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COUNTRY CATTLE AND MEAT MARKETS, &c.
Norwich Castle Meadow, Aug. 19.-We had not a single lot of fat cattle to this day's market, but a considerable supply of all sorts of Store Stock. A very few Scots were sold at about 4s. per stone, when fat. Short Horns, Ss. to Ss. 6d.; Cows and Calves, also Homebreds of all sorts, a very slow sale. Pigs selling more readily.
Manchester, Aug. 16.-We had a tolerable supply of Cattle to this day's market, which were sold much about the same as last week. The show of Sheep and Lambs being rather plentiful went off slowly, and barely support our currency. Pigs were scarce, and in general realized a trifling advance.-Beef, 44d. to 53d.; Mutton, 44d. to 54d.; Lamb, 3 d. to 43d.; Veal, 5d. to 64d.; and Pork, 4d. to 5d. per pound, sinking offal.
AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, sold in the Maritime Countics of
The London Average is always that of the Week preceding.
"That it is well known to your Honourable House, that, for more than "twenty years, the particular families received a large part of the above " mentioned emoluments out of the money borrowed from the fundholders: that, during that period, more than a million of money was taken out of "the loans to be given to the Church; and that, in fact, no inconsiderable "part of the whole of the loans went into the pockets of these families; " and, therefore, your Petitioners will not suppose it possible for your "Honourable House to harbour an intention to take even a single shilling "from the Fundholders, so long as these families shall continue to receive those emoluments."-NORFOLK PETITION, 3d January, 1823.
SIR JAMES GRAHAM, BART,
On his Pamphlet, entitled "CORN AND CURRENCY;" which Pamphlet is addressed to the " Landowners," and which Pamphlet contains a proposition for (in fact) robbing the whole Nation, and the Fundholders in particular, for the purpose of upholding the Aristocracy and the Established Clergy.
SIR, Burghclere, 20th August, 1826. I APPLY the word Sir to you, merely for form sake; and I beg my readers so to understand it; for, I shall have to prove you unworthy of that appellation, unless it be understood to designate a proud, insolent and unprincipled writer: I shall have to prove you to be unworthy of any appellation conveying the idea of respect; and I should be guilty of Bypo
crisy, if I were to leave the appellation at the head of this letter, unaccompanied with this explanation.
I look upon this pamphlet of yours as the precursor of an attack upon the Fundholders, by the Landholders. It is manifestly intended to pave the way to such an attack. You yourself tell us, in the title of your pamphlet, that you are " of Netherby," which
nted and Published by WILLIAM COBBETT, No. 183, Fleet-street. [ENTERED AT STATIONERS' HALL.J
forward, as the herald of the designs of the Land-owners, to plunder the rest of the nation. You have promulgated a project, which, if it could be carried into effect, would make England a country of the vilest slavery upon the face of the whole earth.
Before I go any further, let me call upon you, or, rather, let me call upon my readers, in general; let me call upon the public, in short, to look well at the Motto to this letter. You have got a motto to your pamphlet. Yours is a Latin moito; and, it is just as ap
is, I suppose, to distinguish you from Sir JAMES GRAHAM, the old Attorney, and the famous agent of the Lowthers. In the Baronetage Book I find you represented, or rather, representing yourself, as a prime aristocrat, "descended from the EARLS of MONTEITH, in Scotland," and having for ancestor, in the reign of Henry the Fourth of England, JOHN, surnamed "John with the bright sword." I hope that John's sword was brighter than your pen, or it must have been very much like the sword of Hudibras. You go on, from "John with a bright plicable to the subjects of your sword," down to the present time, or at least, to the date of your Pedigree, tracing yourself along through a wonderful parcel of Lords and Baronets and Parsons, till you come down to your own precious self, who, as you tell us, was born in 1761, married (1785) to "Lady CATHERINE STEWART, "eldest daughter of John, seventh "Earl of GALLOWAY, K.T." Aye, do not forget the K. T. for God's sake! You tell us that you had, in 1819, thirteen children. Four sons and nine daughters, one daughter married to a Parson, and another to a Major. These circumstances would be of no more importance to the public Tam multæ scelerum facies: non ullus aratro than the pedigree of those infer- Dignus honos; squalent abductis arva colonis. nal caterpillars, that I left at Now, the English of this is: Kensington devouring my Indian" When right and wrong are so corn, and the destruction of which" confounded; when War so reptiles I left an order to accom- "much prevails, and when there plish with all possible despatch. are so many kinds of crime, the These circumstances relating to" plough cannot receive due hoyou and your family, would be "nour, and the fields, deprived of of no more importance to my "their cultivators, must lie fallow readers than the pedigree, I say, "and fall into decay." of those nasty voracious caterpil lars; but you have been thrusted forward, or have poked yourself
pamphlet; just as applicable
Now, "Sir James Graham, Baronet, of Netherby," do tell us, man, what this Motto about
rited County, in St. Andrew's Hall, in the City of Norwich, on the third of January, 1823; let it be borne in mind, that this Petition now stands on the Journals of the House of Commons.
