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has also been suggested to us that the Glossarial Index is no longer necessary; since our readers, from our preceding indexes of this kind, and also from the general spread of Natural History knowledge, as well as from all difficult terms being explained when they first occur, may now be supposed to be able to dispense with this kind of information.

Our great object, in commencing the Magazine of Natural History, and in conducting it, as well as all the other publications with which we are connected, has been, and is, to convey the greatest degree of knowledge, to the greatest number, in the most easy and agreeable manner, and with the least labour and loss of time. With this aim, we shall continue our exertions; encouraged by our past success, anxiously inviting the continued support of those who approve of our intentions, and sincerely thanking all our contributors for that able cooperation which has rendered this Magazine what it is.

J. C. L. Bayswater, Oct. 1832.

CORRECTIONS. Errors are corrected, as soon as noticed, in, In p. 390, 391, 392. for "ciliæ" read "cilia." the division of the Magazine entitled “ Re- In p. 555 for " M.R." read "M.P.trospective Criticism,” which occurs in the In p. 571. line 11 for “ Avícola" read “ Arpresent volume at pp. 98. 193. 292. 393. 487. 588. vịcola.” 673. and 714. Besides the corrections made in p. 589. line 18. for “collection in " read “co)under this head, the following are required :- lection of.” In p. 48. last two lines, for “ the cutícle of the In p. 599. line 16. from the bottom, for “ 6s in

stem and it bracteas have no perspiring nominata read “ és innominatum." pores," read “ the cuticle of the stem and its In p. 677. line 21. from the bottom, for " bracteas has no perspiring pores.'

ment” read “ enormous.' In p. 340. line 2. from the bottom, for “the In Vol. III. p. 6. in Mr. Dovaston's Biography ordinary length and size," read “ half the of Bewick, for "1719" read “ 1819." ordinary length and size :” the drawing was In Vol. IV. in the Index, for " Hail in the reduced in the engraving, and the letterpress south of France, &c., 540," read “ Hail, &c., was not altered accordingly.

551."

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CONTENTS.

. 233

• 241

• 245

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GENERAL SUBJECT.

Cross. By Henry William Dewhurst, Esq.,

Remarks on the Luminosity of the Sea. By J. Surgeon, Professor of Zoology and Compara.

Further Account of a Russian Natural History on the Faculty of Scent in the Vulture. By

Espedition in Brazil, during the Seven Years Charles Waterton, Esq.

preceding April, 1831. By M. F. Faldermann, Remarks on the Rook Corvus frugilegus L.)

Curator of the Imperial Botanic Garden, St. By Charles Waterton, Esq.

Petersburgh

4 Entomological Tour through several English

An Essay on the Analogy between the struc Counties, and in Wales and Ireland, during

ture and Functions of Vegetables and Ani July and August, 1831. By A. H. Davis, Esq.

mai By William Gordon, Esq., Surgeon,

F.L.S.

Welton, near Hull. Read before the Hull Captures of Insects during Part of 1830 and

Literary and Philosophical Society, Nov. 19.

Part of 1831.

By J. C. Dale, Esq. F.L.S.

1830. Communicated by Mr. Gordon 24. 118. F.C.P.S. and Z.C.

• 249

405. 507 An Account of the parasitic Músca larvàrum

Fairy Rings. By John F. M. Dovaston, Esq. preyed on by parasitic Pterómali, while both

AM, of Westfelton, near Shrewsbury were in the Body of Phalæ na Bombyx Caja.

Rough Notes made during

a Pedestrian Tour to By Edward Newman, Esq..

252

the Lakes of Cumberland and Westmoreland, The Habits and Manners of the female Borneo

in the Spring of 1850. By G. and H. 128 Orang-Utan (Simia Sátyrus), and the male

Contributions towards an Account of Omens Chimpanzee (Simia Troglodytes), as observed

and Superstitions connected with Natural during their Èxhibition at the Egyptian Hall,

History. By J. C. Farmer

209 in 1831. By Mr. J. E. Warwick

A Visit to the Surrey Zoological Gardens. By A Notice of the Reed Warbler (Curraca arun.
Observator

401 dinàcea Brisson). By J. G., Stoke Newing-

Chit-chat. No. 1. By John F. M. Dovaston,

Esq. A.M., of Westfelton, near Shrewsbury Further Observations on some of the Fishes of

497 Cornwall. By Jonathan Couch, Esq. F.L.S.

Remarks on the Spring of 1832, as compared &c.

