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ther of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the word, lawfully ordained.
V. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New.
CHAP. XXVIII.- Of Baptism.
Jesus Christ,a not only for the solemn admission of the party baptized into the visible church, but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace, of his ingrafting into Christ,a of regeneration, of remission of sins, and of his giving up unto God through Jesus Christ, to walk in newness of life:& which sacrament is, by Christ's own appointment, to be continued in his church until the end of the world.
IV. * Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye there. had yet being uncircumcised: that he fore, and teach all nations, baptizing might be the father of all them that them in the name of the Father, and believe, though they be not circumof the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. cised ; that righteousness might be 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come together imputed unto them also. With Col. therefore into one place, this is not ii. 11. In whom also ye are circumto eat the Lord's supper. Ver. 23. cised with the circumcision made For I have received of the Lord that without hands, in putting off the body which also I delivered unto you, That of the sins of the flesh by the circumthe Lord Jesus, the same night in cision of Christ; Ver. 12. Buried with which he was betrayed, took bread. him in baptism, wherein also ye are 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a man so account of risen with him through the faith of us as of the ministers of Christ, and the operation of God, who hath raised stewards of the mysteries of 'God. him from the dead. Heb. v. 4. And no man taketh this a Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as honour unto himself, but he that is have been baptized into Christ have called of God, as was Aaron. put on Christ. Rom. vi. 5. For if we
V. 11 Cor. x. 1. Moreover, brethren, have been planted together in the likeI would not that ye should be igno- ness of his death, we shall be also in rant, how that all our fathers were the likeness of his resurrection. under the cloud, andall passed through e Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of rightthe sea; Ver. 2. And were all baptized eousness which we have done, but unto Moses in the cloud and in the according to his mercy he saved us, sea; Ver. 3. And did all eat the
same by the
washing of regeneration, and spiritual meat; Ver. 4. And did all renewing of the Holy Ghost. drink the same spiritual drink; (for f Mark i. 4. John did baptize in the they drank of that spiritual Rock wilderness, and preach the baptism of that followed them; and that Rock repentance for the remission of sins. was Christ.)
& Rom, vi. 3. Know ye not, that so I. a Matt. xxviii. 19. [See letter of many of us as were baptized into the foregoing Chapter.]
Jesus Christ were baptized into his b'1 Cor. xii
. 13. For by one Spirit death ? Ver. 4. Therefore we are are we all baptized into one body, buried with him by baptism into whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whe- death; that like as Christ was raised ther we be bond or free; and have been up from the dead by the glory of the all made to drink into one Spirit. Father, even so we also should walk
c Rom. iv. 11. And he received the in newness of life. sign of circumcision, a seal of the h Matt. xxviii. 19. [See in letter * righteousness of the faith which he foregoing Chapter.] Ver. 20. Teaching
II. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the gospel, lawfully called thereunto.
III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water upon the
IV. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ, but also the infants of one or both believing parents are to be baptized.
them to observe all things whatsoever m Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish I have commanded you:
and, lo, I am my covenant between me and thee, with you alway, even unto the end of and thy seed after thee, in their genethe world. Amen.
rations, for an everlasting covenant, II. * Matt. iii. 11. I indeed baptize to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed you with water unto repentance: but after thee. Ver. 9. And God said he that cometh after me is mightier unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my than I, whose shoes I am not worthy covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed to bear: he shall baptize you with the after thee, in their generations. With Holy Ghost, and with fire. John i. 33. Gal. iii. 9. So then they which be of And I knew him not: but he that sent faith are blessed with faithful Abrame to baptize with water, the same ham. Ver. 14. That the blessing of said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt Abraham might come on the Gentiles see the Spirit descending, and remain through Jesus Christ; that we might ing on him, the same is he which bap- receive the promise of the Spirit tizeth with the Holy Ghost. Matt. through faith. And Col. ii. 11. In xxviii. 19. [See in letter foregoing whom also ye are circumcised with Chapter.] Ver. 20. [See in letter b.] the circumcision made without hands,
III. k Heb. ix. 10, 19, 20, 21, 22. in putting off the body of the sins of Acts ii. 41. Then they that gladly re- the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; ceived his word were baptized : and Ver. 12. Buried with him in baptism, the same day there were added unto wherein also ye are risen with him them about three thousand souls. through the faith of the operation of Acts xvi. 33. And he took them the God, who hath raised him from the same hour of the night, and washed dead. And Acts ii. 38. Then Peter their stripes; and was baptized, he said unto them, Repent, and be bapand all his, straightway. Mark' vii. tized every one of you in the name of 4. And when they come from the mar. Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, ket, except they wash, they eat not. and ye shall receive the gift of the And many other things there be which Holy Ghost. Ver. 39. For the pro. they have received to hold, as the mise is unto you, and to yourchildren, washing of cups, and pots, brasen and to all that are afar off, even as vessels, and of tables.