wars, about crimes of Soldiers, Petition; and, let it be borne in about pressing Farmers to go to mind, that this Petition, which the wars; do tell us, thou Son-in-was agreed to by that public-spi law of the seventh Earl of Galloway, K. T. (never forgetting the K. T.); do tell us, thou descendant of "John with the bright sword;" do tell us, or I shall go crazy, what the devil this Motto has to do with the affairs After this preface, I come to the of a Country, which has been subject matter of your pamphlet, twelve years at Peace, and which which I pronounce to be a base knows of no torments, except production; an insult to the mo, those of National Debts and pa- rals of the Nation, an attack on per-money; and the high state of its character for justice and coucultivation of the lands of which rage; a literary crime which calls is known to the whole world, and for immediate punishment, which is an everlasting boast amongst punishment, it is my duty as well all the Land-owners in the coun- as my inclination to inflict; and, try? Do tell us, then, what in order to discharge that duty, Í could induce thee to choose this shall, first of all, describe the obMotto. I will tell thee what it ject which you have in view, and was, then. The Motto arose out which you have the profligacy to of thy stupid aristocratical inso- avow. lence. You thought that even these Latin words would tend to inspire the vulgar, as you call them, with reverence for you.You, therefore, must have some Latin; and not having judgment sufficient to select a passage that was applicable, you took one that" was inapplicable. Latin was Latin; and you did not expect that any one would expose your ignorance. Your habitual insolence, together with the habitual subserviency of the poor wretches about you, made you believe that you might say any thing without being laughed at.
You first speak of the dangers which threaten the Land-owners. You say that one part of the Land-owners clings to the Government of "the day, and blindly "supports its prodigal expendi "ture, in the hope of sharing its patronage, and of making that provision out of the public purse for dependants, which the hereditary family estates can no longer bear; "-This, then, is a very pretty crew to be preserved, at the expense of Fundholders, or any body else. This is a very pretty crew, who are to be kept up in all their splendour, My Motto is of a different de- even at the risk of ruin, starvation scription. It is applicable to my and open rebellion! Can there subject: it shortly expresses the be upon earth a more despicable point to which I shall come be- crew than this? Yet, it is to prefore I have done; and that point serve a crew like this, in all their is precisely opposite to that at splendour; it is to preserve to which you aim. This Motto of them their power of still living mine is taken from the Norfolk upon the sweat of the people, that
would commit the monstrous" bestow lasting benefit on the robbery that you propose! You" community!"""
say, in another place, "I protest What a surprisingly impudent "that the number of proprietors, assertion! What! It would assist "with estates unencumbered form the labouring poor, would it; it "so small a minority as to make would bestow lasting benefit on "the description of Mr. HUSKIS- the community, to rob three hun"SON applicable for all prac-dred thousand families, in the "tical purposes, to the whole middle rank of life, for the purbody; that is to say, that the pose of keeping up, in all their "whole body have their lands so ill-gotten splendour, from six to "deeply mortgaged, as to be, in ten thousand families of lazy and "fact, hardly the owners of the insolent aristocrats, who have had, "estates which they call theirs." who have put, according to the This is the state, in which you words of my motto, a large part say the Land-owners are. Your of the public loans into their own object is, to save these Land-own-pockets.
ers, and the Parsons along with I shall speak, by and by, of the them. The Parsons are, indeed, MEANS that you propose to ema part of the aristocracy; and ploy for the purpose of effecting so is the army, and the same is this object; but, let me first state the navy. The aristocracy have the case of the Land-owners; let all the livings, and all the high me state this case to you truly; offices. Church, army, navy, co- and, when that is done, we shall lonies; all appear to be made for better understand the nature of them, and for them only; and as we your proposition; we shall see shall see, by and by, you would more clearly the impudence and take the fortune of the Fundholder the wickedness of that proposition. away, while you would leave all I state their case, then, thus, in these in the hands of the aristo- distinct propositions: cracy. You acknowledge, that the scheme which you propose must produce considerable injustice; but that it would save the aristocracy. Let us have your words here, for they are most impudent and most profligate :-"I will not, "therefore, attempt to deny, that "the course which I shall pre
sume to recommend to the Land" Owners is open to grave ob"jections, and that it must pro"duce considerable injustice; but
if it save the aristocracy-if it (6 the landed interest, it will "also restore vigour to our com"merce and plenty to our labour"ing poor; it will inflict partial injury on a few, but it will
1. That, the land-owners, ac
cording to your own account, in pages six and seven, are the makers of the laws; that the House of Lords, “(notwithstanding the recent infusion of less noble blood),” contains an immense majority of ancient Land-owners; and that," in the House of Commons, the landed proprietors form a phalanx, that no Minister can resist ;" that, therefore, according to your own account, the Land-owners had and have, the making of all the laws; and that, accordingly, they have made what laws they pleased.