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V. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to do good alone in the state of glory only."

CHAP. X. Of Effectual Calling.
LL those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those

I.

A is ,

tually to call,a by his word and Spirit, out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ;enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God;d taking away their heart of stone, and giving

V. 'Eph. iv. 13. Till we all come in glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Cor. the unity of the faith, and of the iii

. 3. Forasmuch as ye are manifestly knowledge of the Son of God, unto a declared to be the epistle of Christ perfect man, unto the measure of the ministered by us, written not with

ink, stature of the fulness of Christ. Heb. but with the Spirit of the living God; xii. 23. To the general assembly and not in tables of stone, but in fleshly church of the first-born, which are tables of the heart. Ver. 6. Who also written in heaven, and to God the hath made us able ministers of the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just new testament; not of the letter, but men made perfect. 1 John iii. 2. Be- of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but loved, now are we the sons of God; and the spirit giveth life. it doth not yet appear what we shall . Rom. viii. 2. For the law of the be: but we know that, when he shall Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath appear, we shall be like him; for we made me free from the law of sin and shall see him as he is. Jude, ver. 24. death. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he Now unto him that is able to keep you quickened, who were dead in tres from falling, and to present you fault- passes and sins; Ver. 2. Wherein in less before the presence of his glory time past ye walked according to the with exceeding joy.

course of this world, according to the I. . Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom prince of the power of the air, the he did predestinate, them he also spirit that now worketh in the chilcalled; and whom he called, them he dren of disobedience: Ver. 3. Amorg also justified; and whom he justified, whom also we all had our conversation them he also glorified. Rom. xi. 7. in times past in the lusts of our flesh, What then ? Israel hath not obtained fulfilling the desires of the flesh and that which he seeketh for; but the of the mind; and were by nature the election hath obtained it, and the rest children of wrath, even as others. Ver. were blinded. Eph. i. 10. That in the 4. But God, who is rich in mercy, for dispensation of the fulness of times, his great love wherewith he loved us, he might gather together in one all Ver. 5. Even when we were dead in things in Christ, both which are in sins, hath quickened us together with heaven, and which are on earth, even Christ; (by grace ye are saved.) 2 Tim. in him; Ver. 11. In whom also we i.9. Who hath saved us, and called us have obtained an inheritance, being with an holy calling, not according to predestinated according to the pur- our works, but according to his own pose of him who worketh all things purpose and grace, which was given after the counsel of his own will. us in Christ Jesus before the world

b 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are bound began; Ver. 10. But is now made to give thanks alway to God for you, manifest by the appearing of our brethren, beloved of the Lord, because Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath aboGod hath from the beginning chosen lished death, and hath brought life you to salvation through sanctification and immortality to light through the of the Spirit, and belief of the truth: gospel. Ver. 14. Whereunto he called you by & Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, our gospel, to the obtaining of the and to turn them from darkness to unto them an heart of flesh;o renewing their wills, and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good;' and effectually draw. ing them to Jesus Christ;yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by his grace.h

II. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, not from any thing at all foreseen in man;' who is altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit, he light, and from the power of Satan of God. Every man therefore that unto God, that they may receive for- bath heard, and hath learned of the giveness of sins, and inheritance among Father, cometh

unto me. them which are sanctified

by faith that h Cant. i. 4. Draw me, we will run is in me. 1 Cor. ii. 10. But God hath after thee. Ps.cx. 3. Thy people shall revealed them unto us by his Spirit: be willing in the day of thy power, in for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the beauties of holiness from the womb the deep things of God. Ver. 12. Now of the morning: thou hast the dew of we have received,

not the spirit of the thy youth. John vi. 37. All that the world, but the spirit which is of God; Father giveth me shall come to me: that we might know the things that and him that cometh to me I will are freely given to us of God. Eph. i. in no wise cast out. Rom. vi. 16. 17. That the God of our Lord Jesus Know ye not, that to whom ye yield Christ, the Father of glory, may give yourselves servants to obey, his serunto you the spirit of wisdom and re- vants ye are to whom ye obey ; velation in the knowledge of him: Ver. whether of sin unto death, or of obe18. The eyes of your understanding dience unto righteousness Ver. 17. being enlightened; that ye may know But God be thanked, that ye were the what is the hope of his calling, and servants of sin; but ye have obeyed what the riches

of the glory of his in- from the heart that form of doctrine heritance in the saints.

