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to themselves, and especially for his love in Christ, and for. the light of " the gospel.
“ They are to pray for such particular benefits, spiritual and temporal, as
they stand in need of for the time, (whether it be morning or evening,) as " anent health or sickness, prosperity or adversity.
They ought to pray for the kirk of Christ in general, for all the reformed kirks, and for this kirk in particular, and for all that suffer for the name “ of Christ; for all our superiors, the king's majesty, the queen, and their
children; for the magistrates, ministers, and whole body of the congrega“tion whereof they are members, as well for their neighbours absent in “ their lawful affairs, as for those that are at home.
“ The prayer may be closed with an earnest desire that God may be glori. "fied in the coming of the kingdom of his Son, and in doing of his will, and " with assurance that themselves are accepted, and what they have asked " according to his will shall be done."
X. These exercises ought to be performed in great sincerity, without delay, laying aside all exercises of worldly business or hinderances, notwith. standing the mockings of atheists and profane men; in respect of the great mercies of God to this land, and of his severe corrections wherewith lately he hath exercised us. And, to this effect, persons of eminency (and all elders of the kirk) not only ought to stir up themselves and families to diligence herein, but also to concur effectually, that in all other families, where they have power and charge, the said exercises be conscionably performed.
XI. Besides the ordinary duties in families, which are above mentioned, extraordinary duties, both of humiliation and thanksgiving, are to be carefully performed in families, when the Lord, by extraordinary occasions, (private or publick,) calleth for them.
XII. Seeing the word of God requireth that we should consider one another, to provoke unto love and good works; therefore, at all times, and specially in this time, wherein profanity abounds, and mockers, walking after their own lusts, think it strange that others run not with them to the same excess of riot; every member of this kirk ought to stir up themselves, and one another, to the duties of mutual edification, by instruction, admoni. tion, rebuke; exhorting one another to manifest the grace of God' in deny. ing ungodliness and worldly lusts, and in living godly, soberly, and righte. ously in this present world; by comforting the feeble-minded, and praying with or for one another. Which duties respectively are to be performed upon special occasions offered by Divine Providence; as, namely, when under any calamity, cross, or great difficulty, counsel or comfort is sought; or when an offender is to be reclaimed by private admonition, and if that be not effectual, by joining one or two more in the admonition, according to the rule of Christ, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.
XIII. And, because it is not given to every one to speak a word in season to a wearied or distressed conscience, it is expedient, that a person (in that case,) finding no ease, after the use of all ordinary means, private and publick, have their address to their own pastor, or some experienced Christian: but if the person troubled in conscience be of that condition, or of that sex, that discretion, modesty, or fear of scandal, requireth a godly, grave, and secret friend to be present with them in their said address, it is expedient that such a friend be present.
XIV. When persons of divers families are brought together by Divine Providence, being abroad upon their particular vocations, or any necessary occasions; as they would have the Lord their God with them whithersoever they go, they ought to walk with God, and not neglect the duties of prayer and thanksgiving, but take care that the same be performed by such as the company shall judge fittest. And that they likewise take heed that no corrupt communication proceed out of their mouths, but that which is good, to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace to the hearers.
The drift and scope of all these Directions is no other, but that, upon the one part, the power and practice of godliness, amongst all the ministers and members of this kirk, according to their several places and vocations, may be cherished and advanced, and all impiety and mocking of religious ex ercises suppressed: and, upon the other part, that, under the name and pretext of religious exercises, no such meetings or practices be allowed, as are apt to breed error, scandal, schism, contempt, or misregard of the publick ordinances and ministers, or neglect of the duties of particular callings, or such other evils as are the works, not of the Spirit, but of the flesh, and are contrary to truth and peace.
THE CHIEF MATTERS CONTAINED IN THE CONFESSION OF
FAITH AND LARGER CATECHISM.
Con, signifies the Confession of Faith. The first_number denotes the Chapter, the
following figures denote the Paragraphs. Cat. signifies the larger Catechism, and the figures denote the numbers of the Questions.
