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soul, and most painful sufferings in his body; was crucified, and died;d was buried, and remained under the power of death, yet saw no corruption. On the third day he arose from the dead, with the same body in which he suffered ;s with which also he ascended into heaven, and there sitteth at the right hand of his Father, making intercession ; and shall return to judge men and angels at the end of the world.
am come to destroy the law or the not believe. Ver. 27. Then saith he prophets: I am not come to destroy to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, but to fulfil.
and behold my hands; and reach • Matt. xxvi. 37. And he took with hither thy hand, and thrust it into him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, my side: and be not faithless, but and began to be sorrowful and very believing. heavy. Ver. 38. Then saith he unto h Mark xvi. 19. So then, after the them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, Lord had spoken unto them, he was even unto death : tarry ye here, and received up into heaven, and sat on watch with me. Luke xxii. 44. And, the right hand of God. being in an agony, he prayed more i Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that conearnestly: and his sweat was as it demneth? It is Christ that died, yea were great drops of blood falling down rather, that is risen again, who is to the ground. Matt. xxvii. 46. And even at the right hand of God, who about the ninth hour, Jesus cried with also maketh intercession for us. Heb. a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama ix. 24. For Christ is not entered into sabachthani that is to say, My God, the holy places made with hands, my God, why hast thou forsaken me which are the figures of the true;
• Matt., Chapters xxvi. and xxvii. but into heaven itself, now to appear
a Phil. ii. 8. [See the last scripture in the presence of God for us. Heb. in y immediately foregoing.]
vii. 25. Wherefore he is able also to Acts ii. 23. Him, being delivered save them to the uttermost that come by the determinate counsel and fore- unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth knowledge of God, ye have taken, and to make intercession for them. by wicked hands have crucified and * Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end Christ slain; Ver. 24. Whom God hath both died, and rose, and revived, that raised up, having loosed the pains of he might be Lord both of the dead death: because it was not possible and living. Ver. 10. But why dost that he should be holden of it. Ver. 27. thou judge thy brother? or why dost Because thou wilt not leave my soul thou set at nought thy brother? for in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine we shall all stand before the judgHoly One to see corruption. And ment-seat of Christ. Acts i. 11. Acts xiii. 37. But he, whom God raised which also said, Ye men of Galilee, again, saw no corruption. Rom. vi
. 9. why stand ye gazing up into heaven Knowing that Christ, being raised this same Jesus, which is taken up from the dead, dieth no more; death from you into heaven, shall so come hath no more dominion over him. in like manner as ye have seen him
f 1 Cor. xv. 3. For I delivered unto go into heaven. Acts x. 42. And he you first of all that which I also re- commanded us to preach unto the ceived, how that Christ died for our people, and to testify that it is he sins according to the scriptures: Ver. which was ordained of God to be the 4. And that he was buried, and that Judge of quick and dead. Matt. xiii. he rose again the third day according 40. As therefore the tares are gatherto the scriptures;
Ver. 5. And that ed and burned in the fire; so shall it he was seen of Cephas, then of the be in the end of this world. Ver. 41. twelve.
The Son of man shall send forth his 8 John XX. 25. The other disciples angels, and they shall gather out of therefore said unto him, We have his kingdom all things that offend, seen the Lord. But he said unto and them which do iniquity. Ver. them, Except I shall see in his hands 42. And shall cast them into a fur. the print of the nails, and put my nace of fire: there shall be wailing finger into the print of the nails, and and gnashing of teeth. Jude, ver. 6. thrust my hand into his side, I will And the angels which kept not their
V. The Lord Jesus, by his perfect obedience and sacrifice of himself, which he through the eternal Spirit once offered up unto God, hath fully satisfied the justice of his Father;' and purchased not only reconciliation, but an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto him.m
VI. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof, were communicated unto the elect in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein he was revealed and signified to be the Seed of the woman, which should bruise the serpent's head, and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world, being yesterday and to-day the same, and for ever." first estate, but left their own habi. holy. Ver. 26. And after threescore tation, he hath reserved in everlast.. and two weeks shall Messiah be cut ing chains, under darkness, unto the off, but not for himself: and the peojudgment of the great day. 2 Peter ple of the prince that shall come shall ii. 4. For if God spared not the angels destroy the city and the sanctuary; that sinned, but cast them down to and the end thereof shall be with & hell, and delivered them into chains flood, and unto the end of the war of darkness, to be reserved unto desolations are determined. Col. i. judgment.
