« PoprzedniaDalej »
the government collects more mo- nor sense in what they say. Most
ney than it wants for present purposes; or that it would be adviseable for it to collect more money than it now collects? You certainly wrote this after dinner, Mr. THWAITES.
of them are constantly looking out for the popular persuasion, or opinion of the day; and, then, when they think they have discovered it, they follow it, and sell foolish, or very shallow people,
In the mean time, we would ear-their own erroneous opinions! nestly implore such of our sufferingThus the public is kept blunder
artizans as these observations may
reach, to be upon their guard against ing along from error to error; and those incendiaries who, would betray thus we get deeper and deeper in them into excesses which can only
increase their own immediate misery, embarrassments and distress. and with it the means of diminishing
What "incendiaries," Mr. MANCHESTER AFFAIRS. THWAITES? Have you got the names of any of them? Sad luck THE Morning Chronicle, of tofor you, not to be able to get up day (Thursday) says: "We have a rebellion, nor even a riot! But, "received the following commuwhy should the "artizans" be on "nication from our Manchester their guard against "incendia-" Correspondent. Our readers ries," who would lead them into" will see that the unemployed 66 excesses," if these excesses" "population of Manchester and would, as you say they would," the neighbourhood cannot be "increase the means of diminish-" maintained many days longer ing their own immediate misery?"" without the aid of the Poors' What strange "excesses these "Rates. The feeling seems to "incendiaries" must lead people be, that it is impossible to go on into! Excesses which increase the "longer with subscriptions. This misery; and which, at the same" is a momentous revolution." time, increase the means of diminishing the misery!
What! "Momentous revolution"! What, then, would you have the people die, lie down and die? Indeed they will not. "Revo
Such, reader, is the rubbishy stuff which proceeds from Mr. BROUGHAM'S "best possible pub-lution" is it! Why, a great part lic instructor." The writers seem, of my business in the North, was half their time, as if they were to place well in the minds of the drunk. There is neither reason people, that they had a right to
Funds." As it was notified that the
the land, as far as was necessary | poor, was held yesterday at the into keep them from suffering from stance of the Boroughreeve, "For want. In every town, where I the purpose of taking into considespoke to the people, I told them ration the very reduced state of the to be prepared for still worse trade Sub-Committee would present their and lower wages; but I told them, Seventh Report, and great interest in every town, to go to the land; was naturally excited by the importI told them that the law gave them ance of the subject, they were called the land, as far as was necessary together to consider, the attendance to their sustenance. I told them of the Members of the General that it was their duty to work and port having been read, the BoroughCommittee was numerous. The Remaintain themselves, if they could get wages sufficient for that pur- proposition to submit to the Comreeve was asked, whether he had any. pose; but, if they could not, the mittee?-He stated that he had not; law ordered it so that they were but that he had decmed it adviseable to have a maintenance out of the to convene them, in order to learn land; and if the lands of their own their opinion as to the course that parishes were not sufficient, the ought to be followed, for the purpose lands of the surrounding parishes; of replenishing their funds. Some and if they were not sufficient, members of the Committee expressthen the lands of the whole county; making any further efforts to mained their doubts as to the propriety of for that the laws of England, tain the unemployed work-people by founded on natural right and on public charity. The Poors' Rate was, the laws of God, commanded that in their judgment, the proper fund to no man should starve in the midst which application should at once be of plenty. But this Scotchman made. The distress was not likely calls it a momentous revolution soon to cease, and it was hopeless, for the people to appeal to this they thought, to attempt to raise. law; this best of all the laws of and the supplies from the meanother subscription in this town, the country. Let us now, how-tropolis would be quite insuffi-' ever, have a look at this account cient to continue beyond a few from Manchester, in which we weeks, the distributions now makshall see our own and vigilant ing by the Sub-Committee. friend, the famous " Borough reeve," engaged in other matter than that of interfering" on the subject of my intended speeches. The following is the account.