- 311

with that of 1831, together with a Calendar Descriptive Notice of the Char (Sálmo alpinus

showing the Difference of the Two Seasons. L.), and mention of another Species of Fish.

By the Rev. W. T. Bree, M.A.

On some remarkable Forms in Entomology, in-

ZOOLOGY.

cluding a Notice of Mr. Stephens's Description

The Habits of the Barn Owl (Strix A&mmea L., of Chiasognathus Grantii. By J. O. West-

Aldco flammeus Fleming), and the Benefits it wood, Esq. F.L.S. &c.

confers on Man. By Charles Waterton, Esq. 9 Additions to the List of British Insects. By

Fishes new to the British Fauna, contained in Charles C. Babington, B.A. F.L.S. &c., St.

Couch's " History of the Fishes of Cornwall." John's College, Cambridge

327

By Jonathan Couch, Esq. F.L.S. &c. 15 List of Papilionidæ occurring in the Vicinity of

An Introduction to the Natural History of Mol Dover. By the Rev. W. T. Bree, M.A.

luscous Animals. In a Series of Letters. By Some Account of a Species of A'carus ( which

G.J.

31 infests Butterflies. * By the Rev. W. T. Bree,

Illustrations in British Zoology. By George M.A.

336

Johnston, M.D. Fellow of the Royal College Remarks on a Species of Lèpas cast ashore near
of Surgeons of Edinburgh 43. 163. 344. 428. Liverpool on Nov. 7. 1831." By Thomas Wea-

520. 691 therill, Esq. M.D.

Account of the Simia syndactyla, or Ungka Ape On Birds using Oil from Glands, " for the Pur-

of Sumatra ; the Anatomy of its Larynx, pose of lubricating the Surface of their Plu-

&c. &c. By George Bennett, Esq. F.L.S. mage." By Charles Waterton, Esq.

M.R.C.S. &c. &c.

131 Observations on the Eggs and Birds which were

Remarks on Incubation, in reference to those met with in a Three Weeks' Sojourn (from

expressed in Professor Rennie's Edition of May 30. to June 21. 1831) in the Orkney Islands.

" Montagu's Ornithological Dictionary." By

Charles Waterton, Esq.

142 A few Remarks on the Nightingale_and the

Dates and Remarks relative to the Migration Blackcap. By John F.M. Dovaston, Esq.A.M.

of the Swifts in the Year 1831. By the Rev. Oxon., or Westfelton, near Shrewsbury - 425

W. T. Bree, M.A.

. 145 On the supposed Pouch under the Bill of the

The Little, or Barred, Woodpecker (Picus mi. Rook.By Charles Waterton, Esq.

Dor L.). By John F. M. Dovaston, A.M., of On the Preservation of Egg-shells for Cabinets
Westielton, near Shrewsbury,

147 of Natural History. By Charles Waterton,

On the Claim of certain Lepidopterous Insects Esq.

515

taken in England to be considered as indi Brief Notices of the Habits and Transformations

genous. By W. A. B.

. 149

of the Dragon Fly; compiled in explanation

The CL of the European Diptera, from of the accompanying Cut. By J.

Meigen's " Systematische Beschreibung." Additions to the British Fauna; Class, Mam.

Translated by George Wailes, Esq.

màlia. By William Yarrell, Esq. F.L. and

Observations on the Zoology and Comparative

Z.S.

Anatomy of the Skeleton or the Balænóptera Something about Birds and Birdnesting. By
Rorqual, or Broad-nosed Whale, now exhi. Rusticus
biting

at the Pavilion, King's Mews, Charing on the Power of the Common Bee to generate

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330

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a Queen. By Robert Huish, Esq., Author of On the Dispersion and Distribution of Plants.

« A Treatise on Bees

By J. E L

An Introduction to the Natural History of

Molluscous Animals. In a Series of Letters.

