Obrazy na stronie



As it stood at the Opening of the New Parliament, Nov. 24, 1812.

Earl of Harrowby. ....... Lord President of the Council.
Lord Eldon - . . . . . - - - - Lord High Chancellor.
Earl of Westmoreland . . . - - Lord Privy Seal.
Earl of Liverpool - - - -

First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) Right Hon. Nicholas Vansittart

s Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of the Ex

chequer. Lord Viscount Melville - . .

First Lord of the Admiralty.
Earl Mulgrave - - - - - - - - - Master-General of the Ordnance.
Lord Viscount Sidmonth - ..

Secretary of State for the Home Department. Lord Viscount Castlereagh ..

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Earl Bathurst · · · · · ·

S Secretary of State for the Department of War

? and the Colonies. Earl of Buckinghamshire .....

S President of the Board of Controul for the Af.

fairs of India. Right Hon. Charles Bathurst · · · Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.


Right Hon. George Rose• • ..
Earl of Clancarty - - - - - - - -
Right Hon. F.J. Robinson ..
Right Hon. Charles Long .
Lord Charles Somerset - - - - - -
Earl of Chichester - · · ·
Earl of Sandwich - - - -
Viscount Palmerston • • -
Right Hon. Charles Arbuthnot
Richard Wharton, esq. - - -
Sir William Grant - - -
Sir Thomas Plumer . . . . . . :
Sir William Garrow . - - - - - -

Treasurer of the Navy.
President of the Board of Trade.

Vice-President of the Board of Trade.

Joint Paymaster-General of the Forces.
Joint Postmaster-General.
Secretary at War.
Secretaries of the Treasury,
Master of the Rolls.
Attorney General.
Solicitor General.


- - -
. . -

Duke of Richmond - - - -
Lord Manners . . . . . .
Right Hon. Robert Peel - ..
Riglit Elon. W. Fitzgerald - -

Lord Lieutenant.
Lord High Chancellor.
Chief Secretary.
Chancellor of the Exchequer,

Parliamentary Debates

During the First Session of the Fifth Parliament of the

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, appointed to meet at Westminster, the Twenty-fourth Day of November, in the Fifty-third Year of the Reign of His Majesty King GEORGE the Third.


it is his royal highness the Prince Re

gent's pleasure, that you, gentlemen of Tuesday, November 24, 1812. the House of Commons, repair to the

place where you are to sit, and proceed to MEETING OF The New Parliament.] the choice of some proper person to be

This being the day appointed for the your Speaker, and that you present such meeting of the New Parliament, the Lord person bere to-morrow, at twelve o'clock, Chancellor came to the House about a for the Prince Regent's royal approba: quarter past two o'clock, and having taken tion.”- The Commons immediately withhis seat upon the woolsack, he immedi.drew, and the lords commissioners retired ately rose and said, « My lords, I have to to unrobe. On their return the House reacquaint you, that his royal highness the sumed, and prayers were read. The Prince Regent not being able to attend Lord Chancellor then took the oaths singly in person this day, has been pleased to at the table; after which the other peers issue, in the name and on behalf of his present, took the oaths and their seats in Majesty, a Commission under the Great the usual manner. The earl of Mulgrave Seal, empowering certain Commissioners, was introduced by the Garter King at named therein, to open this present Par. Arms, between the earls of Westmoreland liament,” The Lords Commissioners then and Harrowby, and his patent of creation present, namely, his royal highness the read; he also took the oaths and his seat. duke of York, his royal highness the duke of Cumberland, the Lord Chancellor, the earl of Liverpool, and the earl of West

HOUSE OF COMMONS. moreland, being robed and having taken

Tuesday, November 24. their seats, the Gentleman Usher of the Choice of A SPEAKEK.] At three Black Rod (sir Thomas Tyrwhilt) was o'clock, when nearly 200 members, precommanded to order the attendance of viously sworn in by lord Cholmondeley, the Commons, a number of whom forth. (lord steward of the Prince Regent's with appeared, preceded by the clerks of household) in the long gallery, were prethe House. The Commission was then sent, in their own House, they were sumread, and the Lord Chancellor spoke as moned, by the Black Rod, to attend at the follows: " My lords, and gentlemen of bar of the House of Peers, to hear the the House of Commons; We have it in Commission read for assembling the precommand from his royal highness the sent Parliament. The great majority acPrince Regent, to let you know, that he cordingly accompanied the senior clerk, will, as soon as the members of both. Mr. Ley, to the upper House, and on Houses shall be sworn, declare to you the their return, after a short pause, causes of bis calling this Parliament; and I The right hon. Sir John Nicholl rose, and it being necessary that a Speaker of the addressing himself to the Deputy to the House of Commons should be first chosen, Clerk, of the House (who standing up, (VOL. XXIV.)