19. For it pleased the Father that V. 1 Rom. v. 19. For as by one man's in him should all fulness dwell : Ver. disobedience many were made sin. 20. And (having made peace through ners; so by the obedience of one shall the blood of his cross) by him to remany be made righteous. Heb. ix. concile all things unto himself; by 14. How much more shall the blood him, I say, whether they be things in of Christ, who through the eternal earth, or things in heaven. Eph. i. Spirit offered himself without spot 11. In whom also we have obtained to God, purge your conscience from an inheritance, being predestinated dead works, to serve the living God? according to the purpose of him who Ver. 16. For where a testament is, worketh all things after the counsel there must also of necessity be the of his own will.Ver. 14. Which is death of the testator. Heb. x. 14. the earnest of our inheritance, until For by one offering he hath perfected the redemption of the purchased posfor ever them that are sanctified. session, unto the praise of his glory. Eph. V. 2. And walk in love, as Christ John xvii. 2. As thou hast given him also hath loved us, and hath given power over all flesh, that he should himself for us an offering and a sa- give eternal life to as many as thou crifice to God for a sweet-smelling sa- hast given him. Heb. ix. 12. Neither vour. Rom. iii. 25. Whom God hath by the blood of goats and calves, but set forth to be a propitiation through by his own blood, he entered in once faith in his blood, to declare his into the holy place, having obtained righteousness for the remission of eternal redemption for us. Ver. 15. sins that are past, through the for- And for this cause he is the mediator bearance of God; Ver. 26. To de. of the new testament, that by means clare, I say, at this time his righteous- of death, for the redemption of the ness; that he might be just, and the transgressions that were under the justifier of him which believeth in first testament, they which are called Jesus.
might receive the promise of eternal m Dan. ix. 24. Seventy, weeks are inheritance. determined upon thy people, and upon
VI. - Gal. iv. 4. But when the ful. thy holy city, to finish the transgres- ness of the time was come, God sent sion, and to make an end of sins, and forth his Son, made of a woman, to make reconciliation for iniquity, made under the law, Ver. 5. To reand to bring in everlasting righteous- deem them that were under the law, ness, and to seal up the vision and that we might receive the adoption prophecy, and to anoint the most of sons. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put
VII. Christ, in the work of mediation, acteth according to both natures; by each nature doing that which is proper to itself:o yet, by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature is sometimes in scripture attributed to the person denominated by the other nature.P
VIII. To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption, he doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same;, making intercession for them; and revealing unto them, in and by the word, the mysteries of salvation;' effectually persuading them by his Spirit to believe and obey; and governing their hearts by his word and Spirit;t overcoming all their enemies by his almighty power and enmity between thee and the woman, ? 1 John ii. 1. My little children, and between thy seed and her seed: these things write I unto you, that ye it shall bruise thy head, and thou sin not. And if any man sin, we have shalt bruise his heel. Rev. xiii. 8. an advocate with the Father, Jesus And all that dwell upon the earth Christ the righteous: Ver. 2. And he shall worship him, whose names are is the propitiation for our sins; and not written in the book of life of the not for ours only, but also for the sins Lamb slain from the foundation of of the whole world. Rom. viii. 34. the world. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ Who is he that condemneth? It is the same yesterday, and to-day, and Christ that died, yea rather, that is for ever.