GEOLOGY.

By G. J. Letter 10. On their Secretions - 611 Volcanoes. By W. M. Higgins, Esq. F.G.S., and

On some Peculiarities in the Construction of

the Nets of the common Garden Spider on the Effects produced by the Precession of

J. W. Draper, Esq.

- 164. 262. 632

(Epelra diadèma). By William Spence, Esq.

F.L.S.

the Equinoxes. By Sir John Byerley, F.R.S.L.

689

Some Account of the Limax Sowérbys of Férus. On the recent Discovery of Gold Mines in the

172

sac. By John Denson, Jun. A.L.S.

United States of America. By Robert Bake-

BOTANY.

well, Esq.

. 434

On the Parasitical Connection of Lathræ'a Remarks on the Formation of the Dead Sea,

Squamaria, and the peculiar Structure of its

and the surrounding District. By J.W. Dra-

subterranean Leaves. Read at the Linnean contributions to the Geology of Berwickshire.

per, Esq., and W.M. Higgins, Esq. F.G.S. 532

Society in November, 1829

45

An Account of the Sandal Wood Tree (Sánta- By Robert Dundas Thornson, C.M. and M.D.,

of the Honourable East India Company's Ser-
lum), with Observations on some of the Bo.
tanical Productions of the Sandwich Islands.

vice. [Read before the Berwickshire Natu-

ralists' Club, December 21. 1831.]
By George Bennett, F.L.S., Member of the

. 637
Royal College of Surgeons in London, &c. 255
On Variations in the Cotyledons and Pritrordial

METEOROLOGY.
Leaves of the Sycamore (Acer Pseudo-Pláta- Observations made in the Neighbourhood of
nus L.). By the Rev. J. S. Henslow, A.M., High Wycombe, Bucks, on the Temperature
King's Professor of Botany in the University of the atmosphere, on the Rain and the
of Cambridge

316 Winds, of the Months of June and July,
On the Fructification of the genus Chàra. By during the last eight Years, and on the In.

the Rev. J. S. Henslow, A.M., King's Profes- fluence of these Meteorological Phenomena
sor of Botany in the University of Cambridge on human Health. By James G. Tatem, Esq.,

Member of the London Meteorological So-
On the Varieties of Paris quadrifdlia, considered ciety

350
with respect to the ordinary Characteristics Notes on the Weather, in Switzerland, during
of Monocotyledonous Plants. By the Rev. May, June, July, and August, 1831 ; and at
J. S. Henslow, A.M., King's Professor of Bo- Rome, during Nov. and Dec. 1831, and Jan.
tany in the University of Cambridge 429 and Feb. 1832. By W. Spence, Esq.

318

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• 587

MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE.

Foreign Notices

92 | Hints for Improvements

Natural History in Foreign countries

444 Retrospective Criticism - 98. 193. 292. 893. 487.

Natural History in the English Counties 538

588. 673. 714

Natural History in Scotland

569 | Queries and Answers 104. 202. 396. 494. 678. 765

Natural History in Ireland

576 Obsequy. By John F. M. Dovaston, A.M., of
Monthly Calendar of Nature for Scotland . 97 Westfelton, near Shrewsbury

111

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Page

451

105

338

ner

685

LIST OF ENGRAVINGS.

QUADRUPEDS.

INSECTS.

No.

Page

COLEOPTEROUS.

42, 43, 44. Sémia syndactyla, or Ungka ape of No.
Sumatra

132, 133. 139 38, 39. Remarkable excrescence on the

91. The Fezzan ram

eye of Staphylinus hirtus

92. The Me of the Chinese

463

66. Paussus microcéphalus L. ; a, natural

93. a, Griffin ; 93, 6, tapir

165 size; b, magnified

319

68. Scarabæ'us macropus, kangaroo beetle 320

BIRDS.

