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a language and order as is most easy and And if the Bishop of the Diocese be in plain for the understanding both of the rea- doubt, then he may send for the resolution ders and hearers. It is also more comino- thereof to the Archbishop. dious, both for the shortness thereof, and for the plainness of the order, and for that the rules be few and easy.

THOUGH it be appointed, that all things

1 shall be read and sung in the Church And whereas heretofore there hath been in the English Tongue, to the end that the great diversity in saying and singing in congregation may be thereby edified; yet it Churches within this Realm; some follow is not meant, but that when men say Morning Salisbury use, some Hereford use, and ing and Evening Prayer privately, they some the use of Bangor, some of York, some | may say the same in any language that of Lincoln ; now from henceforth all the they themselves do understand. whole Realm shall have but one use.

And all Priests and Deacons are to say And forasmuch as nothing can be so daily the Morning and Evening Prayer plainly set forth, but doubts may arise in either privately or openly, not being let by the use and practice of the same; to ap sickness, or some other urgent cause. pease all such diversity (if any arise) and for the resolution of all doubts, concerning

And the Curate that ministereth in every the manner how to understand, do, and exe Parish Church or Chapel, being at home, cute, the things contained in this Book; the and not being otherwise reasonably hinderparties that go doubt, or diversly take any ed, shall say the same in the Parish-Church thing, shall alway resort to the Bishop of or Chapel where he ministereth, and shall the Diocese, who by his discretion shall take cause a Bell to be tolled thereunto a conorder for the quieting and appeasing of the venient time before he begin, that the peosame; so that the same order be not con- ple may come to hear God's Word, and to trary to any thing contained in this Book. I pray with him.

OF CEREMONIES,

WHY SOME BE ABOLISHED, AND SOME RETAINED.

OF such Ceremonies as be used in the

Church, and have had their beginning by the institution of man, some at the first were of godly intent and purpose devised, and yet at length turned to vanity and superstition : some entered into the Church by undirgreet devotion, and such a zeal as was without knowledge; and for because they were winked at in the beginning, they grew daily to more and more abuses, which not only for their unprofitableness, but also because they have much blinded the people, and obscured the glory of God, are worthy to be cut away, and clean rejected: other there be, which although they have been devised by man, yet it is thought good to reserve them still, as well for a decent order in the Church, (for the which they were first devised) as because they pertain to edification, whereunto all things done in the Church (as the Apostle teacheth) ought to be referred.

be so addicted to their old customs; and again on the other side, some be so new. fangled, that they would innovate all things, and so despise the old, that nothing can like them, but that is new: it was thought expedient, not so much to have respect how to please and satisfy either of these parties, as how to please God, and profit them both, And yet lest any man should be offended, whom good reason might satisfy, here be certain causes rendered, why some of the accustomed Ceremonies be put away, and some retained and kept still,

And although the keeping or omitting of a Ceremony, in itself considered, is but a small thing; yet the wilful and contemptu. ous transgression and breaking of a common order and discipline is no small offence before God, Let all things be done among you, saith Saint Paul, in a seemly and due order: the appointment of the which order pertaineth not to private men; therefore no man ought to take in hand, nor presume to appoint or alter any publick or common order in Christ's Church, except he be lawfully called and authorized thereunto.

Some are put away, because the great excess and multitude of them hath so in. creased in these latter days, that the burden of them was intolerable; whereof St. Augus. tine in his time complained, that they were grown to such a number, that the estate of Christian people was in worse case concerning that matter, than were the Jews. And he counselled that such yoke and burden should be taken away, as time would serve quietly to do it. But what would St. Augustine have said, if he had seen the Ceremonies of late days used among us; whereunto the multitude used in his time was not to be compared? This our excessive multitude of Ceremonies was so great, and many of them so dark, that they did more confound and darken, than declare and set forth Christ's benefits unto us. And besides this, Christ's Gospel is not a Ceremonial Law (as much of Moses' Law was) but it is a religion to serve God, not in bondage of the figure or shadow, but in the freedom of the Spirit; being content only with those Ceremonies which do serve to a decent order and godly discipline, and such as be apt to stir up the dull mind of man

