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The working tools of a master Mason are all the imple. ments of the craft indiscriminately, but more especially the trowel.

The TROWEL is an instrument used, by the operative builder, to spread the cement which unites the building into one common mass; but we as free and accepted Masons are taught to make use of it for the more noble and important purpose of spreading the cement of brotherly love and affection, that cement which unites us into one sacred band, or society of friends and brothers.

SECOND SECTION.

This section recites the historical traditions of the order, presenting to view an example of virtue, fortitude and integrity, seldom equalled, and never surpassed in the history of man.

The following passages of scripture should be solemnly recited by the master...

“ The hand of the Lord was upon me, and carried me out in the Spirit of the Lord, and set me down in the midst of the vally which was full of bones. .

« And he said unto me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord God, thou knowest.

“ Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the Lord.

“ Thus saith the Lord God unto these bones, Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live.

" And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live : and ye shall know that I am the Lord.

“ So I prophesied as I was commanded : and as I prophe. sied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone.

" Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the | Lord God, Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.

"So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their teet, an exceeding great army.”

Prayer at raising. " Thou, O God! knowest our down-sitting and our uprising, and understandeth our thoughts afar off. Shield and defend us from the evil intentions of our enemies, and support us under the trials and afflictions we are destined to endure, while travelling through this vale of tears. Man that is born of a woman is of few days, and full of trouble. He cometh forth as a flower, and is cut down ; he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not. Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass ; turn from him that he may rest, till he shall accomplish his day. For there is hepe of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch thereof will not cease. But man dieth and wasteth away ; yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he? As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decayeth and drieth up, so man lieth down, and riseth not up till the heavens shall be no more. Yet, O Lord ! have compassion on the children of thy creation, administer them comfort in time of trouble, and save them with an everlasting salvation, Amen. So mote it be."

THIRD SECTION. In this section many particulars relative to king Solomon's temple are considered, and likewise certain hiero. glyphical emblems illustrated, calculated to extend the knowledge and promote the virtue of the craft.

POT OF INCENSE. This is an emblem of a pure heart, which is a sacrifice ever acceptable to God. As this glows with fervent heat,

so should our hearts continually glow with gratitude to the beneficent author of our being, for the manifold blessings we enjoy.

BEE-HIVE. This is an emblem of induslry, and recommends the practice of that virtue to all created beings, from the brightest seraph in heaven, to the vilest reptile in the dust. Man was formed for active and social life; and he that refuses or neglects to add to the common stock of useful knowledge, is a useless member of the community and may be treated as a drone in the hive of Nature.

Book of Constitutions guarded by the sword. This emblem reminds us that we should ever be watchful and guarded, in our thoughts, words, and actions, par. ticularly when before the enemies of masonry ; ever bear. ing in mind those truly masonic virtues, silence and circum. spection

SWORD POINTED TO A NAKED HEART. This may admonish us, that, although mercy may follow us, whether we be good or bad; there is a time appointed when the sword of justice will overtake the guilty.

ALL-SEEING EYE. Though we imagine that our actions and our motives are hid from the knowledge of all beings but ourselves, there is an ETE above that pervades the most secret recessas of the heart.

ANCHOR AND ARK. These are emblems of a well grounded hope and a well spent life. They remind us of that divine ark of safety which wafts us securely over this sea of troubles; and of that anchor which shall safely moor us in a peaceful harbour, “where the wicked cease from troubling and the wearv are at rest."

PYATHEGORIAN PROBLEM.

When the philospher Pythagoras had demonstrated the problem, that “ in every right angled triangle, the square described upon the side opposite the right angle is equal to the sum of the squares of the two remaining sides,” he exclaimed in the Greek language Euraka, I have found it ; and in the joy of his heart he sacrificed a hecatomb.

THE HOUR-GLASS.

This is an emblem of human life. Behold, how swiftly the sands are running, and how rapidly our lives are draw. ing to a close! in the short period of an hour the little particles of sand are completely exhausted ; thus wastes man! “ To day, put forth the tender leaves of hope, to morrow, blossom; the next day comes a frost and all the blushing honours fall before it."

THE SYTHE.

Behold what havoc the sythe of time is making among the human race! if we escape the nameles evils of childhood, and are preserved amid the threatening dangers of youth, yet we must shortly fall, for the brittle thread will be sundered and we shall launch into eternity.

THREE STEPS.

This device on a master's carpet is emblematical of the three principal stages of human life, in fancy, manhood, and decrepitude. In youth, as apprentices, we should search for knowledge; in manhood as craftsmen we should apply that knowledge to useful purposes ; that in the decline of life, as master Masons, we may reflect with pleasure upon a well spent life, and die in hope of a glorious immortality,

CHARGE AT RAISING.

" BROTHER,

"Your zeal for the institution of masonry, the progress. you have made in the mystery, and your conformity to our regulations, have pointed you out as a proper object of our favour and esteem..

“ You are now bound by duty, honour and gratitude, to be faithful to your trust; to support the dignity of your character on every occasion; and to enforce, by precept and example, obedience to the tenets of the order.

“ In the character of a Master Mason, you are authorized to correct the errors and irregularities of your uninformed brethren, and to guard them against a breach of fidelity. To preserve the reputation of the fraternity unsullied, must be your constant care, and for this purpose it is your province to recommend, to your inferiours, obedience and sub. mission; to your equals, courtsey and affability ; to your superiours, kindness and condescension. Universal benevolence you are always to inculcate ; and, by the regularity of your own behaviour, afford the best example for the conduct of others less informed. The ancient landmarks of the order, entrusted to your care, you are carefully to preserve; and never suffer them to be infringed, or countenance a deviation from the established usages and customs of the fra. ternity.

“Your virtue, honour and reputation are concerned in supporting with dignity the character you now bear. Let no motive, therefore, make you swerve from your vows, or betray your trust: but be true and faithful, and imitate the example of that celebrated artist whom you this evening represent. Thus you will render yourself deserving of the honour which we have conferred, and merit the confidence which we have reposed.”

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