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away from the state of grace; but shall certainly persevere therein to the end, and be eternally saved.a
II. This perseverance of the saints depends not upon their own free will, but upon the immutability of the decree of election, flowing from the free and unchangeable love of God the Father; upon the efficacy of the merit and intercession of Jesus Christ;c the abiding of the
and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay of the everlasting covenant, Ver. 21. tithe of mint, and anise, and cum- Make you perfect in every good work min, and have omitted
the weightier to do his will, working in you that matters of the law, judgment, mercy, which is well-pleasing in his sight, and faith: these ought ye to have through Jesus Christ; to whom bé done, and not to leave the other un. glory for ever and ever. Amen. Heb. done.
ix. 12. Neither by the blood of goats I. a Phil. i. 6. Being confident of this and calves, but by his own blood, he very thing, that he which hath begun entered in once into the holy place, a good work in you, will perform it having obtained eternal redemption until the day of Jesus Christ. 2 Pet. for us. Ver. 13. For if the blood of i. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an give diligence to make your calling heifer sprinkling the unclean, sancti. and election sure: for if ye do these fieth to the purifying of the flesh; Ver. things, ye shall never fall. John X. 28. 14. How much more shall the blood of And I give unto them eternal life; Christ, who through the eternal Spirit and they shall never perish, neither offered himself without spot to God, shall any pluck them out of my hand. purge your conscience from dead Ver. 29. My Father, which gave them works, to serve the living God? Ver. me, is greater than all; and none is 15. And for this cause he is the meable to pluck them out of my Father's diator of the new testament, that by hand. I John iii. 9. Whosoever is born means of death, for the redemption of of God doth not commit sin; for his the transgressions that were under seed remaineth in him: and he cannot the first testament, they which are sin, because he is born of God. 1 Pet. called might receive the promise of i. 5. Who are kept by the power of eternal inheritance. Rom. viii. 33. God through faith unto salvation, Who shall lay any thing to the charge ready to be revealed in the last time. of God's elect? It is God that justi. Ver. 9. Receiving the end of your fieth; Ver. 34. Who is he that confaith, even the salvation of your souls. demneth? It is Christ that died, yea
II.' 2 Tim. ii. 18. Who concerning rather, that is risen again, who is even the truth have erred, saying that the at the right hand of God, who also resurrection is past already; and over- maketh intercession for us. Ver. 35. throw the faith of some. Ver. 19. Who shall separate us from the love of Nevertheless the foundation of God Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or standeth sure, having this seal, The persecution, or famine, or nakedness, Lord knoweth them that are his. And, or peril, or sword? Ver. 36. (As it is Let every one that nameth the name written, For thy sake we are killed all of Christ depart from iniquity; Jer. the day long; we are accounted as xxxi. 3. The Lord hath appeared of old sheep for the slaughter.) Ver. 37. Nay, unto me, saying, Yea, I have loved in all these things we are more than thee with an everlasting love; there- conquerors, through him that loved fore with loving-kindness have I drawn us. Ver. 38. For I am persuaded, that thee.
neither death, nor life, nor angels, Heb. x. 10. By the which will we nor principalities, nor powers, nor are sanctified, through the offering of things present, nor things to come, the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Ver. 39. Nor height, nor depth, nor Ver. 14. For by one offering he hath any other creature, shall be able to perfected for ever them that are sanc- separate us from the love of God, Fified. Heb. xiii. 20. Now the God of which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. peace, that brought again from the John xvii. 11. And now I am no more dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shep- in the world, but these are in the herd of the sheep, through the blood world, and I come to thee. Holy
Spirit, and of the seed of God within them; and the nature of the covenant of grace :o from all which ariseth also the certainty and infallibility thereof."
