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IV. True believers may have the assurance of their salvation divers ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as, by negligence in preserving of it; by falling into some special sin, which woundeth the conscience, and grieveth the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation; by God's withdrawing the light of his countenance, and suffering even such as fear him to walk in darkness, and to have no light:' yet are they never utterly destitute of that seed of God, and life of faith, that love of Christ and the brethren, that sincerity of heart and conscience of duty, out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, in this present world. Ver. 14. Who may rejoice. Ver. 12. Restore unto gave himself for us, that he might me the joy of thy salvation; and upredeem us from all iniquity, and pu- hold me with thy free Spirit... Ver. rify unto himself a peculiar people, 14. Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, zealous of good works. 2 Cor. vii
. 1. O God, thou God of my salvation; Having therefore these promises, and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy dearly beloved, let us cleanse our righteousness. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve selves from all filthiness of the flesh not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby and spirit, perfecting holiness in the ye are sealed unto the day of redempfear of God. Rom. viii
. 1. There is tion. Ver. 31. Let all bitterness, and therefore pow no condemnation to wrath, and anger, and clamour, and them which are in Christ Jesus, who evil-speaking, be put away from you, walk not after the flesh, but after the with all malice. Ps. lxxvii. i. I Spirit. Ver. 12. Therefore, brethren, cried unto God with my voice, even we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live unto God with my voice; and he gave after the flesh. 1 John iii. 2. Beloved, ear unto me. Ver. 2. In the day of now are we the sons of God; and it my trouble I sought the Lord: my doth not yet appear what we shall be: sore ran in the night, and ceased not: but we know that, when he shall ap- my soul refused to be comforted. Ver. pear, we shall be like him; for we 3. I remembered God, and was troushall see him as he is. Ver. 3. And bled: I complained, and my spirit wag every man that hath this hope in him overwhelmed. Selah. Ver. 4. Thou purifieth himself, even as he is pure. holdest mine eyes waking: I am so Ps. cxxx. 4. But there is forgiveness troubled that I cannot speak. Ver. with thee, that thou mayest be feared. 5. I have considered the days of old, 1 John i. 6. If we say that we have the years of ancient times. Ver. 6. fellowship with him, and walk in I call to remembrance my song in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: the night: I commune with mine own Ver. 7. But if we walk in the light, heart; and my spirit made diligent as he is in the light, we have fellowsearch. Ver. 7. Will the Lord cast ship one with another, and the blood off for ever? and will he be favourof Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us able no more? Ver. 8. Is his mercy from all sin.
clean gone for ever ? doth his promise IV. P Cant. v. 2. I sleep, but my fail for evermore ? Ver. 9. Hath God heart waketh: it is the voice of my forgotten to be gracious ? hath he in beloved that knocketh, saying, Open anger shut up his tender mercies? to me, my sister, my love, my dove, Selah. *Ver. 10.
And I said, This is my undefiled: for my head is filled my infirmity: but I will remember with dew, and my locks with the the years of the right hand of the drops of the night. Ver. 3. I have most High. Matt. xxvi. 69. Now Peter put off my coat; how shall I put it sat without in the palace: and a damon? I have washed my feet; how shall sel came unto him, saying, Thou also I defile them? Ver. 6. I opened to wast with Jesus of Galilee. Ver. 70. my beloved; but my beloved had with. But he denied before them all, saying, drawn himself, and was gone: my soul I know not what thou sayest. Ver. failed when he spake: 1. sought him, 71. And when he was gone out into but I could not find him; I called the porch, another maid
saw him, and him, but he gave no answer. Ps. li. said unto them that were there. This 8. Make me to hear joy and gladness ; fellow was also with Jesus of Nazathat the bones which thou hast broken reth. Ver. 72. And again he denied this assurance may in due time be revived, 9 and by the which, in the mean time, they are supported from utter despair.**
CHAP. XIX.Of the Law of God. 1. G mi
OD gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which he perpetual obedience; promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon
the breach of it; and endued him with power and ability to keep it." with an oath, I do not know the man. from me. Isa. liv. 7. For a small Ps. xxxi. 22. For I said in my haste, moment have I forsaken thee; but I am cut off from before thine eyes: with great mercies will I gather thee. nevertheless thou heardest the voice Ver. 8. In a little wrath I hid my of my supplications when I cried unto face from thee for a moment; but with thee. (Ps. lxxxviii. throughout.) Isa. everlasting kindness will I have mercy 1. 10. Who is among you that feareth on thee, saith the Lord thy Redeemer. the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of Ver. 9. For this is as the waters of his servant, that walketh in darkness, Noah unto me: for as I have sworn and hath no light ? let him trust in that the waters of Noah should no the name of the Lord, and stay upon more go over the earth; so have Isworn his God.
