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DIRECTIONS FOR PLACING THE PLATES.

Col. Sargent's painting of The Entrance of Jesus Christ into the city of
Jerusalem,

66 Sketch of the Battle of Bunker's Hill,

150 Sketch by Sully of West's painting Christ healing the sick in the temple,' 216 View of Ticonderoga Forts on Lake Champlain,

323 Plan of the Position of General Burgoyne's army on its surrender at Saratoga,

433 Portrait of Dr. Franklin,

449 The following memorandum was found on the back of the picture, in the hand-writing of the late colonel Jonathan Williams:

“This portrait of Dr. Franklin was painted by Martin, in London, when the doctor was about sixty years of age. It was ordered and paid for by Robert Alexander, then of the house of William Alexander and Sons, at Edinburgh, and was designed to perpetuate the circumstance of his advice, given in consequence of the perusal of certain important papers.'

Dr. Franklin was so well satisfied with Mr. Martin's performance, and the likeness was deemed so perfect, that he was induced to have a copy made by the same painter, at his own expense, and it was sent to his family in Philadelphia. The original painting, from which our engraving is taken, is at present the property of Thomas S. Biddle, Esq. The copy is in the Philosophical Hall of Philadelphia.

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DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, to wit:

BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the 1st day of July, in the forty-first year of the independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1817, Moses THOMAS, of the said district, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit:

The Analectic Magazine.
In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States entitled, “An act
for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and
books to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein
mentioned.” And also to the act, entitled, “ An act supplementary to an act
entitled “An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of
maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during
the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of
designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.

DAVID CALDWELL,
Clerk of the District of Pennsylvania.

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INDEX TO VOLUME XI.

;:

V Academy of Natural Sciences of

Darby's Emigrants Guide, review

Philadelphia, Journal of the, 191

of

361

America, North, on the population Deafness cured,

75

and tumuli of the aborigines of, 326 De Stael, Madam de, her funeral, 81

Anerican Philosophical Society,

Essay on Translation by 235

transactions of

311, 484 Dialogue between Aristotle and

Anecdotes of Buonaparte, 74

Lord Bacon

391

Dr. Smollett, 80–Marcel, the Dumb person cured,

French dancing master, ib.-

An extraordinary female, ib.- Eccentric character,

80

Benserade, 85-Sultan Osman, Edinburgh Review, estimate of the

ib.—Mark Antony, and Louis literary character of the editor 142

XI, ib. Henry VIII, ib.-Car- Education, of women,

446

dinal de Monte, ib.--Louis XIV, Effect of hot water upon flowers, 528

ib.—A French translator, ib.

Ellis's Account of the British Em-

An English translator, ib.—A

bassy to China, review of 198

dramatist, ib. -A celebrated Entertainment in the East Indies, 78

quaker, ib.-Racine, ib.—Sir

Engravings, notice of Boydell's 173

Walter Raleigh, ib.-Stuart of Emigration, general remarks on, 373

Invernahyle, 310—Gustavus

Erskine, Hon. Henry, notice of 144

Vasa, king of Sweden, 339—Col-

by F. Jeffery, esq.

145

ter, one of Lewis and Clarke's

party, 69— Lord Nelson, 92- Fine Arts, Roscoe on the utility of 224

etymological, 526--Admiral Rod-

female influence in aid

dam, ib.-Poets and Painters, of painting,

222

ib.-Philip, duke of Burgundy, Forcing fruit trees,

527

ib.-Paul, the Asiatic Hunter. Franklin, life and writings of,

449

Soldier's wife, 530-Mrs. Hayley 531

Gas Lights, advantages of

161, 162

Barton's and Bigelow's Medical Garrick, life of, by Davies, review

Botany, review of,

1 of

352

Balance of Comfort, review of, 125 Glass, materials for the manufac-

Birkbeck's opinion of the Ameri- ture of in Missouri,

16

can character,

20 Great Britain, income of the prince

Black Dwarf, original of the 332

regent of

33

Botany,

82

on the deterioration

number of known vegeta- of the climate of

342

bles in

ib.