which was delivered you. Ver. 18. e Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also Being then made free from sin, ye bewill I give you, and a new spirit will came the

servants of righteousness. I put within you; and I will take II. 1 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved us, away the stony heart out of your and called us with an holy calling, not flesh, and I will give you an heart of according to our works, but according flesh.

to his own purpose and grace, which Ezek. xi. 19. And I will give them was given us in Christ Jesus before one heart, and I will put a new spirit the world began. Tit. iii. 4. But after within you; and I will take the stony that the kindness and love of God our heart out of their flesh, and will give Saviour toward man appeared, Ver. them an heart of flesh. Phil. ii. 13. For 5. Not by works of righteousness it is God which worketh in you, both which we have done, but according to to will and to do of his good pleasure. his mercy he saved us, by the washing Deut. xxx. 6. And the Lord thy God of regeneration, and renewing of the will circumcise thine heart, and the Holy Ghost. Eph. ii

. 4. But God, who heart of thy seed, to love the Lord thy is rich in mercy, for his great love God with all thine heart, and with all wherewith he loved us, Ver. 5. Even thy soul, that thou mayest live. Ezek. when we were dead 'in sins, hath xxxvi. 27. And I will put my Spirit quickened us together with Christ; within you, and cause you to walk in (by grace ye are saved). Ver. 8. For my statutes, and ye shall keep my by grace are ye saved through faith ; judgments, and do them.

and that not of yourselves : it is the 8 Eph. i. 19. And what is the ex- gift of God: Ver. 9. Not of works, ceeding greatness of his power to us- lest any man should boast. Rom. ix. ward who believe, according to the 11. For the children being not yet working of his mighty power. John born, neither having done any good or vi. 44. No man can come to me, except evil, that the purpose of God accordthe Father, which hath sent me, draw ing to election might stand, not of him: and I will raise him up at the works, but of him that calleth. last day. Ver. 45. It is written in the * 1 Cor. ii. 14. But the natural man prophets, And they shall be all taught receiveth not the things of the Spirit is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.'

III. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit,m who worketh when, and where, and how he pleaseth. So also are all other elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the word.°

IV. Others not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the word, and may have some common operations of the Spirit, 9 yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved: of God: for they are foolishness unto are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, him; neither can he know them, be- if so be that the Spirit of God dwell cause they are spiritually discerned. in you. Now, if any man have not Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. is enmity against God: for it is not [Compared together. Í subject to the law of God, neither in- o John iii. 8. The wind bloweth deed can be. Eph. ii. 5. Even when where it listeth, and thou hearest the we were dead in sins, hath quickened sound thereof,' but canst not tell us together with Christ; (by grace ye whence it cometh, and whether it are saved.)

goeth : so is every one that is born of 1. John vi. 37. All that the Father the Spirit. giveth me shall come to me: and him • 1 John v. 12. He that hath the that cometh to me I will in no wise Son hath life; and he that hath not cast out. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will the Son of God hath not life. Acts put my Spirit within you, and cause iv. 12. Neither is there salvation in you to walk in my statutes, and ye any other : for there is none other shall keep my judgments, and do name under heaven given among men them. John y. 25. Verily, verily, I say whereby we must be saved. unto you, The hour is coming, and IV. P Matt. xxii. 14. For many are now is, when the dead shall hear the called, but few are chosen. voice of the Son of God; and they that 9 Matt. vii. 22. Many will say to hear shall live.