many as the Lord our God shall call. IV. · Mark xvi. 15. And he said And Rom. iv. 11. And he received the unto them, Go ye into all the world, sign of circumcision, a seal of the and preach the gospel to every crea- righteousness of the faith which he ture. Ver. 16. He that believeth, and had yet being uncircumcised: that he is baptized, shall be saved; but he might be the father of all them that that believeth not shall be damned. believe, though they be not circumActs viii. 37. And Philip said, If thou cised ; that righteousness might be believest with all thine heart, thou imputed unto them also: Ver. 12. And mayest. And he answered and said, the father of circumcision to them I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son who are not of the circumcision only, of God. Ver. 38. And he commanded but who also walk in the steps of that the chariot to stand still : and they faith of our father Abraham, which went down both into the water, both he had being yet uncircumcised. 1 Philip and the ounuch; and he bap- Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving hustized him.
band is sanctified by the wife, and
V. Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this ordinance, a yet grace and salvation are not so inseparably annexed unto it, as that no person can be regenerated or saved without it, or that all that are baptized
are undoubtedly regenerated. VI. The efficacy of baptism is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is administered ;9 yet notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the Holy Ghost, to such (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth unto, according to the counsel of God's own will, in his appointed time."
VII. The sacrament of baptism is but once to be administered to any person. the unbelieving wife is sanctified by P Acts viii. 13. Then Simon himself the husband: else were your children believed also: and when he was bapunclean ; but now are they holy; tized, he continued with Philip, and Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and wondered, beholding the miracles and teach all nations, baptizing them in signs which were done. Ver. 23. For the name of the Father, and of the I perceive that thou art in the gall Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Mark x. of bitterness, and in the bond of ini. 13. And they brought young children quity. to him, that he should touch them; VI. 9 John iii. 5. Jesus answered, and his disciples rebuked those that Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except brought them. Ver. 14. But when a man be born of water, and of the Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingand said unto them, Suffer the little dom of God. Ver. 8. The wind bloweth children to come unto me, and forbid where it listeth, and thou hearest the them not: for of such is the kingdom sound thereof, but canst not tell whence of God. Ver. 15. Verily I say unto it cometh, and whither it goeth: So you, Whosoever shall not receive the is every one that is born of the Spi. kingdom of God as a little child, he rit. shall not enter therein. Ver. 16. And r Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you he took them up in his arms, put his as have been baptized into Christ hands upon them, and blessed them. have put on Christ. Tit. iii. 5. Not Luke xviii. 15. And they brought unto by works of righteousness which we him also infants, that he would touch have done, but according to his mercy them: but when his disciples saw it, he saved us, by the washing of rethey rebuked them.
generation, and renewing of the Holy V. - Luke vii. 30. But the Pharisees Ghost. Eph. v. 25. Husbands, love and lawyers rejected the counsel of your wives, even as Christ also loved God against themselves being not bap- the church, and gave himself for it; tized of him. With Exod. iv. 24. And Ver. 26. That he might sanctify and it came to pass by the way in the inn, cleanse it with the washing of water that the Lord met him, and sought to by the word. Acts ii. 38. Then Peter kill him. Ver. 25. Then Zipporah said unto them, Repent, and be baptook a sharp stone, and cut off the tized every one of you in the name foreskin of her son, and cast it at his of Jesus Christ for the remission of feet, and said, Surely a bloody hus- sins, and ye shall receive the gift of band art thou to me. Ver. 26. So he the Holy Ghost. Ver. 41. Then they let him go: then she said, A bloody that gladly received his word were husband thou art, because of the cir- baptized : and the same day there cumcision.
were added unto them about three • Rom. iv. 11. [See in letter m.] Acts thousand souls. X. 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47.
VII. Tit. iii. 5. [See in letter ".]
CHAP. XXIX.- Of the Lord's Supper. I. OUR Lord Jesus, in the night wherein he was betrayed, instituted
the sacrament of his body and blood, called the Lord's Supper, to be observed in his church unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance of the sacrifice of himself in his death, the sealing all benefits thereof unto true believers, their spiritual nourishment and growth in him, their further engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him, and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other, as members of his mystical body.
