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natural or acquired powers, would y simple definition.--Much of the be any thing but acceptable prayer. war of words is a war about
Besides, as it would be very in-| words : and men might as profitdecorous and even ungenerous to ably employ their steel on windshow in a closing prayer our feel- mills. ings of dissatisfaction towards a These thoughts occurred to us, minister who has just spoken ; when reflecting on the subject of and as we might do hin the great-types, as often brought to view by est injustice by thus publickly preachers and theological writers. censuring his performance, so it || When we have been told, that would be equally indelicate to such a patriarch or Jewish saint praise him to his face, and in the was a type of Christ, or such a presence of a large congregation. rite in the old Testament, a type There is nothing good in this of some one in the New, we have practice. Its origin is not good. often found ourselves at a loss to Its appearance is not good. Its | know whether the assertion were effects are not good. Let
If by type, is minister then, at least by his own meant a thing which bears some example, discountenance the thing. reseinblance to something else, Were I in that sacred office, 1 the assertion may be very true, would not ask any one to pray at though not vastly instructive. the close of one of iny discourses, For in that case, every man is a unless there was good reason to type of Christ ; and few rites, believe, that he would not so far divinely instituted, are so entireforget the object of prayer as to ly dissimilar, as to afford no reoffer to me the unprofitable and semblance whatever to each other. noxious incense of adulation. But what may thus be made to
X. Y. prove any thing, proves nothing.
Something more, then, than a bare resemblance, between two things, is necessary to constitute one a type of the other, in the
Scripture sense. We undertake THROUGH the poverty of lan- | to say, that the resemblance must guage it happens, that there are be designed, in order to authorize few words of importance which us in making one event or characare not used in a variety of sig. ter typical of another. But the nifications. Hence it becomes
question may return upon us, how necessary, when special stress is shall we know when there is a laid on any word, to define it and designed resemblance? You inay to make known the precise shade know it, when the inspired writers of meaning attached to it by the inform you of it: and you cannot speaker or writer.
Unless this be possibly know it in any other done, it is impossible to commu-way: Here must the landmark nicate clear ideas on any moral or be fixed. Here must the line of abstract subject.
The mischief | demarkation be drawn, which is is, every man supposes he perfect-to separate the region of truth ly understands terins in common from the region of conjecture. use, when in reality he may at- | All beyond this boundary is dark tach no distinct meaning to them, and uncertain. one quite different from his
That there must be some standneighbour. Many, very many of ard to guide us on this subject, is the warın disputes in politics and evident from the discordant and religion, in morals and metaphys- endless variety of types, which ics, might be laid asleep by a are palmed upon us as scriptural.
They are varied and multiplied, | the knowledge of what is such, is according to every man's fancy. to be drawn, not from our imagiIn this way, a grievous tax is im- | nation, but from the Bible. posed on honesty and good na Now as to the examples above ture : and this tax operates as a cited, where is the evidence, that bounty upon scepticism. Many the former part of the example, are hence driven off to the ranks in each case, was designed by of infidelity. Those who handle God to be a type of the latter, the sacred oracles, are bound to land was made to exist for this do it with modesty and reverence. purpose ? They should not treat them, as is There is another necessary causometimes done, with a license, || tion: even where there are rites which would be unpardonable in the Old Testament, which are even in human compositions. designed to be typical, it does not
Thus a respectable writer makes follow that they were so underGideon's victory and Sisera's fall stood by the ancient Jews who both typical of the spiritual victo- practised them. These rites ries of the Church, because, for- were undoubtedly designed to ansooth, this victory and this over swer present important purposes throw are afterwards incidentally as well as to point to something alluded to (Isaiah ix. 4. Psalms future. It is to be observed, also, lxxxiii. 9.) as instances in which that real types are generally carriGod had afforded help to his peo|ed too far. One thing is typical of ple. The healing of Naaman, another, in a particular respect. the Syrian, and the merciful visit- But the visionary interpreter caration of the widow of Sarepta, ries the parallel throughout. Beare made by him to typify the ad cause there is a resemblance in mission of the Gentiles to the one quality, he makes a blessings of the gospel, because semblance in all. Thus a man those facts are referred to by preaching from this text—" As Christ, (Luke iv. 25–27) though Moses lifted up the serpent in the for a very different purpose. All || wilderness, even so must the Son the most eminent saints of an of Man be lifted up,” makes the cient times are made types of serpent a type of Christ, and then Christ: the histories of Cain and proceeds to show how much Christ Abel, of Jacob and Esul, of Isaac resembles a serpent! In the first and Ishmael, of Ephraim and place, there is no type here ; Manassah, are made to prefigure nothing but a comparison : and, the rejection of the Jews; and secondly, the comparison extends the fall and temporary banishment merely to the manner and deof Nebuchadnezzar, to prefigure sign of being lifted up ; i. e. for the present state of this people. healing and saving purposes. Such is a specimen of the types
[R. 1. Relig. Mess. (and these not of the more extravagant kind) which are sometimes furnished for our edification. The general fault in the cases adduced, is converting mere examples, illustrations, and resemblances, into types and antitypes.