And whereas in this our time, the minds of men are so diverse, that some think it a great matter of conscience to depart from a piece of the least of their Ceremonies, they

to the remembrance of his duty to God, new-fangleness, which (as much as may be by some notable and special signification, with true setting forth of Christ's religion) whereby he might be edified. Furthermore, is always to be eschewed. Furthermore, the most weighty cause of the abolishment such shall have no just cause with the of certain Ceremonies was, that they were Ceremonies reserved to be offended. For as so far abused, partly by the superstitious those be taken away which were most blindness of the rude and unlearned, and abused, and did burden men's consciences partly by the unsatiable avarice of such as without any cause ; so the other that resought more their own lucre, than the glory main, are retained for a discipline and order, of God, that the abuses could not well be which (upon just canses) may be altered taken away, the thing remaining still. and changed, and therefore are not to be

esteemed equal with God's law. And moreBut now as concerning those persons, over, they be neither dark nor dumb Cerewhich peradventure will be offended, for monies, but are so set forth, that every man that some of the old Ceremonies are retain- | may understand what they do mean, and ed still: If they consider that without some to what use they do serve. So that it is Ceremonies it is not possible to keep any not like that they in time to come should order, or quiet discipline in the Church, be abused as other have been. And in these they shall easily perceive just cause to re our doings we condemn no other nations, for their judgements. And if they think nor prescribe any thing but to our own much, that any of the old do reinain, and people only : for we think it convenient would rather have all devised anew: then that every country should use such Cere such men granting some Ceremonies con monies as they shall think best to the set venient to be had, surely where the old may ting forth of God's honour and glory, and be well used, there they cannot reasonably to the reducing of the people to a most reprove the old only for their age, without perfect and godly living, without error or bewraying of their own folly. For in such superstition; and that they should put away a case they ought rather to have reverence other things, which from time to time they unto them for their antiquity, if they will perceive to be most abused, as in men's or. declare themselves to be more studious of dinances it often chanceth diversly in divers unity and concord, than of innovations and countries

| THE ORDER HOW THE PSALTER IS APPOINTED

TO BE READ. THE Psalter shall be read through once to be read at one time; It is so ordered,

I every Month, as it is there appointed, that at one time shall not be read above both for Morning and Evening Prayer. But four or five of the said portions in February it shall be read only to the And at the end of every Psalm, and of twenty-eighth, or twenty-ninth day of the every such part of the 119th Psalm, shall month.

be repeated this Hymn, And, whereas January, March, May, Giory be to the Father, and to the Son : Jody, August, October, and December have

and to the Holy Ghost; one-and-thirty days apiece; It is ordered, as it was in the beginning, is noto, and that the same Psalms shall be read the last

ever shall be : world without end. Amen. day of the said months, which were read the day beforo : so that the Psalter may ! Note, that the Psalter followeth the divi. begin again the first day of the next month sion of the Hebrews, and the translation of ensuing.

the great English Bible, set forth and used And, whereas the 119th Psalm is divided in the time of King Henry the Eighth, and into twenty-two portions, and is over-long Edward the Sixth.

THE ORDER HOW THE REST OF HOLY SCRIPTURE

IS APPOINTED TO BE READ.

The Old Testament is appointed for the

1 first Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer; so as the most part thereof will be read every year once, as in the Calendar is appointed

The New Testament is appointed for the second Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer, and shall be read over orderly every year thrice, besides the Epistles and Gospels; except the Apocalypse, out of which There are only certain Proper Lessons appointed upon divers Feasts.

And to know what Lessons shall be read every day, look for the day of the month in the Calendar following, and there ye shall find the chapters that shall be read for the

Lessons both at Morning and Evening Prayer ; except only the Moveable Feasts, which are not in the Calendar, and the Immoveable, where there is a blank left in the column of Lessons, the Proper Lessons for all which days are to be found in the Tablo of Proper Lessons.

