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to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin ;9 and the threatenings of it serve to shew what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law." The promises of it, in like manner,
shew them God's approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof, although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works:t so as a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace." demned sin in the flesh; Ver. 4. That mother, (which is the first commandthe righteousness of the law might be ment with promise,) Ver. 3. That it fulfilled in us, who walk not after the may be well with thee, and thou flesh, but after the Spirit.
mayest live long on the earth. Ps. 9 James ii. 11. For he that said, Do xxxvii. 11. But the meek shall inherit not commit adultery, said also, Do not the earth; and shall delight themkill. Now, if thou commit no adul- selves in the abundance of peace. tery, yet if thou kill, thou art become With Matt. v. 5. Blessed are the meek: a transgressor of the law. Ps.cxix. 101. for they shall inherit the earth. Ps. I have refrained my feet from every xix. 11. Moreover, by them is thy ser
that I might keep thy word. vant warned: and in keeping of them Ver. 104. Through thy precepts I get there is great reward. understanding: therefore I hate every t Gal. ii
. 16. Knowing that a man is false way.
Ver. 128. Therefore I es- not justified by the works of the law, teem all thy precepts concerning all but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even things to be right; and I hate every we have believed in Jesus Christ, that
we might be justified by the faith of Ezra ix. 13. And after all that is Christ, and not by the works of the come upon us for our evil deeds, and law: for by the works of the law shall for our great trespass, seeing that thou no flesh be justified. Luke xvii. 10. our God hast punished us less than our So likewise ye, when ye shall have iniquities deserve, and hast given us done all those things which are com. such deliverance as this; Ver. 14. manded you, say, We are unprofitable Should we again þreak thy command. servants: we have done that which ments, and join in affinity with the was our duty to do. people of these abominations ? would- Rom. vi. 12. Let not sin therefore est not thou be angry with us till thou reign in your mortal body, that ye hadst consumed us, so that there should should obey it in the lusts thereof. be no remnant nor escaping ? Ps. Ver. 14. För sin shall not have dolxxxix. 30. If his children forsake my minion over you: for ye are not under law, and walk not in my judgments; the law, but under grace. 1 Pet. iii. 8. Ver
. 31. If they break my statutes, and Finally, be ye all of one mind, having keep not my commandments; Ver. 32. compassion one of another; love as Then will I visit their transgression brethren, be pitiful, be courteous: with the rod, and their iniquity with Ver. 9. Not rendering evil for evil, or stripes. Ver. 33. Nevertheless my lov- railing for railing: but contrariwise ing-kindness will I not utterly take blessing; knowing that ye are therefrom him, nor suffer my faithfulness unto called, that ye should inherit a to fail. Ver. 34. My covenant will I blessing. Ver. 10. For he that will not break, nor alter the thing that is love life, and see good days, let him gone out of my lips.
refrain his tongue from evil, and his 8 [Lev. xxvi.to the 14th verse.] With lips that they speak no guile: Ver. 11. 2 Cor. vi. 16. And what agreement hath Let him eschew evil, and do good; let the temple of God with idols ? for ye him seek peace, and ensue it. Ver. 12. are the temple of the living God; as For the eyes of the Lord are over the God hath said, I will dwell in them, righteous, and his ears are open unto and walk in them; and I will be their their prayers: but the face of the
Lord God, and they shall be my people. is against them that do evil. With Eph. vi. 2. Honour thy father and Ps. xxxiv. 12. What man is he that
VII. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it;" the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God revealed in the law requireth to be done.'
CHAP. XX.-Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience. I. THE liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the
gospel, consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral law;" and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin, from the evil of afflictions, the sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation;as also in their free desireth life, and loveth many days, all iniquity, and purify unto himself that he may see good ? Ver. 13. Keep a peculiar people, zealous of good thy tongue from evil, and thy lips works. 1 Thess. 1. 10. And to wait from speaking guile. Ver. 14. Depart for his Son from heaven, whom he from evil, and do good; seek peace, raised from the dead, even Jesus, and pursue it. Ver. 15. The eyes of which delivered us from the wrath to the Lord are upon the righteous, and come. Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath re. his ears are open unto their cry. Ver. deemed us from the curse of the law, 16. The face of the Lord is against being made a curse for us : for it is them that do evil, to cut off the re- written, Cursed is every one that inembrance of them from the earth. hangeth on a tree. Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we receiving Gal. i. 4. Who gave himself for our a kingdom which cannot be moved, let sins, that he might deliver us from us have grace, whereby we may serve this present evil world, according to God acceptably with reverence and the will of God and
our Father. Col. godly fear: Ver. 29. For our God is a i. 13. Who hath delivered us from the consuming fire.
