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Pardon. See Sin.
Predestination, con, iil. 3, 4. cat. 13. The Passions to be restrained, cat. 135, 136. doctrine of predestination how to be han. Passover, one of the types and ordinances dled and used, con. iii. 8.
by which the covenant of grace was ad- Preparation required to the hearing of the ministered under the law, con. vii. 5. cat. word, cat. 160. What preparation requisite 34.
to the sabbath, cat. 117. What to the Patience. Patient bearing of the hand of Lord's supper, cat. 171. God a duty, cat. 135. Patient bearing and Prescience. · See Foreknowledge. forgiving of injuries a duty, ib.
Priestly office of Christ, cat. 44. Peace of Conscience. See Conscience. Private worship
in families daily a daty, con. Pedo-baptism. See Infants.
xxi. 6. cat. 156. Perseverance of saints. They whom God Privileges of the invisible church, and of the
hath accepted in Christ can never totally visible. See Church. or finally fall away from the estate of Prodigality a sin, cat. 142. grace, con. xvii. 1. cat. 77, 79. Upon what The profession of the gospel is adorned by their perseverance depends, con. xvii. 2. good works, con. xvi. 2. And ought to be cat. 79. How far they may fall, con. vi. 5. attended with a conversation in holiness xi. 5. xiii. 2. xvii. 3. xviii. 4. cat. 78. They and righteousness, cat. 112, 167. are always kept from utter despair, con. Property in goods, &c. not infringed by the xviii. 4. cat. 81. How they are recovered, communion of saints, con. xxvi. 3. con. xi. 5. xiii. 3.
Prophecies. The covenant of grace ad. Three Persons in the Godhead distinguished ministered by prophecies under the law,
by personal properties, con. ii. 3. cat. 9, 10. con. vii. 5. cat. 34. The equality of the Persons proved, cat. The prophetical office of Christ, how exe11. The personal union of the two natures cuted, cat. 43. in Christ, con. viii. 2. cat. 36, 37. By rea- Propitiation. Christ's one only sacrifice the son of this union, the proper works of each alone propitiation for all the sins of the nature are accepted of God, and relied on elect, con. xxix. 2. by believers as the work of the whole Per- Protestants should not marry with Papists, son, con. viii. 7. cat. 40.
con. xxiv. 3. Physick to be used moderately, cat. 135. Providence, con. v. 1. cat. 18. Events are Lascivious Pictures discharged, cat. 139. ordered according to the nature of second Polygamy unlawful, con. xxiv. 1. cat. 139. causes, con. iii. 1. v. 2. God in his orThe Pope has no power or jurisdiction over dinary providence maketh use of means,
civil magistrates, or their people, con. yet is free to work without, above, and xxiii. iv. He is in no sense head of the against them at his pleasure, con. v. 3.
church, but is Antichrist, con. xxv. 6. How providence is exercised about sin, Powers ecclesiastical or civil, not to be op- con. v. 4. See Sin. The actual influence posed upon pretence of Christian liberty, of the Holy Spirit is required to do good con. XX. 4. Power of the keys. See works, con. xvi. 3. God's providence toKeys.
wards angels, cat. 19. Toward man when Praises to be joined with prayer, cat. 196. created, cat. 20. Is in a special manner The Praise of any good we either are, have, over his church, con. v. 7. cat. 43, 45, 63.
or can do, not to be ascribed to fortune, Publick worship not to be neglected, con.
ourselves, or any other creature, cat. 105. xxi. 6. Prayer, what, cat. 178. The duty of all men, Punishment. See Sin.
con. xxi. 3. To be made to God only, and Purgatory, the scripture acknowledgeth no why, con. xxi. 2. cat. 179. That it may be such place, con. xxxii. 1. accepted, it is to be made in the name of Christ, by the help of the Spirit, con. xxi.
Q 3.cat. 178. What it is to pray in the name QUARRELLING at God's decrees and proviof Christ, cat. 180. Why prayer is to be dences sinful, cat. 113. made in his name, cat. 181. How the Quarrelling and provoking words sinful, cat. Spirit helps to pray, cat. 182. How prayer 136. is to be made, con. xxi. 3. cat. 185. For Questions that are curious or unprofitable what and for whom we are to pray, con. are to be avoided, cat. 113.. xxi. 4. cat. 183, 184. Prayer not to be
R made for the dead, nor for those of whom it may be known that they have sinned the READING the scriptures a part of religious sin unto death, ib. Prayer, now under the worship, con. xxi. 5. How made effectual gospel, is not made more acceptable by any to salvation, cat. 155. The duty of all to place in which it is performed, nor towards read them apart by themselves, and with which it is directed, con. xxi. 6. The rule their families, con. i. 8. cat. 156. How to be of prayer, cat. 186.
read, con. xxi, 5. cat. 157. The Lord's prayer, how to be used, cat. 187. Rebellion a sin, cat. 128. It is explained in the Catechism from Reconciliation with God purchased by Question 188, to the end.