And note, that whensoever Proper Psalms or Lessons are appointed; then the Psalms and Lessons of ordinary course appointed in the Psalter and Calendar (if they be different) shall be omitted for that time.

Note also, that the Collect, Epistle, and Gospel, appointed for the Sunday shall serve all the week after, where it is not in this Book otherwise ordered.

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(v. 18

MATTINS. EVENSONG.

MATTIS. SVENSONG. Innocents' Day. Jer. 31 to Wisdom I St. Mark. Ecclus. 4 Ecclus. 6 Circumcision,

(v. 12

St. Philip and Ist Lesson..... Genesis 17 Deuter. 10

St. James. 2d Lesson..... Romans 2 Coloss. 2

Ist Lesson.....!

2d Lesson.....John l v. Epiphany.

Ascension-Day.

(43 1st Lesson..... Isaiah 60 Isaiah 49 |

1st Lesson..... Deuter. 10 2 Kings 2 2d Lesson..... Luke 3 to John 2 to (v. 23 (v. 12

2d Lesson..... Luke 24 Eph. 4 to Conversion of

Monday in 1 (v. 44 (v. 17 St. Paul.

Whitsun-Week. (v. 10 (16 to v.30 Ist Lesson..... Wisdom 5 Wisdom 6

Ist Lesson..... Gen. 11 to Num.1lt. 2d Lesson..... Acts 22 to Acts 26 (v. 22

ed Lesson..... 1 Cor. 121 Cor. 14 Purification of

Tuesday in

1 (to v. 26 the Virgin Mary. Wisdom 9 Wisd. 12 |

Whitsun-Week. (v. 18

Ist Lesson.....1 Sam. 19 Deuter. 30 St. Matthias.

19 Ecclus. 1

2d Lesson.....1 Thes.50.1 John 4to Annunciation

St. Barnabas (12 tov. 24 (v. 14 of our Lady. Ecclus. 2 - 3

1st Lesson..... Ecclus. 10 Ecclus. 12

2d Lesson.....Acts Wednesday

14 Acts 15 to before Easter.

St. John Baptist.

(v. 36 Ist Lesson..... Hosea 13 Hosea 14 Ist Lesson..... Malachi 3 Malachi 4 2d Lesson..... John 11 v.

2d Lesson..... Matth. 3 Matth. 14 (45) Thursday

(to v. 13

St. Peter. before Easter.

Ist Lesson..... Ecclus. 15 Ecclus, 19 Ist Lesson..... Daniel Jerem. 31 11 2d Lesson.....Acts 3 Acts 2d Lesson..... John 13

St. James. Ecclus. 21 Ecclus. 22 Good Friday. (v. 201

St. Bartholomew. Ist Lesson..... 'Gen. 22 to Isaiah 53

24 - 29 2d Lesson..... John 181 Peter 2 St. Matthen. - 35 - 38 Easter Even.

St. Michael.

(v. 5 Ist Lesson..... Zechar. 9 Exodus 13

Ist Lesson..... Genesis 39 Daniel 10 2d Lesson..... Luke

2d Lesson..... Acts 12 toi Jude v. 6 23 Hebr. 4

(v. 20 (to v. 16 Monday in Easter - Week.

St. Luke. Ecclus. 51 Job 1 1st Lesson..... Exodus 16 Exodus 17 | St. Simon and 2d Lesson..... Matth. 28 Acts 3 St. Jude. Job 24, 25 - 42 Tuesday in

All Saints. (v. 101 (v. 17 Easter-Week.

Ist Lesson..... Wisd. 3 to Wisd. 5 to Ist Lesson..... Exodus 20 Exodus 32 2d Lesson..... Heb. 11 v. Rev. 19 to 2d Lesson..... Luke 24 to 1 Cor. 15

(33 & ch. (v. 17 (v. 13

(12 to v.71

(v. 501

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