Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

...

[ocr errors]

...

...

..

[ocr errors]

...

[ocr errors]

...

[ocr errors]

... 109 ... 247

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Read ...

[ocr errors]

..

[ocr errors]

...

..

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Page!

Page Don't say so.

249 Pearls of Thought Strung in Rhyme 181 Duty of laying by for Religious and Picture from the World's History 502 Charitable uses

507
Power of the Tongue

690 Duty of giving away a stated pro- Practical Consequences of Teaching portion of our Income

507 any Future Restoration of the Race 697 Early Piety and Early Suffering 693 Prayers for the Sick and Sorrowful.. 688 Easy Questions and Answers from the

Prayers for Children ...

693 Pentateuch 697 Primary School ...

178 Education & the duties of Civil Life 306 Princess of Wales

363 Familiar Colloquies between a Father Rachel Noble's Experience

174 and his Children 48 Reason and Revelation

694 Fir Tree of the Jura

310 Religious Training for the People 114 For Ever

562 Report of Exhibition Bible Stand 689 Gathered Blossom 506 Rose Bryant

695 Girls' Packet 218 Sarah's Present

310 Glance at the Universe

179 Saturday Afternoons Gleanings among the Sheaves 431 Science Elucidative of Scripture Grandmamma's Conversations on the Select Sermons of Ralph Erskine 502 Bible...

307 Seven Years' Street Preaching in SanHailing a Wherry 248 Francisco ...

563 Hints on Classical Tuition

695 Simultaneous Method of Teaching to Hints on Scripture Reading and

112 Study

805
Songs in the Night

562 History of Modern Europe

505
Stop and Think

248 Holy Women of Old ...

627
Story of Little Alfred

506 How to Nurse the Sick

695
Sunday Evenings

692 How Young Men may become Great

Sunny Scenes

249 Men

628 Tales of the Scottish Peasantry 310 Illustrated Pocket Critical and Ex

Temperance Congress of 1862 ...

115 planatory Commentary

115 Ten Minutes with Uncle Oliver on Indifference 501 the Bicentenary

502 Infants' Packet

248 The British Controversialist 109, 694 Influence 752 The Cottage Fireside...

309 Jesus Calls Thee

248

The Good Shepherd and His Little
Juvenile Crime

249
Lambs

47 Kitto's Cyclopædia of Biblical Liter

The Gospel Narrative Vindicated 358 ature...

504

The Holy Land
Labour among the Navvies

181
The Irish Daisy ...

696 Life of our Lord upon the Earth 750 The Mourning Mother Comforted ... 562 Life Triumphant...

751

The Negro Race not under a Curse .. 506 Life Unfolding

179

The Old Lieutenant and his Son 623 Little Crowns, & How to Win Them 430 The Power of Consistency

628 London Quarterly Review

54 The Pentateuchal Narrative VindiLucy Page 248 cated ...

244 Madagascar, its Mission and its

The Separating Flood

307 Martyrs

304 The Sabbath School Mary Markland, the Cottager's The Two Apprentices

308 Daughter ...

308

The Unpreached Gospel an EmManual for Sunday School Teachers 505 bedded Truth

503 Memoir of the Life and Labours of The Wandering Sheep

248 the Rev. W. Griffiths

496
The Way Home ...

45 Mick Tracy ..

51 Thoughts of Sunshine in Sorrow 49 Missions in Western Polynesia 428 Thy Kingdom Come...

248 Morning 216 Three in Heaven

693 Model Preacher 362 True Happiness ...

507 Moses or the Zulu 687 Vindication of Bishop Colenso...

358 Mrs. Ruffle

696
Was he a Hero ?

247 My Ministerial Experiences

557

Watchwords for the Church Militant 180 Nature's Normal School 176 What hath God wrought? ..

306 Near the Cross 178 Whose Child are You?

248 Notes on the Gospels

181
Workers and their Work

248 Old Margie's Flower Stall 310 Words to the Wise

507 On doing what one does with one's Worth Her Weight in Gold

689 might

507 Our own Fireside

752 SUNDAY SCHOOLS. Our Village Girls

431 Adult Classes, how to Teach and susPastoral Recollections and Sketches 110 tain them

535 Patience Hart's First Experience in Adaptation

545, 603 Service

49 Albion Schools, Bethnal Green 366

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

17

...

