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I say, cannot the "authorities;" present punishment, they remind the thundering "authorities" of us of the former praise. They Manchester, of the Hell Hole, complain of their sufferings, and, cannot they save these Lords and by their folly, show the world that Ladies, these Lady Janes of the they deserve them. spindle; these Lord Charleses of They can now ask, "What is the loom; cannot they, cannot "to be done? What is to be the big "authorities," that these" done? How long are we to sufCotton Nobility have so often em- "fer? Shall we suffer without ployed against us Reformers;" repining? shall we suffer in sicannot these "authorities" save "lence? shall we go down withthe noble race from the work-out remonstrating shall not house! "the bread be made cheaper? "shall not the taxes be made
In the third of the above paragraphs, this infamous Manchester" lower?" We asked these quesnewspaper observes, that the Man- tions in 1817 and 1819, and these chester nobility have" often been very men called for dungeons "the theme of Ministerial and and chains, and axes and halters "Parliamentary eulogium." Yes, for us; and they were thanked the vagabonds, they have; they for chopping us down, and tramhave been the theme of the eulo- pling us under foot. gium of the Ministers and the Par- But, let us see what their comliament, and never so loudly were plaint against the Government they praised by the Ministers and amounts to. Their complaint, or the Parliament, as they were, rather their complaints, are these: when they chopped down poor and that the Government, by raising unarmed men, women, and chil- the value of money, has caused a dren, on the 16th August, 1819! fall of prices of goods, that, by And, God Almighty, how just art keeping a Corn Bill in force, it. thou! Let the half-godless Uni- does not suffer food to fall in tarians, who circulated Carlile's price, in proportion to the fall in blasphemies at Preston, (first cut- goods; that, by preventing corn ting off his name, however,) let from being brought in, it takes these, half Jews and half Chris-away the means of foreigners from tians, look at the scene now before buying our goods; that, thus the us. Here are these Manchester manufacturing people are ruined; tyrants, at the very moment that that they are thus sacrificed for they are boasting of the praises the sole benefit of the owners of bestowed upon them for their the land. Now, Cotton Lords, hellish deeds, complaining of the this is all true; but it is not truer sufferings inflicted on them by than were our allegations against those who thus praise them! If this the Government in 1817 and be not signal justice, never was 1819. You say, my Lords, (who there signal justice in this world. are just going to the workhouse), The very same men that praised that these laws, about the corn, them for their deeds of the six-are at " variance with every printeenth of August, are now punish-ciple of policy and justice, and ing them; and, what is more, every feeling of humanity." All while they are complaining of the true, my Lords. Every word of it
true; but, when in another place, single straw, whether you take you call these "execrable laws," my advice or not; whether your I am not bold enough to follow sufferings end in three months you; seeing that that Parliament, time, or last for seven years. under which you enjoyed so Snakes, adders, toads, snails, "many blessings," might lay me slugs, earwigs, any beast or repby the heels, in the first place; tile is as much an object of my and, secondly, might banish me regard as you are. You saw the for life. I cannot, like you, call people chopped down and tramthese "execrable laws;" but, pled under foot on the 16th of with the exception of your si- August; you saw the perpetralence with regard to the reduction tors thanked by Sidmouth; you of establishments and of interest saw Parson HAY get a great livof debt, I cordially agree with ing soon after that. If you did you, as to this question of corn; not approve of all this, you were though, I must confess, that I am silent under it all. You can now almost frightened by the close of cry out, for yourselves; but not your second paragraph, where even a whisper did you utter for you declare, that, unless the the injured Reformers. Therecorn laws be repealed, and that, fore, I have no sort of compassion "at no distant period, the poor for you: I do not care what be"will TAKE THE FOOD, comes of you, or of your families: "which they cannot, by other there are, doubtless, many excepobtain; that it is use- tions, and I know of a few; but "less to blink the question; for in speaking of you, I must speak "that the people of England will of the mass; and that mass has "not starve.' done more to uphold this Ministry, and this Parliament; it has done more than all the rest of the nation put together in upholding them, in the commission of that series of deeds, which have, at last, produced the very measures, by which you, this great mass of rich men, have been ruined.