II. In this sacrament Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real sacrifice made at all for remission of sins of the quick or dead; b but only a commemoration of that one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the cross, once for all, and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same;o so that the Popish sacrifice of the mass, as they call it, is most abominably injurious to Christ's one only sacrifice, the alone propitiation for all the sins of the elect.d
I. a 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received place every year with blood of others; of the Lord that which also I delivered Ver. 26. (For then must be often unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the have suffered since the foundation of same night in which he was betrayed, the world :) but now once, in the end took bread: Ver. 24. And, when he of the world, hath he appeared, to put
thanks, he brake it, and away sin by the sacrifice of himself said, Take, eat; this is my body, Ver. 28. So Christ was once offered which is broken for you: this do in to bear the sins of many: and unto remembrance of me. Ver. 25. After them that look for him shall he apthe same manner also he took the cup, pear the second time, without sin, when he had supped, saying, This cup unto salvation. is the new testament in my blood: •1 Cor. xi. 24, 25, 26. [See them in this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in letter a.] Matt. xxvi. 26. And as they remembrance of me.Ver. 26. For were eating, Jesus took bread, and as often as ye eat this bread, and drink blessed it, and brake it, and gave it this cup, ve do shew the Lord's death to the disciples, and said, Take, eat: till he come. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup this is my body. Ver. 27. And he of blessing which we bless, is it not took the cup, and gave thanks, and the communion of the blood of Christ ? gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all the bread which we break, is it not of it. the communion of the body of Christ ? d Heb. vii. 23. And they truly were Ver. 17. For we, being many, are one many priests, because they were not bread, and one body: for we are all suffered to continue by reason of partakers of that one bread. Ver. death : Ver. 24. But this man, be21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the cause he continueth ever, hath an un
p of devils: ye can. changeable priesthood. Ver. 27. Who not be partakers of the Lord's table, needeth not daily, as those high priests. and of the table of devils. 1 Cor. xii. to offer up sacrifice, first for his own 13. For by one Spirit are we all bap- sins, and then for the people's: for tized into one body, whether we be this he did once, when he offered up Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond himself. Heb. x. 11. And every priest or free; and have been all made to standeth daily ministering, and offer. drink into one Spirit.
ing oftentimes the same sacrifices, II. 6 Heb. ix. 22. And almost all which can never take away sins: Ver. things are by the law purged with 12. But this man, after he had offered blood; and without shedding of blood one sacrifice for sins, for ever sat down is no remission. Ver. 25. Nor yet on the right hand of God. Ver. 14. that he should offer himself often, as For by one offering he hath perfected the high priest entereth into the holy for ever them that are sanctified. Ver.
III. The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed his ministers to declare his word of institution to the people, to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to a holy use; and to take and break the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the communicants ;• but to none who are not then present in the congregation.'
IV. Private masses, or receiving this sacrament by a priest, or any other, alone ; as likewise the denial of the cup to the people;b worshipping the elements, the lifting them up, or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving them for any pretended religious use; are all contrary to the nature of this sacrament, and to the institution of Christ.i
V. The outward elements in this sacrament, duly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucified, as that truly, yet sacramentally only, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit, the body and blood of Christ ;t albeit, in substance and nature, they still remain truly and only bread and wine, as they were before.' 18. Now, where remission of these is, Cor. xi. 25, 26. [See in letter *). Ver there is no more offering for sin. 27. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat
III. • Matt. xxvi. 26, 27. [See in this bread, and drink this cup of the letter o] Ver. 28. For this is my blood Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of of the new testament, which is shed the body and blood of the Lord. Ver. for many for the remission of sins. 28. But let a man examine himself, And Mark xiv. 22. And as they did and so let him eat of that bread, and eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and drink of that cup: Ver. 29. For he brake it, and gave to them, and said, that eateth and drinketh unworthily, Take, eat: this my body. Ver. 23. eateth and drinketh damnation to And he took the cup, and when he himself, not discerning the Lord's had given thanks, he gave to them: body. and they all drank of it. Ver. 24. i Matt. XV. 9. But in vain they do And he said unto them, This is my worship me, teaching for doctrines the blood of the new testament, which is commandments of men. shed for many. And Luke xxii. 19. V. k Matt. xxvi. 26. And as they And he took bread, and gave thanks, were eating, Jesus took bread, and and brake it, and gave unto them, blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to saying, This is my body, which is the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this given for you: this do in remembrance is my body: Ver. 27. And he took of me. Ver. 20. Likewise also the cup the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it after supper, saying, This cup is the to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: new testament in my blood, which is Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the shed for you. With 1 Cor. xi. 23–26. new testament, which is shed for many [See all in letter - ]
for the remission of sins. | Acts xx. 7. And upon the first day 11 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye of the week, when the disciples came eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye together to break bread, Paul preached do shew the Lord's death till he come. unto them, ready to depart on the Ver. 27. Wherefore, whosoever shall morrow; and continued his speech eat this bread, and drink this cup of until midnight. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty ye come together therefore into one of the body and blood of the Lord. place, this is not to eat the Lord's Sup- Ver. 28. But let a man examine him. per.
self, and so let him eat of that bread, IV. 81 Cor. x. 6. Now these things and drink of that cup: Matt. xxvi. were our examples, to the intent we 29. But I say unto you, I will not should not lust after evil things, as drink henceforth of this fruit of the they also lusted.
vine, until that day when I drink it Mark xiv. 23. [See in letter o] 1 new with you in my Father's kingdom.