70. Mormólyce phyllèdes Hagenbach 322

33. A rare kind of the goose family 80

71. Chiasognathus Grántii Stephens 323

63. A pair of the reed warbler (Curruca 90. Scarabæ'us Ateàchus sàcer

450

arundinacea Brisson), with nest 310

94. Calandra palmarum, female imago 466

97. The nuthatch (Sitta europæ'a L.) 488 95. a, Calúndra palmarum, male imago;

102. The wryneck (Yunx Torquilla L.) 568

b, larva; c, pupa; d, cocoon 467

Scale of the notes of the song of the 96. a, Calandra sácchari; c, pupa ; d, fol.

willow wren

581

licle or cocoon ; e, larva

468

126. Windpipe of the goosander (Mérgus 96. 6, A variety of Calandra sácchari 468

Mergánser L.)

766

197. Windpipe of the red-breasted goosan-

LEPIDOPTEROUS.

der (Mérgus serràtor L.)

766

72. Colias Edusa, white-clouded yellow

128. Windpipe of the smew (Mérgus albél-

variety

332

lus L.)

766

73. Hipparchia Galathea var., black and ]

but slightly marbled

335

FISHES

74. a, Polyommatus l'carus, com. blue

2. The Cilidta glaúca of Couch

16.74.b, Hipparchia Galathea, marbled white 338
3. Spanish bream (Spårus L. Erythri. 117. al, 118.cd, Limenitis Camilla, and a
nus C.)

17 black variety of it, the upper and
4. Corkwing (Labrus L. gibbus L.) 17

under side of each

667, 668

6. Smooth percb (Pérca Chánnus C.) - 20 119. a, The pupa case of probably a species

5. 7. Dusky perch Pérca L. robusta L.) 18. 21 of Psyche

685

8. Spanish mackarel (Scomber L. macu. 119.6, Pupa case and pupa of possibly Pen-

685

9, 10. Mud lamprey (Petromyzon.cæ"cus) 23 119.c, Pupa case of Psyche nitidělla Hüb

61. The elleck (Trigla Cuculus)

312

65. Pellucid ophidium (Ophidium pellà-

119. d, Psyche radiélla Curtis

685

313 122. Argynnis Adippe? var.

749

88. A mode of fishing in China

447 123. Argynnis Aglåía var. Charlótta? 750

129. Labrus Túscus L.? (the scale-rayed

124. Melitæ a Silene? var.

751

wrass)

742 125. Himalayan admiral butterfly . 752

REPTILE

HYMENOPTEROUS.
116, Siren lacertina

34. Trichiosdma lucdrum and its cocoon

663

85

40. Microgáster glomeratus and its meta.

MOLLUSCOUS ANIMALS.

morphoses

108

94. Sections of the heart of Octòpus vul. 41. Caterpillars of Odynèrus found in a

garis

31

book

109

25. The hearts of the Cephalopoda

33 98. Transformations of a dragon fly 518

26. Veins garnished with glandular bodies 34

STREPSIPTEROUS

27. Tethys leporina

36

28. Heart and intestinal organs

of Teredo

69. Stylops Kirbii Leach

321

navalis

40

DIPTEROUS.

60, Minute blood-red worms attached to 45. T'ipula imperialis, with a detached

the inner surface of the windpipe

side-view of its head

157

of a pheasant

207 46. Xylophagus maculatus, with the an-

78. O c d, Veiled shells; es, cockles;

tennae of X. àter

159

8. Pinna frágilis ; h, Carindria ví. 47. Tabànus taurinus

. 159

tren; 1, Venus Chidne ; k, Nerita 48. Léptis distigma, male

160

canrena ; 1, Trochus

344 49. Therèva, a species of

160

79. Planària corndta Mull. 344. 429.678 50. Mỹdas lusitánicus, wing and antenna

85. Ellis rufibranchiàlis Johnston

428

of

160

104. a and I, Spirula Perònij of Lamarck 612 51. Bombýlius cruciatus, male

160

105. abcdes, Views and sections of a bone

52. Asilus chrysitis

161

of the cuttle fish

613 53. Hybos muscarius

161

106. Section of a pearl exhibiting its struc. 54. Empis opaca

161

ture

614 55. Tachydromia fasciata; and 3 forms of

107. a 1, Two views of our native cowry

antenna

162

(Cypræ'a europæ'a)

618

56. Cyrtus gibbus

162

108 Planorbis communis

624 57. Siratlomys furcata, female ; and head

109. The Salpæ (or Dagysæ of Banks) 628 of S. concinna, male

162

120. Sowerby's slug (Limax Sowerbyi Fér.) 694

67. Diópsis macrophthalma Dalman 320

103. Ocular footstalk and eye of the Dióp-

CIRRI'PEDES.