Bradbury's Travels in America,

review of

Hazlitt's Characters of

10

Shak-

Brazil, scientific researches in 170

speare's plays, review of 346

Bridal of Vaumond, review of 120

Hero, review of

125

Buonaparte, anecdotes of,

74

Hogg, James, the poet, life and

Bunker's Hill, battle of

150

writings of

414

farther particulars.

Hydrophobia, cure for the 444

General Gage's account of the

battle, General Burgoyne's, and Illinois, state of, public provision

that of the Congress of Massa- for education in the

373

chusetts,

254 Indiana, state of, Mr. Birkbeck's

Burgoyne's defeat at Saratoga, 433 settlement in the

374

Influence of mental impressions,

400

Character of a Miser and of a Knight of St. John, review of 125

Spendthrift,

Chemical amusements,

116, 117 Kosciusko, decease of

168

74

biographical account of 423

analysis of the mud of

ode to the spirit of 432

445

Coffee, substitute for

82' Law Reports, Judge Yeates's,

107

Cookery, remarks on

383 Letters from the South, review of 109

Cotton, description of the culture of 17 Letters from the Cape of Good

Cows, mode of ascertaining the

Hope, review of

125

comparative value of

Coxe on fruit trees, cider, &c.

75 Lee, Henry, obituary notice of 447

146 Life-boat, trial of a

78

Curran, notice of the late Mr. 140 Literature - French,529—Russian,529

the Nile,

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Lithography, or the art of printing Poetry— The Progress of Learning, 175 from stone, observations on 163, 530

Eulogic Elegiac on his Luther's Marriage,

532

physician, by a lunatic in the
Pennsylvania Hospital,

360 Magnetism, new theory of

81

-Ode to the Spirit of KosciManners, a novel, review of 350 usko,

432 M‘Leod's Narrative of the Voyage Poetical prizes,

446 of the Alceste, review of 202 M.Evoy, Miss, curious case of, 359 Quakers, The, a tale, review of 351 Melish's Map of the United States, 369 Mechanics -A river cleared of Resources of the United States, trees, 161 by Bristed, review of

494 New power applied Rob Roy, memoirs of 130, 241 to the crane,

162

review of the novel, 273 Mines, Lead 15 Rosabella, a novel, review of

350 Moveable axle, invention of

528 Russia, new school of medicine in 83

sketch of the military and Natural History, guide for the col- political power of

89 lection and preservation of ob

reception of the embassy jects of 164, 444 from, in Persia

168 Natural Philosophy-Sir Humphry

Moscow rebuilt,

447 Davy's safety lamp

169 Naval—Timber to be steamed in Saltpetre, caves of

16 salt water,

169 Saratoga, surrender of Burgoyne 433 Newly invented life buoy, &c. ib.

generous conduct of geNavigation, new discovery 359 neral Gates at

441 new apparatus in 445 Sargent, colonel, painting of, EnNew England troops engaged in trance of Christ into Jerusalem, 06

the reduction of Martinique and Sheridan, R. B. notice of the late 27 the Havannah in 1761,

154 South America, revolution in 21 New plan of an Encyclopædia, 272 Spirits of wine from potatoes, 71 specimen of a Catalogue Rai- Steam-boats, observations on

161 sonné,

356

Statistics--Charitable establishNorthwest Passage, attempts for ments in Paris,

167 the discovery of a

24 Notices of foreign literature, 172 Talleyrand's Memoir on Colonizaof domestic literature, 173, 272

tion,

365

Taylor's Letters from a mother to Oil, cocoa-nut, its uses, 82 a daughter, review of

351 Ossian, poems of, Orrann, Ulin, Thermometrical observations durand other bards, review of

320 ing 114 years,
Ticonderoga, description of

323
Parnassus, present state of 446 Timber, strength and stress of
Paul Jones, correspondence of 227 Trumbull's historical paintings, 66
Pacific, route to the