This is bold work, indeed, my Lords! To say that the people will take the food, "unless the corn laws be repealed," is pretty bold. Are you not afraid of LAVENDER and GRIMSHAW, and of Parsons HAY and WHITTAKER, and of HULTON of Hulton, and Bolton FLETCHER? Do not get into a passion, my Lords. Keep yourselves a little cool: keep, if you can, under the eighty-four degrees. Do not cry out too loudly, just yet; for you have hardly, as yet, begun to taste of your sorrows. I said, at the outset of this letter, that I would give you, my Lords of the spindle, a little wholesome advice, and I am now about to keep my word. Before you proceed further, you will observe, that I do not care one
Therefore, again I say, I do not care what becomes of you; but, I will tell you what to do, if you have the spirit to do any thing to preserve you from your present misery, and your greater danger. You complain of the Corn Laws; of the "execrable" Corn Laws. Very well, now; doubtless this is one cause of your ruin; and if the present state of the currency remain, and these Corn Laws be not removed, one of your great Hells upon earth,
with a thousand windows and fifty (them. They must, therefore, thousand spindles and a thousand shut foreign Corn out, or lay a looms, will not, in a few years' heavy tax upon it. time, sell for as much as would keep any ordinary family from the work house for life. But, how are you to get rid of the Corn Laws? You cannot get rid of them, without getting them repealed. And how are you to get them repealed by the same men that passed them? And who are these men? Why, there are two houses of them: one is filled with Lords: and the other is more, a great deal more than half filled, with Lords' sons, brothers, uncles, cousins, relations and connexions. In short, there is the Petition now lying before the House of Commons, presented to it by Lord GREY, when he was Mr. GREY, which Petition tells the whole story. It states that the Lords put, at their own pleasure, more than a majority into the Lower House: it states, in short, that one was the House of Lords, and the other the Lords' House. They might have been called the House of Landlords, and the other the Landlords' House. It is nonsense; it is to be a brute beast, to suppose that men will not take care of themselves. These Landlords have the far greater part of the regiments and the ships, and the pensions, and the sinecures, and the church livings. They and their families have pretty nearly the whole of these. They cannot reduce the interest of the debt, without lopping off these; and, therefore, they are for paying the interest of the debt, as long as they can, or, rather, for making the nation pay it. Yet, to pay the interest of the debt without a high price for Corn, would, in fact, take their estates away from
All this is very natural. It ruins you; but what is that to me, if I be a Landlord? It rather pleases me to see your Cotton Lordship brought down. Now, then, how are you to get rid of this scourge? is not it clear that you can get rid of it only by making a change in the mode of electing those who make the laws? You endeavoured to hunt us off the face of the earth, only because we wanted to make such change: and now, just God! It is the want of this very change that is now squeezing you to death! Well, then, if you do not mean to be treated, by the Ministers and their crew, as the "Honourable" Mr. STANLEY was treated at Preston; namely, to be spitten upon, until you be as slimy as slugs; if you do not mean to deserve treatment like this at their hands, you will now, at last, before you be quite pressed out of existence, come forward and join the "WeaverBoys," in a Petition for Radical Reform. Come out, therefore; get the banner from my friends at Preston; the Radical banner; under that banner hold a meeting; the news of the Meeting will reach Whitehall; and the return post will tell you that the Ports are open. Only let the Ministers hear that the Master Manufacturers of any one Town in Lancashire have joined the workmen, in a Petition for Parliamentary Reform; let the Ministers hear that, and you are saved, and your workmen are saved, and the Landlords themselves are saved, and we are all saved from ruin, misery and convulsion.