Christ's sacrifice of himself, con. viii. 6. Preaching of the word a part of the ordinary cat. 44.
worship of God, con. xxi. 5. One of the Recreations to be moderately used, cat, 135, ordinances in which the covenant of grace 136. But not on the Lord's day, con. xxi. is administered under the New Testament, 8. cat. 119. con. vii. 6. cat. 35. None are to preach the Redemption, how purchased by Christ, con word but ministers of the gospel, cat. 158. viii. 5. cat. 38, 39, 40. For all the elect, How they are to preach, cat. 169. How the and them only, con. iii. 6. To whom it is preaching of the word is made effectual to certainly applied, con. viii. 8. cat. 59. Al. salvation, cat: 165.
though it was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation ; yet the are commanded to remember it, cat. 12. virtue, efficacy, and benefits of it were It is a memorial of our creation and recommunicated to the elect in all ages suc- demption, which contains a short abridge cessively from the beginning of the world, ment of religion, ib. What are the reasons con. viil. 6. How it is applied to them, annexed to the fourth commandment, the con. viii. 8. cat. 58, 59.
more to enforce it, cat. 120. Why the charge Regeneration. See Effectual Calling. of keeping the sabbath is directed to go The Regenerate are all freely justified, con. vernors of families, and other superiors,
xi. 1. See Justification. And sanctified, cat. 118. con. xiii, 1. See Sanctification. The cor. A Sacrament. The institution, nature, and ruption of nature remains in them, and ends of it, con. xxvii. 1. cat. 162. Its all the motions of it are sin, con. vi. 5. parts, con. xxvii. 2. cat. 163. Only two But it is pardoned and mortified through sacraments instituted by Christ, con. xxvii. Christ, ib. The use of the moral law to 4. cat. 164. Which are only to be dispensed them, con. xix. 6. cat. 97.
by ministers of the word lawfully or. Repentance, what, con. xv. 2. cat. 75. Al- dained, con. xxyii. 4. How made effectual
though it be no satisfaction for sin, nor to salvation, con. xxvii. 3. cat. 161. The cause of pardon, yet no pardon without it, sacraments of the Old Testament were the con. xv. 8. cat. 153. Nor condemnation same for substance with those of the New, where it is, con. xv. 4, 6. It is every man's con. xxvii. 5. Wherein the sacraments of duty to endeavour to repent particularly baptism and of the Lord's supper agree, of his particular sins, con. xv. 6. The cat. 176. Wherein they differ, cat. 177. doctrine of repentance to be preached by Sacrifice. The covenant of grace was ad. every minister, as well as that of faith in ministered under the law by sacrifices, Christ, con. xv. 1. To be declared to those con. vii. 5. viii. 6. cat. 34. Which signified that are offended, con. xv. 6.
Christ to come, ib., Who hath fully satisResurrection of Christ, con. viii. 4. cat. 52. fied the justice of his Father, in his once
The effect of his own power, cat. 52. It is offering himself a sacrifice without spot to a proof of his being the Son of God, and of God, con. viii. 5. cat. 44. There is no real his satisfaction to divine justice, dc. ib. sacrifice made for sin in the Lord's supper, It is an assurance to believers of their re- con. xxix. 2. That sacrament being in. surrection, ib. They have fellowship with stituted for the perpetual remembrance of him in his resurrection, con. xxvi. 1. He Christ's one only sacrifice in his death, con. rose again for their justification, con. xi. 4. xxix. 1. cat. 168. To which the mass is cat. 62. And through the virtue of his most abominably injurious, con. xxix. 2. death and resurrection they are sanctified, Saints. See Believers, Communion. Not to con. xiii. 1. cat. 75. They draw strength be worshipped, con. xxi. 2. cat. 105. there for the mortifying of sin, and Salvation, not to be attained by men who quickening of grace, cat. 52, 167.
do not profess the Christian religion, bo The Resurrection of the dead, of the just they never so diligent to live up to the and unjust, con. xxxii. 2, 3. cat. 87.
light of nature, or the law of that religion Revelation. The divers ways of God's re- which they profess, con. X. 4. cat. 60. vealing his will, con. i. 1.