...

...

[ocr errors]

...

...

...

[ocr errors]

...

... 269

[ocr errors]

Page
An Earnest Teacher

343
Annual Sermon of Sunday School
Union

372
Autumnal Meeting and Conference
at Manchester

759
Barbican Chapel Schools

368
Bible Class Agencies ...

276
Bible Class Instruction

458
Bunyan Meeting, Bedford

758
Cause and Means of Success

650
Child of our Sunday School

18
Christian Churches and Sunday
Schools

385, 460
Church of England Sunday School
Institute

378
Church Congress at Manchester 755
Class Promotion

744
Conference of Sunday School l'nion 374
Craven Hill Chapel School

186
Difficulties of the Young Teacher

... 684
Difficulties of the Advanced Teacher 715
Diligence

270
Downham Market Schools

447
Dissenting Sunday Schools 570, 678
Encouragement

72, 587
Erskine Church School

61
Evil tendencies of the Sunday School 402
Friends' First Day School Associa-
tion

...314, 588, 675, 754
General Baptist Chapel Bible Class,
Woodgate, Loughborough

437
Guildhall Street School, Canterbury 312
Honest Sunday Scholar

202
Jubilee of the Sunday School Tea-
chers' Magazine

1
List of Scripture Lessons ...

33
Massachusetts State Sunday School
Convention

637
Mission School Fruit...
Mothers' Tea

446
Newcastle-on-Tyne

61
New Work for the Police ...

Page
Notes of a Sunday School Tour 321
" Yooks and Corners

396
Our Senior Scholars

. 656, 711
Pavement Chapel Schools...

381
Public Meeting of Sunday School
Union

376
Selections from Addresses at the

Annual Meeting of Sunday School
Union

422
Select Classes

330
Sunday School Visitor's Report 105
Sunday School Results

206
Sunday School Address 217, 293, 721
Sunday School UnionCotton Districts'
Relief Fund

256
Sunday School Contributions to the

Church
Sunday School Recollections

343
Sunday Scholars of Manchester and

Salford, and the Royal Marriage... 312
Sunday School Union Anniversary... 369
Sunday School Teacher's Wedding... 434
Sunday School Teachers' Excursion 513
St. Matthew's Schools, Gosport 575
Swanage Congregational S.S. Jubilee 700
Teachers' Work...

75
The New Year

43
The Night Cometh

144
The London Secretaries' and Superin-
tendents' Association

701
The

Word ' at Class, and the
Way" at Home

215
Tongue End, Lincolnshire

313
Twig Folly School

192
Universal Question Book ...

89
Union Chapel School, Huntingdon ... 447
Union of Social Classes in the Sepa-
rate Service

607
Useful Monuments

596
York Road Chapel Young Women's
Bible Class

251

...

[ocr errors]

...

[ocr errors]

...

...

[ocr errors]

&..

... 135

[ocr errors]

284

[merged small][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors]

