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bring to their studies minds freed
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BY SYLVANTS T24. I
ARCHITECTURE.- Onfo:) Architecture. We
Numismatic Society, Rereat Escaratisos a Pob. In its
at Gloucester-Tombs at Jeruza.em. &.
Promotions and Preferments, 15; Births and Marriages
Gresley, Bart.; Sir Fitzroy Maclean, Bart.; Rea:-Ån. SCA: Laze.
Aguilar ; Mr. M. L. Watson ; Wili Faa...
Embellished with Exterior and Interior Views of WAKEFIELD BRIDGE CHAPEL.
We have to express our sincere regret buried in the churchyard, where his friend at a mis-statement made in our last Maga- Captain Stopford raised a head-stone to zine, at p. 626, where, among the recent his memory; and after his name, age, &c. failures of leading commercial houses, the is the motto from the title to Junius's name was introduced " of an East India Letters * Stat. NOMINIS UMBRA." director, Henry Alexander, esq." This A trunk was packed up at Hungerford, and misapprehension must have arisen from directed to a sister of the said William the stoppage of the house of Lesley Alex Greatrakes at or near Cork ; and in the ander and Co. merchants, which has been * Cork Mercantile Chronicle's of April, much before the public in the newspapers, 1803, was a letter describing the contents
We have also to contradict the supposed of that trunk. I have made inquiry withdeath of the Rev. J. C. Meadows, in our out success for a copy of that paper, or if Nov, number, p. 549. It appears that the there be any relatives or immediate deRev. gentleman was married on the 14th scendants of the said Mr. Greatrakes. July (as duly recorded in p. 422 of last The communication of any hints or facts volume); and his name has been errone. relating to the private lives, property, or ously inserted among the Deaths, first in letters of either Barré or Greatrakes would the Ecclesiastical Gazette, and thence in greatly oblige Mr. Britton, who is printing other publications.
“An Élucidation of the Authorship of the “ In the Magazine for July, 1841, pp. Letters of Junius,” and is enabled to 23, 24, there is an account by A GLEANER show that the two persons above named of the family of Sancroft ; in which the were intimately concerned in the mystewriter supposes that Mr. James Sancroft of rious correspondence with “The Public Yarmouth, then lately deceased, may have Advertiser.'' been descended from Dr. Wm. Sancroft, If any of our readers will point out at Master of Emanuel coll. Camb, who died what period the Sovereigns ceased to exin 1637. This, however, could not have ercise their ecclesiastical patronage without been the case; for it appears from the the advice of their Ecclesiastical Council, court books of the manor of Shelton Hall and in what work any account of it can in Stradbrook, Suffolk, that on the 24th be found for it is certain in former times Oct. 1637, the death of Dr. Sancroft was their political adviser did not presume to presented by the Homage, who at the interferemit will oblige a VERY OLD SUBsame time found that his brother, Francis Sancroft, esq. was his next heir, and as Finding that the Table of Mortality in such was admitted to the lands which Dr. the Metropolis given in our Magazine was S. beld of the manor. Dr. Sancroft cer capable of some improvement, we have tainly had a son William, who was six taken the opportunity afforded by the years old in 1627 ; but he, as appears commencement of a new volume to make from the above court books, must have the required change. Instead of the aggredied before his father."'-D. A. Y.
gate deaths in four weeks, the result of Can any of our readers inform us where each week will now be separately given. the letters of Dr. Bentley to Professor The weekly fluctuations will thus be more Sike, printed in vol. ix. p. 323 of Nichols's clearly indicated, and means afforded for Literary Anecdotes, are now deposited ? a comparison of the relative mortality in
Mr. BRITTON solicits information on particular seasons of the year. The inthe following subjects:-1. LIEUTENANT terest attaching to these returns during Colonel Isaac Barre. If this gentle the prevalence of epidemics, and in times man left any will ? Who were his execu: of unusual mortality, entitles them not tors, or immediate descendants ? To whom
only to temporary attention, but to the did he leave his personal and other pro advantage of being put fairly on record in perty? He left a large sum to the Mar. our pages, in which, if we mistake not, chioness Townshend. He was a violent par the consecutive details of the old bills tisan in the House of Commons from 1761 have been, since the fire at the Parish to 1784, when he retired from all public oc Clerks' Hall, almost exclusively preserved. rupution, and died in London in 1802, aged of the recent mortality some report will 76. 2. WILLIAM GHEATRAKES, who died be found under the head of Domestic News at Hungerford in Berkshire in 1781, and was in our present Number.