14 Pennsylvania, university, rise and Useful Arts,

271, 357, 353 progress of the

157 Pittsburg, description of

371

Warren, general, the tomb of 250 Plants, dissemination of

40 West Indies, thoughts on the, by -death of, 44 J. A. Mossel,

48 Plumptre's tales, review of 352 West's painting of Christ healing Political summary,

171, 269
the sick,'

216 Potass, extracted from potatoe tops 73 painting of Death on the Poetry-Monody on the death of pale horse,'

421 Sheridan,

86 Wilson's, Dr. James, Essay on -Patriotic Address, written

Grammar, review of

177 by Sheridan,

88 Wistar, Professor, memoir of 156 -Specimen of Javan epic

eulogies on the late, by poetry,

74 chief-justice Tilghman and Dr. Fudge Family in Paris, 446 Caldwell,

335

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There will be found numerous small articles not enumerated in this Index.

THE

ANALECTIC MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1818.

1

ART. I.-1. Vegetable Materia Medica of the United States, or

Medical Botany. By W. P. C. Barton, M. D. Number se

cond, quarto. 2. American Medical Botany, being a Collection of the Native Medi

cinal Plants of the United States, containing their Botanical History and Chymical Analysis, and Properties, and uses in Medicine, Diet and the Arts, with coloured engravings. By Jacob Bigelow, M. D. Rumford Professor and Lecturer on Materia Me.

dica and Botany, in Harvard University. Vol. 1. large octavo. THE NHERE can be no doubt but in such a country as this, so ex

tensive, comprising such variety of climate and situation, so comparatively unexplored, so new even to its inhabitantsan inquiry into the medical and dietetic properties of the plants it contains, deserves to be pursued, and has strong claims to public encouragement. At the same time it should be kept in view in pursuing such an inquiry, that unless the tendency to extend the vegetable articles of the materia medica be kept under pretty strong control, there is hardly a plant of any description throughout the whole United States, but may take its place in such a publication. As the abbè Mably observed of the eternelle histoire of M. Gibbon, the medical botany may be continued without prospect of termination, and be left, like a Spanish game of chess, at the decease of the authors, a task to be continued by their posterity for generations yet to come. It is said of Solomon, that he spake of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon, even to the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: but the present occasion does not call upon us to follow such an extensive example.

We think it necessary to make these remarks at the outset of the labours of Dr. Barton and Dr. Bigelow, that they may not crowd their publications with articles of slight or dubious utility, or with plants that are inferior in medical virtues, to those in common use by the medical profession, and easy to be procured. The materia medica is already crowded with substances useless and inert; which fashionable physicians and young practitioners who seek popularity by recommending new medicines, have forced into the encụmbered list. If, instead of doubling the number of plants used in medicine, nine-tenths of those commonly kept in the shops were struck off from the list, quite enough would remain for useful purposes.

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VOL. XI.

z de nor the other in a hysteric fit, is to be compared to a
a hot toddy with nutmeg and ginger. Will the tulip tree
iz than sage, or guiacum?
«gericea: a stimulant and tonic. Have we not at least
- 4 equal power in use at present? Is it to be compared to
zwa barks

, cinchona, eleutheria, winteranus, angustura,
be common oak bark, neglected because it is so common?

xerpur fatida. An expectorant; and from its stinkaut, an antispasmodic. We are already in possession of che camphor, and musk. As to the Rev. Dr. Cutler's reit'in asthma, unless the Rev. gentleman had informed us in the description of asthma to which it was applied, it s y nothing. It is but rarely that we can place full reliance z professional relations even of medical men: the relations zien, who are not of the medical profession, do not carry a any authority.

