Wrestling and Hypermasculinity
McFarland, 21 mar 2015 - 211
Professional wrestling revels in its exaggeration of masculinity. This hyper-masculinity is evident in the physical appearance of wrestlers, the sexuality-charged and violent moves used in and out of the ring, the role assigned to women and the extensive use of weapons such as chains, barbed wire and steel folding chairs. This study explores the link between watching televised wrestling matches and increases in verbal aggression, rebellion and propensity toward violence and retaliation. Wrestling is placed within the larger context of popular culture and other hyper-masculine entertainment. The book begins with a brief history of professional wrestling, a summary of the criticisms of the sport, and a discussion of the author’s research methods. One chapter discusses how gender socialization plays a part in the effects of wrestling on its viewers, arguing that wrestling goes beyond the image of physically violent acts to models of interpersonal behavior. The expansion of wrestling into storylines outside the ring includes problem situations involving class, race, homophobia and nationality, to which violence is often presented as a solution. The book concludes with an investigation of the attractiveness of wrestling and its ability to lure fans back year after year.
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3 Masculinity and Aggression
4 Violence in the Squared Circle
6 Personae and Appearances of Male Wrestlers
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a›ect action acts adult aggressive behavior announcers appear argued Assael & Mooneyham athletes attitudes audience backyard wrestling Billy and Chuck boys brutal Bumfights chants characters chil Chyna claimed create critics crowd culture di›erent e›ects entertainment exploitation exposure fantasy female wrestlers feminine fessional wrestling fight film Foley football gender girls Goldust guys hardcore homosexual Hulk Hogan hypermasculine Indy shows injuries Jhally kids Kurt Angle lesbian male wrestlers masculinity media e›ects media violence men’s Mick Foley o›er opponent pain parents pay-per-view performers play players popular professional wrestling programming ring role scene scripts sexual SmackDown social Stephanie Stephanie McMahon stereotypes Steve Austin storylines stunts t-shirts tag team television Triple H video games viewers Vince McMahon watch wrestling wearing woman women women’s wrestling world of wrestling wrestlers wrestling fans wrestling moves wrestling organizations wrestling shows wrestling’s Zillmann
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