Assurance of grace and salvation attainable
in this life, con. xviii. 1, 2. cat. 80. Withare accepted as righteous in the sight out extraordinary revelation, con. xviii. of God only for the obedience and satis. 3. cat. 80. Upon what it is founded, con, faction of Christ, con. xi. 1. cat. 70. Which ül, 8. xviii. 2. cat. 80. It is strengthened is imputed to them by God, and received by good works, con. xvi. 2. Believers may by faith, con. xi. 1. cat. 70, 71, 72. How want it, con. xviii. 3. cat. 80, 172. They their good works are accepted in Christ, may have it diminished and intermitted; con. xvi. 6. Acceptance in prayer through and be deprived of comfort, and the light Christ and his mediation, cat. 180.
of God's countenance, con. xi. 5. xvii. 3. Access. No access unto the presence of God xviii. 4. cat. 81. But they are never utterly
without the Mediator Jesus Christ, con, destitute of that seed of God, and life of xii. cat. 39, 55, 181. Who hath purchased faith and love, &c. out of which assurance for believers under the gospel a greater may, by the Spirit, be in due time revived, boldness of access to the throne of grace, con. xviii. 4. cat. 81. And by which, in than believers under the law did ordinarily the mean time, they are supported from partake of, con. xx. 1.
utter despair, ib. It is the duty of all to Actions. God orders and governs all the endeavour after assurance, con. xviii. 3.
actions of his creatures by his most wise And to pray for it, cat. 194.' The fruits of and holy providence, according to his in- it; it inclines not to looseless, con. xviii. 3. fallible foreknowledge and immutable de- Atheism, the denying or not having a God, cree, con. v. 1. cat. 18. See Providence. cat. 105. Actual sins proceed from the original cor- Attributes of God, con. ii. 1, 2. cat. 7, 8, 101.
ruption of nature, con. vi. 4. cat. 25. See Sin.
B Admonition of the church, con. XXX. 4. BAPTISM, what, con. xxviii. 1, 2. cat. 165. Adoption, the nature and privileges of it, To continue to the end of the world, con. com. xii. cat. 74.
xxviii. 1. cat. 176, But once to be admiAdultery, a just ground of divorce, con. nistered to any person, con. xxviii. 7. cat. xxiv. 5, 6.
177. By whom, con. xxvii. 4. xxviii. 2. Aggravations of sin, cat. 151.
cat. 176. To whom, con. xxviii. 4. cat. 166. Amen, the meaning of it, cat. 196.
Dipping not necessary in baptism : But it Angels, God's decree concerning them, con. may be rightly, administered by sprink
iii. 3, 4. cat. 13. How created, cat. 16. ling, con. xxviii. 3. Baptism not necesGod's providence towards them, cat. 19. sary to salvation, yet it is a sin to neglect They are all employed at his pleasure in it, con. xxviii. 5 The efficacy of it, con. the administrations of his power, mercy, xxviii. 6. How to be improved, cat. 167. and justice, ib. Not to be worshipped, Wherein it agrees with the Lord's supcon. xxi. 2. cat. 105.
per, cat. 176. And wherein they differ, Antichrist, what, con. xxv. 6. The Pope is cat. 177. Antichrist, ib.
Believers. See Faith, Justification, AcceptAntiquity, no pretence for using the devices ance, Adoption, Sanctification, Union,
of men in the worship of God, cat. 109. Communion, Liberty, Works, PerseverAnxiety about the things of this life sinful, ance, Assurance. cat. 105, 136, 42.
Benefits which the members of the invisi. The Apocrypha, not being of divine inspira- ble church enjoy by Christ, cat. 65. The
tion, is of no authority in the church, con. benefits of Christ's mediation, cat. 57, 58. i...
