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MORAL WORTH ESTEEMED, FLATTERY REBUKED,
The French Ambassador who visiof the most distinguished preachers tod the illustrious Bacon during his among the reformed in the time of last illness, on finding him in bed, Luther. No candid man was his ene- with the curtains drawn, addressed to my. So extensive were his learning, him this fulsome compliment; “ You benevolence and liberality, and so are like the angels, of whom we amiable was his piety, that Erasmus, hear and read much, but have not the with whom he lived some time, re- pleasure of seeing." The reply was marked, " I would have thought my- the sentiment of a philosopher, and self sufficiently happy in his single the language of a Christian. “If the friendship.”
complaisance of others compares me
to an angel, my infirmities tell me, I ILL-NATURE.
am only a man," One of the deepest and most common causes of evil speaking is, ill-na
NIGHT STUDIES, ture and cruelty of disposition ; and, Extraordinary wakefulness, enaby a general mistake, ill-nature pass. bling persons to study hard for days eth for wit, as cunning doth for wis- and nights without sleep, leads to a dom ; though in truth they are nothing very erroneous idea of the harmlessakin to one another, but as far distant ness of this excess. Intense thought as vice and virtue,- Tillotson.
or abstraction, has a powerful influence
on the circulation; and this absence ADAM'S APPLE
of sleep is obviously the result of exIs the name given to the pro- cessive action of the brain, which, if tuberance in the fore part of the not relieved, must soon run
on to throat, occasioned by the pro- delirium. Extraordinary wakefulness jection of the thyroid cartilage of is, therefore, the signal of nature for the larynx, This name originated suspending such pursuits. from a superstitious tradition, that a piece of the forbidden fruit which Adam ate, stuck in his throat, and
VICES AND VIRTUES, IN occasioned the swelling. -- Timbs's
WHOM POUND. Popular Errors.
The greater part of vices consist either in defects or
excesses ; the ROYALTY.
greater part of virtues, in the obserLouis VI. of France, who was an vance of a just medium. The virtues accomplished sovereign, and possessed are found less among the low and the great energy of mind, courage, and great, than in the middling classes of activity, when on his death bed, mankind. The low are less acquainaddressed his son in the following ted with their duties; this is their remarkable words : " Recollect that defect: the great know them, transroyalty is nothing more than a public gress them, and give themselves up to charge, of which you must render a excess. The generality of men who very strict account to him who makes form the middle class, understand kings, and who will judge them." them better, and practise them more.
with upon this subject, “ would you
wish,” said he," that the devil should A cultivated taste not only increa
keep all the fine tunes to himself." ses sensibility to all the tender and amiable passions, but tends to weaken the more violent and fierce emotions. THE UPSAL EVANGELISTS, OR The elevated sentiments and glorious
SILVER BOOK. examples, which poetry, eloquence,
In the Library of Upsal in Sweden, and history, present to our view, there is preserved a translation of the naturally tend to excite a spirit of four gospels
, printed with hot metal patriotism and independence, a love of honor, a contempt of external for- the letters are silver, and hence it has
types, upon violet coloured vellum, tune, and an admiration of whatever received the name of Codex Argentea. is truly illustrious and great. The initial letters are gold. It is sup
posed that the whole was printed in READING ROMANCES.
the same manner as bookbinders let. The writer of modern romance
ter titles of books on the back. It chooses his scenes from the places of was a very near approach to the disdebauchery and crime, and familia-covery of the art of printing : but it
is not known how old it is. rizes the reader with characters, sentiments, and events, that should be known only to the police. Licen
ECONOMY. tious scenes and obscene imagery are A little is enough for all the unblushingly introduced, and the necessities, for all the innocent delights imagination polluted by suggestions of nature; and it may be justly and descriptions revolting to the pure asserted, that without economy, how in heart. It was lately testified in large soever an estate is, there will be open court by the father of one whose a deficiency. guilty course had brought ruin upon Your portion is not large indeed, herself, disgrace upon her family, and But then how little do you need;
For nature's calls are few. death upon her lover, that all was
In this the art of living lios, occasioned by his daughter's “read- To want no more than may suffice, ing these impure works." And Cour- And make that little do. voisier, the murderer of Lord William Russell, confessed to the Sheriff that
CIVILITY. the reading of " Jack Sheppard,” first
Civility is a ceremonial agreed upon suggested to him the crime he com- and established among mankind, with mitted.
a view to give each other external testimonies of friendship, esteem, and
regard. This ceremonial varies with SINGULAR REMARK OF
the different customs of nations; but MR. WHITFIELD.
all have one of some kind or other. Mr. Whitfield was reproached with And it may reasonably be presumed having set the hymns which were from this universal practice, that it sung in his chapel, to airs which were has its foundation in nature. Whence known to belong to some profane I conclude, that civility is a duty presongs. When he was remonstrated scribed by the law of reason.