power of darkness, and hath transVII. w Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then lated us into the kingdom of his dear against the promises of God? God for. Son. Acts xxvi. 18. To open their bid: for if there had been a law given eyes, and to turn them from darkness which could have given life, verily to light, and from the power of Satan righteousness should have been by the unto God, that they may receive forlaw.
giveness of sins, and inheritance * Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put among them which are sanctified by my Spirit within you, and
cause you faith that is in me. Rom. vi. 14. For to walk in my statutes, and ye shall sin shall not have dominion over you: keep my judgments, and do them. for ye are not under the law, but un. Heb. viii. 10. For this is the covenant der grace. that I will make with the house of o Rom. viii. 28. We know that Israel, after those days, saith the Lord; all things work together for good to I will put my laws into their mind, them that love God, to them who are and write them in their hearts; and the called according to his purpose. I will be to them a God, and they shall Ps. cxix. 71. It is good for me that I be to me a people. With Jer. xxxi. have been afflicted; that I might 33. But this shall be the covenant that learn thy statutes. 1 Cor. xv. 54. So I will make with the house of Israel; when this corruptible shall have put After those days, saith the Lord, I will on incorruption, and this mortal shall put my law in their inward parts, and have put on immortality, then shall write it in their hearts; and will be be brought to pass the saying that is their
God, and they shall be my people. written, Death is swallowed up in I. a Tit
. ii. 14. Who gave himself victory. Ver. 55. O death, where is for us, that he might redeem us from thy sting? O grave, where is thy vioaccess to God, and their yielding obedience unto him, not out of slavish fear, but a child-like love, and willing mind. All which were coinmon also to believers under the law;' but under the new testament, the liberty of Christians is further enlarged in their freedom from the yoke of the ceremonial law, to which the Jewish Church was subjected, and in greater boldness of access to the throne of grace, bo and in fuller communications of the free Spirit of God, than believers under the law did ordinarily partake of.'
II. God alone is lord of the conscience, and hath left it free from tory? Ver. 56. The sting of death is hath made us free, and be not en. sin; and the strength of sin is the law. tangled again with the yoke of bon. Ver. 57. But thanks be to God, which dage. Acts xv. 10. Now therefore giveth'us the victory, through our Lord why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon Jesus Christ. Rom. viii. 1. There is the neck of the disciples, which neither therefore now no condemnation to our fathers nor we were able to bear ? them which are in Christ Jesus, who Ver. 11. But we believe that, through walk not after the flesh, but after the the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, we Spirit.
shall be saved, even as they. a Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being justi- b Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that we fied by faith, we have peace with God, have a great high priest, that is passed through our Lord Jesus Christ: Ver. into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, 2. By whom also we have access by let us hold fast our profession. Ver. faith into this grace wherein we stand, 16. Let us therefore come boldly unto and rejoice in hope of the glory of the throne of grace, that we may obGod.
tain mercy, and find grace to help in e Rom. viii. 14. For as many as are time of need. Heb. x. 19. Having led by the Spirit of God, they are the therefore, brethren, boldness to enter sons of God. Ver. 15. For ye have into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, not received the spirit of bondage Ver. 20. By a new and living way, again to fear; but ye have received which he hath consecrated for us the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, through the vail, that is to say, his Abbá, Father. *1 John iv. 18. There flesh; Ver. 21. And having an high is no fear in love; but perfect love priest over the house of God; Ver. 22. casteth out fear: because fear hath Let us draw near with a true heart, in torment. He that feareth is not made full assurance of faith, having our perfect in love.
