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as he was given by the Father for them, and his obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead,h and both freely, not for any thing in them, their justification is only of free grace;i that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners,
IV. God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect;' and
his love toward us, in that, while we soul an offering for sin, he shall see were yet sinners, Christ died for us. his seed, he shall prolong his days, and Ver. 9. Much more then, being now the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper justified by his blood, we shall be in his hand. Ver. 11. He shall see of saved from wrath through him. Ver. the travail of his soul, and shall be 10. For if, when we were enemies, satisfied: by his knowledge shall my we were reconciled to God by the righteous servant justify many; for death of his Son; much more, being he shall bear their iniquities. Ver. 12. reconciled, we shall be saved by his Therefore will I divide him a portion life. Ver. 19. For as by one man's with the great, and he shall divide the disobedience many were made sin- spoil with the strong; because he hath ners; so by the obedience of one shall poured out his soul unto death; and many be made righteous. 1 Tim. ii. 5. he was numbered with the transgresFor there is one God, and one mediator sors; and he bare the sin of many, between God and men, the man Christ and made intercession for the transJesus; Ver. 6. Who gave himself a gressors. ransom for all, to be testified in due & Rom. viii. 32. He that spared not time. Heb. x. 10. By the which will his own Son, but delivered him up for we are sanctified, through the offering us all, how shall he not with him of the body of Jesus Christ once for also freely give us all things ? all. Ver. 14. For by one offering he h 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made hath perfected for ever them that are him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; sanctified. Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks that we might be made the righteousare determined upon thy people, and ness of God in him. Matt. iii. 17. And upon thy holy city, to finish the trans- lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is gression, and to make an end of sins, my beloved Son, in whom I am well and to make reconciliation for ini. pleased. Eph. v. 2. And walk in love, quity, and to bring in everlasting as Christ also hath loved us, and hath righteousness, and to seal up the vision given himself for us an offering and a and prophecy, and to anoint the most sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling Holy. Ver. 26. And after threescore savour. and two weeks shall Messiah be cut Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely off, but not for himself: and the peo- by his grace, through the redemption ple of the prince that shall come shall that is in Christ Jesus. Eph. i. 7. In destroy the city and the sanctuary; whom we have redemption through and the end thereof shall be with á his blood, the forgiveness of sins, acflood, and unto the end of the war cording to the riches of his grace. desolations are determined. Isa. liii. 4. * Rom. iii. 26. To declare, I say, at Surely he hath borne our griefs, and this time his righteousness that he carried our sorrows: yet we did es- might be just, and the justifier of him teem him stricken, smitten of God, which believeth in Jesus. Eph. ii. 7. and afflicted. Ver. 5. But he was That in the ages to come he might wounded for our transgressions, he shew the exceeding riches of his grace, was bruised for our iniquities: the in his kindness toward us through chastisement of our peace was upon Christ Jesus. him ; and with his stripes we are IV. ' Gal. iii. 8. And the scripture, healed. Ver. 6. All we, like sheep, foreseeing that God would justify the have gone astray; we have turned heathen through faith, preached beevery one to his own way: and the fore the gospel unto Abraham, saying, Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of In thee shall all nations be blessed! us all. Ver. 10. Yet it pleased the 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect according to the foreLord to bruise him; he hath put him knowledge of God the Father, through to grief: when thou shalt make his sanctification of the Spirit, unto obe
Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification :" nevertheless they are not justified, until the Holy Spirit doth in due time actually apply Christ unto them.”
V. God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified: and although they can never fall from the state of justification, yet they may by their sins fall under God's fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of his countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.9 dience and sprinkling of the blood of My little children, these things write Jesus Christ. Ver. 19. But with the I unto you, that ye sin not. And it precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb any man sin, we have an advocate
with without blemish and without spot: the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: Ver. 20. Who verily was foreordained Ver. 2. And he is the propitiation for before the foundation of the world, our sins; and not for ours only, but but was manifest in these last times also for the sins of the whole world.
Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, P Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed whom he did predestinate, them hé for thee, that thy faith fail not: and also called; and whom he called, them when thou art converted, strengthen he also justified; and whom he justi. thy brethren. John X. 28. And I give fied, them he also glorified.
