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magistrates of Lancashire afford economy, can
Mr. POTTER'S speech is rendered, by its facts, worthy of particular attention. He might have spared us, indeed, his "great statesman, Mr. BROUGHAM" and his "celebrated Mr. BURKE." This last was, to be sure, a very pretty fellow to rail against over-taxation and it was peculiarly appropriate to be quoting this man as a "high authority," while the speaker was, at the same time, expressing his disapprobation of unmerited pensions and sinecures! But, I forgive Mr. Potter these blunders for the sake of his numerous facts, and for the explicit and manly manner in which he stated them. These facts are, indeed, horrible to think of; but, they are such as necessarily grow out of this system. Mr. Potter is, however, deceived if he imagine that any thing which he seems to comprise under the term severe
produce a change
There can be no patch-work now. The thing cannot be made a little better: the system must be rooted up: the dock-digger must be applied to it, or there can be no remedy. It is a thing that cannot be pruned; and Mr. Potter may be assured, that, while he is content to confine himself to severe economy, the tax-eaters will laugh at his facts, horrible as they are.
LILLY's speech is worthy of notice only for the purpose of expressing one's pleasure at seeing that even in a meeting like this, a yeomanry cavalry man of the 16th of August was not to be suffered. Ah, SIDMOUTH! The THANKS which you conveyed to those yeomanry cavalry were not the last that either you or they were to hear of the memorable 16th of August.
Mr. SHUTTLEWORTH. What, Sir, am I to do with your speech? I do not know you, Sir; I never heard of you before; but why, Mr. Shuttleworth, could you not hold your tongue; or, if you must talk (and nature actually compels some men to keep their tongues moving), why could you not have stopped when you had well enough spoken of the character of the Parliament, and of that particular
class of persons from amongst to every parish church in Engwhom the members come? Why land; that Mr. WESTERN, who is should you, Mr. Shuttleworth, be for restoring the credit of the nadetermined to talk about things of tion by a grand issue of assignats; which, apparently, you know no and that Dr. COLQUHOUN, accordmore than the baby at the breast? ing to one of whose estimates Why should you bother that (I every third person in London is, am sure no very clear) head of at all times, a fit object to be yours with a "claim for indem- animadverted upon by the law? nity,” which thẽ landlords have That same Dr. COLQUHOUN, acon account of particular taxes? cording to whose other estimate, Why should you, Mr. Shuttle- the national debt, at the end of worth, have pestered your brains, the war was nothing, so great about "assessments and rates," were the resources of the kingand (Oh, good God!) "that por-dom; that same Dr. COLQUHOUN, "tion of tithe which comes out who, by this same estimate, misled ic of the profits of stock"! Why, the foolish creatures at Whitehall, for the love of peace and quiet- and all the bands of Jolterheads ness; why, for your wife's sake and Lord Charleses in the kingas well as your own, should you dom? Why should you, my good have bothered the brains in that Mr. SHUTTLEWORTH, quitting the head of yours with such abomi- printing of cottons, even at a loss, nable Scotch jargon as this. But, spend your time in reading the dear Mr. Shuttleworth, what ma- books of these abominable quacks? lignant devil was it that led you to But, if the waste of your time, talk about "the eminent economist good Mr. SHUTTLEWORTH, were CHARLES SMITH," and his esti- all, that, perhaps, one might enmate of the consumption of grain dure the thought of. It is the disin England; and what worse than credit, which, by means of putting spiteful devil was it that led you forth your learning, you throw to talk of authority found in the upon the whole of the proceedings estimates of GEORGE CHALMERS, upon this occasion; and now I Mr. WESTERN, and Dr. COLQU- will show you how completely HOUN; that CHALMERS, according you have effected this object. to whose estimate on population Taking for gospel what you have there were, in the reign of King read in the works of the aboveJohn, only twelve able-bodied men mentioned worthies, and in returns
laid before Parliament, which | placed along side of this, printed latter I have proved to be false, upon calico, framed and glazed, you make certain assertions rela- and hung up in the great room of tive to the population of England, the Royal Exchange of Manchesnot one word in which assertions ter. The proposition is this, "that, has any truth in it. You then" on the supposition that the price, proceed, or rather you mix up "of grain be on an average the following assertions with those" fifteen shillings a quarter higher just mentioned. You carry on a "in this country than in surroundsort of partnership with these" ing countries, then the conquacks. CHARLES SMITH says, sumers in this country have to that, in 1765, the grain consumed " pay to the growers to whom in England and Wales was the corn-laws have granted a fifteen millions of quarters in a "monopoly of supply, no less year, dropping the odd thousands" annually than thirty-eight miland hundreds. CHALMERS says, "lions sterling over and above that, in 1800, the consumption" what the corn produce alone was thirty-three millions. Wes-" of this country is worth else TERN says, that, in 1812 and 1814," where." Now, MR. SHUTTLEthe consumption was forty mil- WORTH, what a monstrous propolions. Dr. CoLQUHOUN says the sition this is will be seen in one same as WESTERN. Having given minute if we look at these facts: us all this rubbish; all this bun- FIRST, that the price of grain dle of "estimates, you next has been, on an average, more bring us, or, rather, you display than fifteen shillings a quarter before us, the brilliant products higher than in surrounding counof your own mind. You tell us, tries ever since the Corn-Bill was that, in the ten years from 1811 passed: SECOND, that thirty-eight to 1821, the population of the millions was, at the time of the kingdom increased five millions! highest prices, the yearly rackHaving stated this most monstrous rental of all the land, all the lie, you then seem to try to outdo houses, all the mines, all the your own lying, and say that we canals, and all the turnpike-roads, may safely take the increase of in England and Wales: THIRD, population to have been iu pro- that rents are much lower now, portion to the present time, and than they were in those times of that we may safely, assume the highest prices: FOURTH, that the increase of the consumption of Landlords do not receive from grain to have been in proportion their tenants so much rent as they to the increase of the population; did in those times of highest and that, therefore, the present prices: FIFTH, that the Landlords consumption may be fairly taken have no other channel through at FIFTY-TWO MILLIONS which to get the thirty-eight milOF QUARTERS! But, now lions that you talk of, than the comes the master-stroke. Now channel of rent. There, MR. comes the proposition; and, if the SHUTTLEWORTH, make out one or like was ever before twisted out more of these propositions to be of a thick skull by a spinning-false; for, unless you do that, jenny, I beg it may be produced, your proposition is a great, star
ing, stupid, empty lie, unworthy MR. PRENTICE made a speech full of good sense; full of excellent matter; and such, in short, as any man might have been proud to be the author of. That is the sort of speech to produce effect upon the people, and upon the Ministers too.
