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“The prophet, 1. gives thanks, with the church;
to God for the manifestation of his NAME, and the wonders of salvation wrought thereby. 2. He declares his resolution of executing judgment and justice in his kingdom, which 3. had been in disorder and confusion; 4-6. he rebukes the wicked ; 6, 7. reminds them of the power, providence, counsels, and judgments of God; 9, 10. he concludes with repeating his resolution to praise God; to break the power of wickednefs; and to establish righteousness.
ER. 1. Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks,
unto thee do we give thanks : for that thy name is near, thy wondrous works declare.
The church offers up her repeated praises to God for deliverance ; she acknowledges the presence of his VOL. II.
NAME in the midst of her, which had been evidenced by the “wonderful works” wrought for her salvation. Upon whatever occasion these words were originally indited, the Christian church now celebrates in them that great deliverance, which, by so many miracles of mercy and power, hath been accomplished for her, through Messiah, who is in Scripture frequently styled, “ the NAME of Jehovah.” See Ifai. XXX. 27
2. When I shall receive the congregation, I will judge uprightly.
The first verse was spoken by many persons ;
unto thee, O God, do we give thanks ;" here the speaker is one, and that one is plainly a ruler, who promises, that when he shall have received the con
gregation," or, as some render it, “ when he shall « have gotten an appointed, or fit time, or season," that is, when he shall be established in power and authority, at a fit time and place, he will “ judge “ uprightly,” and introduce a thorough reformation into a kingdom, which, as we shall find by the fol. lowing verse, stood greatly in need of it. From these circumstances it should seem most probable, that David is speaking of his advancement to the throne of Israel, and the intended rectitude of his administration, when he should be fettled thereon. What David did in Israel, was done in the church univerfal, by him who fate upon the throne of David, when he “received,” for his inheritance, the great
congregation” of the Gentiles, and the earth was full of the “ righteousness” of Jehovah.
3: The earth, or, the land, and all the inhabis tants thereof are, or; were disolved: I bear the pillars of it.
Civil distractions, and the continual irruptions of foreign etlemies, had thrown the Israelitish affairs into confusion; and “ diffolved" the frame of govern- . ment; until, by the re-establishment of royal aus thority, countenance and support were again given to all the subordinate magistrates; who are, in their respective stations, the “ pillars” of a community. Such was the universal corruption and diffolution of manners both among Jews and Gentiles, when Melfias, entering upon his regal office, reformed the world, raised the glorious fabric of the church, and made his apostles and their fucceffors the “ pillars" of his spiritual kingdom. Let men support religion; and God will support them.
4. I said unto the fools, deal not foolishly; and to the wicked, lift not up the horn: 5. Lift not up your horn on high ; Speak not with a stiff neck.
“ Where the word of a king is, there is power. The prophet addresses himself to the opposers of his government, and the disturbers of Israel : he urges
folly” of exalting themselves against their prince ; and exhorts them, for their own fakes, to humility and obedience. Is not this the very mefsage which the ministers of Christ have received from their king, and are commanded to deliver to the world?
6. For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south : 7. But God
is the judge ; he putteth down one, and setteth up another.
The opposition, mentioned in the preceding verse, was called 66
folly.” In these verses it is proved to be such ; as being an opposition, in effect, to the counsels of heaven; for, not by worldly power or craft, but by the designation and providence of God himself, the supreme judge of princes, and disposer of kingdoms, was the house of Saul “ put down,” and the house of David “ set up." And are not, then, the enemies of the Son of God in arms against the Father; who, according to the promises going before concerning him, hath highly exalted him ; hath committed all power and judgment to him; and hath put all things under his feet? Yea, and the hour is coming, when he shall put down all rule, and all authority, and power, and the Lord Jesus alone shall be exalted in that day. What will then he the portion of his impenitent adversaries, the next verse will inform us.
8. For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup, and the wine is red: it is full of mixture, and he poureth out of the fame; but the dregs thereof all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them.
As the choicest of heavenly blessings are frequently in. Scripture represented by the falutary effects of wine, a cup of which the Master of the family is supposed to hold in his hand, ready to distribute due portions of it to those around him; fo from the noxious and intoxicating qualities of that liquor, when drank strong, and in too large a quantity, is