There being no salvation but in Christ Righteousness, Man was created righteous alone, ib. Who hath
purchased it by his after the image of God, con. iv. 2. cat. 17. perfect obedience and sacrifice of himself, But hy sin he fell from that original righte- con. viii. 5. cat. 83. For all the elect, and ousness, con. vi. 2. cat. 25. And since the them only, con. iii. 6. To whom the oute fall no man can attain to righteousness by ward means are made effectual for their the moral law, cat. 94. Nor by having salvation by the Spirit, con. vii. 5, 6. xxv. righteousness infused into them, con. xi. 3. cat. 154, 155, 161, 182. Who worketh 1. cat. 70. But those whom God effectually in their hearts faith in Jesus Christ, con. calleth, he accepteth and accounteth as xiv, 1. cat. 72. Which is necessarily rerighteous, by imputing the obedience and quired of them for their justification and satisfaction of Christ to them, they re- salvation, con. vii. 3. xi. 1. cat. 32, 71, ceiving and resting on him and his righte. The Spirit also worketh repentance, and ousness by Faith, ib. See Faith, Imputa- infuseth all other saving graces, con, xiii. tion, Justification. Why the righteous 1. cat. 32, 75, 76, 77. Which accompany are not delivered from death, cat. 85. faith, con. xi. 2. cat. 73. Likewise enables Their state immediately after death, con. them unto all obedience and the practice xxxii. 1. cat. 86. At the resurrection and of holiness, which is the way that God hath day of judgment, con, xxxii. 3. xxxiii. 2 appointed them to salvation, con. xiii. 1. cat, 87, 90.
cat. 32. Elect infants dying in infancy are
regenerated and saved by Christ through 8
the Spirit, &c. con. x. 3. SABBATH. By the law of nature, a due pro. Sanctification, what, con. xiii. 1. cat. 75.
portion of time ought to be set apart for Inseparably joined with justification, cat. the
worship of God, con. xxi. 7. God hath 77. Wherein they differ, ib. It is throughin his word, by a positive and perpetual out in the whole man, con. xiii. 2. cat. 75. commandment, binding all men in all But in this life it is not perfect in any, ages, appointed one day in seven for a con. xiii, 2. cat. 77. Whence this impersabbath, to be kept holy to himself, con. fection proceeds, con. xiii. 2. cat. 78. xxi. 7, cat. 20, 116. The day observed Through the continued supply of strength under the Old and New Testament dis- from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the pensations, con. xxi. 7. cat. 116. How the saints grow in grace, perfecting holiness sabbath is to be sanctified, con. xxi, 8. cat. in the fear of God, con. xiii, 3. At death 117. How it is profaned, cat. 119. Why we they are made perfect in holiness, como
XXXll. 1. cat. 86. And at the day of judg, tification. How providence is exercised ment they shall be fully and for ever freed about sin, con. v. 4. Why God permitted from all sin, cat. 90.
the sin of our first parents, con. vi. 1. Batisfaction. Repentance is no satisfaction Why he leaves his children to fall into sin,
for sin, con. xv. 3. nor good works, and con. v. 5. Why and how sinners are har why, con. xvi. 6.
Neither we nor any dened, con. v. 6. cat. 68. other creature can make the least satisfac sins against the first commandment, cat. tion for sin, cat. 194. Christ alone hath 105. Against the second, cat. 109. Against made a proper, real, and full satisfaction the third, cat. 113. Against the fourth, to the justice of his Father by his obe- cat. 119. Sins of inferiors, cat. 128. Sins of dience and sufferings, con. viii. 6. xi. 5. superiors, cat. 130. Sins of equals, cat. 132. cat. 38, 71. Which satisfaction is imputed Sins against the sixth commandment, cat. to believers, con. xi. l. cat. 70.
136. Against the seventh, cat. 139. Against Scandalous, not to be admitted to the Lord's the eighth, cat. 142. Against the ninth, table, con. xxix. 8. cat. 173.
