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II. At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed:an 1 all the dead shall be raised up with the self-same bodies, and none other, although with different qualities, which shall be united again to their souls for ever.?
III. The bodies of the unjust shall, by the power of Christ, be raised to dishonour; the bodies of the just, by his Spirit, unto honour, and be made conformable to his own glorious body.
CHAP. XXXIII.—Of the Last Judgment. I. A OD hath appointed a day wherein he will judge the world in
UT righteousness by Jesus Christ,a to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father. In which day, not only the apostate angels shall be judged, but likewise all persons that have lived upon
try and apostleship, from which Judas, body, it is raised a spiritual body. by transgression fell, that he might go There is a natural body, and there is to his own place. Jude, Ver. 6. And a spiritual body. the angels which kept not their first III. & Acts xxiv. 15. And have hope estate, but left their own habitation, toward God, which they themselves he hath reserved in everlasting chains, also allow, that there shall be a resurunder darkness, unto the judgment of rection of the dead, both of the just the great day. Ver. 7. Even as So- and unjust. John v. 28. Marvel not dom and Gomorrha, and the cities at this: for the hour is coming, in the about them, in like manner, giving which all that are in the graves shall, themselves over to fornication, and hear his voice, Ver. 29. And shall going after strange flesh, are set forth come forth; they that have done good, for an example, suffering the ven unto the resurrection of life: and geance of eternal fire. 1 Pet. üi. 19. that have done evil, unto the resurBy which also he went and preached rection of damnation. 1 Cor. XV. 43. anto the spirits in prison
[See in letter f.] Philip. iii. 21. Who II. e 1 Thess, iv. 17. Then we which shall change our vile body, that it may are alive and remain shall be caught be fashioned like unto his glorious up together with them in the clouds, body, according to the working whereto meet the Lord in the air: and so by he is able even to subdue aữl things shall we ever be with the Lord. 1 unto himself. Cor. xv. 51 Behold, I show you a mys- I. & Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath tery; We shall not all sleep, but we appointed a day, in the which he will shall all be changed, Ver. 52. In a judge the world in righteousness by moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at that man whom he hath ordained; the last trump, (for the trumpet shall whereof he hath given assurance unto sound;) and the dead shall be raised all men, in that he hath raised him incorruptible, and we shall be changed. from the dead.
Job xix. 26. And though after my b John v. 22. For the Father judg. skin worms destroy this body, yet in eth no man, but hath committed all my flesh shall I see God: Ver. 27. judgment unto the Son. Ver. 27. And Whom I shall see for myself, and hath given him authority to execute mine eyes shall behold, and not an. judgment also, because he is the Son other; though my reins be consumed of man. within me. 1 Cor. xv. 42. So also is c1 Cor. vi. 3. Know ye not that we the resurrection of the dead; it is shall judge angels? how much more sown in corruption, it is raised in things that pertain to this life? Jude, incorruption: Ver. 43. It is sown in Ver. 6. [See letter d Chapter foregoing.) dishonour, it is raised in glory: it is 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God spared not the Bown in weakness, it is raised in angels that sinned, but cast them power: Ver. 44. It is sowo a natural down to hell, and delivered them into
earth shall appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an account of their thoughts, words, and deeds, and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil.
II. The end of God's appointing this day is for the manifestation of the glory of his mercy in the eternal salvation of the elect, and of his justice in the damnation of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fulness of joy and refreshing which shall come from the presence of the Lord; but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power.
III. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity;' so will he have
chains of darkness, to be reserved glory? Matt. xxv. 21. His lord said unto judgment.
unto him, Well done, thou good and d 2 Cor. v. 10. For we must all ap- faithful servant ; thou hast been pear before the judgment-seat of faithful over a few things, I will make Christ; that every one may receive thee ruler over many things : enter the things done in his body, accord. thou into the joy of thy lord. Acts ing to that he hath done, whether it iii. 19. Repent ye therefore, and be be good or bad. Eccl. xii. 14. For converted, that your sins may be blotGod shall bring every work into judg- ted out, when the times of refreshing ment, with every secret thing, whe- shall come from the presence of the ther it be good, or whether it be evil. Lord. 2 Thess. i. 7-10. [See in the Rom. ii. 16. In the day when God Bible.] shall judge the secrets of men by III. " 2 Pet. iii. 11. Seeing then Jesus Christ, according to my gospel. that all these things shall be dissolved, Rom. xiv. 10. But why dost thou what manner of persons ought ye to judge thy brother ? or why dost thou be in all holy conversation and godli. set at nought thy brother ? for we ness ? Ver. 14. Wherefore, beloved, shall all stand before the judgment- seeing that ye look for such things, bé seat of Christ. Ver. 12. So then every diligent, that ye may be found of him one of us shall give account of him- in peace, without spot, and blameless. self to God. Matt. xii. 36. But I say 2 Cor. v. 10. [See letter aj Ver. 11. unto you, That every idle word that Knowing therefore the terror of the men shall speak, they shall give ac- Lord, we persuade men: but we are count thereof in the day of judgment. made manifest unto God; and I trust Ver. 37. For by thy words thou shalt also are made manifest in your conbe justified, and by thy words thou sciences. 2 Thess. i. 5. Which is a shalt be condemned.
manifest token of the righteous judgII. e (Matt. xxv. 31, to the end.) Rom. ment of God, that ye may be counted ii. 5. But, after thy hardness and impe- worthy of the kingdom of God, for nitent heart, treasurest up unto thy. which ye also suffer: Ver. 6. Seeing self wrath against the day of wrath it is a righteous thing with God to and revelation of the righteous judg- recompense tribulation to them that ment of God; Ver. 6. Who will render trouble you; Ver. 7. And to you who to every man according to his deeds. are troubled rest with us, when the Rom. ix. 22. What if God, willing to Lord Jesus shall be revealed from shew his wrath, and to make his heaven with his mighty angels. Luke power known, endured with much xxi. 27. And then shall they see the long-suffering the vessels of wrath Son of man coming in a cloud, with fitted to destruction; Ver. 23. And power and great glory. Ver. 28. And that he might make known the riches when these things begin to come to of his glory on the vessels of mercy, pass, then look up, and lift up your which he had afore prepared unto heads; for your redemption draweth
that day unknown to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly. Amen." nigh. Rom. viii. 23. And not only or at midnight, or at the cock-crowthey, but ourselves also, which have ing, or in the morning; Ver. 36. Lest, the first-fruits of the Spirit, even we coming suddenly, he find you sleepourselves groan within ourselves, ing. Ver. 37. And what I say unto waiting for the adoption, to wit, the you, I say unto all, Watch. Luke redemption of our body. Ver. 24. xii. 35. Let your loins be girded For we are saved by hope: but hope about, and your lights burning; Ver. that is seen is not hope: for what a 36. And ye yourselves like unto men man seeth, why doth he yet hope for that wait for their lord, when he will Ver. 25. But if we hope for that we return from the wedding; that, when see not, then do we with patience wait he cometh and knocketh, they may for it.
open unto him immediately. Rev. & Matt. xxiv. 36, 42, 43, 44. [See in xxii. 20. He which_testifieth these the Bible.] Mark xiii. 36. Watch ye things saith, Surely I come quickly : therefore: for ye know not when the Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus. master of the house cometh, at even,
AGREED UPON BY THE ASSEMBLY OF DIVINES AT WESTMINSTER, WITH THE
ASSISTANCE OF COMMISSIONERS FROM THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND,
AS A PART OF THE COVENANTED UNIFORMITY IN RELIGION
BETWIXT THE CHURCHES OF CHRIST IN THE KINGDOMS
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APPROVED ANNO 1648, BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND, TO
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IN THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE GROUNDS OF RELIGION.
THE PROOFS FROM THE SCRIPTURE,