pointed to him, and then sat down) spake dinate qualities, of punctuality of attendto the effect following:

ance, and of expedition coupled with corMr. Ley;—The Message from the sove- rectness in the dispatch of public business. reign, which has just been delivered, Among the requisites for presiding over having recommended the choice of a the deliberations of the House, and preSpeaker to the immediate attention of the serving its order and decorum,' may be House, it seems proper that we should noticed a soundness of judgment united proceed without delay to that highly in- to a promptness of decision, a firmness teresting function; a function which is that shall repress contention, with a sua. justly considered as the ancient and un vity which shall soften asperity and disarm doubled privilege of the House, and the irritation, a temper not to be ruffled by proper exercise of which, is of the ut. rudeness or pertinacity, a patient vigi. most importance to the character and lance that can bear the fatigue of prohonour of the House itself, to the rights tracted debate, but above all, a strict imand liberties of the people, and conse- partiality that shall secure the universal quently to the welfare, prosperity, and confidence of the House. happiness of this great and extensive em- The Thanks and Honours of the House pire.

would lose a part of their high value, if A brief consideration of the principal communicated by its organ and represen. duties of the office, and of the qualities tative without dignity of manner and exnecessary to their discharge, will in some pression ; its reprimands and censures measure assist in guiding us to a proper would be deprived, in some degree, of choice.

their corrective force and effect, if deThe duties are many and arduous; the nounced without that tone and demeanour principal of them appear to be to, ar- of authority, which commands respect. range and conduct the various proceed. In watching over the Privileges of the ings of the House, in its legislative and House, and guarding them against eninquisitorial capacities-to preside over croachment, in asserting its rights and its deliberations, and enforce the due ob. maintaining its dignity, we must look for servance of its order and decorum-10, independence above controul, and intecommunicate its approbation, to denounce grity beyond the reach of influence. its censures, to guard its privileges, to With respect to the Private Business, it assert its rights, and to maintain its dig. may be sufficient to observe, that it renity. Added to these, the private bu- quires facility of access, urbanity and siness of the House (as it is called) forms courteousness in intercourse, frankness in no inconsiderable portion of the labours communication, an indefatigable industry of the Speaker, in the present increased in investigating conflicting claims, an at. and improving state of the wealth, and tention that can fix itself upon minute population of the country.

details, and an anxious watchfulness to The proper discharge of these manifold guard the interests of the unprotected and duties, requires talents and attainments of absent. no ordinary dimensions, and which are Nor are the liberal hospitalities and a but rarely found united in the same indi- splendour of life, corresponding with the vidual, for there is hardly an eminent munificence of parliament, and suitable quality that can elevate or adorn the to the high station of the first and most human character, which may not, in the distinguished commoner of the realm, execution of this high office, be occasion. wholly without their grace or value. ally called forth into exercise.

These appear to be the most prominent To an understanding enlightened and qualities to be sought in the person, whom highly cultivated, to learning extensive the House shall select for its choice. and various, to an ardent, yet well regu- ! If in presuming to propose a person for lated attachment to the constitution, must that choice, it had been necessary to be be added, a profound and minute acquain-guided by my own uninstructed discerntance with the history and laws of the ment and opinion, I should have known country, and an accurate knowledge of myself sufficiently to have shrunk from the forms and regulations of parliament, the task, and to have left its execution to as recorded in its voluminous proceedings, some other member, whose superior and as existing in the unwritten usages weight and consideration might better en. and practice of the House. "

title his recommendation to the concurNor should we overlook even the subor-rence of the House.

That this great nation sending to par- eminent person already mentioned is so liament the representatives of the Com- justly entitled. I could not withstand the mons of the United Kingdom, chosen, by pleasure and satisfaction of proposing, and the happy practice of the constitution, I anticipate with perfect confidence the from the most eminent and enlightened of unanimous concurrence of the House in every class of society, should furnish se- the motion which I now make, “ That veral persons competently qualified for the the right hon. CHARLES ABBOT do lake discharge of this high office, many and ar- the Chair of this House as Speaker." duous as its duties appear to be, it would be improper and unjust to question ; but | Then William Ralph Cartwright, esq. I cannot avoid congratulating myself, and addressing himself likewise to the Deputy I venture to congratulate the House, that to the Clerk of the House (who standing upon the present occasion it is unneces. up, pointed to him, and then sat down) sary to select upon the mere hope and spake to the effect following: future promise of competent qualification, but that the House may fix its choice | Mr. Ley; in rising to second the mo.. upon the secure basis of tried excellence tion of my right hon. and learned friend, and unerring experience. Those mem- the only difficulty which I experience, bers, who are now present for the first | arises from my inability to do justice to time, may have supposed, while I have the task. I derive, however, some satisbeen endeavouring to describe the rare faction in reflecting that the claims which qualities wbich should unite in the person it is my part to support, are such as have to be designated for the Chair of the been long recognised by the House in the House, that I have been tracing the out. I tried talent and known integrity which lines of a picture, which could exist only have been so often and conspicuously disin imagination; but those, who have sat played by Mr. Abbot. It is my sincere in former parliaments, will have recog. belief, that no man who has witnessed the nized a portrait, however faintly and im- conduct of that gentleman during the perfectly drawn, of that highly gifted period in which he has filled the imporperson, who in the four last parliaments, | tant, the elevated, and arduous office of filled the Chair of this House, in a manner Speaker of this House, can entertain a difthat procured to him the unequivocal test

| ferent opinion, or refuse to join in the of universal admiration, esteem and con unanimous declaration of his peculiar fidence. It is unnecessary to propose the qualifications for discharging its duries name of Mr. ABBOT; and it is no less with honour to himself, and advantage to superfluous to refer back to those qualities, the interests of the public. I cannot conwhicb in earlier life marked him out asceive that there will be more than one an upright and enlightened member of opinion on this subject. (A general cry of parliament, firmly attached to our inva. hear!) Sir, I do not mean to repeat the luable constitution, and zealously engaged enumeration of all those high and requi. in promoting the interests and welfare of site qualifications truly and ably described the country, and which originally recom- by the right hon. mover. It would be mended him to the choice of the House. difficult to name an individual, in whom