76. A speeles of Lepas cast on shore at

sis macrophthalma

592

Liverpool

340

A'CARUS.

77. Lepas anatífera, the bernacle

343 75. A species of A'carus? which infests
78, a, Lepas anatífera, a smaller but more

butterflies
perfect figure

314

TREES AND SHRUBS.

POLYPUS.

1. Tea tree of Paraguay

8

110. Coryne glandulosa Johnston

631

80, 81, Cotyledons and primordial leaves

CRUSTACEOUS ANIMALS,

of the A cer Pseudo-Plátanus L. 346, 347

89. Tabernæmontàna alternifolia

449

99. Pran Iza fuscata Johnston

521

HERBACEOUS PLANTS.

RADIATED ANIMALS.

30. Lathræ'a Squamaria, its parasitic
29. Lucernaria aurícula

46
58. Actinia Tuèdiæ

: 163 31. ---longitudinal section of its leaf 47

[graphic]

339

the Surrey Zoological Gardens
bicolae

545 84. Elevation of the same conservatory • 405

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS.

A. B., 276. 384; A. B. C., 591; Surgeon, 24. 118. 405. 507; Scolopax Rusticola, 279, 284.

A. G., 98; Albert, 764 768 ; Greaves, John, 549; Green, 289; Scott, Alexander, 606;

Aliquis, 657.769; Allis, Thos., J., 208; Greenhow, E H., Scott, George, 770; Sells,

589. 728,729.732, 733. 753.767; 104. 393. 495. 566.

William, M.R.C.S, 452. 470.

Appleby, S.,558; A. R. B.,553; H., 131 ; H., London, 110; H. 483.651 ; Sigma,747. 753 760;
Aristophilus, 500; A. R. Y., B. (Blois), 987. 733. 748H. Smith, Richard, senior Sur.
76. [112]. [208]. 372. 678. 732; B. Somerset, 731; Henslow, geon to the Bristol Infirmary,
A Subscriber, 203. 734. 754. H., 588; Henslow, Rev. J. S.,

Somerseténsis, 28% :

761; A. X., 672.

A.M., King's Professor of Spence, W., E.LS, &c. &c.

Babington, Charles C., B.A. Botany in the University of 363. 655. 689; Stephens, J. F.,

EL S., 74. 89.327 ; Bakewell, Cambridge, 88. 294. 302. 316, F.L.S., 394, Stewart, John

Robert, 454; Barker, M. J., S18. 400. 429 490. 494. 514 V.,578, s. 1., 111. 678; &T.

725; B. B. P., 4.* ; Bennett, 755 ; Higgins, W. M., F.G.S., Stokeferry, 763; S T. P., 398

Geo., F.L.S. M.R.C.S, &c., 164. 262, 532. 632 ; Hill, Wal 681, 682 ; S.W., 539; Swain.

97. 131. 255, 486; B., Layton. ter Henry, , ,80; , Howden, son, W., F.R.S. &c., [207].

stone, 396; Búmbyx, 688 ; John, 386; Hoy, J. D., 278, [208].

Bowman, J. E, ELS, 1; 279, 281; Huish, Robert, 604 Taten, Jarnes G., Member of

Bree, Rev. W. T., A.M., 107, J. A. H., Oxford, 104, 110. 196. the London Meteorological

108. 115. 200. 275. 330. 36 538; J. A. H., Rington, He Society, 350 ; Taylor, R. C.,

364 $99. 489, 491. 49. 589. refordshire, 283; J. C., 384; 292. 468 ; T. B., 558; T.C.,

593. 668.673, 677. 715. 730. J. D. M., 190. 577; JD, 206; T. G., Chipping Nora

733, 747. 753, 754 760; Brown, senior, 659; J. E L., 522 ton, Oxon., 283. 686.733;

John, M.D., F.L.S, 99; Byer. 758; Jenyns, Rev. Leonard, T. G., Clitheroe, Lancashire,

ley, Sir John, F.K.S. L 172. FLS., 104. $02; J. G. (Great 82. 204. 20. 294. 297. 303. IGA.