Constructive Geography. Part I: England. By George White. Houlston
anl Wright, London.
We are not of opinion that uniform methods have a tendency to destroy the interest, and that prompt and undivided attention can only be secured by frequently varying a plan. The ever-varying systein generally creates confusion, and the youth (supposing him to be studying geography) brings away a mass of disconnected names and ideas.
For instance, upon being questioned, he is just as likely to tell you that Calcutta is situated in Ireland, and is celebrated for its whale fishery, or that Edinburgh is the modern Athens, and the capital of Greece, as anything else.
To obviate such and similar ridiculous blunders is the intention of this little book; and through its agency geography will no longer remain an uninteresting and tedious study, but the old grinding system superseded by a series of methodically arranged exercises.
By following the plan laid down, children may be taught by easy stages, not only to draw their own maps, but also to describe them intelligibly, and give a lucid and impressive idea of each particular place or locality contained in the map they may have been delineating.
Should the ensuing parts be equal to that now under our notice, we predict much usefulness from this ingeniously constructed elementary work.
Stories to Teach me to Think. By T. D. P. Stone. Henry Lea, Warwick
This little book, as its title implies, contains a number of short and interesting stories to teach the youthful mind how to Think. They are comprised under the following heads:-“ What the Mind Is ;” “How the Mind Thinks;" " How to Think Right;" and "Why the Mind should be Governed."
The author has not lost sight, as many do, that he is writing for the young. He has adapted his style and diction to the capacity of children; the monosyllable prevailing throughout the whole book, will therefore be easily read, and what is more, understood. He has evidently written down to the child, and has admirably succeeded in his task, as may be seen from the following specimen :
“ Story of the Puppets that moved.” " It is strange that men will spend their time in making things, which cannot do any good. But people will do so. A Frenchman made a little wagon which you could cover up with your mother's thimble, without taking it to pieces. It had four wheels, and a seat, and springs, and was exactly like a large wagon, excepting that it was so small. He worked at it more than half a year. It was very curious. But it could not possibly do any good. Nobody could be found small enough to ride in it. And when he carried it about to show it, and say that he had made it, no one wished to buy it. Another man, I do not know where he came from, once worked two years to make some little paper men and women seem to move about of themselves. He first made a house about as long as a bed, with doors, and windows, like a real house. He made it look as if it was a brick house ; and the chimneys and roof, and even the fence around, looked very natural. In the doors and windows, and in the yard all around, were the paper images. They looked as though they were alive. Some had on red coats, like soldiers, and had swords in their hands. Some had little saws and saw-horses, and stood as if they were sawing wood. One had an axe, and held it up ready to cut off a log. The images of women had neat frocks on, and stood with aprons, and pails, and wash-tubs, and mops, and knitting-work in their hands. None of them moved. But the man who made them had fixed little hinges upon their arms and feet, and had placed wires out of sight, under their clothes, which went into the inside of the house, and were fastened to a great many little wheels. These wheels were placed near each other, like the wheels of a watch, or'a clock, so that if one large wheel moved, they would all move together. Sand runs down like water, when you let it out of a box. Water would have spoiled the paper wheels, but sand is dry, and the man placed à box of sand in the top of the house, and fixed it so that he could let it run down on the wheels at any time, and set them all in motion. If they moved, the wires which were fastened to them made the images move. Then, as you stood and looked at the honse, a little way off, the soldier would turn the sword around in the air, The wood-cutters made their saws and axes fly up and down. The women moved their brooms, and mops, and knitting-needles, and seemed as busy as they could be. When the sand had all run out, they stopped, until some one placed more in the box. No one knew why the man made this machine. Some thought he was a fool. But he was not. The poor idiot could never have made such images, and fixed them so as to seem to move. Probably this man had nothing to do, and wished to see if he could not make something wonderful. He certainly did not wish to earn money by it, for he gave it away as soon as it was done, without offering to sell it. But the man had a mind, or he never could have contrived it. The paper images had no minds. They only moved when the sand made them. Such images are called puppets."-Pp. 12, 14,
We can cordially commend this book to the notice of parents, and all having charge of the rising generation.