The body of Christ, how present in the saImmodest Apparel forbidden, cat. 139. crament, con. xxix. 7. cat. 170. Ascension of Christ, con. viii. 4. cat. 53. The mystical body of Christ. True believAssembly. See Councils.
ers are members of Christ's mystical body, Publick Assemblies for the worship of God con. xxix. i. cat. 168. Which is the whole not to be carelessly or wilfully neglected, number of the elect that have been, are, con, xxi. 6.
or shall be united to Christ as their head,
con. xxv. 1. What that union is, cat. 66. church visible, what, con. XXV. 2. cat. 62 See Communion.
Out of it no ordinary possibility of salvą. The Bodies of the elect after death, and at tion, con. xxv. 2. Its privileges, con. XXV.
the resurrection, con. xxxii. 2, 3. cat. 86, 3. cat. 63. Particular churches more or 87. Of the wicked, ib.
less pure, con. xxv. 4. The purest subLascivious books not to be read, cat. 139. ject to mixture and error, con. xxv. 5.
There shall always be a church on earth 0
to worship God according to his will, ib. CALLING. See Effectual Calling. To have Church-censures. See Censures.
a lawful calling, and to be diligent in it, Church-government appointed by the Lord is a duty, cat. 141.
Jesus in the hand of church-officers, disVows of celibacy unlawful, con. xxii. 7. tinct from the civil magistrate, con. Xxx cat. 139.
1. cat. 45, 108. But they are not exempted Censures of the church, what, con. xxx. 2, from obedience to the magistrate, con
4. Their use, con. xxx. 3. Who are to xxiii. 4. They have the power of the keys be proceeded against by the censures of committed to them, con. xxx. 2. What the church, con. XX. 4. xxix. 8. xxx. 2. that power is, and its use, con. xxx. 2, 3, They are to be managed according to the 4. They are not to be opposed in the late nature of the crime, and the demerit of ful exercise of their powers upon pretence the person, con. xxx. 4. Penitent sinners of Christian liberty, con. xx.
4. See Counare to be absolved from censures, con. cils. There are some circumstances con. Xxx. 2.
cerning church-government, which are to Censuring. Rash, harsh, and partial cen- be ordered by the light of nature and suring sinful, cat. 145.
Christian prudence, according to the geneCeremonial law. See Law.
ral rules of the word, con. i. 6. Charity towards our neighbour, wherein it Circumcision, one of the ordinances by
consists, cat. 135, 141, 144, 147. What con. which the covenant of grace was admitrary to it, cat. 136, 142, 145, 148. Giving nistered unto the law, con. vii. 5. cat. 34. and lending freely according to our ability, Civil magistrate, or civil powers. See Mão and the necessities of others, is a duty, gistrate. con. xxvi. 2. cat. 141.
The Ten Commandments are the sum of the Charms unlawful, cat. 113.
moral law, con. xix. 2. cat. 98. They are Chastity, cat. 138.
a perfect rule of righteousness, con xix. Children that die in infancy, how saved, 2. Rules for understanding them, cat. 99.
con. x. 3. The children of such as pro- The preface explained, cat. 101. The first fess the true religion are members of the Commandment, cat. 103-106. The second, visible church, con. XXV. 2. cat. 62. And cat. 107–110. The third, cat. 111-114. are to be baptized, con. xxviii. 4. cat. 166. The fourth, cat. 115–121. The fifth, cat. Christ, why so called, cat. 42. Is the only 123–133. The sixth, cat. 134-136. The