me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we III. m Luke xviii. 15. And they not prophesied in thy name ? and in brought unto him also infants, that he thy name have cast out devils ? and would touch them: but when his dis- in thy name done many wonderful ciples saw it, they rebuked them. Ver. works ?. Matt. xiii. 20. But he that 16. But Jesus called them unto him, and received the seed into stony places, said, Suffer little children to come un- the same is he that heareth the word, to me, and forbid them not: for of such and anon with joy receiveth it: Ver. is the kingdom of God. And Acts ii. 21. Yet hath he not root in himself, 38. Then Peter said unto them, Re- but dureth for a while; for when pent, and be baptized every one of tribulation or persecution ariseth beyou in the name of Jesus Christ for cause of the word, by and by he is the remission of sins, and ye shall offended. Heb. vi. 4. For it is imreceive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Ver. possible for those who were once en39. For the promise is unto you, and lightened, and have tasted of the heato your children, and to all that are venly gift, and were made partakers afar off, even as many as the Lord our of the Holy Ghost, Ver. 5. And have God shall call. And John iii. 3. Jesus tasted the good word of God, and the answered and said unto him, Verily, powers of the world to come. verily, I say unto thee, Except a man r John vi. 64. But there are some be born again, he cannot see the king of you that believe not. For Jesus dom of God. Ver. 5. Jesus answered, knew from the beginning who they Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except were that believed not, and who should a man be born of water, and of the betray him. Ver. 65. And he said, Spirit, he cannot enter into the king. Therefore said I unto you, that no dom of God. And 1 John v. 12. He man can come unto me, except it were that hath the Son hath life; and he given unto him of my Father.. Ver. that hath not the Son of God hath 66. From that time many of his disnot life. And Rom. viii. 9. But ye ciples went back, and walked no more

much less can men not professing the Christian religion be saved in any other way whatsoever,

be they ever so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess;s and to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested.

CHAP. XI.-Of Justification I. MHOSE whom God effectually calleth he also freely justifieth ;*

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sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous: not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone: not by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience, to them as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them, they receiving and

with him. John viii. 24. I said there- is not another, but there be some fore unto you, that ye shall die in that trouble you, and would pervert your sins; for if ye believe not that the gospel of Christ. Ver. 8. But I am he, ye shall die in your sins. though we, or an angel from heaven,

& Acts iv. 12. Neither is there sal. preach any other gospel unto you than vation in any other: for there is none that which we have preached unto other name under heaven given among you, let him be accursed. men whereby we must be saved. John I. a Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom xiv. 6. Jesus saith unto him, I am the he did predestinate, them he also way, and the truth, and the life: no man called; and whom he called, them he cometh unto the Father, but by me. also justified; and whom he justified, Eph. ii. 12. That at that time ye were them he also glorified. Rom. iii. 24. without Christ, being aliens from the Being justified freely by his grace, commonwealth of Israel, and stran- through the redemption that is in gers from the covenants of promise, Christ Jesus. having no hope, and without God in b Rom. iv. 5. But to him that workthe world. * John iv. 22. Ye worship eth not, but believeth on him that ye know not what; we know what justifieth the ungodly, his faith is we worship: for salvation is of the counted for righteousness. Ver. 6. Jews. John xvii. 3. And this is life Even as David also describeth the eternal, that they might know thee blessedness of the man, unto whom the only true God, and Jesus Christ, God imputeth righteousness without whom thou hast sent.

