Literacy, Language and Learning:The Nature and Consequences of Reading and Writing
Literacy is an important concern of contemporary societies. This book offers a comprehensive survey of recent efforts to understand the nature of written language and its role in cognition and in social and intellectual life. The authors represent a wide range of disciplines - cognitive psychology, linguistics, anthropology, sociology, education, history and philosophy - and address a wide range of questions. Is literacy a decisive factor in historical and cultural change? Does it alter the mental and social lives of individuals? If so how and via what mechanisms? Does learning to read and write change children's speech, thought or orientation to language? What are children and adults learning when they acquire literate skills? Are there differences - linguistic, psychological and functional - between speaking and writing? And are there differences between oral and written languages?
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LITERACY AND SOCIETY
On the printing press as an agent of change
The concept of literacy in print and film
Linguistic differences produced by differences
Relative focus on involvement in oral and written
Are there really no primitive languages?
universal and culturespecific
Oral and literate competencies in the early school
Oralwritten differences in the production and recall
Development of dialectical processes in composition
Effects of printed language acquisition on speech
Interactions between spelling and sound in literacy
Phonology in reading
activity alveolar flaps analysis argues chapter child clause cognitive consequences cohesion consonant context conversation conversationalists culture devices dialect discourse structure Education effect English English orthography essay event example exception words experience film go-on grade idea units illocutionary force interaction interpretation Inuit Inuktitut involvement knowledge learning to read letters lexical linguistic listener literacy literate litron meaning memory mode narrative nasal consonants nasalized vowels nonwords Olson oral and written oral language orthography paralinguistic phonetic phonological information poor readers preconsonantal nasals problem produced pronunciations psychology recall recipients relationship representation Romeo and Juliet Scardamalia schemata segmentation semantic sentences silent letters skills social cognitive sound speaker speech acts spelling spoken and written spoken language strategies subjects suggests syllable symbols Tannen task theory thought topic University Press utterances verbs visual vowel writing system written communication written discourse written language York