cat. 145. Against the tenth, cat. 148. Scoffing and scorning sinful, cat. 113, 145. Sincerity. Believers love Christ in sincerity, The Scripture, why necessary, con. i. 1. con. xviii. 1. They are never utterly des
What books to be owned for scripture, con. titute of sincerity of heart, con. xviii. 4. 1. 2, 3. cat. 3. How proved
to be the word Ministers ought to preach sincerely, cat. of God, con. i. 6. cat. 4. Upon what au. 159. We are to pray with sincerity, cat. thority the scripture ought to be believed 185. God is pleased to accept and reward and obeyed, con. i. 4. The sufficiency the good works of believers which are sin. and perfection of the scripture, con. i. 6. cere, con, xvi. 6. cat. 2,5. Its perspicuity, con. i. 7. The Singing of psalms a part of religious worship, infallible rule of interpreting scripture is con. xxi. 5. the scripture itself, con. i. 9. The scrip- Slandering sinful, cat. 145. ture is the only rule of faith and practice, Songs that are lascivious forbidden, cat. 13). con. i. 2. cat. 3. 6. and of worship, con. The Soul of man is immortal, con. iv. 2. cat. xxi. 1. cat. 108, 109. Spirit speaking 17. The state of souls when separate from in the scriptures is the supreme judge of their bodies, con. xxxii. 1. cat. 86. all controversies on religion, con. i. 10. Sovereignty. God hath most sovereign doThe original text of the scriptures is that minion cver his creatures, con. ii. 2. The to which the church is finally to appeal, light of nature sheweth' that God hath con. i. 8. But they are to be translated lordship and sovereignty over all, con. xxi. into vulgar languages, con. i. 8. cat. 156. 1. Eternal sovereignty to be ascribed to Because all sorts of people have an inter, God alone, cat. 196. To pray with due apest in them, and are commanded to read
prehensions of his sovereign power, cat. them, ib. How they are to be read, cat. 185, 189. 157. The illumination of the Spirit ne. Spirit. See Holy Ghost. cessary for the saving understanding of Stage-plays forbidden, cat. 139. the scriptures, con. i. 6. cat. 157. How the Stews not to be tolerated, cat. 139. reading of the word is made effectual to Supererogation impossible, con. xvi. 4. salvation, cat. 155. Misinterpreting, mis. Superiors, why styled fathers and mothers, applying, or any way perverting the word, cat. 125. How to be honoured, con. xxiii. 4. or any part of it, sinful, cat. 113.
cat. 127. Their duty, con. xxiii. 1, 2, 3. cat. Sin, what, cat. 24. Original sin, what, cat. 129. Their sins, cat. 130. See Magistracy. 25. The sin of our first parents, con. vi. Superstition. God may not be worshipped 1. cat. 21. By it they fell from their ori. according to the imaginations and devices ginal righteousness, and communion with of men, con. xxi. 1. Religious worship God, and had their natures wholly cor- not instituted by God himself, is not to be rupted, con. vi. 2. cat. 25, 27. The guilt used or approved, cat. 109. All superstiof this sin is imputed, and the corruption tious devices, &c. sinful, cat. 109, 113. of nature conveyed to all their posterity, Supper. See Lord's Supper. con. vi. 3. cat. 32, 26. Who are thereby Surety. Christ the surety for believers, cat. bound over to the wrath of God, and curse 71. Throughly furnished to execute that of the law, con. vi. 6. cat. 27, 194. From office, con. viii. 3.
And God accepteth the original corruption of nature, all ac- satisfaction from him, cat. 71. tual sins proceed, con. vi. 4. cat. 25. Which Suretiship, that is not necessary, is to be are not all equally heinous, cat. 150. The avoided, cat. 141. aggravations of sín, cat. 151. The demerit Suspension from the Lord's table, con. xxx. 4. of every sin, con. vi. 6. cat. 162. Punish. Swearing. See Oaths. Vain or rash swearing ments of sin in this world,
con. v. 6, 6. by the name of God, or to swear at all by xvii. 3. xviii. 4. cat. 28, 83. In the world any other thing, is to be abhorred, con. to come, con. xxxii. 1. xxxiii. 2. cat. 29, xxii. 2. 86, 89. Sin is pardoned for Christ's sake Synods. See Councils. alone, con. xi. I. xv. 3. cat. 70. See Justification, Sanctification. Every man bound
T to pray for pardon of sin, con. xv. 6. God TALE-BEARING, cat. 145. continues to pardon the sins of those that Temptation. Why God leaves his children are justified, con. xi. 5. How pardon of to manifold temptations, con. v. 5. The sin is to be prayed for, cat. 194. The sin wicked given up to the temptations of the unto death, con. xxi. 4. cat. 183. Believers world, con. v. d Temptations to sin are have the dominion of the whole body of to be avoided any resisted, cat. 99.86, 135, sin destroyed, and the lusts thereof more 138. How temptation is to be prayed and more weakened and mortified, con. vi. against, cat. 195. 6. xiii. 1. cas, 75. See Mortification, Sanc: Testament. The books of the Old and New
Testament are the word of God, con.i. 2. whole will of God in all things concerning cat. 3. And the only rule of faith and their edification and salvation, cat. 43. obedience, ib. See Scriptures.
