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commands, and to be subject to their authority for conscience' sake.' Infidelity, or difference in religion, doth not make void the magistrate's just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience to him:m from which ecclesiastical persons are not exempted;" much less hath the Pope any power or jurisdiction over them in their domi. nions, or over any of their people; and least of all to deprive them of their dominions or lives, if he shall judge them to be hereticks, or upon any other pretence whatsoever.o tom to whom custom; fear to whom heresies, even denying the Lord that fear; honour to whom honour. bought them, and bring upon them
* Rom. xiii. 5. Wherefore ye must selves swift destruction. Ver. 10. But needs be subject, not only for wrath, chiefly them that walk after the flesh but also for conscience sake. Tit. iii. in the lust of uncleanness, and despise 1. Put them in mind to be subject to government: presumptuous are they, principalities and powers, to obey self-willed, they are not afraid to speak magistrates, to be ready to every good evil of dignities: Ver. 11. Whereas anwork.
gels, which are greater in power and m 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves might, bring not railing accusation to every ordinance of man for the against them before the Lord. Jude, Lord's sake: whether it be to the ver. 8. Likewise also these filthy king, as supreme; Ver. 14. Or unto dreamers defile the flesh, despise dogovernors, as unto them that are sent minion, and speak evil of dignities. by him for the punishment of evil. Ver. 9. 'Yet Michael the archangel, doers, and for the praise of them that when contending with the devil, hc do well. Ver. 16. As free, and not disputed about the body of Moses, using your liberty for a cloak of ma- durst not bring against him a railing liciousness, but as the servants of accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke God.
thee. Ver. 10. But these speak evil n Rom. xiii. 1. Let every soul be of those things which they know not: subject unto the higher powers. For but what they know naturally, as there is no power but of God: the brute beasts, in those things they powers that be are ordained of God. corrupt themselves. Ver. 11. Woo i Kings ii. 35. And the king put unto them! for they have gone in the Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his way of Cain, and ran greedily after room over the host; and Zadok the the error of Balaam for reward, and priest did the king put in the room of perished in the gainsaying of Core. Abiathar. Acts xxv. 9. But Festus, o 2 Thess. ii. 4. Who opposeth and willing to do the Jews a pleasure, an- exalteth himself above all that is swered Paul, and said, Wilt thou go called God, or that is worshipped ; so up to Jerusalem, and there be judged that he, as God, sitteth in the temple of these things before me? Ver. 10. of God, shewing himself that he is Then said Paul, I stand at Cesar's God. Rev. xiii. 15. And he had power judgment-seat, where I ought to be to give life unto the image of the judged: to the Jews have I done no beast, that the image of the beast wrong, as thou very well knowest. should both speak, and cause that as Ver. 11. For if I be an offender, or many as would not worship the image have coinmitted any thing worthy of of the beast should be killed. Ver. death, I refuse not to die: but if there 16. And he caused all, both small and be none of these things whereof these great, rich and poor, free and bond. accuse me, no man may deliver_me to receive a mark in their right hand, unto them. I appeal unto Cesar. 2 Pet. or in their foreheads : Ver. 17. And ii. 1. But there were false prophets that no man might buy or sell, save also among the people, even as there he that had the mark, or the namo shall be false teachers among you, of the beast, or the number of his who privily shall bring in damnabló name.
CHAP. XXIV.-- Of Marriage and Divorce. I. ARRIAGE is to be between one man and one woman: neither
is it lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any woman to have more than one husband at the same time.
II. Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife; for the increase of mankind with a legitimate issue, and of the church with an holy seed;9 and for preventing of uncleanness.
III. It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry who are able with judgment to give their consent:' yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord. And therefore such as profess the true reformed religion should not marry with infidels, Papists, or other idolaters: neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintain damnable heresies.