unto them eternal life; and they shall m Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness never perish, neither shall any pluck of the time was come, God sent forth them out of my hand. Heb. x. 14. For his Son, made of a woman, made un- by one offering he hath perfected for der the law. 1 Tim. ii. 6. Who gave ever them that are sanctified. himself a ransom for all, to be testi- 9 Ps. lxxxix. 31. If they break my fied in due time. Rom. iv. 25. Who statutes, and keep not my commandwas delivered for our offences, and ments; Ver. 32. Then will I visit their was raised again for our justification, transgression with the rod, and their
Col. i. 21. And you, that were iniquity with stripes. Ver. 33. Neversometime alienated, and enemies in theless my loving-kindness will I not your mind by wicked works, yet now utterly take from him, nor suffer my hath he reconciled Ver. 22. In the faithfulness to fail. Ps. li. 7. Purge body of his flesh through death, to me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; present you holy, and unblameable, wa me, and I shall be whiter than and unreproveable in his sight. Gal. snow. Ver. 8. Make me to hear joy ii. 16. [See letter immediately, forego- and gladness; that the bones which ing.] Tit. iii. 4. But after that the thou hast broken may rejoice. Ver. 9. kindness and love of God our Saviour Hide thy face from my sins, and blot toward man appeared, Ver. 5. Not by out all mine iniquities. Ver. 10. Create works of righteousness which we have in me a clean heart, O God; and redone, but according to his mercy he new a right spirit within me. Ver. 11. saved us, by the washing of regenera- Cast me not away from
thy presence; tion, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; and take not thy Holy Spirit from Ver. 6. Which he shed on us abun- me. Ver. 12. Restore unto me the joy dantly through Jesus Christ our Sa- of thy salvation;
and uphold me with viour; Ver. 7. That, being justified thy free Spirit. Ps. xxxii. 5. I acknowby his grace, we should be made heirs ledged my sin unto thee, and mine according to the hope of eternal life. iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will
V. • Matt. vi. 12. And forgive us our confess my transgressions unto the debts, as we forgive our debtors. 1 Lord; and thou forgavest the iniquity John í. 7. But if we walk in the light, of my sin. Matt. xxvi. 75. And Peter as he is in the light, we have fellow remembered the word of Jesus, which ship one with another, and the blood said unto him, Before the cock crow, of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us thou shalt deny me thrice. And he from all sin. Ver. 9. If we confess went out, and wept bitterly. 1 Cor. our sins, he is faithful and just to for. xi. 30. For this cause many are weak give us our sins, and to cleanse us and sickly among you, and many from all unrighteousness. 1 John ii. 1. sleep. Ver. 32. But when we are
VI. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament."
CHAP. XII.—Of Adoption. I. ALL those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for his only
A Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption: by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God;b have his name put upon them, receive the Spirit of adoption ;d have access to the throne of grace with boldness ;• are enabled to cry, Abba, Father ;' are pitied,& protected,
judged, we are chastened of the Lord, with him, that we may be also glori. that we should not be condemned fied together. John i. 12. But as many with the world. Luke. i. 20. And, be- as received him, to them gave he power hold, thou shalt be dumb, and not to become the sons of God, even to able to speak, until the day that these them that believe on his name. things shall be performed, because Jer. xiv. 9. Yet thou, O Lord, art thou believest not my words, which in the midst of us, and we are called shall be fulfilled in their season. by thy name; leave us not. 2 Cor.
VI. r Gal. iii. 9. So then they which vi. 18. And will be a Father unto you, be of faith are blessed with faithful and ye shall be my sons and daughAbraham. Ver. 13. Christ hath re- ters, saith the Lord Almighty. Rev. deemed us from the curse of the law, iii. 12. Him that overcometh will I being made a curse for us: for it is make a pillar in the temple of my written, Cursed is every one that God, and he shall go no more out: and hangeth on a tree: Ver. 14. That the I will write upon him the name of my blessing of Abraham might come on God, and the name of the city of my the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; God, which is new Jerusalem, which that we might receive the promise of cometh down out of heaven froin my the Spirit through faith. Rom. iv. 22. God; and I will write upon him my And therefore it was imputed to him new name. for righteousnes
r. 23. Now, it & Rom. viii. 15. For ve have i was not written for his sake alone, ceived the spirit of bondage again to that it was imputed to him; Ver. 24. fear; but ye have received the spirit But for us also, to whom it shall be of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, imputed, if we believe on him that Father. raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead. e Eph. iii. 12. In whom we have Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ the same yes. boldness and access with confidence terday, and to-day, and for ever. by the faith of him. Rom. v. 2. Ry I. a Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated whom also we have access by faith us unto the adoption of children by into this grace wherein we stand, and Jesus Christ to himself, according to rejoice in hope of the glory of God. the good pleasure of his will. Gal. iv. i Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are 4. But when the fulness of the time sons, God hath sent forth the spirit of was come, God sent forth his Son, his Son into your hearts, crying, Abbey made of a woman, made under the Father. law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that 8 Ps. ciii. 13. Like as a father pitieth were under the law, that we might his children, so the Lord pitieth them receive the adoption of sons.
that fear him. b Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then h Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs Lord is strong confidence; and his with Christ; if so be that we suffer children shall have a place of refuge.
provided for,' and chastened by him as by a father ; yet never cast off,' but sealed to the day of redemption,m and inherit the promises, a as heirs of everlasting salvation.°
CHAP. XIII.- Of Sanctification.