III. Nevertheless they may, through the temptations of Satan and of the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of the means of their preservation, fall into grievous sins;! and for a time continue therein;h whereby they incur God's displeasure, and grieve his Holy Spirit ;* come to be deprived of some ineasure of their graces and comforts;' have their hearts hardenFather, keep through thine own name have continued with us: but they went those whom thou hast given me, that out, that they might be made manifest they may be one, as we are. Ver. 24. that they were not all of us. Father, I will that they also whom III. & Matt. xxvi. 70. But he denied thou hast given me be with me where before them all, saying, I know not I am: that they may behold my glory, what thou sayest. Ver. 72. And again which thou hast given me: for thou he denied with an oath, I do not know lovedst me before the foundation of the man. Ver. 74. Then began he to the world. Luke xxii. 32. But I have curse and to swear, saying, I know prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not the man. And immediately the not: and when thou art converted, cock crew. strengthen thy brethren. Heb. vii. 25. b Ps. li. [the title.] To the chief mu. Wherefore he is able also to save them sician, A psalm of David, when Nato the uttermost that come unto God than the prophet came unto him, after by him, seeing he ever liveth to make he had gone in to Bath-sheba. Ver. intercession for them.
14. Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, a John xiv. 16. And I will pray the O God, thou God of my salvation; and Father, and he shall give you another my tongue shall sing aloud of thy Comforter, that he may abide with righteousness. you for ever; Ver. 17. Even the Spirit Isa. lxiv. 5. Thou meetest him that of truth; whom the world cannot re- rejoiceth and worketh righteousness; ceive, because it seeth him not, neither those that remember thee in thy ways: knoweth him: but ye know him; for behold, thou art wroth; for we have he dwelleth with you, and shall be in sinned: in those is continuance, and you. 1 John ii. 27. But the anointing we shall be saved. Ver. 7. And there which ye have received of him abideth is none that calleth upon thy name, in you; and ye need not that any man that stirreth up himself to take hold teach you: but as the same anointing of thee: for thou hast hid thy face teacheth you of all things, and is truth, from us, and hast consumed us, beand is no lie, and even as it hath cause of our iniquities. Ver. 9. Be taught you, ye shall abide in him. 1 not wroth very sore, O Lord, neither John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God remember iniquity for ever: behold, doth not commit sin; for his seed re- see, we beseech thee, we are all thy maineth in him: and he cannot sin, people. 2 Sam. xi. 27. And when the because he is born of God.
mourning was past, David sent and e Jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make an fetched her to his house, and she be. everlasting covenant with them, that came his wife, and bare him a son. I will not turn away from them, to do But the thing that David had done them good; but I will put my fear in displeased the Lord. their hearts, that they shall not de. * Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the part from me.
Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are ? John X. 28. And I give unto them sealed unto the day of redemption. eternal life; and they shall never Ps. li. 8. Make me to hear joy and perish, neither shall any pluck them gladness; that the bones which thou out of my hand. 2 Thess. iii. 3. But hast broken may rejoice. Ver. 10. the Lord is faithful, who shall stab- Create in me a clean heart, O God; lish you, and keep you from evil. 1 and renew a right spirit within me. John ii. 19. They went out from us, Ver. 12. Restore unto me the joy of but they were not of us; for if they thy salvation; and uphold me with had been of us, they would no doubt thy free Spirit. Rev. ii. 4. Neverthe
ed,m and their consciences wounded;" hurt and scandalize others, and bring temporal judgments upon themselves.”
CHAP. XVIII.-Of Assurance of Grace and Salvation. I. ALTHOUGH hypocrites, and other unregenerate men, may vainly
A deceive themselves with false hopes and carnal presumptions of being in the favour of God and estate of salvation ;a which hope of theirs shall perish ; b yet such as truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good conscience before him, may in this life be certainly assured that they are in the state of grace, o less I have somewhat against thee, blaspheme, the child also that is born because thou hast left thy first love. unto thee shall surely die. Cant. v. 2. I sleep, but my heart P Ps. lxxxix. 31. If they break my waketh: it is the voice of my beloved statutes, and keep not my command. that knocketh, saying, Open to me, my ments; Ver. 32. Then will I visit their sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: transgression with the rod, and their for my head is filled with dew, and my iniquity with stripes. 1 Cor. xi. 32. locks with the drops of the night. But when we are judged, we are Ver. 3. I have put off my coat; how chastened of the Lord, that we should shall I put it on! I have washed my not be condemned with the world, feet; how shall I defile them ? Ver. 4. I. * Job viii. 13. So are the paths of My beloved put in his hand by the all that forget God; and the hypohole of the door, and my bowels were crite's hope shall perish : Ver. 14. moved for him. Ver.'ő. I opened to Whose hope shall be cut off, and my beloved; but my beloved had whose trust shall be a spider's web. withdrawn himself, and was gone: Micah iii. 11. The heads thereof judge my soul failed when he spake: I for reward, and the priests thereof sought him, but I could not find him; teach for hire, and the prophets thereof I called him, but he gave me no an- divine for money: yet will they lean swer.
