Obrazy na stronie

17 Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty :

They shall behold the land that is very far off. 18 Thine heart shall meditate terror.

Where is the scribe? where is the 'receiver ?

Where is dhe that counted the towers ? 19 Thou shalt not see oa fierce people,

A people of deeper speech than thou canst perceive :

Of a 'stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand. 20 Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities : Thine

eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, A tabernacle that 'shall not be taken down; Not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed,

Neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken. 21 But there the glorious LORD will be unto us

6A place of broad rivers and streams; Wherein shall go no galley with oars,

Neither shall gallant ship pass thereby: 22 For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our 'lawgiver,

The LORD is our king; he will save us.

3 Or, doccits.
6 Heb. of far distances.

Heb. broad spaces, or hands.

1 Heb, in righteousness.

2 Heb. uprightness. 4 Heb.bloo is.

6 Heb, heights, or, high places. 1 Heb. ucigher.

8 Or, ridiculous. 10 Hob. statutcmaker. & unclean.

b His bread. d the inscriber of the towers.

o the audacious. 6 A place of strcams, of rivers oroad on either side.

c. a wide extended land.
I that does not wander.

TEXTUAL AND GRAMMATICAL. Ver. 14. 77777 only here in Isaiah. Comp. Ps. ii. 11;| Judg. v. 18; Prov. viii. 2, etc. -nii? as st. constr. xlviii. 7; Job iv. 14.—72 with accus. loc. comp. Judg. v. 17; comp. 1 Sam. xxiv. 1.-Ion, “asylum," "refuge,” Ps. v. 5; cxx. 5. Elsewhere Isaiah construes 732 with again only xxv. 12. prepositions ; xi. 6; xvi. 4; liv. 15.

-335 is the so Ver. 17. The 2 pers, masc. suffix, as in vers. 6 and 20, called dativus ethicus. Though elsewhere this dative re

refers to the nation regarded as a unit. fers to the actual subject (comp. Gen. xxi. 16; xxxi. 41; Ver. 18. 17277, "to think, consider, meditari(Josh. i. Isa. ii. 22; xxxi. 8; xxxvi. 9, etc.), according to which it | 8; Ps. i. 2; il. 1, etc.; Isa. lix. 13) may relate also to what would need to read here

7:27?, it is in this place is past.—', “terror," only here in Isaiah.—1990 related to the ideal subject, i. e., to the speakers, who

again xxxvi. 3; xxxvii. 2. -spice as substantive only properly afirm of themselves this inability to dwell with Jehovah. This dative everywhere represents a

here in Isaiah; the verb "to weigh out" money xlvi. 6; phrase that affirms an intensive relation to the interests lv. 2. of the speaker: in this place say: who will dwell (we say Ver. 19. The two halves of this verse contain the antithis in relation to ourselves, in our own interest) with thesis of seeing and hearing. This proves that the exderonring fire, etc. 1—7pin again only Ps, cii. 4.

planation of ryij = iyis barbare loquens (Ps. cxiv. 1) 397?? is the beginning of Ps. xv. Morcover the words

does not agree with the context. That i'l) means ver. 15 recall Ps. xv. 2.

"mute beckoning" according to the Arab. wa'asa (HitVer. 15. The plural ip73, juste facta occurs again in zig) is disproved by Gesen. Thes. p. 607 89. There reIsa. xlv. 24; Ixiv. 5.. . .

as part. 16; the latter word again in Isa. xxvi. 7; xlv. 19.

. = (. , y33 (comp. Exod. xviii. 21) again in Isa. lvi. 11 ; lvii. 17. What sort of y3] is meant is explained by the nd- vurg

, P, and Prı) and that with the meaning “hard, dition nipoya (oppressioncs, again only Prov. xxviii. audacious, overweening conduct” (Symu. áva18ńs, Vulg. 16).—70) seo ver. 9.—The construction within is impudens). The word, moreover, is an. dey., and for this

reason it may be possible that Isaiah hints at some As. constr. prægnans. For the preposition depends on the syrian word at present unknown to us. notion of refraining ideally present in Wy], "to shake."