Mediator between God and man, con. viii. seventh, cat. 137–139. The eighth, cat. 1. cat. 36. Who being very God, of one 140–142. The ninth, cat. 143-145. The substance, and equal with the Father, con. tenth, cat. 146–148. The sum of the first viii. 2. cat. 11, 36. In the fulness of time four commandments, which contain our became man, con. viii. 2. cat. 36, 37. The duty to God, cat. 102. The sum of the necessity of his being God and man, cat. other six, which contain our duty to man, 38, 39, 40. He was ordained by God from cat. 122. No man is able to keep the com. eternity to be Mediator, con. viii. 1. He mandments of God perfectly, cat. 149. was sanctified and anointed with the Holy The Communion. See The Lord's Supper. Spirit to execute the office of Mediator, Communion of Saints, wherein it consists, con. viii. 3. cat. 42. To which he was con. xxvi. 1, 2. The enjoyment of it is one called by the Father, con. viii, 3. And of the privileges of the visible church, cat. willingly undertook and discharged it, con. 63. In the Lord's supper communicants iv. 8. By his perfect obedience and sa- testify their mutual love and fellowship crifice of himself, he purchased reconcilia- each with other, cat. 168. That sacrament tion and eternal life for all the elect, con. being a bond and pledge of believers' viii. 5. cat. 38. To whom, in all ages, the communion with Christ, and with each benefits of his mediation are effectually other, as members of his mystical body, applied, con. viii. 6, 8. Christ's offices of con. xxix. 1. The communion of saints prophet, priest, king, cat. 43, 44, 45. See doth not infringe a man's property in his Acceptance, Access, Body of Christ, Church, goods and possessions, con. xxvi. 3. Death of Christ, Exaltation, Expiation, Communion which the elect have with JIumiliation, Imputation, Intercession, Christ, con. xxvi, 1. In this life, cat, 69, Judge, Merit, Messiah, Name of Christ, 83. Immediately after death, cat. 86. At Personal Union, Propitiation, Reconci- the resurrection and day of judgment, cat. liation, Redemption, Resurrection, Righ- 87, 90. It is a consequence of their union teousness, Sacrifice, Salvation, Satisfac- with him, con. xxvi. 1. It doth not make tion, Surety.
them partakers of his Godhead, nor equal Christian liberty. See Liberty.
with him, con. xxvi. 3. It is confirmed in The Church is the object of God's special the Lord's supper, cat. 168.
providence, con. v. 7. cat. 63. Christ the Unchaste company not to be kept, cat. 139. only head of it, con. viii. 1. xxv. 6. The Nor corrupt communications to be used or catholick church invisible, what, con. listened to, ib. xxv. 1. cat. 64. Given to Christ
from all Condition. Perfect, personal, and perpetual eternity, con. viii. 1. The benefits which obedience, the condition of the covenant the members of it enjoy by Christ, cat. of works, con. vii. 2. xix. 1. cat. 20. God 65, 68, 69, 82, 83, 86, go. The catholick requires faith as the condition to interest sinners in the Mediator of the covenant 4. But their determinations are to be of grace, cat. 32
tried by the scriptures, con. i. 10. How Confession of sin always to be made in pri. far they may meddle in civil affairs, con.
vate to God, con. xv. 6 And is to be xxxi. 5. joined with prayer, cat. 178. When to be Creation of the world, con. iv. 1. cat. 15. Of made to men, con. xv. 6. Upon confession man, con. iv. 2. cat. 17. Of angels, cat. 16. the offending brother is to be received in Creatures. Dominion over the creatures love, ib.
given to man, con. iv. 2. cat. 17. They Conscience. See Liberty of Conscience. are cursed for our sakes since the fall, cat.
Peace of conscience a fruit of the sense of 28. Religious worship to be given to no God's love, con. xviii. 1, 3. cat. 83. Be- creature, con. xxi. 2. cat. 105. lievers may fall into sins which wound the Curiosity. Bold and curious searching into conscience, con. xvii. 3. xviii. 4.
The God's secrets discharged, cat. 105. Curious wicked are punished with horror of con- prying into God's decrees forbidden, cat. science, cat. 28, 83.
113. Curious or unprofitable questions Contentment. Submission to God is our are to be avoided, ib.
duty, cat. 104. Discontent at his dispen. The curse and wrath of God, man liable to sations is sinful, cat. 105. A full content. it, both by original and actual sin, con. vi. ment with our condition is our duty, cat. 6. cat. 27. How it may be escaped, con. 147. Discontentment with our own estate vii. 3. cat. 153. a sin, cat. 148.
