum gestarum Timuri, &c., Historia, Lugd. Bat., 1636. Alphabetum Brammhanicum, seu Indostanum, Universitatis Kasi, 12mo, Roma, Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1771. Alphabeta Indica, id est, Granthamicum seu Samscrdamico-Malabaricum, Indostanum sive Vanarense, Nagaricum Vulgare et Talinganicum, 12mo, Romae, Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1791. Alphabetum Barinanorum, seu regni Avensis, 12mo, Romae, Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1787. Alphabetum Tangutanum sive Tibetanum, 12mo, Roma, Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1773. Alphabeturn AEthiopicum, sive Gheer et Ampharicum, 12mo, Ronas, Congr. de Propag. Fid., 1789. afoetum Coptum, 12mo, Roma, Congr. de Propag. ord

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Beloe, Anecdotes of Literature, 6 vols. 8vo, Lond., 1814 Bentley, Dissertation on the Epistles of Phalaris, &c., edited by Dyce, 2 vols. 8vo, London, 1836. ———, Life of, by Monk, 4to, London, 1830 Berlier, Precis Historique de l'ancienne Gaul, 8vo, Bruxelles, 1822. Berwick, Life of Scipio Africanus, 12mo, London, 1817. Bibliotheca Critica, 3 vols. 8vo, Amstelod., 1779–1808. Bibliotheca Critica Nova, 5 vols. 8vo, Lugd. Bat., 182530

Bilhon, Du Gouvernement des Romaines, 8vo, Paris, 1807. , Principes D'Administration et D’Economie Politique, des Anciens Peuples, 8vo, Paris, 1819. Biographie Universelle, Ancienne et Moderne, 52 vols. 8vo, 1811–28. Bischoff und Möller, Wörterbuch der Geographie, 8vo, Gotha, 1829. Blair, Enquiry into the State of Slavery among the Ro mans, 12mo, Edinburgh, 1833. Blondell, Des Sibylles, &c., 4to, Charenton, 1649. Blum, Einleitung in Rom's alte Geschichte, 12mo, Berlin, 1828. Blume, Iter Italicum, 12mo, 2 vols., Berlin, 1824. Bobrik, Geographie des Herodot, 8vo, Königsberg, 1838, nebsteinem Atlasse von zehn Karten, fol. Bochart, Opera Omnia, fol, 2 vols., Lugd. Bat., 1692. Böckh, Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum, fol., Berol., 1825. ——, Die Staatshaushaltung der Athener. 2 vols. 8vo, Berlin, 1817. ——, Public Economy of Athens, 2 vols. 8vo, London,

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Bryant, New System of Mythology, 6 vols. 8vo, London, 1807

Bucke, Ruins of Ancient Cities, 2 vols. 18mo, Lond, 1840. Buckingham's Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, 8vo, 2 vols., London, 1830. Budaeus, De Asse, Venet, ap Aldum, 1522. Buffon, Histoire Naturelle, 18mo, 70 vols., Paris, Bulenger, De Conviviis, Lugduni, 1627. Bulwer's Athens, &c., 2 vols. 12mo, New-York, 1837. Bunsen, De jure hereditario Atheniensium, 4to, Gotting., 1813. Burgess, Description of the Circus on the Via Appia, &c., 12mo, London, 1828. —-, Topography and Antiquities of Rome, 2 vols. 8vo, London, 1831. Burney, History of Music, 4to, 4 vols., Lond., 1776–89. Burnouff, Essai sur le Pali, 8vo, Paris, 1826. Buttmann, Mythologus, 8vo, 2 vols., Berlin, 1828.