upon the Lord, and say, Is not the m Isa. lxiii. 17. O Lord, why hast Lord among us? none evil can come thou made us to err from thy ways, upon us. Deut. xxix. 19. And it come and hardened our heart from thy fear to pass, when he heareth the words of Return for thy servants' sake, the this curse, that he bless himself in his tribes of thine inheritance. Mark vi. heart, saying, I shall have peace, though 52. For they considered not the mi. I walk in the imagination of mine racle of the loaves: for their heart heart, to add drunkenness to thirst. was hardened. Mark xvi. 14. After- John viii. 41. Ye do the deeds of your ward he appeared unto the eleven as father. Then said they to him, We they sat at meat, and upbraided them be not born of fornication; we have with their unbelief and hardness of one Father, even God. heart, because they believed not them b Matt. vii. 22. Many will say to me which had seen him after he was in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not risen.
prophesied in thy name ? and in thy Ps. xxxii. 3. When I kept silence, name have cast out devils ? and in thy my bones waxed old, through my roar- name done many wonderful works? ing all the day long: Ver. 4. For day Ver. 23. And then will I profess unto and night thy hand was heavy upon me: them, I never knew you: depart from my moisture is turned into the drought me, ye that work i of summer. Ps. li. 8. Make me to 1 John ii. 3. And hereby we do hear joy and gladness; that the bones know that we know him, if we keep which thou hast broken may rejoice. his commandments. 1 John iii. 14.
• 2 Sam. xii. 14. Howbeit, because we know that we have passed from by this deed thou hast given great death unto life, because we love the occasion to the enemies of the Lord to brethren: he that loveth not his bro
and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God; which hope shall never make them ashamed.
II. This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion, grounded upon a fallible hope; e but an infallible assurance of faith, founded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation,' the inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made, the testimony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God :h which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemptioni
III. This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of ther abideth in death. Ver. 18, My world through lust. Ver. 5. And belittle children, let us not love in word, sides this, giving all diligence, add to neither in tongue; but in deed, and your faith, virtue; and to virtue, in truth. Ver. 19. And hereby we knowledge. Ver. 10. Wherefore the know that we are of the truth, and rather, brethren, give diligence to shall assure our hearts before him. make your calling and election sure: Ver. 21. Beloved, if our heart con- for if ye do these things, ye shall demn us not, then have we confidence never fall: Ver. 11. For so an entrance toward God. Ver. 24. And he that shall be ministered unto you abun. keepeth his commandments dwelleth dantly into the everlasting kingdom in him, and he in him: and hereby of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. we know that he abideth in us, by 1 John ii. 3. And hereby we do know the Spirit which he hath given us. 1 that we know him, if we keep his John v. 13. These things have I writ, commandments. 1 John iii. 14. We ten unto you that believe on the name know that we have passed from death of the Son of God, that ye may know unto life, because we love the bre. that ye have eternal life, and that ye thren: he that loveth not his brother may believe on the name of the Son abideth in death. 2 Cor. i. 12. For of God.
our rejoicing is this, the testimony of a Rom. v. 2. By whom also we have our conscience, that in simplicity and access by faith into this grace where- godly sincerity, not with fleshly wis. in we stand, and rejoice in hope of dom, but by the grace of God, we the glory of God. Ver. 5. And hope have had our conversation in the maketh not ashamed ; because the world, and more abundantly to you. love of God is shed abroad in our ward.' hearts by the Holy Ghost, which is Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not regiven unto us.
ceived the spirit of bondage again to II. · Heb. vi. 11. And we desire fear; but ye have received the Spirit that every one of you do shew the of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, same diligence, to the full assurance Father. Ver. 16. The Spirit itself of hope unto the end. Ver. 19. Which beareth witness with our spirit, that hope we have as an anchor of the we are the children of God. soul, both sure and steadfast, and i Eph. i. 13. In whom ye also trustwhich entereth into that within the ed, after that ye heard the word of vail.
truth, the gospel of your salvation : * Heb. vi. 17. Wherein God, willing in whom also, after that ye believed, more abundantly to shew unto the ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit heirs of promise the immutability of of promise, Ver. 14. Which is the his counsel, confirmed it by an oath; earnest of our inheritance, until the Ver. 18. That by two immutablé redemption of the purchased possesthings, in which it was impossible for sion, unto the praise of his glory. God to lie, we might have a strong Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy consolation, who have fled for refuge Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed to lay hold upon the hope set before us. unto the day of redemption. 2 Cor.