?re regret buried in the churchyard, where his friend ist Maga. Captain Stopford raised a head-stone to he recent his memory; and after his name, age, &c. uses, the
is the motto from the title to Junius's ist India Letters -"Stat. NOMINIS UMBRA."
This A trunk was packed up at Hungerford, and en from
directed to a sister of the said William ey Alex.
Greatrakes at or near Cork ; and in the has been “ Cork Mercantile Chronicle" of April, spapers. 1803, was a letter describing the contents upposed of that trunk. I have made inquiry with, in our out success for a copy of that paper, or if that the there be any relatives or immediate de. he 14th scendants of the said Mr. Greatrakes.
of last The communication of any hints or facts errone. relating to the private lives, property, or first in letters of either Barré or Greatrakes would ence in greatly oblige Mr. Britton, who is printing
" An Élucidation of the Authorship of the 11, pp. Letters of Junius,” and is enabled to EAVER show that the two persons above named ch the
were intimately concerned in the mystecroft of rious correspondence with “The Public y have Advertiser." croft, If any of our readers will point out at
what period the Sovereigns ceased to ex. have ercise their ecclesiastical patronage without
the advice of their Ecclesiastical Council, Hall and in what work any account of it can 24th be found-for it is certain in former times
their political adviser did not presume to - the
interfere-it will oblige a VERY OLD Subancis
Finding that the Table of Mortality in Dr. the Metropolis given in our Magazine was
capable of some improvement, we have six taken the opportunity afforded by the
commencement of a new volume to make have the required change. Instead of the aggre.
gate deaths in four weeks, the result of
The weekly fluctuations will thus be more ols's clearly indicated, and means afforded for 1 ? a comparison of the relative mortality in
particular seasons of the year. The in
terest attaching to these returns during tle- the prevalence of epidemics, and in times cu: of unusual mortality, entitles them not om only to temporary attention, but to the
advantage of being put fairly on record in ar our pages, in which, if we mistake not,
Literary and Historical Memorials of London. By J. H. J
2 vols. AS Mr. Jesse is a young author, and as we, perhaps, may cl privilege, by possessing the experience of age, of giving counsel offence to our juniors, we venture to observe, in the first place, that works as the present extreme accuracy is as necessary as in books of when dealing with particulars, with dates, nunubers, places, times; so once curiosity may be excited by the interest of the anecdote, and co secured by the fidelity of the narrative.* Secondly, such books present should be as brief and compact as possible : we therefore in edition advise all the quotations from Horace Walpole, Shakspere, familiar and well-known anecdotes, to be altogether omitted ; in tł way we speak of the History of Westminster Abbey and the Ta much of which we have lately had in full detail in the popular p Miss Strickland and others, as for instance the narrative of Anne I trial and condemnation, and of the Scotch lords. Thirdly, we cou that Mr. Jesse's opinions on the character of some persons whı before him were expressed in more careful and modified languag with something of a softer and kinder feeling to their memory historian like Tacitus or Clarendon may be called on to support the of history, and to vindicate the majesty of truth, by painting in strong the character of those who have disturbed the peace or injured the ha of society by immoral or criminal conduct. It is perhaps a nec but must be a most painful part of their duty, and such as no go generous mind could dwell on with delight ; but in books of light lit like the present no such afflicting task is required of the writer: we fore hope in another edition to see such terms as “ the voluptuary ( the Fourth ;" “the Butcher of Culloden," + applied to the Duke of
the consecutive details of the old bills 61 have been, since the fire at the Parish
Clerks' Hall, almost exclusively preserved. ed Of the recent mortality some report will ed be found under the head of Domestic News as
in our present Number.
* We see some of the errors of these volumes pointed out in the Athenæun 21st) by some one well acquainted with his subject.—Rev.