that I would not be wroth with thee, 91 John iii. 9. Whosoever is born nor rebuke thee. Ver. 10. For the of God doth not commit sin; for his mountains shall depart, and the hills seed remaineth in him: and he cannot be removed; but my kindness shall sin, because he is born of God. Luke not depart from thee, neither shall xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, the covenant of my peace be removed, that thy faith fail not: and when thou saith the Lord that bath mercy on art converted, strengthen thy breth- thee. Ps. xxii. 1. My God, my God,
Job xiii. 15. Though he slay why hast thou forsaken me? why art me, yet will. I trust in him: but I will thou so far from helping me, and from maintain mine own ways before him. the words of my roaring ? [Ps. lxxxviii. Ps. lxxiii. 15. If I say, I will speak throughout.]. thus; behold, I should offend against I. a Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let us the generation of thy children. Ps. make man in our image, after our li. 8, 12. [See letter Pimmediately be likeness; and let them have dominion fore.] Isa. 1. 10. [See letter P imme- over the fish of the sea, and over the diately foregoing.)
fowl of the air, and over the cattle, r Micah vii. 7. Therefore I will look and over all the earth, and over every unto the Lord; I will wait for the creeping thing that creepeth upon God of
salvation: my God will the earth. Ver. 27. So God created hear me Ver. 8. Rejoice not against man in his cwn image: in the image me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I of God created he him; male and fe. shall arise; when I sit in darkness, male created he them. With Gen. ii. the Lord shall be a light unto me. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge Ver. 9. I will bear the indignation of of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of the Lord, because I have sinned it: for in the day that thou eatest there. against him, until he plead my cause of thou shalt surely die. Rom. ii. 14. and execute judgment for me: he will For when the Gentiles, which have not bring me forth to the light, and I shall the law, do by nature the things con. behold his righteousness. "Jer. xxxii. tained in the law, these, having not 40. And I will make an everlasting the law, are a law unto themselves : covenant with them, that I will not Ver. 15. Which shew the work of the turn away from them, to do them law written in their hearts, their congood; but I will put my fear in their science also bearing witness, and their hearts, that they shall not depart thoughts the mean while accusing or
II. This law, after his fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness; and, as such, was delivered by God upon mount Sinai in ten commandments, and written in two tables;" the first four commandments containing our duty towards God, and the other six our duty to man.
III. Besides this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances; partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits ;d and partly hold
else excusing one another. Rom. x. mit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, 5. For Moses describeth the righte- Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not ousness which is of the law, That bear false witness, Thou shalt not the man which doeth those things shall covet; and if there be any other live by them. Rom. v. 12. Where- commandment, it is briefly comprefore, as by one man sin entered into hended in this saying, namely, Thou the world, and death by sin; and so shalt love thy neighbour as thydeath passed upon all men, for that self. Deut. v. 32. Ye shall observe to all have sinned. Ver. 19. For as by do therefore as the Lord your God one man's disobedience many were hath commanded you: ye shall not made sinners; so by the obedience of turn aside to the right hand or to the one shall many be made righteous. left. Deut. x. 4. And he wrote on the Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the tables, according to the first writing, works of the law are under the curse: the ten commandments, which the for it is written, Cursed is every one Lord spake unto you in the mount, that continueth not in all things out of the midst of the fire, in the which are written in the book of the day of the assembly: and the Lord law to do them. Ver. 12. And the gave them unto me. Exod. xxxiv. 1. law is not of faith: but, The man And the Lord said unto Moses, Hew that doeth them shall live in them. thee two tables of stone like unto the Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I first; and I will write upon these found, that God hath made man up- tables the words that were in the first right; but they have sought out many tables, which thou brakest. inventions. Job xxviii. 28. And un- Matt. xxii. 37. Jesus said unto him, to man he said, Behold, the fear of Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with the Lord, that is wisdom; and to de- all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and part from evil is understanding. with all thy mind. Ver. 38. This is the