C. Calmet, Dictionary of the Bible, 4to, 5 vols., Charlestown, 1812. Cambden, Britannia, 4to, London, 1600. Cardwell, Lectures on Coins, 8vo, Oxford, 1832. Carion-Nisas, Histoire de l'Art Militaire, 8vo, 2 vols., Paris, 1824. Carli, Lettres Américanes, 8vo, 2 vols., Paris, 1788. Carus, Ideen zur Geschichte der Menscheit, 8vo, Leipz., 1809. ——, Ideen zur Geschichte der Philosophie, 8vo, Leipz., 1809. , Geschichte der Psychologie, 8vo, Leipz., 1809. Casaubon, De Poesi Satyrica, 8vo, Hal., 1774. Cavriani, Delle Scienze, &c., dei Romani, 8vo, 2 vols., . Mantova, 1822. Cellarius, Notitia Orbis Antiqui, ed. Schwartz, 4to, 2 vols., Lips., 1773. , Historia Universalis, 12mo, 2 vols., Jena, 1702. Champollion, Précis du Système Hiéroglyphique, 8vo, 2 vols., Paris, 1824. Chardin, Voyage en Perse, &c., 11 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1811. Chesnow, Introduction à l'étude de l'histoire du Moyen Age, 8vo, Bayeux, 1827. Clarke, E. D., Travels, 8vo, 11 vols., London, 1816–24 (4th edition). , A., Bibliographical Dictionary, 12mo, 8 vols., Liverpool, 1802. Classical Journal, 8vo, 40 vols, London, 1810–29. ——— Manual, 8vo, London, 1827. Clinton, Fasti Hellenici, 4to, 2 vols., Oxford, 1827–30. Cluverius, Introductio in Universam Geographiam, 8vo, Amst., 1682. Coleridge, Introduction to the Study of the Greek Classic Poets, 12mo, pt. 1, Philad., 1831. Collectio Dissertationum rarissimarum, cura Graevii, 4to, Traj. Batav., 1716. Constant, De la Religion, 8vo, 5 vols., Paris, 1826–31. , Melanges de Littérature et de Politique, 8vo, Paris, 1829. Conversations-Lexicon, 12mo, 14 vols., Leipz., 1824–26. Court de Gebelin, Monde Primitif, 4to, 9 vols., Paris, 1787. Crabb, Historical Dictionary, 4to, 2 vols., London, 1825. Cramer, J. A., Description of Ancient Greece, 8vo, 3 vols., Oxford, 1828. -, Description of Ancient Italy, 8vo, 2 vols., Oxford, 1826. l -, Description of Asia Minor, 2 vols. 8vo, Oxford, 832. - and Wickham, Dissertation on the Passage of Hannibal over the Alps, 8vo, London, 1828. -, Geschichte der Erziehung und des Unterrichts im Alterthume, 8vo, 2 vols., Elberfeld, 1832–8. Creuzer, Symbolik und Mythologie der alten Völker, 8vo, 4 vols., Leipz., 1819. , Abriss der Römischen Antiquitäten, 8vo, Leipz., 1829. , Dionysus, sive Commentationes Academica, de Rerum Bacchicarum Orphicarumque Originibus et Causis, 4to, Heidelb., 1809. , Commentationes Herodoteae, 8vo, pt. 1, Lips., 1819. —--—, Symbolik, im Auszuge von Moser, 8vo, Leipz., 1822. —, ein alte Athenischen Gefäss, 12mo, Leipzig, 1832.