+ “ His Royal Highness had strong parts, great military abilities, undoubte rage, and had gained the victory of Culloden, which saved this country. } popularity ended with the Rebellion : bis services were immediately forgot, became the object of fear and jealousy. As I had opportunities of knowing will risk my opinion concerning him, endeavouring, as far as I am able, to avo tiality. His Royal Highness's judgment would be equal to his parts were it i much guided by his passions, which are often violent and ungovernable. He! lities to perform things which are difficult, but sometimes loves an impossibilit bis military capacity he appears greatly superior to any man in this country ; have frequently wished that he had confined himself to that department, without ing into party disputes, or interfering in the affairs of civil government--the which is below his dignity, and for the latter he is not qualified. His noti honour and generosity are worthy of a prince. That he is ambitious is not doubted; and bad his Majesty died during the Prince of Wales' minority, he
berland; the allusion to “the Duke of York being regretted by no one but his creditors," * and many others, altogether omitted at the suggestion of a kinder feeling and an improved taste. It is a good rule in writing never to be violent without warmth, or strained without power.f Lastly, we should recommend some improvement as relates to the subject-matter ; too great a space, we think, is filled with allusions to those over whose lesser frailties, or more repulsive crimes, the veil of oblivion might be more wisely drawn, Let Mr. Jesse infuse some richer and nobler blood into the veins of his living portraiture. Let us have more of the statesman, and the scholar, and the soldier; and less of the courtezan, the actress, and the mistress, with their train of profligate paramours, and thoughtless admirers. Let George the First's “ hideous seraglio of German prostitutes be covered from observation with the decent veil of silence; and among the rest let Nell Gwynne, who has so provokingly, and pertinaciously, and perpetually, kept herself in our presence, repose where we are so glad at last to find her laid, in the churchyard of St. Martin's, whence we trust neither in body or in spirit will she be again evoked into the upper air. It seems something like cruelty to call up the spectres of long-committed crimes to rise, and sbriek, and gibber over the graves of the poor deluded victims below, who, if they still retain any sense of mortality, or are permitted to see the "shadows of their former life” pass in review before them, must be now weeping in anguish, and bitterness, and repentance, and mourning over the possession of those fatal gifts once too fondly loved, too unwisely used, and too reluctantly resigned. I Such an alteration, we are sure, will give a more manly and better tone to these pages, and such as will be approved by all whose good opinion is worth possessing. Mr. Jesse has entitled his volumes literary and historical ; but as a general remark, and without any allusion whatever to him (of whom we have reason to believe far better things), we may say that neither literature nor history will be improved by mixing up with their solid and splendid materials the tinsel and varnish from the wardrobe of the theatre, the ball-room, or
most reasonably bave expected to have become the young King's general; or if he could have formed a party in Parliament strong enough to have repealed the Act of Regency, the Princess of Wales's authority might bave suffered great diminution. But that he had even the most distant design of a more criminal nature that he meant anything hurtful to his nephew, or dangerous to the public--the insinuation was base and villainous."-" The severe treatment of Scotland after the defeat of the rebels was imputed to his cruel and sanguinary disposition. All his good qualities are overlooked, -all his faults are aggravated. False facts are advanced against him, and false conclusions drawn from them ; whilst the late Prince of Wales gave too much countenance to the most malignant and groundless accusations, by sbewing favour to every inan who aspersed his brother's character,” &c. This is the language of a contemporary, and of a good and upright man, a statesman, and a minister. Rev.
We believe that no prince ever left behind him a band of friends more respectable in themselves, and more attached to him, than the late Duke of York. We speak thus from knowledge.-Rev.
of We hope the following paragraph will be omitted in the next edition :--- Sprat, Dean of Westminster, a churchman whose fortune had been made by being admitted to the profligata parties of Charles the Second." And this man was the friend of the good and virtuous Cowley!!-Rev.
There are at p. 136 of Vol. I. a few words which, of course, are only intended for a joke, but which at first made us look a little grave. “ To decapitate a monarch, or to hang a demagogue once or twice in a century, may perhaps be for the general advantage of mankind." We must take this, as it is probably intended, to be in Swift's vein of humour, and as a mixture of grave irony, of the ridiculum acri," in which that great and singular inan loved to indulge.--Rev.
to “ the Duke of York being regretted by no one nd many others, altogether omitted at the suggestion nd an improved taste. It is a good rule in writing thout warmth, or strained without power.f Lastly,
some improvement as relates to the subject-matter ; hink, is filled with allusions to those over whose lesser sive crimes, the veil of oblivion might be more wisely e infuse some richer and nobler blood into the veins ure. Let us have more of the statesman, and the er; and less of the courtezan, the actress, and the rain of profligate paramours, and thoughtless ad.