I. a Gen. ii. 24. Therefore shall a man comely toward his virgin, if she pass leave his father and his mother, and the flower of her age,
and need so reshall cleave unto his wife; and they quire, let him do what he will, he shall be one flesh. Matt. xix. 5. And sinneth not; let them marry. said, For this cause shall a man leave 37. Nevertheless he that standeth father and mother, and shall cleave stedfast in his heart, having no neto his wife: and they twain shall be cessity, but hath power over his own one flesh. Ver. 6. Wherefore they will, and hath so decreed in his heart are no more twain, but one flesh. that he will keep his virgin, doeth What therefore God hath joined to. well. Ver. 38. So then he that giveth gether, let not man put asunder. her in marriage doeth well; but he Prov. ii. 17. Which forsaketh the that giveth her not in marriage, doeth guide of her youth, and forgetteth the better. Gen. xxiv. 57. And they said, covenant of her God.
We will call the damsel, and inquire II. b Gen. ü. 18. And the Lord God at her mouth. Ver. 58. And they said, It is not good that the man called Rebekah, and said unto her, should be alone; I will make him an Wilt thou go with this man? And meet for him.
she said, I will go. o Mal. ii. 15. And did not he make 11 Cor. vii. 39. The wife is bound one? Yet had he the residue of the by the law as long as her husband Spirit. And wherefore one? That he liveth; but if her husband be dead, might seek a godly seed. Therefore she is at liberty to be married to whom take heed to your spirit, and let none she will; only in the Lord. deal treacherously against the wife of 8 Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said his youth.
unto them, We cannot do this thing, di Cor. vii. 2. Nevertheless, to avoid to give our sister to one that is uncirfornication, let every man have his cumcised; for that were a reproach own wife, and let every woman have unto us. Exod. xxxiv. 16. And thou her own husband. Ver. 9. But if they take of their daughters unto thy sons, cannot contain, let them marry: for and their daughters go a whoring it is better to marry than to burn. after their gods, and make thy sons
III. . Heb. xiii. 4. Marriage is hon- go a whoring after their gods. Deut. ourable in all, and the bed undefiled : vii. 3. Neither shalt thou make marbut whoremongers and adulterers God riages with them; thy daughter thou will judge. 1 Tim. iv. 3. Forbidding shalt not give unto his son, nor his to marry, and commanding to abstain daughter shalt thou take unto thy from meats, which God hath created son. Ver. 4. For they will turn away to be received with thanksgiving of thy son from following me, that they them which believe and know the may serve other gods; so will the truth. 1 Cor. vii. 36. But if any man anger of the Lord be kindled against think that he behaveth himself un- you, and destroy thee suddenly. 1
IV. Marriage ought not to be within the degrees of consanguinity or affinity forbidden in the word;nor can such incestuous marriages ever be made lawful by any law of man, or consent of parties, so as those persons may live together as man and wife. The man may not marry any of his wife's kindred nearer in blood than he may of his own, nor the woman of her husband's kindred nearer in blood than of her own.
V. Adultery or fornication committed after a contract, being detected before marriage, giveth just occasion to the innocent party to dissolve that contract. In the case of adultery after marriage, it is
Kings xi. 4. For it came to pass, when and his father will go in unto the Solomon was old, that his wives turn- same maid, to profane my holy name. ed away his heart after other gods : iMark vi. 18. For John had said and his heart was not perfect with unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee the Lord his God, as was the heart of to have thy brother's wife. Lev. xviii. David his father. Neh. xiii. 25. And 24. Defile not ye yourselves in any of I contended with them, and cursed these things: for in all these the nathem, and smote certain of them, and tions are defiled which I cast out be. plucked off their hair, and made them fore you. Ver. 25. And the land is swear by God, saying, Ye shall not defiled: therefore I do visit the ini. give your daughters unto their sons, quity thereof upon it, and the land nor take their daughters unto your itself vomiteth out her inhabitants. sons, or for yourselves. Ver. 26. Did Ver. 26. Ye shall therefore keep my not Solomon king of Israel sin by statutes and my judgments, and shall these things ? yet among many nations not commit any of these abomina was there no king like him, who was tions: neither any of your own nabeloved of his God, and God made tion, nor any stranger that sojourneth him king over all Israel: neverthe- among you; Ver. 27. (For all these less even him did outlandish women abominations have the men of the cause to sin. Ver. 27. Shall we then land done which were before you, and hearken unto you to do all this great the land is defiled;) Ver. 28. That the evil, to transgress against our God in land spue not you out also, when ye marrying strange wives? Mal. ii. 11. defile it, as it spued out the nations Judah hath dealt treacherously, and that were before you. an abomination is committed in Israel Lev. xx. 19. And thou shalt not and in Jerusalem: for Judah hath uncover the nakedness of thy mother's profaned the holiness of the Lord sister, nor of thy father's sister; for which he loved, and hath married the he uncovereth his near kin: they shall daughter of a strange god. Ver. 12. bear their iniquity. Ver. 20. And if The Lord will cut off the man that a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, doeth this, the master and the scholar, he hath uncovered his uncle's naked out o
ernacles of Jacob. and ness: they shall bear their sin: they him that offereth an offering unto shall die childless. Ver. 21. And if the Lord of hosts. 2 Cor. vi. 14. Be a man shall take his brother's wife, it ye not unequally yoked together with is an unclean thing; he hath uncoverunbelievers : for what fellowship hath ed his brother's nakedness: they shall righteousness with unrighteousness? be childless. and what communion hath light with v. 1 Matt. i. 18. Now the birth of darkness?