works, Ver. 7. Saying, Blessed are t 2 John, ver. 9. Whosoever trans- they whose iniquities are forgiven, gresseth, and abideth not in the doo- and whose sins are covered. Ver. 8. trine of Christ, hath not God: he that Blessed is the man to whom the Lord abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he will not impute sin. 2 Cor. v. 19. To hath both the Father and the Son. wit, that God was in Christ, reconVer. 10. If there come any unto you, ciling the world unto himself, not im. and bring not this doctrine, receive puting their trespasses unto them him not into your house, neither bid and hath committed unto us the word him God speed : Ver. 11. For he of reconciliation. Ver. 21. For he that biddeth him God speed is par. hath made him to be sin for us, who taker of his evil deeds. 1 Cor. _xvi. knew no sin; that we might be made 22. If any man love not the Lord the righteousness of God in him. Rom. Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema iii. 22. Even the righteousness of God, Maranatha. Gal. i. 6. I marvel that which is by faith of Jesus Christ ye are so soon removed from him that unto all and upon all them that be. called you into the grace of Christ lieve; for there is no difference. Ver. unto another gospel : Ver. 7. Which 24. Being justified freely by his grace,

resting on him and his righteousness by faith : which faith they have not of themselves; it is the gift of God.

II. Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and his righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification;d yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love.o

III. Christ, by his obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to his Father's justice in their behalf. Yet, in as much through the redemption that is in them which heard the word. Gal. ii. Christ Jesus; Ver. 25. Whom God 16. Knowing that a man is not justihath set forth to be a propitiation fied by the works of the law, but by through faith in his blood, to declare the faith of Jesus Christ, even we his righteousness for the remission have believed in Jesus Christ, that of sins that are past, through

the for- we might be justified by the faith of bearance of God; Ver. 27. Where is Christ, and not by the works of the boasting then? It is excluded. By law: for by the works of the law what law ? of works ? Nay; but by shall no flesh be justified. Phil. iii. the law of faith. Ver. 28. There- 9. And be found in him, not having fore we conclude, that a man is justi- mine own righteousness, which is of fied by faith without the deeds of the the law, but that which is through law. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of the faith of Christ, the righteousness righteousness which we have done, which is of God by faith. Acts xiii. but according to his mercy he saved 38. Be it known unto you, therefore, us, by the washing of regeneration, men and brethren, that through this and renewing of the

Holy Ghost; Ver. man is preached unto you the for9. That, being justified by his grace, giveness of sins : Ver. 39. And by we should be made heirs according to him all that believe are justified from the hope of eternal life. Eph. i. 7. all things, from which ye could not In whom we have redemption through be justified by the law of Moses. Eph. his blood, the forgiveness of sins, ac- ii. 7. That in the ages to come he cording to the riches of his grace. might shew the exceeding riches of Jer. xxiii. 6. In his days Judah shall his grace, in his kindness toward_us be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely; through Christ Jesus. Ver. 8. For and this is his name whereby he shall by grace are ye saved through faith; be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHT- and that not of yourselves : it is tho EOUSNESS. 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him gift of God. are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is II, a John i. 12. But as many as remade unto us wisdom, and righteous- ceived him, to them gave he power to ness, and sanctification, and redemp- become the sons of God, even to them tion : Ver. 31. That, according as it that believe on his name. Rom. iii. 28. is written, He that glorieth, let him Therefore we conclude, that a man is glory in the Lord. Rom. v. 17. For justified by faith without the deeds if by one man's offence death reigned of the law. Rom. v. i. Therefore, beby one; much more they which re- ing justified by faith, we have peace ceive abundance of grace, and of the with God through our Lord Jesus gift of righteousness, shall reign in Christ. life by one, Jesus Christ: Ver. 18. e James ii. 17. Even so faith, if it Therefore, as by the offence of one hath not

works, is dead, being alonc. judgment came upon all men to con- Ver.22. Seest thou how faith wrought demnation; even so by the righteous. with his works, and by works was ness of one the free gift came upon faith made perfect? Ver. 26. For as all men unto justification of life. Ver. the body without the spirit is dead, so 19. For as by one man's disobedience faith without works is dead also. Gal. many were made sinners; so by the v. 6. For in Jesus Christ neither cirobedience of one shall many be made cumcision availeth any thing, nor unrighteous.

circumcision; but faith which worketh • Acts x. 44. While Peter yet spake by love. these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all III.' Rom. v. 8. But God commendeth

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