I. THEY who are effectually called and regenerated, having a new TH
heart and a new spirit created in them, are farther sanctified really and personally, through the virtue of Christ's death and resurrection, a bý his word and Spirit dwelling in them ;' the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified, and they more and more
* Matt. vi. 30. Wherefore, if God so and to the word of his grace, which is clothe the grass of the field, which to- able to build you up, and to give you day is, and to-morrow is cast into the an inheritance among all them which oven, shall he not much more clothe are sanctified. Phil. iii. 10. That I you, O ye of little faith? Ver. 32. For may know him, and the power of his your heavenly Father knoweth that resurrection, and the fellowship of his ye have need of all these things. 1 Pet. sufferings, being made, conformable 1.7. Casting all your care upon him; unto his death. Rom. vi. 5. For if we for he careth for you.
have been planted together in the * Heb. xii. 6. For whom the Lord likeness of his death, we shall be also loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth in the likeness of his resurrection : every son whom he receiveth. Ver. 6. Knowing this, that our old
Lam. iii. 31. For the Lord will not man is crucified with him, that the cast off for ever.
body of sin might be destroyed, that in Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the henceforth we should not serve sin. Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are b John xvii. 17. Sanctify them through sealed unto the day of redemption. thy truth: thy word is truth. Eph.
v. Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not sloth- 26. That he might sanctify and cleanse ful, but followers of them who through it with the washing of water by the faith and patience inherit the pro- word. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are bound mises.
to give thanks alway to God for you, °1 Pet. i. 3. Blessed be the God and brethren beloved of the Lord, because Fatherof our Lord Jesus Christ, which, God hath from the beginning chosen according to his abundant mercy, hath you to salvation through sanctification begotten us again unto a lively hope, of the Spirit, and belief of the truth. by the resurrection of Jesus Christ • Rom. vi. 6. Knowing this, that our from the dead, Ver. 4. To an inherit- old man is crucified with him, that the ance incorruptible, and undefiled, and body of sin might be destroyed, that that fadeth not away, reserved in henceforth ve should not serve sin. heaven for you. Heb. i. 14. Are they Ver. 14. For sin shall not have donot all ministering spirits, sent forth minion over you: for ye are not under to minister for them who shall be heirs the law, but under grace. of salvation ?
a Gal. v. 24. And they that are I. * 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some Christ's have crucified the flesh, with of you: but ye are washed, but ye are the affections and lusts. Rom. viii. 13. sanctified, but ye are justified in the For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall name of the Lord Jesus, and by the die; but if ye through the Spirit do Spirit of our God. Acts xx. 32. And mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall now, brethren, I commend you to God, live.
quickened and strengthened in all saving graces, to the practice of true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.'
II. This sanctification is throughout in the whole man,s yet imperfect in this life; there abideth still some remnants of corruption in every part:b whence ariseth a continual and irreconcilable war; the flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh.i
III. In which war, although the remaining corruption for a time may much prevail, yet, through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part doth overcome: and so the saints grow in grace," perfecting holiness in the fear of God."
• Col. i. 11. Strengthened with all for which also I am apprehended of might, according to his glorious power, Christ Jesus. unto all patience and long-suffering i Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth with joyfulness. Eph. iii. 16. That he against the Spirit, and the Spirit would grant you, according to the against the flesh: and these are con. riches of his glory, to be strengthened trary the one to the other; so that ye with might by his Spirit in the inner cannot do the things that ye would. man; Ver. 17. That Christ may dwell Pet. ii. 11. Dearly beloved, I beseech in your hearts by faith; that ye, be- you, as strangers and pilgrims, abstain ing rooted and grounded in love, Ver. from fleshly lusts, which war against 18. May be able to comprehend with the soul. all saints what is the breadth, and III. k Rom. vii. 23. But I see another length, and depth, and height; Ver. law in my members warring against 19. And to know the love of Christ, the law of my mind, and bringing me which passeth knowledge, that ye into captivity to the law of sin which might be filled with all the fulness of is in my members. God.
1 Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall not have p2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these dominion over you: for ye are not promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse under the law, but under grace. 1 John ourselves from all filthiness of the v. 4. For whatsoever is born of God flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in overcometh the world: and this is the the fear of God. Heb. xii. 14. Follow victory that overcometh the world, peace with all men, and holiness, even our faith. Eph. iv. 15. But, without which no man shall see the speaking the truth in love, may grow Lord.
up into him in all things, which is the II. 5 1 Thess. V. 23. And the very head, even Christ: Ver. 16. From God of peace sanctify you wholly; whom the whole body fitly joined to. and I pray God your whole spirit, and gether and compacted by that which soul, and body, be preserved blameless every joint supplieth, according to the unto the coming of our Lord Jesus effectual working in the measure of Christ.
every part, maketh increase of the h 1 John i. 10. If we say that we body, unto the edifying of itself in love. have not sinned, we make him a liar, m 2 Pet. iii. 18. But grow in grace, and his word is not in us. Rom. vii. and in the knowledge of our Lord 18. For I know that in me (that is, in and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for be glory both now and for ever. Amen. to will present with me; but how 2 Cor. iii. 18. But we all, with open to perform that which is good I find face beholding as in a glass the glory not. Ver. 23. But I see another law of the Lord, are changed into the in my members warring against the same image, from glory to glory, even law of my mind, and bringing me into as by the Spirit of the Lord. captivity to the law of sin which is in n 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore my members. Phil. iii. 12. Not as these promises, dearly beloved, let us though I had already attained, either cleanse ourselves from all filthiness were already perfect; but I follow of the flesh and spirit, perfecting hoafter, if that I may apprehend that liness in the fear of God.