Ver. 20. är, dey., Arab. ta'ana of the roaming of -110 comp. Ps. xv. 6; Isa. i. 23; v. 23; xlv. 13.

the nomads. 1378 DUN with following is occurs Prov. xxi. 13, comp.

Ver. 21. D' ) corresponds to the negations of ver. Prov. xvii. 28. -D'ng is “ bloodshed, murder,” (comp. 21.-7778 in Isaiah again only x. 34.-—DELITZSCH af- Exod. xxii. 1; Isa. iv. 4).. by y rhyming with por ter Luzzatto has proved that dipo is not to be taken = we find here in Kal. with the same meaning that it has loco, " instead.” The suffixes in' 17 and 1375y' are ma in the Piel xxix. 10.0 787" to look on evil with

." pleasure.”

(comp. vidn Ezek. xxvii. 29 and vid? Ezek. xxvii. 6) Ver. 16. DOI10, plural, in Isaiah only here; comp.

הולן צי ודי מיש

נוֹעָז comp

mains thus the explanation that takes דבר מישרים,
and יָמֵשׁ חָמם and וְחַם .comp) עָזַז = יָעַז Niph



* שיט-מקום nifestly to be referred to

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is år, dey.--"y contracted from "3, cavum, rotundum | 15, etc.), I would accord with Hitzig, who lakes 13253, aliquid, is a great bellied-out ship (Niim. xxiv. 24; Ezek. 3050, 13ppris, not as predicates but as apposition xxx. 9; Ps. cv. 41).

with 7177., so that 13y'vi is the sole predicate of the Ver. 22. Since it does not read ag yrvin (xliii. 3; xlvii. Coregoing three subjects which are comprehended em


EXEGETICAL AND CRITICAL. 1. IIere we have the final and broadest circuit | idolaters who had no joy a proof so irrefragaof waves before us. According to ver. 10, Je- ble of the sole power and divinity of Jehovah. hovalı was about to arise and come to the rescue. Therefore these sinners (i. 28; xiii. 9) and the IIe has done so. The rescue is accomplished in unclean (ix. 16; x. 6; xxxii. 6—there lies in the an astounding fashion. The present passage be- word a hint at idolatry) in Zion are terrified. longs to time after the rescue. It presupposes it. Devoid of the right knowledge of God, because For it contains glances into the future, that rest they would not, not because they could not have upon that deed as their foundation. First the it, the nearness of this almighty, and above all Lord summons those far and near to give proper of this holy God is in the highest degree burdenattention to what He does (ver. 13). Then the some to these people. Living in Jerusalem Prophet describes the effect of what has been where this God has His fire and His furnace done on the sinners in Jerusalem. They are ter- (xxxi. 9) is painful to them. Hence they cry: rified: they would fee the neighborhood of this who among us, etc. It is manifest that by the , mighty God, for they are ill-at-case in it. Hence devouring fire they mean Jehovah. By the they ask: who can abide by this devouring fire ? strages Assyriorum He had proved Himself to be (ver. 14). To this is replied: this fire is harm- such. And shall they ever remain near this less for the pions, the lovers of truth, the right-power that is as irresistibly present as it is terri. eous (ver. 15), for such will dwell in Jerusalem ble? The expression is taken from Deut. iv. 24; in security and abundance (ver. 10); and will ix. 3, comp. Isa. xxix. 6; xxx. 27, 30. pis desee the king of Israel sitting in might and glory signates here the place where the fire burns, at the head of a wide empire (ver. 17). As one

" the hearth.” By calling this everlasting they thinks of something that has disappeared from judge themselves: for they show by that a knowmemory, so shall men reflect on the time of war's ledge, that it is a veritable divine fire, that burns distress (ver. 18), and of the terrific presence of there, not an imaginary one. the barbaric nation in the land (ver, 19). Zion they will have nothing to do.

But just with this will be a secure fortress, a quiet, abiding place of worship, and no more a shifting tabernacle as that one may dwell very well by this burning

The Prophet (ver. 15) replies to their inquiry, in the time of the journey through the wilderness fire. But witń the Holy One, one must live holy. (ver. 20). For Jehovah is there Himself in His The image He proceeds to draw of a holy life is majesty ; protecting waters surround the place

an Old Testament one. The traits of it are chiefly (ver. 21), and the Lord Himself as judge, law- taken from passages in the Psalms (see Text. and giver and king is the deliverer of His people Gram.). Shaking the hands, (thus refraining (ver, 22). 2. Hear—my might-Ver. 13. The piece for striving to keep and prove the integrity of

them) from taking a bribe, is a strong expression begins with the cry of a herald that makes known

the hands. to the whole world the accomplished mighty act.