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Dankovsky, Die Griechen als Stamm und Sprachverwandte der Slaven, 8vo, Presburg, 1828. D'Anville, Ancient Geography, 2 vols. 8vo, N.York, 1814. ——-, Antiquité Geographique de l'Inde, 8vo, Paris, 1775. D'Arc, Histoire des Conquêtes des Normands en Italie, &c., Paris, 1830. Davies, Celtic Researches, 8vo, London, 1804. Dean, J. B., On the Worship of the Serpent, 8vo, London, 1830. De Ballu, Histoire o: de l'Eloquence chez les Grecques, 2 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1813. De Chazelle, Etudes sur l'histoire des Arts, 8vo, Paris, 1834. Degerando, Histoire comparée des Systèmes de Philosophie, 4 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1823. De la Bergerie, Histoire de l'Agriculture Ancienne des Grecs, 2 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1830. Della Vallé, Voyages dans la Turquie, &c., 7 vols. 8vo, Rouen, 1745. Delambre, Histoire de l'Astronomie Ancienne, 2 vols. 4to, Paris, 1817 Demosthenes als Staatsmann und Redner, von A. G. Becker, 8vo, Halle und Leipz., 1815. De Marles, Histoire générale de l'Inde, 8vo, 6 vols., Paris, 1828. De Pauw, Recherches Philosophiques, 7 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1795. Derham, Physico-Theology, 12mo, 2 vols., Lond., 1749. Descrizione di Roma Antica, 12mo, Rom., 1697. Deuber, Geschichte der Schiffahrt im Atlantischen Ocean, 12mo, Bamberg, 1814. D'Hancarville, Antiquités Etrusques, Grecques et Romaines, 4to, 5 vols., Paris, 1787. Dibdin, Introduction to the Greek and Latin Classics, 8vo, 2 vols., 1827, 4th edition. Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle, 17 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1822–31. - - Historique des Cultes Religieux, 8vo, 4 vols., Versailies, 1820. Diderot, Essai sur les regnes de Claude et de Néron, ou Vie de Seneque le Philosophe, 8vo, 2 vols., Paris, 1823. Dillon, Wiscount, the Tactics of Ælian, containing the Military System of the Grecians, 4to, London, 1814. Dodwell, Classical and Topographical Tour through Greece, 4to, 2 vols., London, 1819. Donkin, Dissertation on the Course, &c., of the Niger, 8vo, London, 1829. Drummond, Origines, 8vo, 2 vols., London, 1826. Dubois, Description of the Character, Manners, and Customs of the People of India (Eng. trans.), 8vo, 2 vols., Philad., 1818. Ducaurroy, Institutes de Justinien, 4 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1836. Du Choul, Discours de la Religion des Anciens Romains, 8vo, Lyon, 1580. Dulaure, Histoire des Cultes, 2 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1825. Dumbeck, Geographia pagorum German. Cis-Rhenan, 8vo, Berol., 1818. Dunbar, Inquiry into the Structure and Affinity of the Greek and Latin Languages, 8vo, Edinburgh, 1827. Dunlop, History of Roman Literature, 8vo, 3 vols., Lon don, 1823–28. Dupuis, Origine detous les Cultes, 7 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1822. Dureau de la Malle, Géographie Physique de la Mer Noire, &c., 8vo, Paris, 1807. ——-, Recherches sur la topographie de Carthage, 8vo, Paris, 1835. Dutens, Origine des decouvertes attribuées aux modernes, 3me edit., a Londres, 1796, 4to.

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Faber, Origin of Pagan Idolatry, 4to, 3 vols., Lond, 1816. , Dissertation on the Mysteries of the Cabiri, 8vo, 2 vols., Oxford, 1803. Fabricius, Menologium, sive Libellus de Mensibus centum circiter populorum, &c., 12mo, Hamburg, 1712. Fariner, Essay on the Demoniacs of the New Testament, 12mo, London, 1818. Fauriel, Histoire de la Gaule Meridionale, 4 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1836. Fée, Flore de Virgile, 8vo, Paris, 1822. Fellows, Tour in Asia Minor, 4to, London, 1839. Felton, Dissertation on the Classics, 12mo, Lond., 1718. Fo et Courtisanes de la Grèce, 4 vols. 8vo, Paris, 821. Flaxman, Lectures on Sculpture, 8vo, London, 1829. Folard, Histoire de Polybe, 4to, 6 vols., Paris, 1727. Foreign Quarterly Review, 8vo, 25 vols., Lond., 1827–40. Foreign Review, 8vo, 5 vols., London, 1828–30. Fraser, Journal of a Tour to the Himála Mountains, 4to, London, 1820. Fuhrmann, Handbuch der Classischen Literatur, 8vo, 2 vols., Rudolstadt, 1809. Funccius, De Origine, &c., Lingua Latinae, 4to, Marburg, 1735. Fuss, Roman Antiquities, translated by Street, Oxford, 1840, 8vo.