Manchester, Tuesday Evening. This is the great market-day for the manufacturers in this neighbourhood. The transactions to-day have been unusually few in number, and at much reduced prices. This is the natural progression, until, by some means, the demand for goods can be considerably increased. A Meeting of the General Committee of the Local Fund, for the relief of the
the other hand, it was strongly urged, that the object for which they had instituted the local fund, viz., to save pauperism those who have, by the from the permanent degradation of circumstances of the times, been. thrown out of employment, was. worthy of another struggle before it. was wholly abandoned, and that an appeal should therefore be made to the Metropolitan Committee, from whom it was remarked, as a just ground of complaint, that only two thousand pounds had yet been received for the relief of the people of Manchester, though, when the subscription was opened at the City of London Tavern, it was evident from
their immediate attention to this dis
the speeches made on the occasion, and they have got the Borough. that the sufferings of this district reeve there all the while, the fa constituted the chief motive to the mous boroughreeve, and Lavender, undertaking. A few Members of the the late London thief-taker along Committee were disposed to try the with him! What, then, thought experiment of another subscription in this town, but the general opinion they can interfere in order to pre seemed to be against the attempt. vent a man from coming into their A motion was then made, that a de- town; though they can get horse, putation should be appointed to proceed foot and artillery ready, sufficient to London, and confer with the Me- to resist a tolerable army; though tropolitan Committee on the subject, they can do this, in order to preBy this means only it was contended vent William Cobbett from.com. that proper attention could be ohtained to the urgent claims of the ing into their town, though he has vast multitude who are dependent a perfect right to come there; upon public charity for their daily though they have no law to authosupport. When this motion had rize them to interfere with him ; been some time under consideration, though they can do all this, and. it was stated that the local Com- though they could, only the other mittee of Correspondence had, on day, send word to me that they Thursday last, addressed a letter to should interfere, if they appre the London Committee, soliciting hended any tendency to a breach trict; and it was therefore finally of the peace from my speaking; agreed to adjourn the further consi-though they had power to do these deration of the motion till an answer things, they have not, it seems should be received to this letter. A had power to prevent twenty-nine calculation has been made respecting out of eighty cotton-mills from the industry of this town, from being stopped, eleven more pretty which it results, that of about eighty nearly stopped, thus taking fortycotton mills, which, as nearly as may away out of the eighty that there be, is the number within what is usually considered to be Manchester, are in this hell-hole, Manchester. 29 are at this moment quite idle, and Oh, no: the boroughreeve and 11 others are employed on what is Lavender can keep Cobbett silent called short time; that is to say, the at Manchester; but they cannot, labour within them is so abridged, I thank God Almighty, silence that the spinners work in some the thirty thousand people, who mills at the rate of five days a have been deprived, as they now week; in others, not exceeding two. tell us, of the ability of earning The total number of persons who are thus deprived of the ability of their subsistence! Let these poor earning their subsistence cannot be people recollect, that if the advice less than 30,000. It would not be of William Cobbett had been foldifficult, in this way, to account for lowed; that if the reformers had the multitudes who are in danger of been listened to in 1817 and 1819; perishing for want in this neighbour- that if the advice of that man hood. The stagnation of the cotton whom the boroughreeve threattrade has taken from half the popu- ened to interfere with had been lation their ordinary means living. followed, there would have been.. no need of these miserable sub scriptions to save the lives of a starving people.
Indeed! Surely! What half the population of Manchester have lost their ordinary means of living;
Thus, then, we come round to
old times and to causes. We tocrats, seeing the ultimate conshall have plenty of opportunities sequences of reform, may have of talking of these, however; and some reason to object: but for the let me now give the people of pro- Cotton Lords; for the men of perty in Manchester and through-mere mercantile property; for out Lancashire one piece of ad-these men who must see a reform vice. They will be too proud and of the Parliament or be beggars; obstinate to take it very likely; for these to remain quiet and but I will give it them, neverthe- stand aloof from the people, till less; and, let them remember they are absolutely marched into that I tell them, that UNDER the work-house, this is astonishHEAVEN THERE IS NO ing, indeed: astonishing, indeed, OTHER WAY IN WHICH that, out of mere, empty, stupid THEY CAN SAVE THEIR enmity to me and to the rest of PROPERTY. My advice is the reformers, they should bethis, that they immediately call a come beggars; that they should general meeting of the people of go fast into the work-house, and Manchester, for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety of presenting a petition to His Majesty, humbly beseeching His Majesty, "that he will be graciously pleased to exert his "royal prerogatives and authority "in such a way as shall tend to produce a reform of the Par"liament, and as shall, with all
possible speed, cause an im"portation of foreign food of "every sort, free from all obsta"cle and from every species of "tax." Let them do this, and they need no longer pester themselves about sending deputations to confer with the metropolitan 'committee; for, I would stake my existence upon the issue, that relief and efficient relief would find its way to them in some shape or another, within ten days from the date of their meeting: nay (though they would be fools to trust to it) I should not wonder if they were to get something of relief in consequence of my giving them this advice! However, never will the people of property of that county have relief, except they follow this advice of mine. The old fusty aris
then sink into the grave under the curses of their own children. However, I have pointed out the way for them to save themselves and their families; and if they have not a mind to follow my advice, let the "Boroughreeve" send them to the poor-house!
POOR MAN'S FRIEND.
I SHALL SOON have for sale, at my shop, No. 183, Fleet-street, the first Number of a little Work, under the above title. I intend it to contain about six Numbers, at Two-pence a Number, to be published Monthly. I intend it to be the Companion of the Working Classes, giving them useful INFORMATION and ADVICE, adapted to their present difficult situation; and especially I intend it as the means of teaching them how To AVOID SUFFERING FROM HUNGER! I intend to explain clearly to them their rights and their duties.Applications from the country should be made without delay.
Friday, July 21.-The supplies of Grain this week have been moderate. Prime parcels of Wheat are very
I shall give one copy of each Number to every working family in Preston, as a mark of my gratitude for their great kindness to-scarce, and rather dearer than Monwards me, and also as a mark of day; in other qualities there is my admiration of their sense and and Beans remain dull at Monday's scarcely any business doing.. Barley their public spirit.-The First rates. Number will be published on the are held at higher prices, but the Pease look upward. Oats First of August, and the othe sales that were made did not exceed Numbers on the First of every last quotations. succeeding Month. Six AcTs will not let me publish in the middle of a Month.
moderate arrivals of Grain and Flour Monday, July 24.-There were last week, and this morning there are fair quantities of Corn fresh in from various parts. The little fine Wheat that appeared commanded early attention from our Millers, and obtained an advance of full 28. per quarter on the terms of this day through-se'nnight; but all other qualities are end-demand for any of the liberated still heavy of disposal, and very little foreign Wheat, except the primest Dantzic parcels.
Average Prices of CO RN