hearts sprinkled from an evil con? Gal. iii. 9. So then they which be science, and our bodies washed with of faith are blessed with faithful pure water. Abraham. Ver. 14. That the blessing 1 John vii. 38. He that believeth on of Abraham might come on the Gen- me, as the scripture hath said, out of tiles through Jesus Christ, that we his belly shall flow rivers of living might receive the promise of the Spirit water. Ver. 39. (But this spake ho through faith.
of the Spirit, which they that believe 8 Gal. iv. 1. Now I say, That the on him should receive: for the Holy heir, as long as he is a child, differeth Ghost was not yet given; because that pothing from a servant, though he be Jesus was not yet glorified.). 2 Cor. lord of all; Ver. 2. But is under tutors iii. 13. And not as Moses, which put and governors, until the time ap- a vail over his face, that the children pointed of the father. Ver. 3. Even of Israel could not steadfastly look to 80 we, when we were children, were the end of that which is abolished. in bondage under the elements of the Ver. 17. Now the Lord is that Spirit: world. Ver. 6. And because ye are and where the Spirit of the Lord is, sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of there is liberty: Ver. 18. But we all, his Son into your hearts, crying, Ab- with open face beholding as in a glass ba, Father. Ver. 7. Wherefore thou the glory of the Lord, are changed inart no more a servant, but a son; and to the same image, from glory to glory, if a son, then an heir of God through even as by the Spirit of the Lord. Christ. Gal. v. 1. Stand fast there- II. James iv. 12. There is one law. fore in the liberty wherewith Christ giver, who is able to save and to de the doctrines and commandments of men which are in any thing contrary to his word, or beside it, in matters of faith or worship. So that to believe such doctrines, or to obey such commandments out of conscience, is to betray true liberty of conscience ; " and the requiring of an implicit faith, and an absolute and blind obedience, is to destroy liberty of conscience, and reason also.”
III. They who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, do practise any sin, or cherish any lust, do thereby destroy the end of Christian liberty; which is, that, being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, we might serve the Lord without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.o stroy: who art' thou that judgest we have in Christ Jesus, that they another ? Rom. xiv. 4. Who art thou might bring us into bondage: Ver. 5. that judgest another man's servant? To whom we gave place by subjection, to his own master he standeth or no, not for an hour, that the truth of falleth; yea, he shall be holden up: the gospel might continue with you. for God is able to make him stand. Gal. v. 1. Stand fast therefore in the
1 Acts iv.19. But Peter and John an- liberty wherewith Christ hath made swered and said unto them, Whether us free, and be not entangled again it be right in the sight of God to with the yoke of bondage. hearken unto you more than unto n Rom. x. 17. So then faith cometh God, judge ye. Acts v.29. Then Peter by hearing, and hearing by the word and the other apostles answered and of God. Rom. xiv. 23. And he that said, We ought to obey God rather doubteth is damned if he eat, because than men. 1 Cor. vii. 23. Ye are bought he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever with a price : be not ye the servants is not of faith is sin. Isa. viii. 20. To of men. Matt.
xxiii. 8. But be not ye the law and to the testimony: if they called Rabbi: for one is your Master, speak not according to this word, it even Christ; and all ye are brethren. is because there is no light in them. Ver. 9. And call no man your father Acts xvii. 11. These were more noble upon the earth: for one is your Fa- than those in Thessalonica, in that ther, which is in heaven. Ver. 10. they received the word with all readi. Neither be ye called masters : for one ness of mind, and searched the scripis your Master, even Christ. 2 Cor. i. tures daily, whether those things were 24. Not for that we have dominion so. John iv. 22. Ye worship ye know over your faith, but are helpers of not what: we know what we woryour joy: for by faith ye stand. Matt. ship: for salvation is of the Jews. xv. 9. But in vain they do worship Hos. v. 11. Ephraim is oppressed and me, teaching for doctrines the com- broken in judgment, because he wil. mandments of men.