It is not without being unfeignedly a more complete union of them all is to conscious of considerable presumption, be discovered than in the individual whom that an individual with so little preten- | he has proposed. All parties concur, or sion has now ventured to address the rather, all party is discarded upon this House upon this its first meeting, and upon subject. But we ought not to forget that so interesting and important a subject. | long before Mr. Abbot was raised to that An apology is unquestionably due; but situation in which he has been so distinI must throw myself upon the candour guished, his ability, research and industry and indulgence of the House, frankly ac- had been usefully exercised, had attracted knowledging that I could not resist the the attention and secured the confidence gratification which would be afforded me, of the House. I confess that I feel no by an opportunity of publicly testifying small share of gratification in the distincand expressing (though in terms very tion of seconding a motion that promises inadequate to my own feelings, and very to be so beneficial to the interests of the insufficient to satisfy those of the House) House, and with respect to which, I can the strong sentiments of esteem and regard, confidently anticipate an entire unanimity of veneration and respect, to which the of sentiment.

The House loudly calling Mr. Abbot, Chair by the Mover and Seconder,--said : to the Chair,

" Wiih a deep sense of the duties

which belong to this Chair, and a firm Mr. Abbot stood up in his place and

reliance, that so long as these duties shall said :

be faithfully discharged, I may presume “ Mr. Ley; in rising to address the to expect the support of the House,--I House upon the present occasion, it is im- | beg leave to return my humble acknowpossible that I should not be desirous of ledgments for this distinguished and rereturning my cordial thanks to my right peated proof of its favor and confidence, · hon, and honourable friends for the terms, and to assure the House of my entire deprompted by their personal kindness to- | votion to its service." wards me, in which they have proposed And thereupon he sat down in the my name to the consideration of the Chair; and then the mace, which before House; and I have also to acknowledge lay under the table, was laid upon the with gratitude the favourable manner in table. which the House has been pleased to re. Lord Castlereagh then spoke to the fol. ceive that proposition.

lowing effect: “ I apprehend that till his “ But I can assure the House with per- | royal highness the Prince Regent's intenfect sincerity, that if I should be called lions in calling this parliament together again to that high station, I should enter be made known, it will be the pleasure of upon the discharge of its various and ar- the House to adjourn from day to day, duous duties, confiding in nothing but the without entering upon any business. I hope and expectation of the same conti- therefore rise to offer a motion to that efnued indulgence and support, which I fect. But previous to coming to this conhave heretofore experienced in the same clusion, I trust, I may be permitted to situation.

enjoy the satisfaction of congratulating “ Long attention to the forms of parlia- | the House on seeing that seat again occument, and the habits of official life, may 1 pied by the right hon. gentleman, whose be useful, to a certain extent, in regula- conduct in it before had secured to him ting the large and growing mass of our universal respect and admiration. We public and private business, and also in must, as members of this House, feel it to discharging those other less ostensible, but be a matter of great congratulation to each not less laborious duties, incident to the other, to bave an individual returned to various public trusts and commissions parliament whom we can elect to that which of late years have been added to situation, in which he bas already so prethe occupations of the Chair. But these eminently distinguished himself, to his are not ihe main difficulties of the office | own honour, and to the benefit of the which the House is now called upon to | House and of the country. It is a matter supply; for such are the many new, of congratulation that the first step we unlooked for, and ever-varying occur- have taken is likely to redound to the rences which frequently and suddenly public advantage, and to the general good, arise in the course of our proceedings here, as well as to the particular interest of this that unless the House be prepared (for the assembly. Marked as this election bas maintenance of its own authority and dig- | been by an universal expression of senti. nity) to give a prompt and effectual sup- ment that cannot be doubted, you, Sir, port to whichever of its members may be must feel that you possess, in the unplaced in that Chair,--all other conside- | bounded confidence of this House, the rations are superfluous, and his best en. | means and authority necessary to enable deavours will be unavailing.

you to discharge with dignity and effect - With this declaration of my own sen- the important duties deposited in your timents, respecting what the House has hands. Under these circumstances, I will a right to require, and also what it ought not detain the House longer by dilating to be prepared to bestow, in the choice on the topics so ably and fully opened by which it is about to make, I most humbly the right hon mover, but conclude by submit myself to its disposal, praying only proposing that this House do now adjourn." that this first act of its proceeding may never become detrimental either to its in The House accordingly adjourned till terests or to its honour.”

| to-morrow. Mr. Abbot being then led to the

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