Cursing sinful, cat. 113. Controversies. It belongs to synods and
D councils ministerially to determine con. troversies of faith, and cases of conscience, DANCING. Lascivious dancing forbidden, con. xxxi. 3. The Spirit speaking in the cat. 139. scriptures is the supreme judge of all Dead not to be prayed for, con. xxi. 4. cat. controversies in religion, con. i. 10. The 183, original text of the scriptures is that to Death, being the wages of sin, con. vi. 6. which the church is finally to appeal, con. cat. 28, 84. It is appointed for all men, i. 8.
cat. 84. How it is an advantage to the Our Conversation ought to be in holiness righteous, cat. 85. The state of believers
and righteousness, answerable to an holy immediately after death, con. xxxii. 1. profession, cat. 112, 167.
cat. 86. of the wicked, ib. Corruption of nature, what, con. vi. 2, 4. cat. The Death of Christ, con. viii. 4. cat. 49.
25. A consequence of the fall of man, ib, In it he saw no corruption, con. viii. 4. Actual sin a fruit of it, con. vi. 4. cat. 25. cat. 52. The divine nature having susHow it is propagated, con. vi. 3. cat. 26. tained the human from sinking under the It doth remain during this life in the re- power of death, cat. 38. By his obedience generate, and all its motions are truly sin, and death, he made a proper, real, and con. vi. 5. xiii. 2. cat. 78. But it is par- full satisfaction to the justice of the Fadoned and mortified through Christ, con. ther, con. xi. 3. cat. 71. Through the vi. 5.
virtue of his death and resurrection, beCovenant. No enjoying of God but by way lievers are sanctified, con. xiii. 1. Believers of covenant, con. vii. 1.
have fellowship with Christ in his death, Covenant of works, what, and with whom con. xxvi. 1. “And from his death and
made, con. iv. 2. vii. 2. xix. 1. cat. 20, 22. resurrection they draw strength for the Perfect, personal, and perpetual obedience, mortifying of sin, and quickening of grace, the condition of it, con. vii. 2. xix, 1. cat. cat. 167. The Lord's supper is a memorial 20. It is called a law, and a command, con. of his death, con. xxix. 1. cat. 168. And iv. 2. and a law given as a covenant, cona in that sacrament worthy communicants xix. 1. and a covenant of life, of which the meditate affectionately on his death and tree of life was a pledge, cat. 20.
sufferings, cat. 174. And receive and feed Covenant of grace, what, con. vii. 3. cat. 30, upon all the benefits of his death, con.
32. It was made with Christ as the second xxix. 7. Adam, and with all the elect in him, as The Decalogue. See Commandments. his seed, cat. 31. In it God requireth of The Decrees of God, the nature, end, extent, sinners faith in Christ, that they may be and properties of them, con. iii. 1, 2, cat. justified and saved, con. vii. 3. cat. 71. 12. The decree of predestination, con. iii. Faith being required as the condition to 3, 4, Of election and reprobation, con. interest them in Christ, cat. 32. Who is iii. 5, 6, 7. cat. 13. How God executeth the Mediator of this covenant, con. viii. 1. his decrees, cat. 14. How the doctrine of cat. 36. Why it is called a testament, con. decrees is to be handled, and what use to vii. 4. It was differently administered in be made of them, con. iii. 8. Curious the time of the law, and in the time of the prying into God's decrees forbidden, cat. gospel, con. vii. 5. cat. 33. How it was
113. administered under the law, con. vii. 5. Desertion. Wilful desertion unlawful, cat. cat. 34. How under the gospel, con. vii. 6. 139. Such as cannot be remedied by the cat. 35.
church or civil magistrate, is cause suffiouncils or Synods ought to be, con. xxxi. 1. cient of dissolving the bond of marriage, They may be called by the civil magistrate, con. xxiv. 6. con. xxiii. 3. xxxi. 2. When ministers Despair sinful, cat. 105. Believers always may meet without the call of the civil supported from utter despair, con. xviii. magistrate, con. xxxi. 2.
4. cat. 81. councils have, con. xxxi. 3. What sub- Devil, all compacts and consulting with him mission due to their decrees, ib. Not in- sinful, cat. 1105. fallible since the apostles' time, con. xxxi. Diligence in our calling a duty, cat. 141.