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at defiance, and we are living in ticular class of persons; a thing, a state of Tyranny: for Tyranny that no government ever did beis that state of things, in which fore, and a thing which no wise men are, when they are compelled government ever did, or ever will to obey those, who, themselves, do. But, the fact is, that, before set the law at defiance. a government can come to think of such miserable tricks as this, it must be nearly "done up." It can have no firm and natural resources to rely on. It is, like an insolvent tradesman, driven to all sorts of tricks; and its calculations are not, how it shall collect taxes and how it shall pay its way; but, how it shall get along, with all the usual forms, and with very little of the reality, of either receipts or payments.
Taking this view of the matter, we see, at once, how monstrous it is, for any Town or any County to call upon the Government to grant, out of the general taxes, money for affording that relief which ought to come out of the Parochial Assessments. To mention such a thing, to think of such a thing, seems to say, that we have come to that pass, that the settled law of the land is no longer to be attended to. To propose such a measure is not only impudent, but it is foolish in the extreme. It would be just as reasonable and as right for the government to take money out of the taxes to assist private persons, or partnerships, whose affairs are going wrong; and, monstrous as the thought of this is, PITT actually did it in the case of BoYD and BENFIELD. Indeed, it was in part, done in 1793 and 1811, in the Exchequer Bill Loans to merchants and manufacturers. This was not an absolute gift; there was repayment; but, it was an employment of the public wealth for the benefit of a par-" preferable to throwing the whole
Those who talk of "government grants" to relieve the people; those who talk thus, like a silly, dull, pompous fellow of the name of TAYLOR, who is editor of the Manchester Guardian, and who, in his paper of the 1st of July last, is so obliging as to tell us, almost in so many words, that he "is a gentleman and a man of honour"; this fellow, who was Wood's 'negotiator with CoLQUITT and BARRIE, and who knew, by instinct, that Wood had never said what hundreds of persons can swear they heard him say; those who, like this great conceited ass, talk about " a government grant" being
"of the population upon the poor-"we consider the subject, the "rates, and breaking down their "more decidedly we are con"independence"; those who, like "vinced that a contribution from this great, sappy-headed fellow," the public funds is less objectalk thus, with all the unconcern “tionable than the system of asimaginable; these people never "sessments in aid would be found, stop to think of the consequence "if carried to an extent sufficient of the attempt to put their advice" to meet the difficulty." into-execution. This Taylor says, Oh!"the more WE consider"! "There have, during the past A pretty fellow to "consider" ! "week, been various observations And thus, without more ceremony, "in the London papers respect- to settle the matter, that a grant "ing the call which has been from the general taxes is better, "made on government, to come is "less objectionable than the "forward with a grant of public" system of assessments in aid." “money for the relief of the des"titute poor in the manufacturing "districts; and it seems to be al"most generally admitted, that "unless commercial affairs very "speedily and decidedly improve, "some such measure must be "adopted. The proposition, of "course, is not free from objec❝tions; and its details would ob"viously require attentive consi"deration and great care, both in "order to secure the most effec"tive and economical adminis-" instructor." To the follies, the "tration of the fund, and to pre- lies, the slanders, and the praises, "vent its being applied as the put forth by this "Instructor," "poor-rates have been in some of the country owes no small part of "the agricultural counties; and its present miseries. It is the "as there is no little danger of taxes, and the paper-money, and "their being in this manufacturing the consequent Corn Bills that "one, in part payment of the "wages of labour. But the more
There is a fellow for you! There is a conceited ass! He thinks that he has found out something better, or less bad, than the poor rates, which have existed three hundred years! This fellow is a pretty "WE" to settle a matter like this; and to determine, that the safe, sure, efficient, and allpervading mode of relief is a bad mode. Here we have a pretty fair specimen of the capacity and the character of the "best public
produce the mischief; but you never hear the asses of the “In
structor" call for a removal of remove from an idiot, talks of a these causes. Oh, no! that" remedy from a repeal of the would not suit them. The Corn Usury-laws!" A pretty instructor! Bill is the fruit of the taxes, the Then he talks of the Corn-laws. taxes the fruit of the paper-system; Aye, here is something to be sure; and, put an end to the paper-but, what a pretty fellow this must system, and, in a month, this be, to complain of the Corn-laws very TAYLOR comes for a bite (which are made for the benefit of from those poor-rates which he the landlords), and, in the very now thinks "objectionable." same breath, call for grants out of The "INSTRUCTOR" depends the taxes, the only effect of which on the paper-system, mind that would be to ease the poor-rates, and this the monster, stupid as it which those landlords have to pay. is, perceives from instinct. The The landlords are sometimes printers are suffering as well as laughed at, as foolish fellows; the weavers. It is said, that 1,500 but, it is only by those who do are now out of employment in the not know them. When I call WEN alone; and, there is no them "Jolterheads," I do not doubt, that the sale of newspapers mean that they are unknowing in has already fallen off very much. their own interests, as far as reThe Stamp-office could tell a lates to grasping and holding fast. pretty tale about this matter! They are, in this respect, clever What, then, would sappy-headed as foxes or monkeys. They, above "man-of-honour," TAYLOR, have all men, are for " government a grant of public money for the grants;" for, this would keep the printers out of employ? Would poor away from the rates; that is he have a grant for the purpose of to say, away from the purses of upholding the "manufacture" of the landlords. It is curious to see broad sheets? Why not? Par- the tricks that they are playing ticularly as this is "the best possi-off, in order to obtain such grants. ble public instructor?" Surely In Scotland they are setting the we ought to have a grant for this poor to meet and to petition on purpose! What a pity it is, that the subject; they are thrusting a "gentleman and man of ho- these forward, in order to get nour" should be such a ninny! from out of the taxes that relief which ought to come out of the pockets of the landlords. This is
This stupid beast, TAYLOR, who really does seem to be only one
as pretty a trick as ever was played" they have behaved themselves off; and it is very well worthy of" with prudence and propriety, the ingenuity of the Jolterheads." and borne their privations with It is a happy illustration of that" fortitude. They have suffered low cunning, and of that selfish-" as much as human nature can ness for which they are so famous." endure."