II. • James i. 25. But whoso looketh first and great commandment. Ver. 39. into the perfect law of liberty, and And the second is like unto it, Thou continueth therein, he being not a shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. forgetful hearer, but a doer of the Ver. 40. On these two commandments work, this man shall be blessed in his hang all the law and the prophets. deed.' James ii. 8. If ye fulfil the III. a [Heb. Chapter ix.) Heb. x. 1. royal law according to the scripture, For the law having a shadow of good Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy- things to come, and not the very image self, ye do well. Ver. 10. For whoso- of the things, can never with those ever shall keep the whole law, and yet sacrifices, which they offered year by offend in one point, he is guilty of all. year continually, make the comers Ver. 11. For he that said, Do not thereunto perfect. Gal. iv. 1. Now commit adultery, said also, Do not I say, That the heir, as long as he is kill. Now, if thou commit no adul. a child, differeth nothing from a sertery, yet if thou kill, thou art become vant, though he be lord of all; Ver. a transgressor of the law. Ver. 12. 2. But is under tutors and governors, So speak ye, and so do, as they that until the
time appointed of the father. shall be judged by the law of liberty. Ver. 3. Even so we, when we were Rom. xiii. 8. Owe no man anything, children, were in bondage under the but to love one another: for he that elements of the world. Col. ii. 17. loveth another hath fulfilled the law. Which are a shadow of things to come; Ver. 9. For this, Thou shalt not com- but the body is of Christ.
ing forth divers instructions of moral duties. All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated under the New Testament."
IV. To them also, as a body politick, he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the state of that people, not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require.s
V. The moral law doth for ever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof;ka and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God, the Creator, who gave it. Neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation.
- 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore Ver. 14. Or unto governors, as unto the old leaven, that ye may be a new them that are sent by him for the lump, as ye are unleavened. For punishment of evil-doers, and for the even Christ our passover is sacrified praise of them that do well. Matt. for us. 2 Cor. vi. 17. Wherefore, V. 17. Think not that I am come to come out from among them, and be destroy the law or the prophets: I ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. not the unclean thing; and I will re- With ver. 38. Ye have heard that it ceive you. Jude, ver. 23. And others hath been said, An eye for an eye, save with fear, pulling them out of and a tooth for a tooth: Ver 39. But the fire; hating even the garment I say unto you, That ye resist not spotted by the flesh.
evil; but whosoever shall smite thee Col. ii. 14. Blotting out the hand- on thy right cheek, turn to him the writing of ordinances that was against other also. 1 Cor. ix. 8. Say I these as, which was contrary to us, and took things as a man? or saith not the law it out of the way, nailing it to his the same also ? Ver. 9. For it is
Ver. 16. Let no man there- written in the law of Moses, Thou fore judge you in meat, or in drink, shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox or in respect of an holiday, or of the that treadeth out the corn. Doth God new moon, or of the sabbath-days; take care for oxen? Ver. 10. Or saith Ver. 17. Which are a shadow of things he it altogether for our sakes?. For to come; but the body is of Christ. our sakes, no doubt, this is written: Dan. ix. 27. And he shall confirm the that he that ploweth should plow in covenant with many for one week: hope; and that he that thrasheth in and in the midst of the week he shall hope should be partaker of his hope. cause the sacrifice and the oblation to V. h Rom. xiii. 8, 9. [See above in cease, and for the overspreading of letter b] Ver. 10. Love worketh no ill abominations he shall make it deso- to his neighbour: therefore love is the late, even until the consummation, fulfilling of the law. Eph. vi. 2. Hon. and' that determined shall be poured our thy father and mother, (which is upon the desolate. Eph. ii. 15. Having the first commandment with promise.) abolished in his flesh the enmity, even 1 John ii. 3. And hereby we do know the law of commandments contained that we know him, if we keep his in ordinances ; for to make in him- commandments. Ver. 4. He that self of twain one new man, so making saith, I know him, and keepeth not peace;. Ver. 16. And that he might his commandments, is a liar, and the reconcile both unto God in one body truth is not in him. Ver. 7. Breby the cross, having slain the enmity thren, I write no new commandment thereby.