Jesus Christ was on this wise: When IV. [Lev. Chapter xviii.] 1 Cor. v. as his mother Mary was espoused to 1. It is reported commonly that there Joseph, before they came together, she is fornication among you, and such was found with child of the Holy fornication as is not so much as named Ghost. Ver. 19. Then Joseph her among the Gentiles, that one should husband, being a just man, and not have his father's wife. Amos ii. 7. willing to make hera publick example, That pant after the dust of the earth was minded to put her away privily. on the head of the poor, and turn Ver. 20. But while he thought on aside the way of the meek: and a man these things, behold, the angel of the
lawful for the innocent party to sue out a divorce,m and, after the divorce, to marry another, as if the offending party were dead."
VI. Although the corruption of man be such as is apt to study arguments, unduly to put asunder those whom God hath joined together in marriage; yet nothing but adultery, or such wilful desertion as can no way be remedied by the church or civil magistrate, is cause sufficient of dissolving the bond of marriage:o wherein a publick and orderly course of proceeding is to be observed, and the persons concern. ed in it not left to their own wills and discretion in their own case.P
CHAP. XXV.- Of the Church. I. THE catholick or universal church, which is invisible, consists of
the whole number of the elect that have been, are, or shall be gathered into one, under Christ the head thereof; and is the spouse, the body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.“ Lord appeared unto him in a dream, A brother or a sister is not under
on of David. bondage in such cases: but God hath fear not to take unto thee Mary thy called us to peace. Matt. xix. 6. Wherewife: for that which is conceived in fore they are no more twain, but one her is of the Holy Ghost.
flesh. What therefore God hath joinm Matt. v. 31. It hath been said, ed together, let not man put asunder. Whosoever shall put away his wife, Deut. xxiv. 1. When a man hath let him give her a writing of divorce- taken a wife, and married her, and it ment: Ver. 32. But I say unto you, come to pass that she find no favour That whosoever shall put away his in his eyes, because he hath found wife, saving for the cause of fornica- some uncleanness in her; then let him tion, causeth her to commit adultery: write her a bill of divorcement, and and whosoever shall marry her that is give it in her hand, and send her out divorced committeth adultery. of his house. Ver. 2. And when she
n Matt. xix. 9. And I say unto you, is departed out of his house, she may Whosoever shall put away his wife, go and be another man's wife. Ver. 3. except it be for fornication, and shall And if the latter husband hate her, marry another, committeth adultery; and write her a bill of divorcement, and whoso marrieth her which is put and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth away doth commit adultery. Rom. her out of his house; or if the latter vii. 2. For the woman which hath an husband die, which took her to be his husband is bound by the law to her wife; Ver. 4. Her former husband, husband so long as he liveth: but if which sent her away, may not také the husband be dead, she is loosed her again to be his wife, after that from the law of her husband. Ver. 3. she is defiled; for that is abomination So then if, while her husband liveth, before the Lord : and thou shalt not she be married to another man, she cause the land to sin, which the Lord shall be called an adulteress: but if thy God giveth thee for an inheri. her husband be dead, she is free from tance. that law; so that she is no adulteress, I. * Eph. i: 10. That, in the dispenthough she be married to another sation of the fulness of times, he might man.