risen again, who is even at the right VII. Heb. ix. 14. [See letter!, scrip- hand of God, who also maketh interture the second.] 1 Pet. iii. 18. For cession for us. Christ also hath once suffered for sins, * John xv. 13. Greater love hath no the just for the unjust, that he might man than this, that a man lay down bring us to God, being put to death his life for his friends. Ver. 15. Hencein the flesh, but quickened by the forth I call you not servants; for the Spirit.
servant knoweth not what his lord P Acts xx. 28. Take heed therefore doeth: but I have called you friends; unto yourselves, and to all the flock for all things that I have heard of my over the which the Holy Ghost hath Father I have made known unto you. made you overseers, to feed the church Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redempof God, which he hath purchased with tion through his blood, the forgivehis own blood. John iii. 13. And no ness of sins, according to the riches of man hath ascended up to heaven, but his grace; "Ver. 8. Wherein he hath he that came down from heaven, even abounded toward us in all wisdom and the Son of man which is in heaven. prudence; Ver. 9. Having made known 1 John iii. 16. Hereby perceive we the unto us the mystery of his will, accordlove of God, because he laid down his ing to his good pleasure, which he hath life for us: and we ought to lay down purposed in himself. John xvii. 6. I our lives for the brethren.
have manifested thy name unto the VIII. 9 John vi. 37. All that the men which thou gavest me out of the Father giveth me shall come to me: world : thine they were, and thou and him that cometh to me I will in gavest them me; and they have kept no wise cast out. Ver. 39. And this thy word. is the Father's will which hath sent i John xiv. 16. And I will pray the me, that of all which he hath given Father, and he shall give you another me I should lose nothing, but should Comforter, that he may abide with raise it up again at the last day. John you for ever. Heb. xii. 2. Looking X. 15. As the Father knoweth me, unto Jesus, the author and finisher of even so know I the Father: and I lay our faith; who, for the joy that was down my life for the sheep., Ver. 16. set before him, endured the cross, deAnd other sheep I have, which are not spising the shame, and is set down at of this fold: them also I must bring, the right hand of the throne of God. and they shall hear my voice; and 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same there shall be one fold, and one shep- spirit of faith, according as it is writherd.
ton, I believed, and therefore have I
wisdom, in such manner and ways as are most consonant to his wonderful and unsearchable dispensation."
CHAP. IX. Of Free Will. I. GO I OD hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that
it is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined, to good or evil.
II. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which is good and well pleasing to God;5* but yet mutably, so that he might fall from it.
III. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation;, so as a natural
spoken; we also believe, and therefore wise shall also the Son of man suffer speak. Rom. viii. 9. But ye are not of them. James i. 14. But every man in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be is tempted, when he is drawn away of that the Spirit of God dwell' in you. his own lust, and enticed. Deut. xxx. Now, if any man have not the Spirit 19. I call heaven and earth to record of Christ, he is none of his. Ver. 14. this day against you, that I have set For as many as are led by the Spirit before you life and death, blessing and of God, they are the sons of God. Rom. cursing: therefore choose life, that xv. 18. For I will not dare to speak of both thou and thy seed may live. any of those things which Christ hath II. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have not wrought by me, to make the Gen- I found, that God hath made man uptiles obedient, by word and deed, Ver. right; but they have sought out many 19. Through mighty signs and won- inventions. Gen. i. 26. And God said, ders, by the power of the Spirit of Let us make man in our image, after God; so that from Jerusalem, and our likeness; and let them have doround about unto Illyricum, I have minion over the fish of the sea, and fully preached the gospel of Christ. over the fowl of the air, and over the John xvii. 17. Sanctify them through cattle, and over all the earth, and over thy truth: thy word is truth. every creeping thing that creepeth
i Ps. cx. 1. The Lord said unto my upon the earth. Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until 'c Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God I make thine enemies thy footstool. commanded the man, saying, Of every 1 Cor. xv. 25. For he must reign, till tree of the garden thou mayest freely he hath put all enemies under his feet. eat; Ver. 17. But of the tree of the Ver. 26. The last enemy that shall be knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt destroyed is death. Mal. iv. 2. But not eat of it: for in the day that thou unto you that fear my name shall the eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Sun of righteousness arise with heal. Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw ing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, that the tree was good for food, and and grow up as calves of the stall that it was pleasant to the eyes, and Ver. 3. And ye shall tread down the a tree to be desired to make one wise, wicked; for they shall be ashes under she took of the fruit thereof, and did the soles of your feet, in the day that eat; and gave also unto her husband I shall do this, saith the Lord of hosts. with her, and he did
eat. Col. ii. 15. And, having spoiled prin- III. a Rom. v. 6. For when we were cipalities and powers, he made a shew yet without strength, in due time of them openly, triumphing over them Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. in it.