even of the word "fiction," which you have unwittingly applied to it.-After this, it is useless to remark on the remaining part of your speech, though I cannot but observe how nicely you make one part of it knock the other part to pieces. You are alarmed at the MR. HARVEY must naturally effect of the Corn-Laws upon the please me by his manly declaraprogress of our population. In tion with regard to myself; but, another place you talk of the in- much more he pleases me by excrease of our wealth of late years; pressing his firm conviction, and you forget all the while, that that we shall neither have a this increase of population, as "repeal of the Corn-Laws nor you call it, and that this growing" any material reduction of taxprosperity, as you call it; you "ation, until we get a REforget all the while, that these, if" FORMED PARLIAMENT"! they have taken place, as you say -And let all the people say they have, have taken place, and Amen! It is useless to petition, as you assert too, to a greater it is useless to pray, unless that extent since the Corn-Laws have be part of the prayer. It was been in existence, than they took the cause of the French war: place before. Get out of that the want of reform was the cause hobble, MR. SHUTTLEWORTH, and of that war. It has been the cause then I will talk to you again.-of every evil that has existed in It is by conceited babbling men the country ever since the Seplike this that public enterprises tennial Bill was passed. It is are so frequently defeated. All the want of this reform that has reflecting men will distinguish now produced those effects so between this man's babble and well described by Mr. Potter and the sound sense of the other speak- Mr. Burgess. If these gentlemen ers; but, all that read are not had petitioned for reform, there men of sense; and some men of would have been some chance of sense are tax-eaters, and it is not their producing an effect upon their business to make any such the Government: as it is, they distinctions. Here is a man that will produce no effect at all. The asserts, that there has been of late very best that they will get will years a great deal of prosperity, be a half civil and four-fifths riches, and power; he asserts equivocal answer; and, truth to that there has been a most mon- say, they deserve nothing more. strous increase of population; They appear to be in hopes of and we know, that the Corn-Laws effecting, in this indirect way, a have existed all the while! What bank restriction, or some such does a boroughmongering Corn-measure. Such a measure would Bill man want more than that; not produce the effects that they and, if this Mr. SHUTTLEWORTH imagine it would; and, besides, had been hired by the Borough- there is not the smallest chance of mongers, he could not have done its being adopted. The thing will, their work better than he did it. in all probability, be pushed along
as far as it will go; and, when grinding of the labourers that they it will go no farther, the change are now enabled to pay any rent must come. These gentlemen at all; and, this grinding does might have done a great deal; not, in the end, answer its purbut they have still too much of the pose; for, the labourers fall upon buckram in them: they must have the poor-rates; and, if, by means that taken out of them: they must of STURGES BOURNE'S Bills, and be ready to drink a pot of ale with of other grinding contrivances, their workmen, before they will the labourers be pushed to the act in a manner such as their ne- verge of starvation, they TAKE cessities will require. The work-without money and without leave; ing people in this country have that sends them to gaol, and there been oppressed, and are oppressed they have, in this part of the almost beyond conception. They country, MEAT THREE must be lifted from this state of TIMES A WEEK, which, oppression. I pray God that it generally speaking, is three times may be by peaceable means; by a week OFTENER than they can means which shall injure the hair of the head of no man; but, would sooner be annihilated than abandon the hope of seeing them raised from this horrible state of degradation.
get it by honest labour! So that the farmers and land-owners get nothing, in the end, by pushing the thing too far.
But, this is not all: there are ricks, barns, plantations, heaths, WM. COBBETT. and moors; and there is FIRE! The newspapers are full of accounts of destruction in this way. They daily tell us of these "works of some wicked incendiary." But to call these fire-makers names is of no use. It would be much I SET off from Kensington on more rational to go coolly to work Friday morning, on my way to to find out the motives of such the WEST, and got to SUNNING, evil - doers; for, observe, they near Reading, on Friday after-must have a motive. It is imposnoon. On Saturday we (two sons sible that they should not have a and myself) stopped at Reading, motive. They do not stay to it being market-day, to take a warm themselves by the fires. Inlook about us. Wheat about 6s. 6d. deed, the weather is, at this time, the Winchester bushel, on an but too hot. Why, not endeavour, average. Barley and Oats dearer then, to find out the motive, and in proportion. Pease, there ap- to remove the grounds of such mopears to be none; and very few tive, since the motive produces beans. I went to the pig-market. consequences so very serious? A store-pig, six months old, was The MOORS and PLANTAworth 20s. and no more; and that TIONS, which have been recent.is very cheap. A hog, a year old, ly burned in the North, were, the not worth more than 40s. The newspapers tell us, set on fire by farmers are in a devilish fright! poachers! Indeed! But, what is It is touch and go with them now. a poacher? For that is a quesIn short, it is only by a merciless tion worth asking. Why, a poacher