the First's “ hideous seraglio of German prostim observation with the decent veil of silence; and ell Gwynne, who has so provokingly, and pertina-, kept herself in our presence, repose where we are her laid, in the churchyard of St. Martin's, whence
or in spirit will she be again evoked into the upper g like cruelty to call up the spectres of long-comend shriek, and gibber over the graves of the poor who, if they still retain any sense of mortality, or -shadows of their former life" pass in review before ing in anguish, and bitterness, and repentance, and ession of those fatal gifts once too fondly loved, too -eluctantly resigned. Such an alteration, we are anly and better tone to these pages, and such as
the bagnio. We do not want to be acquainted with persons
who were passed, without dignity, without duty, and even without decer men are profligate and women licentious, do not recall them to unless upon necessity, and, above all, be always mindful that th annexation of a word of dispraise to their names, does not degree remove the mischief of having made them known for the fi to some, and recalled them to the unwilling recollection of other trust that we never shall be found among those who would use guage of unkindness or reproach towards them whose lives har shaded by too dark an error, or who have squandered in thoughtle digality those rare and precious gifts, whether of person or of mind Nature has reserved for her few and favourite children; but, at th time, we have no desire unnecessarily to recall the half forgotten h of guilty love, or to mix up with graver and weightier subjects an too often repeated, and too gracefully told, of the fatal caresses and tive fascinations of venal beauty. Let us endeavour to confine t shameless and slanderous pages as those of Grammont or Grim pictures of profligate courtiers and their criminal paramours, wit] wish to unveil the dark and loathsome recesses of their private live if the justice of history ever calls them to her public tribunal, let us tion them in the language they deserve, in spite of all the boasted of their persons, and the enchanting allurements of their address. E us seek in the Recollections of London materials of a higher and kind. Let us find in the lives of the unblemished patriot, the uncor statesman, the devoted soldier, and the patient and unwearied schola the purity of the bishop's lawn, and the unspotted honour of the j ermine,-better subjects for the instruction and delight of the public Let us endeavour to do justice to those who, by well-directed labou honourable ambition, have raised themselves from the obscurity of birth, and found in their professional success the best acknowledgme their merit; or of those who, showing themselves worthy of the anc honours they have inherited, have added to their rich and embla scutcheon an additional trophy of renown. The history of an ancien august Metropolis, like ours, must be written in a manner consistent the importance of the materials and the dignity of the subject; kept fully apart from all that lower species of composition which deligh romantic adventures, frivolous details, fantastic humours, and fatal intri It must occasionally assume even a loftier and severer tone; for it h relate high records of as honourable ambition, patient courage, suffvirtue, and Christian self-denial as ever adorned and ennobled the a of a country; and we must no more permit the amours of the lewd the licentious to be found mingled with the statesman's dignity or matron's virtue in the same page of history, than we would let them in with their polluting presence those sanctities of domestic intercourse w are so wisely, so tenderly, and so judiciously guarded, as the home o the gentler virtues, and the safe and honoured asylum for the protectio the pure, the duteous, and the good.
We will also observe that, widely spread as is the current of mo literature, and numerous are the books and readers of the sent day, it is necessary for an author who wishes either to instruct amuse to send down a deep shaft for the ore he is to bring up; to reco that all the strata above have been worked over and over again ; or, to the figurative, that the common materials of history and anecdotes of
whose good opinion is worth possessing. Mr. olumes literary and historical ; but as a general у allusion whatever to him (of whom we have er things), we may say that neither literature nor y mixing up with their solid and splendid materials In the wardrobe of the theatre, the ball-room, or
d to have become the young King's general ; or if he Parliament strong enough to have repealed the Act of zales's authority might have suffered great diminution. distant design of a more criminal nature--that he meant or dangerous to the public-the insinuation was base
treatment of Scotland after the defeat of the rebels anguinary disposition. All his good qualities are overavated. False facts are advanced against him, and false
whilst the late Prince of Wales gave too much counnd groundless accusations, by shewing favour to every 's character,” &c. This is the language of a conpright man, a statesman, and a minister.-Rev. ver left behind him a band of friends more respectable to him, than the late Duke of York. We speak thus
graph will be omitted in the next edition :~" Sprat, an whose fortune had been made by being admitted es the Second.' And this man was the friend of - Rev. 1. a few words which, of course, are only intended for = look a little grave. “ To decapitate a monarch, or e in a century, may perhaps be for the general advan. - this, as it is probably intended, to be in Swift's rein rave irony, of the “ ridiculum acri,'' in which that adulge.-- Rev.