Free-Will. The will of man is neither forced, Testament. Why the covenant of grace is nor by any absolute necessity of nature
called a Testament, con. vii. 4. As it was determined, to do good or evil, con. iii. 1. administered under the law, it is called ix. 1. Man in his state of innocency had the Old Testament, con. vii. 5. And as freedom and power to will and do good, administered under the gospel, it is called con. iv. 2. ix. 2. cat. 17. By his fall he lost the New Testament, con. vii. 6.
all ability of will to any spiritual good acThanksgiving to be joined with prayer, con. companying salvation, con. vi. 2, 4. ix. 3.
xxi. 3. cat. 108, 178. It is to be made in cat. 25, 192. The will is renewed in con. the name of Christ, con. xxi. 3. Solemn version, con. ix. 4. x. 1. cat. 67. It is made thanksgiving a part of religious worship, perfectly and immutably free to do good 1 con. xxi. 5.
alone in the state of glory only, con. ix. 5. Toleration. A false religion not to be tole- Word. See Scripture, Reading, Preaching, rated, cat. 109.
devices in the worship of God, cât. 109. No Works. What are good works, and what traditions of men to be added to the scrip- not, con. xvi. 1. The fruits and evidences ture, con. i. 6.
of a true and lively faith, con. xvi. 2. Transubstantiation is repugnant not only to Their uses and ends, ib. Ability to do good
scripture, but to common sense and reason, works is wholly from the Spirit of Christ, con. xxix. 6. And is the cause of manifold con. xvi. 3. The actual influence of the superstitions, yea, of gross idolatries, ib. Spirit is required for their performance, ib. The tree of life was a pledge of the covenant This no plea for negligence, ib. Supereroof works, cat. 20.
gation impossible, con. xvi. 4. We cannot The Trinity. See God, Persons.
by our best works merit pardon of sin or Truth between man and man, how preserved eternal life, and why, con. xvi. 5. Yet the
and promoted, cat. 14 What things are good fbelievers are accepted by God contrary to it, cat. 145.
in Christ, and rewarded, con. xvi. 6.° The works of unregenerate men cannot please
God, and why, con. xvi. 7. But to neglect ONION of the elect with Christ, con. xxv. 1. to do what God commands is more sinful,
xxvi. 1. cat. 66. It is inseparable, cat. 79. it. All persons shall, in the day of judga Believers are united to one another in love, ment, receive according to what they have con. xxvi. 1.
done in the body, whether good or evil, Union of the two natures in Christ. See con, xxxiii. 1. Personal Union.
Worship. To God is due from his creatures, Onregenerate, the use of the moral law to
con, ii, 2. The light of nature sheweth them, cat. 96. Their best works cannot that God is to be worshipped, con. xi. 1. please God, and why, con. xvi. 7. But But the acceptable way of worshipping their neglect to do what God commands is God is instituted by himself in the scripmore sinful, ib.
tures, ib. He may not be worshipped ac. Vocation. See Calling.
cording to the imaginations and devices Vow, a part of religious worship, con. xxi. 5. of men, con. xxi. 1. cat. 109. False worship What it is, and how to be made, con. xxii. is to be opposed, cat. 108.
As also any 5, 6. To be made to God alone, con. XXV. worship not instituted by God himself, cat. 6. cat. 108. What vows are unlawful, con. 109. But there are some circumstances xxii. 7. Violating of lawful vows, and ful- concerning the worship of God which are filling of unlawful, is sinful, cat. 113. to be ordered by the light of nature and Usury unlawful, cat. 142.
Christian prudence, according to the gene
ral rules of the word, con. i. 6. Religious W
worship is to be given to God the Father, War may be waged by Christians under the Son, and Holy Ghost, and to him alone; New Testament, con. xxiii. 2.
and that only in the mediation of Christ, The Wicked. Their condition in this life, con. xxi. 2. cat. 179, 181. The parts of re
cat. 83; immediately after death, con. ligious worship, con. xxi. 3, 5. P.eligious xxxii. 1. cat. 86; in and after judgment, worship not tied to any place, but God is con. xxxiii. 2. cat. 89.
to be worshipped every where in spirit and Will. The counsel of God's will is most wise
truth, as in private families daily, and in and holy, con. iii. 1. cat. 12. It is unsearch- secret, each one by himself; so more soable, con. iii. 7. cat. 13. It is free and lemnly in the publick assemblies, which immutable, con. v. 1. cat. 14; and most are not to be neglected, con. xxi. 6. righteous, con. ii. 1. How the will of God Wrath. See Curse. is to be done and submitted to, cat. 192. The will of God, revealed in the scriptures,
Z is the only rule of faith, worship, and prac- ZEAL for God, a duty, cat. 104. tice. See Scripture. Christ revealeth to Corrupt, blind, and indiscreet zeal, sinful, his church, by his Spirit and word, the cat, 105.