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i lo. Good, Book of Nature, 8vo, 2 vols., Boston, 1826. Gorton, Biographical Dictionary, 2 vols. 8vo, Lond., 1828. Gossellin, Recherches sur la Geographie des Anciennes, 4to, 4 vols., Paris. Gray, Connexion between the Sacred Writings, &c., and Heathen Authors, 8vo, 2 vols., London, 1819 (2d edition). Greaves, Miscellaneous Works, 2 vols. 8vo, Lond., 1737. Greppo, Essay on the Hieroglyphic System, 12mo, Boston, 1830. Grotefend, Rudimenta Lingua Umbrica, 8 pts., 4to, Hannov., 1835–9. - -, Ruumenta Linguae Oscar, 4to, Hannov., 1839. Gruber, Wörterbuch der altclassischen Mythologie, 8vo, 3 vols., Weimar, 1811. Gruchius, de Comitiis Romanorum, 8vo, Venetiis, 1559. Guigniaut, Religions de l’Antiquité, 8vo, 6 vols., Paris, 1825-39. —-, Sérapis et son Origine, 8vo, Paris, 1828. Guilletier, Lacedemone Ancienne et Nouvelle, 8vo, Paris, 1689.

H.

Hale, Analysis of Chronology, 8vo, 4 vols., London, 1830 (20 edition). Halma, Traité de Géographie de Claude Ptolemée, 4to, Paris, 1828. Hamaker, Miscellanea Phoenicia, sive Commentarii de rebus Phoenicum, 4to, Lugd. Bat., 1828. Hannibal's Passage of the Alps, by a member of the University of Cambridge, London, 1830. Harles, Notitia Literaturae Romanæ, 12mo, Lips., 1789. ——, Supplementa in Notitiam Lit. Rom, 12mo, 3 vols., Lips., 1799. , Notitia Literaturao Graeca, 12mo, Lips., 1812. Hase, Public and Private Life of the Ancient Greeks, 12mo, London, 1840. Hasse, Entdeckungen in Felde der ältesten Erd-und Menschengeschichte, 8vo, Halle, 1801: Heeren, Geschichte der Künste und Wissenchasten, &c., 8vo, 2 vols., Göttingen, 1797. •, Ideen, 8vo, 6 vols., Göttingen, 1824–26. -, Handbuch der Geschichte der Staaten des Alterthurns, 8vo, Göttingen, 1821. , Historical Researches, Asiatic Nations, 3 vols. 8vo, Oxford, 1833.

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M.

Maetzner, De Jove Homeri, Berol., 8vo, 1839.
Magnier, Analyse Critique et Literaire de l'Eneide, 2
vols. 12mo, Paris, 1828.
Magnusen, Borealium Mythologiae Lexicon, 4to, Hav-
niae, 1828.
Malzeroi, Institutes Militaires de l'Empereur Leon, 2
vols., Paris, 1770.
Malden's History of Rome, Lib. Use. Knowl., 5 parts,
London, 1830–33, 8vo.
Malkin, Classical Disquisitions, 8vo, London, 1825.
Malte-Brun, Dictionnaire Geographique portatif, &c., 2
vols. 12mo, 1827.
———-, Précis de la Geographie Universelle, 8vo,
4 vols., Bruxelles, 1830.
, Universal Geography (English trans.), 8vo,

8 vols., Boston, 1824–31.

Mannert, Geschichte der alten Deutschen, &c., 8vo,

Stuttgart, 1829.

———, Geographie der Griechen und Römer, 8vo, 10

vols., 1799–1825.
——, Handbuch der alten Geschichte, 8vo, Berlin,
1818.
Mansford, Scripture Gazetteer, 8vo, London, 1829.
Manso, Sparta, 5 vols. 8vo, Leipzig, 1800.
Mantell's Wonders of Geology, 2 vols. 12mo, Lond, 1838.
Manuel du Libraire, &c., 8vo, 2 vols., Paris, 1824.
Manuel de Literature Classique Ancienne, 8vo, 2 vols.,
1802.
Manwaring on the Classics, Lond., 1737, 8vo.
Marcoz, Astronomie Solaire d'Hipparque, 8vo, Paris,
1828.

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