gather together in one all things in VI. • Matt. xix. 8. He saith unto Christ, both which are in heaven, and them, Moses, because of the hardness which are on earth, even in him. Ver. of your hearts, suffered you to put 22. And hath put all things under his away your wives: but from the be- feet, and gave him to be the head over ginning it was not so. Ver. 9. [See all things to the church, Ver. 23. letter 0 1 Cor. vii. 15. But if the Which is his body, the fulness of him unbelieving depart, let him depart. that filleth all in all. Eph. v. 23. For
II. The visible church, which is also catholick or universal under the gospel, (not confined to one nation, as before under the law,) consists of all those throughout the world that profess the true religion, together with their children;o and is the kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ,d the house and family of God, out of which there is no ordinary possibility of salvation.
III. Unto this catholick visible church Christ hath given the ministhe husband is the head of the wife, ° 1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving even as Christ is the head of the husband is sanctified by the wife, and church; and he is the saviour of the the unbelieving wife is sanctified by body. Ver. 27. That he might pre- the husband: else were your children sent it to himself a glorious church, unclean; but now are they holy. Acts not having spot, or wrinkle, or any ii. 39. For the promise is unto you, such thing; but that it should be holy, and to your children, and to all that and without blemish. Ver. 32. This are afar off, even as many as the Lord is a great mystery: but I speak con- our God shall call. Ezek. xvi. 20. cerning Christ and the church. Col. i. Moreover, thou hast taken thy sons 18. And he is the head of the body, the and thy daughters, whom thou hast church; who is the beginning, the first- born unto me, and these hast thou saborn from the dead; that in all things crificed unto them to be devoured. Is he might have the pre-eminence. this of thy whoredoms a small matter,
II. $ 1 Cor. i. 2. Unto the church of Ver. 21. That thou hast slain my God which is at Corinth, to them that children, and delivered them to cause are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called them to pass through the fire for to be saints, with all that in every them? Rom. xi. 16. For if the firstplace call upon the name of Jesus fruit be holy, the lump is also holy; Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours. and if the root be holy, so are the 1 Cor. xii. 12. For as the body is one, branches. Gen. iii. 15. And I will and hath many members, and all the put enmity, between thee and the members of that one body, being woman, and between thy seed and many, are one body; so also is Christ. her seed: it shall bruise thy head, Ver. 13. For by one Spirit are we all and thou shalt bruise his heel. Gen. baptized into one body, whether we xvii. 7. And I will establish my covebe Jews or Gentiles, whether we be nant between me and thee, and thy bond or free; and have been all made seed after thee, in their generations, to drink into one Spirit. Ps. ii. 8. for an everlasting, covenant, to be a Ask of me, and I shall give thee the God unto thee, and to thy seed after heathen for thine inheritance, and the thee. uttermost parts of the earth for thy d Matt. xiii. 47. Again, the kingdom possession. Rev. vii. 9. After this I of heaven is like unto a net, that was beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, cast into the sea, and gathered of which no man could number, of all every kind. Isa. ix. 7. Of the increase nations, and kindreds, and people, of his government and peace there and tongues, stood before the throne, shall be no end, upon the throne of and before the Lamb, clothed with David, and upon his kingdom, to order white robes, and palms in their hands. it, and to establish it with judgment Rom. xv. 9. And that the Gentiles and with justice from henceforth even might glorify God for his mercy; as for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts it is written, For this cause I will will perform this. confess to thee among the Gentiles, • Eph. ii. 19. Now therefore ye are and sing unto thy name. Ver. 10. no more strangers and foreigners, þut And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gen. fellow-citizens with the saints, and of tiles, with his people. Ver. il. And the household of God. Eph. iii. 15. again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gen- of whom the whole family in heaven tiles; and laud him, all ye people. and earth is named. Ver. 12. And again Esaias saith, There ? Acts ii. 47. Praising God, and havshall be a root of Jesse, and he that ing favour with all the people. And shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; the Lord added to the church daily in him shall the Gentiles trust, such as should be saved.