4. He shall dwell--will save For the perfect 'N'ÜX without doubt designates Vers. 16-22. This is the confirmation that one the act of rescue as accomplished, which verses may dwell happily with the devouring fire. For 1, 3, 10 held in prospect; and we must regard these verses show what blessings they shall have 777?? (as often in the Books of Kings, where who live agreeably to the holy being of God. 0771 and 100% continually stand parallel: 1 And since there shall never be wanting such in Kings xv. 23; xvi. 27; xxii. 46, ctc.), in the con- Zion, the salvation and glory of Zion is assured crete sense as a display of power, and, because of for all time. This these verses contain the same

D'UX, as already come to pass. But the herald's thought uttered by the Prophet already xxviii. cry would intimate that an event of vast and 6 sq. xxxii. 1 699., 15 sqq., that Israel's deliver

$99.; xxix. 22 sqq.; xxx. 15, 19 sqq.; xxxi. wide effect has happened, of concern to all men, even to those far remote. For they may know ance depends on an upright and thorough converfrom this who is the true, and therefore also who sion to the LORD; that on this condition, however, is their God. For lle that did what happened it is secure forever. 198) “what is certain, never to the Assyrian host in the neighborhood of Jeru- deceives expectation, never fails" (comp. ver. salem in İlezekiali's time must be God over all 6; Jer. xv. 18; Isa. xxii. 23, 25). As happened gods (comp. xxxvi. 18–20; xxxvii. 10-13) and vers. 5, 6, so here, for the Prophet the salvation LORD over all lords. Those near are plainly the of the near present merges into one with the great, Israelites, who liad in great part been witnesses final Messianic period. And so, influenced perof the deed. These should acknowledge the de-haps by the then oppressed look of the king of monstration of the Lord's power. According to Judah, he contemplates the latter beaming with their inward condition they should draw from it the joy of victory, and at the same time as the comfort or warning.

type of the Messiah, resplendent in the supremest 3. The sinners---seeing evil.-Vers. beauty and glory, whose beauty the author of Ps. 14-15. The Prophet first presents that mighty xlv. (ver. 3) had also seen prefigured in the apdeed as a warning to the wicked. Such were the pearance of the bridegroom-king whom he cele



brated. That the Prophet's glance penetrates into seen in and about Jerusalem. He first describes the Messianic future appears from the expression Zion as the religious centre of the nation. There the land that is very far off (viii. 9; Jer. viii. is the temple; there Jehovah dwells (comp. on 19). The expression is too strong to be under- ver. 14); thither the people assemble to worship stood merely of free motion in the land in con- the LORD and keep His feasts. Thus He calls trast with the confiring siege, or of the normal the city 137713 np (comp. Trid ? xiv. 13, extending of Israelitish territory according to Deut. i. 7 ; xi. 24. As royal pomp and beanty comp. i. 14). That he intends an antithesis to adorns the person of the king, so immeasurable yua has appears from ver. 15. Israel then has extent does his land. 'n yn is thus not a far no more a tabernacle, a city for festival gathering distant, but a wide extended land. It is the same (of the people with one another, and with Je. thought that meets us ii. 2 sqq.; ix. 7; xi. 10; hovah). As such Zion must be especially looked xxv. 6 sqq.