We have lately understood, that but we have advanced the posi- it has been mentioned as a matter tion that a Scripture type is a de- of complaint against the American signed representation of some fu- Baptisi Magazine, that it contains ture character or event; and that but few records of Revivals of
REVIVALS OF RELIGION.
Religion. If we did not feel It has, indeed, sometimes been mortified that we are surrounded the case, that churches in our own by such a fault-finding world, we denomination have been blessed should be ainused with the com- | with numerous additions, and we munications which we receive, have not given a particular detail and with the remarks which we of circumstances connected with hear are made conce. ning our these events ; and for this very editorial labours. We are some-weighty reason,
that we were not times scolded for not inserting furnished with them. In some ininformation which we have nev- stances interesting narratives of er received ; and should we || the work of God have enriched the dare to borrow intelligence from columns of other religious publioùr more favoured brethren who cations, and we simply abstained send forth a weekly publication, from copying them to avoid giving then we are censured 'for making offence." We felt a reluctance to our readers pay twice for the be frequently and significantly same thing. Placed, not between told, "we have read that account two bundles of hay, but between || before." two fires, we should be extremely Our object in making these reglad if we knew how to avoid the marks, iš to leave a distinct imdifficulties to which weare exposed. I pression on the minds of our reaWe really are desirous to the ut- ders, that such articles of religious most of our abilities, of pleasing intelligence as are alluded to in all ; if we may do it in a way these remarks will receive
prompt that we think will profit all. and grateful attention. So far as
To be serious. A few explan- there may have seemed to be a atory remarks in vindication of remissness on this subject, we beg ourselves as editors, may not be leave to say, that in most instanunseasonable. We are the more ces, at least, it has been occasioned inclined to offer them because we by circumstances beyond our conknow, that the nature of this case | trol. And we do now earnestly is not understood.
request from our brethren, such If we have not altogether mis- statements of the progress of retaken the character of our own ligion in our churches throughout feelings, there is nothing which the country, as may serve to aniaffords us greater pleasure than | mate and gladden the hearts of the prosperity of the churches of the people of God. Christ. "To hear of the displays of divine grace, in the conversion of sinners, at a distance, is, to us delightful ; and to witness the working of his mighty power in
DR. ADAM CLARKE'S LETTER TO A our own Congregations, is the most gratifying recompense that attends our ministerial labours.
Under the influence of these sentiments, no articles forwarded to us, have been more readily inserted on our pages, than well au Neglect the prickles, and assume the rose. thenticated statements of Revivals of Religion. It is believed, that Messrs. Editors, no communication of this kind I have read “A letter to a preacher on was ever written and sent for our
his entrance into the work of the minMagazine, which did not receive
istry,” by Rev. Adam Clarke, LL. D
of the řethodist Connexion in Enga place there.
land, with inexpressible satisfaction.
ON THE WORK
Seize upon truth where'er 't is found,
It contains so much good sense and 10. “ Be punctual: do every sound piety, that I could wish to see thing exactly at the time: and country. Fearing that this may not be keep our rules, not for wrath, but the case, I send you the following ex. for conscience sake. Shouid they be inserted in the
6. You have nothing to do American Baptist Magazine, you may but to
save souls :
therefore, probably receive other observations equally judicious and practical, from spend, and be spent in this work: the same work.
and go always, not only to those
who want you, but to those who Concerning the Spirit in which a want you most. Minister should do his work. 12. “ It is not
to preach so many times, merely, 1. Be diligent :-never be un or to take care of this or that soemployed a moment :-never be | ciety; but to save as many souls triflingly employed :-never while as you can : to bring as many sinaway time :-neither spend any | ners as you possibly can to repenmore time at any place than is tance, and with all your power to strictly necessary.
build them up in that holiness, 2.