7. Because the carnal mind is enmity I. * Matt. xvii. 12. But I say unto against God: for it is not subject to you, That Elias is come already, and the law of God, neither indeed can be. they knew him not, but have done John xv. 5. I am the vine, ye are the unto him whatsoever they listed: like. branches: he that abideth in me, and
man, being altogether averse from that good, and dead in sin,' is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.
IV. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of
grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, and by his
grace alone enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good ;' yet so as that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil.
I in him, the same bringeth forth much lusts and pleasures, living in malice fruit; for without me ye can do no- and envy, hateful, and hating one thing.
another. 'Ver. 4. But after that the e Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There kindness and love of God our Saviour is none righteous, no, not one. Ver. 12. toward man appeared, Ver. 5. Not They are all gone out of the way, they by works of righteousness which we are together become unprofitable; have done, but according to his mercy there is none that doeth good, no, not he saved us, by the washing of rege
neration, and renewing of the Holy 1 Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quick. Ghost. ened, who were dead in trespasses
IV. h Col. i. 13. Who hath delivered sins. Ver. 5. Even when we were dead us from the power of darkness, and in sins, hath quickened us together hath translated us into the kingdom with Christ; (by grace ye are saved.) of his dear Son. John viii. 34. Jesus Col. ii. 13. And you, being dead in answered them, Verily, verily, I say your sins and the uncircumcision of unto you, Whosoever committeth sin your flesh, hath he quickened together is the servant of sin. Ver. 36. If the with him, having forgiven you all Son therefore shall make you free, ye trespasses.
shall be free indeed. 8 John vi. 44. No man can come to 1 Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which me, except the Father, which hath worketh in you, both to will and to sent me, draw him: and I will raise do of his good pleasure. Rom. vi. 18. him
up at the last day. Ver. 65. And Being then made free from sin, ye behe said, Therefore said I unto you, came the servants of righteousness. that no man can come unto me, except Ver. 22. But now, being made free it were given unto him of my Father. from sin, and become servants to God, Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye ye have your fruit unto holiness, and walked according to the course of this the end everlasting life. world, according to the prince of the k Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth power of the air, the spirit that now against the Spirit, and the Spirit worketh in the children of disobe. against the flesh: and these are con. dience: Ver. 3. Among whom also we trary the one to the other; so that ye all had our conversation in times past cannot do the things that ye would. in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the Rom. vii. 15. For that which I do I desires of the flesh and of the mind; allow not; for what I would, that do and were by nature the children of I not; but what I hate, that do I. Ver. wrath, even as others. Ver. 4. But God, 18. For I know that in me (that is, in who is rich in mercy, for his great my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for love wherewith he loved us,. Ver. 5. to will is present with me; but how Even when we were dead in sins, hath to perform that which is good I find quickened us together with Christ; not. Ver. 19. For the good that I (by grace ye are saved.) 1 Cor. ii. 14. would I do not: but the evil which I But the natural man receiveth not the would not, that I do. Ver. 21. I find then things of the Spirit of God: for they a law, that, when I would do good, evil are foolishness unto him; neither can is present with me. Ver. 23. But I he know them, because they are spi. see another law in my members ritually discerned. Tit. iii
. 3. For we warring against the law of my mind, ourselves also were sometimes foolish, and bringing me into captivity to thó disobedient, deceived, serving divers law of sin which is in my members.