Alas! Far too base are you, I fear, to entertain the thought of such a remedy, though duty towards your Country, towards your neighbours, towards your workpeople, towards your families; though your own safety, your own preservation from the Poor-house, points this out to you; your long habits of insolent domination over your work-people, will restrain you from thus pursuing the only means that can procure your sal
form which you have endeavour-
Thus, my friends, "WeaverBoys," I have offered these insolent men my advice; or, rather, I have told them what they must do to save themselves, without caring one straw whether they do it or not. In the meanwhile, the cause works steadily on; and we shall see the day when we shall have ample vengeance on all our eneIndeed, how is justice to be ex-mies. I believe that no one of pected from you; and what right them will escape punishment of We have seen the dehave you to ask for justice, when some sort. you are so insolently unjust your-plorable end of a great part of selves? What Boroughmonger is those miscreants, the "Merchants there who is more unjust than those and Bankers of London," who ismasters of the town of Preston, sued a declaration against us in who unblushingly turned off their 1817; we have seen the Liverpool work-people to starve because they miscreants go off like rotten sheep; voted for me? Men, who could and we now see the Cotton Nobido this; who could thus tyrannize lity beginning to tumble about over the consciences of their work-like empty barrels: if they choose people; men, who could thus con- to join us in petitioning for Redemn their workmen to the suffer- form, it is well: if not, let them ings of hunger, merely because perish; and so say you all, and, those workmen obeyed the dic-knowing that you say this, I retates of their consciences; men, who could thus violate the freedom of election, richly deserve ruin, hunger, starvation, the most agonizing of sufferings, and the most disgraceful of deaths, at the hands of Boroughmongers. Such detestable tyrants ought not to be considered as men, and, at any rate, are entitled to no compassion, suffer what they may. However, join the Reformers you must, or you will get no redress; you will go on, sinking by degrees; the weak ones will fall first; the strong ones will follow; the whole will come down, first or last and from this fate nothing can save you, but that very Re
Your faithful friend, and
ALL our tax-eaters tell us that our Government is the " envy of surrounding nations, and admiration of the world." They do this while they have their hands ramined down into our pockets. At last, however, some of us do seem to be staggered at the use of such descriptions as this, when we see that nine-tenths of the people are
covered with rags; that no small Pray, reader, look well at it. If part of them are nearly naked; you feel for your country, as you that in some parts of this glorious- ought to do, you will be enraged ly fine "empire" even the women in reality. But do not cut your go nearly naked, while our infa- throats. Leave those to cut their mous newspapers and the Minis- throats who have brought us to this ters are representing the distress pass who have brought proud of manufacturers as arising from Englishmen down to be objects of an over stock of goods; that more charity to those that were formerly than two-thirds of the people in colonists of England. This is beEngland, and more than four-fifths ing the "envy of surrounding naof them in Ireland, are without a tions, and the admiration of the second shirt; that pretty nearly a world," is it? Insolent tax-eating third part of the whole are without ruffians, how I like to thrust that shoes; that three-fourths of the boast up under their noses. But, whole are dressed, if at all, in let us hear, now, what the New rags; that nine-tenths of them are Yorkers say to our miserable siwithout curtains of any sort; tuation. without table-cloths, towels, or any The continued and almost unpaof those things which contribute to ralleled sufferings of a large portion of cleanliness; that, in short, com- the inhabitants in England, Ireland, pared with the working people in and Scotland (from causes altogether America, or even in France, our beyond their control), have induced working people (once the most several of the most respectable citicleanly and best dressed in the zens of, and British subjects in, New world,) are now a set of deplora- York and its vicinity, to call a mectble ragged beggars; that, while ing of those who may feel interested this is the case, THWAITES of the in their behalf, to devise some means, Morning Herald, and equally wise lief, and, if practicable, to rescue them or adopt some measures, for their reLord LIVERPOOL are telling us, from poverty and starvation.—A pubthat the distress of our manufac-lic meeting will, therefore, be held taring people arises from their on Monday next, at six o'clock, p. m. having made too great a quantity at Washington-Hall, to take this of goods. No, wise Lord LIVER- subject into consideration. All POOL, and foolish those who feel interested in the cause THWAITES, the distress of the of suffering humanity are respectmanufacturing people does not public journals, after relating some to attend. One of our arise from their having made too of the heart-rending scenes of dismuch goods; it arises from the tress among our fellow-men beyond people being unable to buy the the Atlantic, thus remarks:-"Now goods; and this arises from taxa- is the time for the citizens of these tion and the Corn Bill; and these United States to manifest their benearise from the want of a Parlia-volence and charity towards our sufmentary Reform. fering, starving fellow-men in England. The above remarks are intend- with provisions of various kinds, esOur country is literally overflowing ed as a sort of preface to an arti-pecially flour and we hav hundreds cle which I take from the Morning of ships ready to transportthese proChronicle, and which it has taken, visions. Why not, then start subit seems, from a New York paper. scriptions, or devise some means to