82 Pet. i. 4. Whereby are given i. 21. Now he which stablisheth us unto us exceeding great and precious with you in Christ, and hath anointpromises ; that by these ye might be ed us, is God; Ver. 22. Who hath partakers of the divine nature, having also sealed us, and given the earnest escaped the corruption that is in the of the Spirit in our hearts.
faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of it:k yet, being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation, in the right use of ordinary means, attain thereunto. And therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligenee to make his calling and election sure;m that thereby his heart
may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience,n the proper fruits of this assurance: so far is it from inclining men to looseness.
III. k 1 John v. 13. These things by faith into this grace wherein we have I written unto you that believe stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory on the name of the Son of God, that of God. Ver. 5. And hope maketh ye may know that ye have eternal not ashamed; because the love of God life, and that ye may believe on the is shed abroad in our hearts by the name of the Son of God. Isa. 1. 10. Holy Ghost, which is given unto us. Who is among you that feareth the Rom. xiv. '17. For the kingdom of Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his God is not meat and drink; but rightservant, that walketh in darkness, eousness, and peace, and joy in the and hath no light ? let him trust in Holy Ghost. Rom. xv. 13. Now the the name of the Lord, and stay upon God of hope fill you with all joy and his God. Mark ix. 24. And straight- peace in believing that ye mayabound way the father of the child cried out, in hope, through the power of the and said with tears, Lord, I believe; Holy Ghost. Eph. i. 3. Blessed be help thou mine unbelief. [See Ps. the God and Father of our Lord lxxxviii, throughout. Ps. lxxvii. to Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with the 12th verse.]
all spiritual blessings in heavenly 11 Cor. ii. 12. Now we have received, places in Christ; Ver. 4. According not the spirit of the world, but the as he hath chosen us in him before Spirit which is of God ; that we the foundation of the world, that we might know the things that are freely should be holy and without blame given to us of God. 1 John iv. 13. before him in love. Ps. iv. 6. There Hereby know we that we dwell in him, be many that say, Who will shew us and he in us, because he hath given any good ? Lord, lift thou up the us of his Spirit. Heb. vi. 11. And light of thy countenance upon us. we desire that every one of you do Ver. 7. Thou hast put gladness in my shew the same diligence, to the full heart, more than in the time that assurance of hope unto the end: Ver. their corn and their wine increased. 12. That ye be not slothful, but fol. Ps. cxix. 32. I will run the way of lowers of them who through faith thy commandments, when thou shalt and patience inherit the promises. enlarge my heart. Eph. iii. 17. That Christ may dwell 01 John ii. 1. My little children, in your hearts by faith; that ye, be- these things write I unto you, that ing rooted and grounded in love, Ver. ye sin not. And if any man sin, we 18. May be able to comprehend with have an advocate with the Father, all saints what is the breadth, and Jesus Christ the righteous : Ver. 2. length, and depth, and height; Ver. And he is the propitiation for our 19. And to know the love of Christ, sins; and not for ours only, but also which passeth knowledge, that ye for the sins of the whole world. Rom. might be filled with all the fulness of vi. 1. What shall we say then ? Shall God.
we continue in sin, that grace may m 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, abound? Ver. 2. God forbid. How brethren, give diligence to make your shall we, that are dead to sin, live calling and election sure: for if ye any longer therein? Tit. ii. 11. For do these things, ye shall never fall. the grace of God that bringeth salva
* Rom. v. 1. Therefore, being jus- tion hath appeared to all men, Ver. tified by faith, we have peace with 12. Teaching us, that, denying ungod. God, through our Lord Jesus Christ: liness and worldly lusts, we should Ver. 2. By whom also we have access live soberly, righteously, and godly,