lingly walked after the commandment. m Col. ii. 20. Wherefore, if ye be Rev. xiii. 12. And he exerciseth all dead with Christ from the rudiments the power of the first beast before of the world, why, as though living in him, and causeth the earth, and them the world, are ye subject to ordin- which dwell therein, to worship the ances. Ver. 22. (Which all are to perish first beast, whose deadly wound was with the using,) after the command healed. Ver. 16. And he caused all, ments and doctrines of men ? Ver. 23. both small and great, rich and poor, Which things have indeed a shew of free and bond, to receive a mark in wisdom in will-worship, and humility, their right hand, or in their foreand neglecting of the body; not in any heads: Ver. 17. And that no man honour to the satisfying of the flesh. might buy or sell, save he that had Gal. i. 10. For do I now persuade men, the mark, or the name of the beast, or or God? or do I seek to please men / the number of his name. Jer. viii. 9. for if I yet pleased men, I should not The wise men are ashamed, they are be the servant of Christ. Gal. ii. 4. dismayed and taken: lo, they have And that because of false brethren rejected the word of the Lord; and unawares brought in, who came in what wisdom is in them? privily to spy out our liberty which III. • Gal. v. 13. For, brethren, ye IV. And because the powers which God hath ordained, and the liberty which Christ hath purchased, are not intended by God to destroy, but mutually to uphold and preserve one another; they who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, shall oppose any lawful power, or the lawful exercise of it, whether it be civil or ecclesiastical, resist the ordinance of God. And for their publishing of such opinions, or maintaining of such practices, as are contrary to the light of nature, or to the known principles of Christianity, whether concerning faith, worship, or conversation; or to the power of godliness; or such erroneous opinions or practices, as either in their own nature, or in the manner of publishing or maintaining them, are destructive to the external peace and order which Christ hath established in the church; they may lawfully be called to account,q and proceeded have been called unto liberty; only pleasure in them that do them. With use not liberty for an occasion to the 1 Cor. v. 1. It is reported commonly flesh, but by love serve one another. that there is fornication among you, 1 Pet. ii. 16. As free, and not using and such fornication as is not so much your liberty for a cloak of malicious- as named among the Gentiles, that ness, but as the servants of God. 2 Pet. one should have his father's wife. ji. 19. While they promise them li- Ver. 5. To deliver such an one unto berty, they themselves are the ser- Satan for the destruction of the flesh, yants of corruption: for of whom a that the spirit may be saved in the man is overcome, of the same is he day of the Lord Jesus. Ver. 11. But brought in bondage. John viii. 34. now I have written unto you not to Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I keep company, if any man that is say unto you, Whosoever committeth called a brother be a fornicator, or sin is the servant of sin. Luke i. 74. covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, That he would grant unto us, that we, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; being delivered out of the hands of our with such an one no not to eat. Ver. enemies, might serve him without fear, 13. But them that are without God Ver. 75. In holiness and righteousness judgeth. Therefore put away from before him, all the days of our life. among yourselves that wicked person.
IV. P Matt. xii. 25. And Jesus knew 2 John, ver. 10. If there come any their thoughts, and said unto them, unto you, and bring not this doctrine, Every kingdom divided against itself receive him not into your house, is brought to desolation; and every neither bid him God speed : Ver. 11. city or house divided against itself For he that biddeth hím God speed is shall not stand. 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit partaker of his evil deeds. And 2 yourselves to every ordinance of man Thess. iii. 14. And if any man obey for the Lord's sake: whether it be to not our word by this epistle, note that the king, as supreme; Ver. 14. Orun- man, and have no company with him, to governors, as unto them that are that he may be ashamed. And 1 Tim. sent by him for the punishment of vi. 3. If any man teach otherwise, evil-doers, aud for the praise of them and consent not to wholesome words, that do well. Ver. 16. As free, and even the words of our Lord Jesus not using your liberty for a cloak of Christ, and to the doctrine which is maliciousness, but as the servants of according to godliness; Ver. 4. He is God. [Rom, xiii. 1. to the 8th Verse] proud, knowing nothing, but doting Heb, xiii. 17. Obey them that have about questions and strifes of words, the rule over you, and submit your whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, selves: for they watch for your souls, evil surmisings, Ver. 5. Perverse disas they that must give account; that putings of men of corrupt minds, and they may do it with joy, and not with destitute of the truth, supposing that grief: for that is unprofitable for you. gain is godliness: from such withdraw
9 Rom. i. 32. Who, knowing the thyself. And Tit. i. 10. For there are judgment of God, that they which many unruly and vain talkers and decommit such things are worthy of ceivers, specially they of the circum. death, not only do the same, but have cision : Ver. 11. Whose mouths must