201. 494. 588.

Marlow), 291; J. G. (Stoke 663. 680. 688. 738. 710. 770;

C., 394; Cacale, 91 ; Carr, J., Newington), Ś09; J. J., 277. Thompson, Thomas, 77. 197.

296, 297, 396; Cattus, 717; 295į J. M, Chelsea, 76, 77, 295. 997; Thomson, Robert

C., Birmingham, 283; Christy, 78, 79. &3. 91. 304. 42. 418. Dundas, c. M. and MD,037;

Wm., jun., 543; Clarke, W. 489.600.687.689; J. M., Phil. Thomson, William, 755. 757;

B., 101; Clayton, Geo., 81; adelphia, 162, 153, 155, John. Timbs, John, 763, TK, 299.

Couch, Jonathan, F.L.S., 15. ston, George, M.D., 3 163 397. 577. 731, 732 735, 770;

291. 311. 674. 730. 736, 737. 344. 428. 520. 631, 678; John. Turner, Henry, 195. 204. 285.

743; C. P., 102, 110. 671; ston, Sir A., 145, Jordan, W, 728 754.760; Tyro, 686

C. P. (Surrey), 756; Creed, R., 109. 281, 282, 684, 285, 188; U., Cambridge, 397
Rev. Henry, 50.653; Curtis,

J. R., 158. 577; J.SK., 654 ; Ventris, E, 205, 206 ; Viator,

John, F.L.S. 87.

Juvenis, 85; J. W., 380; 543; Vigors, A., Secretary

Dale, J. C., A.M. F.L.S., &c.LJ., 104.

to the Zoological Society,
&C, 249. (85; Davis, A. H., Main, J., 674 ; Mancuniensis, [109). (2016).
ELS., 87. 215; D. C., 211; 717'; M. F., 396; Morandge, W.A.B. 14, Wailex, George,
Dewhurst, Henry William, John H, 46, 47; Morris, 156; Wallace, J. 548 ; War.
214 ; Dickehut, H. T., Cu. Francis Orpen, 733; Moul. wick, J. E 35; Waterton,
rator of the Botanic Gar. son, Richard, M.D., 765; M. Charles, Author of " Wan.
den, St. Mary's College, Bal. P., 294, 297.301. 495.782 738. derings in South America,
timore, 453; D. N, 105. 202. 746.768; M. R., 505

&c., 9. 142. 231. 241. 412 488.

208. 301; Doubleday, E, 394. N., 73. 89, Newman, Edward, 512 515. 590). 673. 676 679.

767; Dovaston, John Free-

109. 204. 232. sve 488 495. 4. 787; W. B. B. W. 745 ;

man Milward, AM, 84. 111, 654.

Weatherill, Thomas, MD
112, 113, 147. 293, 299. 31. 0., 111, 204, 316, 495 54; 0, Weaver, R., 69; West.
425, 117. 161; Draper, J. W. Clapton) 754 Observator, wood, J. 0., FLS &c, 206
164 22. 5.32 62; D. $, 205 401, Ornis, 238

SOL SIX. 487.5*2; W. G., 59;
Duncan, George, 573. Pamplin, James, 288; Party, W L., Selkırkshire, 295. 400;

Edgworth, Thos., 398, E P. T., John, 103. 193; Phillips, Sir Woodward, Salnuel, su su

347, E Ś,73.

R, 103,

545, 762

Faldermann, F., 4; Farmer, J. R. B., 89; R. BB, 565; R, X
C., 209.975. 133. 13. 716; J. N., 170, Rennie, J., ÁM Yarrell

, William, Els and

Fennell, James, 763

ALS, Professor of Natural ZS

100. 384. 598

G. A, 303; G. and H, 12; History in King's College, Zoophilus
Gardiner, William, 576; Gib London, 101, 103 (110). 299.

75. 181
son, Samuel, 355; G., 31. 393; Rusticus, T.
611; Gordon, Wm., E.L.S., Salmon, J. D, 115.673. 675.679, E. Moray)

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