Great Facts. A Popular History and Description of the most Remarkable
Inventions during the present Century. By F. C. Bakewell. Houlston and Wright, London.
Difficult as it is to arrive at Facts at all, the history of Great Facts must indeed be a most interesting study. In the volume now before us, those important and remarkable facts in Art and Science which have been discovered during the nineteenth century, have been ably and instructively set forth. The selection is judiciously made, and equally well treated. The " Leviathan" steam ship, Air Engine, Stereoscope, Electrie Telegraph, and Light, with many others, are explained in a pleasing and acceptable form, rendering a highly intellectual treat for the young, whilst the more matured mind may consult them with pleasure and enlightenment.
To an enquiring mind, this book will form an admirable stepping stone to more enlarged enquiries, whilst those who do not wish to appear entirely ignorant of these Great Facts, and have not time or inclination to enter more deeply into the various subjects, will here find a series of well digested articles, that answers all the purposes of a superficial knowledge, and something more. The work is illustrated with beautifully executed engravings, and altogether is exceedingly well got up.
THE HOPE SUNDAY SCHOOLS. DEATH OF A HEBREW
Our numerous congregation has lost their anniversary tea meeting. Upwards a man whose life was one series of of one hundred persons sat down and charitable deeds and actions. He was partook of a very nice comfortable tea the founder of the large Hebrew school, after which a public meeting was held, Lemberg, for poor children, an orphan when J. Moreland, Esq., the Treasurer, asylum, and an infant school. The presided. A very cheering report of rabbi of the congregation, Dr. Schwathe past year was read, and there re-bachter, proposed to add to these inmains a hope that much good has been stitutions another department, in which effected by the exertions of the teachers poor children could get their dinners. down in that dense locality during the Zipper, by means of collections, sucpast year, where so much vice and ceeded also in carrying out this benemisery is existing. It is to be hoped volent scheme. The mourning for his that the teachers will still continue in death was a general one ; Jews and their work and labor of love that is set Christians accompanied the body to its before them, and may God speed their resting place, and called upon by Dr. progress.
Schwabachter, who delivered the funeral
sermon, the assembly raised a very large CHURCH SCHOOLS.
sum as a donation to all the institutions The National Society for Promoting established by the lamented Zipper. the Education of the Poor in the The rabbi of the Lembergian district, Principles of the Established Church S. K. Ehlenberg, died on last Simchathhas completed its decennial inquiry thora. He was a renowned Talmudist, into the statistics connected with church and a man of umblemished character. schools throughout England and Wales. -Israelite The number of scholars in Church of England week-day, Sunday, and evening schools, is reported to be 1,672,445 ;
NORFOLK or about 8.61 per cent. of the entire GREAT YARMOUTII.-It having been population of England and Wales. In discovered, two years ago, that more 1847, the date of the Society's previous than two-thirds of the parents of the enquiry, the per centage of the popu- children in the Sunday school connected lation under instruction in Church of with the Baptist chapel in this town, England schools was 8.25. There are lived in the habitual neglect of the at present 1,187,086 scholars in Church public worship of God, the teachers, of England week-day schools ; 1,093,070 resolved to invite them to a tea meetin Sunday schools; and nearly 55,000 ing, to afford an opportunity of urging in evening schools. The number of upon them the importance of this duty. evening scholars has more than doubled The effort having been attended with a since 1847. The returns embrace considerable degree of success, a similar other particulars, especially as regards meeting was held last year, and at teachers, pupil teachers, and annual the third annual gathering, more income. The results of the enquiry than 150 parents of Sunday scholars beår striking testimony to the accuracy partook of an excellent tea, provided by of the report and tables of the census the teachers. In the course of one of of education in 1851, which were issued the addresses the following statistics of by the Registrar-General in 1854, the religious and moral condition of the