Be serious. Let your without which they cannot see the motto be, Holiness to the Lord. | Lord." Avoid all lightness, jesting and These rules, next to the Scripfoolish talking.
tures, will prove a lamp to your 3. "Converse sparingly and feet, and a light to your path : cautiously with women ; particu- and will at recommend larly young women.
thermselves to your judgment, your 4. " Take no step towards conscience, and
heart. marriage, without consulting with From what are terined the
66 smaller advices, relative to 5. “ Believe evil of no one ; || preaching," I shall make a short unless you see it done, take heed extract, though several of the subhow you credit it.
Put the best ljects here shall be treated more construction on every thing. You at large, in the course of this letknow, the judge is always suppos- ter. ed to be on the prisoner's side. 1. - Be sure never to disap
6. • Speak evil of no one ; | point a congregation, unless in else
your words especially, would case of life or death. eat as doth a canker : keep your 2. “ Begin and end precisely thoughts within your breast, till at the time appointed. you come to the person concern 3. “Let your deportment beed.
fore the congregation be serious, 7. “ Tell every one what you weighty and solemn. think wrong in him, and that
4. *Always suit your subject plainly, as soon as may be, else it
audience. will fester in your heart.
5. • Choose the plainest texts 8. - Do not affect the gentle- you can. man.
You have no more to do 6. 66 Take care not to ramble, with this character, than with that but keep to your text, and make of a dancing-master. A preach-out what you take in hand. er of the gospel should be the ser 7. " Be sparing in allegorivant of all.
zing, or spiritualizing. 9. * Be ashamed of nothing but 8. 6. Take care of any thing sin: not of fetching wood or draw- awkward or affected either in your ing water, if time permit: nor of gesture, phrase, or pronunciation. cleaning your own shoes, or those 9. “Sing no hymns of your of your neighbour.
10. 6 Beware of clownishness. || sition. Remember that admiraBe courteous to all.
ble advice, given by the greatest 11. “Be merciful to your preacher God ever made, to a beast; not only ride moderately, || young man just setting out in the but see that
your horse be rubbed, work: The servant of God must fed and bedded.
not strive, but be gentle towards 12
where recom- all; apt to teach ; patient: in mend cleanliness. Cleanliness is meekness instructing those who next to godliness.”
2 Tim. ii. From these excellent docu- \ 24, 25. From an indescribable ments, I forbear to make any far-| law in the economy of the intelther quotations, and come imme- lectual world, the spirit that acts diately to the general object which upon another, begets in it its own I had in view ; and to which, I likeness.—You will get a profutrust, you will, in the fear of God, sion of light on this subject, if seriously attend.
you take care to carry the Spirit Remember, God is the fountain and unction of Christ with you of all good: whatever comes from into all your publick ministrahim will lead to him. His bless- tions ; and preserve them in all ing is on his own productions, your private cominunications with and his curse
on every thing be the people. I have known minissides. Son of Man, saith the ters, and of no mean note either, Lord, receive the word at my who seldom have a soul comforted mouth, and warn them from me. under their ministry, merely beDeeply consider that, to be suc cause of their harsh, austere mancessful in bringing souls to God, ner of preaching the gospel. you must bring the spirit of the Others, far their inferiors in point gospel into the work of the minis- of ministerial qualifications, get try.—In order to this ; see that souls for their hire wherever they you retain a clear sense of God's come, principally (under God) mercy to your own soul, and of through their affectionate manner your call to the work; and while of recomiending the gospel of you feel his love in your heart, the grace of Christ. Of the former it will not only support you in it has been justly said, They all trials and difficulties, but make even the promises of God too will induce you cheerfully to hot to be held. spend and be spent for the salva 3. Beware of discouraging the tion of those for whom Christ has people ; therefore, avoid continudied.
ally finding fault with them. This 2. You preach, not merely to does very great hurt. There are explain God's word, but to save some, whose sermons impress souls : whenever you forget this, nothing but terror: and though you go astray.--Now, as no man they point out the heights and can see the worth of the salvation depths of holiness ; yet they leave which God has provided for him, the hearers no courage to follow till he be convinced of his want on to know the Lord. There are of it; therefore, preach the law || others who become Censors generand its terrors to make way for al of the different societies to the gospel of Christ crucified. || whom they preach. This (imperBut take heed, lest while you an- ceptibly to themselves) spoils their nounce the terrors of the Lord, in own tempers, begets a spirit of order to awaken sinners and pre- uncharitableness, and greatly inpare them for Christ, that you do ljures their usefulness. not give way to your own spirit, find a society fallen or falling, especially if you meet with oppo-llexamine as closely as you can to