1 svarbus fætida angustispatha. The same remarks apply preceding species. A marilandica. This amounts at best to a medicine of sales with the common senna of the shops. If it can be <a Dr. Barton says, at a fourth of the price, it would be of ask this

, those who know the value of labour in this country

2

Barton's and Bigelow's Medical Botany.
Dr. Bigelow seems aware of this, but it may still be necessary to
remind him occasionally of his own remarks:

Dr. Barton's first number contained
Chimaphila umbellata (Pipsissewa.)
Sanguinaria canadensis (Puccoon.)
Cornus florida (Dogwood.)
Triosteum perfoliatum (Feverwort.)
Gillenia trifoliata (Indian physic.).
Gillenia stipulacea (small flowered Indian physic.)

His second number contains
Magnolia glauca (small magnolia) very like Michaux's plate.
Liriodendron tulipfera (Tulip tree.)
Cornus sericea (Swamp dogwood.)
Symplocarpus fætida (Skunk cabbage.)
Symplocarpus fætida angustispatha (Purple-skinned skunk cab-
bage.)
Cassia marilandica (American Senna.)

Dr. Bigelow's first volume contains.
Datura stramonium (Thorn apple.)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (Thorough-wort.)
Phytolacca decandra (Poke.)
Arum triphyllum (Dragon root.)
Coptis trifolia (Gold thread.)
Arbutus uva ursi (Bear berry.)
Sanguinaria canadensis (Blood root.)
Geranium maculatum (Common crane 's-bill.)
Triosteum perfoliatum (Fever root.)
Rhus vernis (Poison sumach or dogwood.)

The only plants therefore described by both these gentlemen, are the Sanguinaria canadensis, blood root or puccoon, and the Triosteum perfoliatum, feverwort, or fever root.

Let us see what is the value of the medical information presented by Dr. Barton's second and Dr. Bigelow's first number.

Magnolia glauca. It is an agreeable aromatic tonic bitter. So is the Aristolochia serpentaria: the Contrayerva: the Cortex eleutheria: the Angustura: the Columbo: the Zedoary, and many more equally trifling and useless; which of these does the Magnolià supersede either in quality or price?

Liriodendron Tulipfera. A tonic and sudorific. Sudorifics so frequently owe their virtues to the warm water employed in the decoction, that they possess, for the most part, very uncertain claims to their title. 'Is this plant better, if equal to the common decoction of the woods; sassafras, sarsaparilla, and mezerion? Dr. J. T. Young says, “ I can assert from experience, there is not in all the materia medica a more certain, speedy, and effectual remedy in the hysteria, than the poplar bark combined with a small quantity of laudanum.” So it is that young physicians write. In nine cases out of ten, what is usually called hysteria, arises from mere indigestion; sometimes, but seldom comparatively, from proper hysteric affections wherewith the digestive organs sympathise. At any rate, is not the active medicine here, the laudanum? Nei

mely doubt.

Dr. Barton's work has not presented us with any me**a will supersede those of the same class commonly em- and whose virtues and doses are well ascertained by expractice, and long experience. It may be of use, however, * 3, that the popular reputation of many plants highly sporess but on a very slight foundation, and that in the preaf the shops, they may well be neglected. besn's descriptiones uberiores, are still liable to the same

o in this number, that were called forth in the review of • If he does not attend to the advice we took the liberty to

may rely on it the character of the work will suffer. sekw commences with the Datura stramonium, a plant of ..Jed properties as a poisonous narcotic, and likely there4. made useful in the hands of a cautious and judicious

But we have already so many medicines of this : - a and its preparations, the poppy, hyoscyamus, bellaande, digitalis

, tobacco, arnica montana, hops, lauciothers, that we have quite choice enough. It is howwie consequence to know that the use of Datura stramo12 pcieved symptoms of the (spasmodic) asthma, unequi

3 the eastern states: and that it has been attended with a chorea. Dr. Chapman's testimony to its use in dys

and siphilitic and scrophulous ulcers, is entitled to great ** en from the talents and extensive practice of the relator,

use of it in a salve, we well know to be inefficacious, 22 any well settled reason for preferring it to the other met of the same class at present in use. But it is so power

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