STONEHENGE. STONEHENGE, in its present aspect of rúin and disorder, gives but a faint impression of its pristine sublimity and grandeur, and yet enough remains to enable us in idea to recover and replace the majestic proportion of the whole. Its ancient name was Choir Gaur, which may be translated, a circular high place of assembly. The Saxon term, Stonehenge, by which we know it now, means only "the hanging stones," and would naturally occur to a spectator as he gazed in astonishment at its lofty imposts. The plan comprises two concentric circles,and within them two imperfect ovals, forming a cell or sanctum. The outer diameter of the largest circle is 109 feet, and four cubits broad, and the interval between the uprights two cubits wide. The entire circle consisted of thirty stones, crossed at their tops by thirty others, meeting in a kind of architrave; each upright was to be nine cubits high, but at the entrance which faces the north-east, the interval is rather greater. According to modern phraseology and actual computation, the height of the stones on either side the entrance is a little more than thirteen feet, the breadth of one seven feet, of the other six feet four inches, and depth of the transverse over them two feet eight inches; the width of the entrance is five feet. Of the original thirty uprights, seventeen remain. The stones are irregular in form and size, but many of them show the marks of tools. Eight feet from the interior of this circle is another circle of much smaller stones, rude and uneven in shape; we may assume their proportions to have been half of those in the outer series; they had no horizontal coverings or imposts. Their number, when complete, was forty, and traces of twenty may yet be found. The sanctum of the temple was a space bounded by twothirds of a larger oval, and of an interior smaller oval. The great oval was composed of ten upright stones, capped by five horizontal stones, so as to constitute five sets of trilithons; the uprights rise in height from sixteen to twenty-one feet, the imposts are sixteen feet in length, and not continued beyond the ends of the uprights. Four trilithons remain standing, one fell at the close of the last century, and where it fell its fragments lie Titanic ruins. The small oval consisted of nineteen stones, and eleven of these we still may trace; the inner oval, like the inner circle, was unprovided with any architrave, but the stones of the former were taller and less rugged than those of the latter. Within the sanctum or cell is an altar-stone, fifteen feet in length, prostrate on the ground. Beside the circles, ovals, and altar, there are five smaller detached stones, making the entire number that entered into the composition of the building 140. The width of entrance into the cell, left by the incompleteness of its elliptical boundaries, is forty-three feet. The altar-stone faces the entrance into the temple, at a distance from it of fifty-seven feet. The outer circle was constructed of surface stones, or, to adopt the provincial phrase, sarsens-blocks of sandstone that lie strewn about the chalk downs of Wiltshire. The stones of the inner circle are granitic, and must have been brought a considerable distance. Exterior to the outer circle, and 100 feet from it, is a ditch or trench, surrounding the whole, except that, opposite the entrance, it divides into two parallel lines to form an arenue indicating its approach; the trench is flanked on its outer side by an agger or rampart of earth, which has a circumference of 369 yards. It is a distinction between the religious and military works of the ancient British, that in the former the ditch is inside, and in the latter outside, the agger. The avenue runs north-east and south-west, and the entrance of the temple is directed towards that point of the heavens where the sun rises at the summer solstice.

Half-a-mile to the north of Stonehenge is a race-course or hippodrome, extending cast and west for noarly two miles; it is bounded and enclosed by two ditches 200 cubits asunder, or between 300 and 400 feet. At the eastern extremity is a mound of earth running across the course, supposed to be the place set apart for the company who witnessed the race.

Stonehenge has the aspect of having been built at different periods. Mr. Warner started the idea that the Belgæ having taken this part of the country from the Celts, proceeded to raise a monument of rival magnitude to that of Abury. It is possible that there may have been a primitive Celtic temple to the sun, and that round this the Belga erected a larger and more elaborate structure. The conception and completion of the larger and loftier circle has been supposed to denote the civilization of a later age; while the fact of its materials having been drawn from the immediate neighbourhood, has been alleged as an argument that the artificers were not in undisturbed possession of the territory, Assuming, however, as we have a right to do, that Stonehenge was essentially of Druidical origin, we may also believe that in its finished form, if not in its more rudimentary features, it was the latest as it was the grandest of the religious erections of the order; it was the great high sanctuary or metropolitan temple of the realm, the Pantheon of national worship.

A few miles only from the ancient city of Sarum, it has imparted a name of its own to a town more closely adjoining, for the stones of which it was composed were the petræ ambrosiæ, the anointed stones of the Greeks, the ambers of an earlier epoch, such as that which Jacob set up for a pillar, pouring oil on the top of it, vowing a vow and saying, “This stone which I have set up for a pillar shall be God's house." By the word amber was implied something solar and divine; a monument in Cornwall is still called mainamber, or the hallowed stone. The proper anointing material with which stones were consecrated to a religious character and office was the oil of roses, ambrosia, a term applied by the heathen poets to the food of the gods. Hence the parish in which Stonehenge is situate has received the name of Ambrosebury, or Amesbury, though subsequent superstition has made it the shrine of a fabled St. Ambrose. It has been no uncommon thing with the Romish chroniclers to canonize an idea, and then to record the doings of a saint called into existence by their own imagination. Amesbury is distinguished in modern times as the birth-place of Joseph Addison.

The stupendous temple of Abury, (or Avebury,) six miles from Marlborough, is in a state of far greater dilapidation than Stonehenge; but man, rather than time, has been the destroyer. Through the skill and perseverance of antiquarian explorers, especially of Dr. Stukeley, the plan of the work has been successfully traced. Stonehenge was simply circular; Abury represents a serpent with wings transmitted through a circle. The circle, as the figure of the sun, the great natural emblem of the Divine person, became

« PoprzedniaDalej »