This is pretty impudent; but this impudent fellow will learn, before it is over, that he is not to talk in this manner with impunity. It was by no means wise in him
At the county meeting of Dumbarton, which was called by Sir Archibald Campbell, the Duke of Montrose, and some others, and the report of which meeting I find in the Glasgow Chronicle, this Sir to revive the recollections, the Archibald Campbell is reported bloody recollections, of the year to have said, that " He was against 1820. He would have done well “assessments, such as prevailed to avoid every thing of that sort; "in the neighbouring kingdom; and that he will know one of these "they had been complained of days. In the mean while, he has "there, and for that reason he a dislike to "assessments such as was against their introduction“ prevail in the neighbouring "into the county of Dumbarton." kingdom." I dare say he has, "They would recollect that great I will engage that he has, a very "distress existed about six years great dislike to such assessments; age, and the conduct of the suf- and the Irish landlords have just 'ferers was very different from the same sort of dislike; and all "what it is now. They all recol- people have a dislike, to be sure, "lected of what was called the to pay what they owe; or rather, "radical war. At that time they to give up that which they ought "wanted, by menace, parade, not to keep. But these Scotch "and a show of force, to compel Landlords seem to be aware, that "the gentlemen to assist them, it is quite impossible that they " and their conduct was such, that should keep their lands and "it was impossible to relieve them "and entertain a proper respect "for the constitution. Their con"duct is very different on the pre
houses and property, unless the people get food in some way or another. There is no law like that in England, which is efficient
sent occasion. Being no longer for the relief of the poor; but, "misled by designing persons, there is the law of nature; and
the Scotch are not made of stuff" have hitherto been silent on that to lie down in silence. Nobody subject. And that the statewill persuade them, that it is their "ments in the petition should be duty, either as subjects or as "confined entirely to their preChristians, to lie down and die" sent miserable condition, and with hunger, while there is plenty "the inadequaey of the relief of food in the land: and, how they at present receive, for the dare these landlords of Scotland" support of human beings; likelook the world in the face, while " wise, that the prayer should be they declare, that "the people" for nothing but a grant from "have suffered as much as hu- government, to enable them to "man nature can endure; " and "meet the inclemency of the while they, the landlords, have a "coming winter. On a show of law in force to prevent the impor-hands being taken, the meeting tation of food! How can these "agreed unanimously that the landlords look the world in the "above propositions should form face, while such are their declara-"the basis of their petition; and tions and such their deeds. "that they should meet in the In the same Glasgow paper, is "same place on the evening of the following most curious ac- "Monday next, for the purpose count of a meeting of the "Ope- " of forwarding the measure, when ratives." The account is in the" the proceedings at the county following words: "A meeting of " meeting on Thursday, would operatives was held in the Uni- « give them a better idea how to "tarian meeting-house, Paisley," act.' "on Monday evening, to take into Here is a pretty story! These "consideration the propriety of poor fellows. have, you see, been petitioning the King on their thrusted forward by the landpresent distress. Some discus-lords! The landlords hold them "sion took place on the purport up as a terror to the Government. "of the petition, when the greater The poor fellows are not to say i part of the speakers were of any thing about the CAUSE of opinion, that it should by no means enter into the cause of the present distress, or the pointing "out of any remedy; but leave "that wholly to those classes who
distress; nor are they to point out any REMEDY; but are to leave those to their betters. Their pe tition is "to be confined entirely "to their present miserable con