unto you, but an old commandment, IV. [[Exod. Chapter xxi. Exod. xxii. which ye had from the beginning: the 1. to the 29th verse. See both in the old commandment is the word which Bible.] Gen. xlix. 10. The sceptre ye have heard from the beginning: shall not depart from Judah, nor a Ver. 8. Again, a new commandment lawgiver from between his feet, until I write unto you, which thing is true Shiloh come; and unto him shall the in him and in you; because the darkgathering of the people be. With 1 ness is past, and the true light now Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves to every shineth. ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: i James ii. 10, 11. [See in letter b.] whether it be to the king, as supreme; * Matt. v 17' [See in letter 8.] Ver. VI. Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned;' yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly; - discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives;" so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sin;' together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience. It is likewise of use to the regenerate, 18. For verily I say unto you, Till the law of God, but with the flesh heaven and earth pass, one jot or one the law of sin. Ps. cxix. 4. Thou tittle shall in no wise pass from
the hast commanded us to keep thy prelaw, till all be fulfilled. Ver. 19. Who- cepts diligently. Ver. 5. O that my soever therefore shall break one of ways were directed to keep thy stathese least commandments, and shall tutes! Ver. 6. Then shall I not be teach men so, he shall be called the ashamed, when I have respect unto least in the kingdom of heaven: but all thy commandments. 1 Cor. vii. whosoever shall do and teach them, 19. Circumcision is nothing, and un. the same shall be called great in the circumcision is nothing, but the keepkingdom of heaven. James ii. 8. [See ing of the commandments of God. in letter b before.] Rom. iii. 31. Do we Gal. v. 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. then make void the law through faith? See in the Bible. God forbid: yea, we establish the law. o Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say
VI. 1 Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall not then? Is the law sin? God forbid. have dominion over you: for ye are Nay, I had not known sin but by the not under the law, but under grace. law: for I had not known lust, exGal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is cept the law had said, Thou shalt not not justified by the works of the law, covet. Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even deeds of the law there shall no flesh we have believed in Jesus Christ, that be justified in his sight: for by the we might be justified by the faith of law is the knowledge of sin. Christ, and not by the works of the • James i. 23. For if any be a hearer law: for by the works of the law shall of the word, and not a doer, he is like no flesh be justified. Gal. iii. 13. unto a man beholding his natural face Christ hath redeemed us from the in a glass: Ver. 24. For he beholdeth curse of the law, being made a curse himself, and goeth his way, and for us: for it is written, Cursed is straightway forgetteth what manner every one that hangeth on a tree. of man he was. Ver. 25. But whoso Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of looketh into the perfect law of liberty, the time was come, God sent forth his and continueth therein, he being not Son, made of a woman, made under a forgetful hearer, but'a doer of the the law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that work, this man shall be blessed in his were under the law, that we might deed. Rom. vii. 9. For I was alive receive the adoption of sons. Acts without the law once; but when the xiii. 39. And by him all that believe commandment came, sin revived, and are justified from all things, from I died. Ver. 14. For we know that which ye could not be justified by the the law is spiritual; but I am carnal, law of Moses. Rom. viii. 1. There is sold under sin. Ver. 24. O wretched therefore now no condemnation to man that I am! who shall deliver me them which are in Christ Jesus, who from the body of this death ? walk not after the flesh, but after the P Gal. iii. 24. Wherefore the law Spirit.
was our schoolmaster to bring us unto m Rom. vii. 12. Wherefore the law Christ, that we might be justified by is holy, and the commandment holy, faith. Rom. vii. 24. [See before in let. and just, and good. Ver. 22. For I ter o Verse 25. in letter m.] Rom. viii. delight in the law of God after the 3. For what the law could not do, in inward man. Ver. 25. I thank God, that it was weak through the flesh, through Jesus Christ our Lord. So God sending his own Son in the like then with the mind I myself serve ness of sinful flesh, and for sin, con..