And if one looks more narrowly, then the The Prophet in vers. 18, 19 connects his glori- meaning of this designation appears to be that ous image of the future with the mournful condi- Jerusalem will be a secure, quiet abode (xxxii. tion of the present. For he describes it as a chief 18), of course still a tabernacle, but no longer so blessing of that future, that the bad things of the in the original, nomadic sense; not like the present will be present to thoughtful contempla- travelling tent of the wilderness, but one that tion as things that one rejoices to have overcome. does not move about. The Prophet signities that Et hoc meninisse juvabit. In his graphic way there shall happen to it neither a voluntary nor the Prophet gives prominence to particular a violent breaking up of the tabernacle (pro terrors that must have left a peculiarly deep im- means a violent rending, comp. v. 27, no: the pression. The 193,

writer,” and the spiu, nacie shall be attended with a glorious rest for “ weigher," before whom one had to appear and the people of God in the future that is described, pay tribute, and who then weighed the valuables that shall be founded on the presence in the reseived, and made a list of them, were certainly midst of them of Jehovah, the highest Majesty. persons of terror from whose mouths they had The Lord is called a place of rivers, of course often had experience of the Vue victis (Livy, 5, in a figure. In all this figuratire description lies 48). [“ The Apostle Paul in 1 Cor. i. 20, has a the notion of defence, refuge. Hence a place sentence so much like this, in the threefold repe- of rivers" may as appropriately be used of Jetition of the question where, and in the use of the hovah, as “rock, tower, shield, horn of salvaword scribe, that it cannot be regarded as a mere tion,” (Ps. xviii. 3). But commentators are right fortuitous coincidence."

" It may be regarded in saying that the Prophet has in mind cities like as a mere imitation, as to form and diction, of Babylon, Nineveh, No-Ammon (Nah. iii. 8), the one before us.”—J. A. ALEXANDER, in loc.]. that were defended by great rivers and river Again it must have made a terrible impression, canals. The present Jerusalem lacked such dewhen from the walls they saw the enemy taking fences, but, such is the meaning, Jehovah Himthe first steps toward attacking the city by one self will be river-defences. 0777) may allude of the leaders riding around the walls, regarding to the cities of Mesopotamia, and O'yx to the the towers, counting them and taking notes of his similarly located cities of Egypt; for is observations (comp. Ps. xlviii. 13), What hap- kar’ 'FoxÌv the Euphrates (viii. 7 ; xi. 15) and piness to be able to call out: "where are they now those fearful men? They have disappeared *? the Nile (xix. 7, 8; xxiii. 10). Those forever !" What felicity to be quit of the foreign, streams and canals that recede right and left, and repulsive appearance of this enemy; no more to thus are very broad, are called o'r'an(comp. be compelled to see the overweening nation; no Ps. civ. 25; Isa. xxii. 18; Gen. xxxiv. 21; Judg. more to hear its barbarous sounds! The Israel. xviii. 10; 1 Chr. iv. 10; Neh. vii. 4). Neither ites will no more hcar “the nation too deep of oared-ship, nor sail-ship shall be able to pass lip to be understood” and “stanimering and jab- these mighty waters. The Prophet ends with bering with the tongue (comp. on xxviii. 11; rhymes that make the conclusion sound like a Xxxvii. 22) without meaning.”

hymn. Jehovah, Israel's judge (ii. 4; xi. 3, 4), The Prophet having enumerated the bad things, lawgiver (comp. Deut. xxxiii. 21), and king, is now directs attention to the good that is to be I also its deliverer.

Recapitulation and Conclasion,

CHAP. XXXIII. 23, 24. 23 Thy tacklings are loosed ;

*They could not well strengthen their mast,
They could not spread the bsail :
Then is the prey of a great spoil divided ;

The lame take the prey.
24 And the inhabitant shall not say, I am sick :

The people that dwell therein shall be forgiven their iniquity.
1 Or, They have forsaken thy tacklings.
They hold not erect their mast.


TEXTUAL AND GRAMMATICAL. Ver. 23. We must take ivo; Niph. as the pas- taken in its original physical sense, though everywhere sive of the notion missum facere, "to slacken" (comp. else, indeed, it is used in a spiritual or moral sense (unExod. xxiii. 11; Prov. xvii. 14). Expositors take 12 to less, perhaps, 1 Kings vii. 29, 31 form exceptions).

The suffix in DIT (comp. xxx. 17) is also proof that the mean the socket in which the mast sets in the bottom

cables are subject. For it is their chief aim to hold the of the ship. But that (the loTOTéôn) is not held by the

mast (comp. Göll, Kulturbilder aus IIcllas und Rom. II., cables. And when VITRINGA says that the cables malum sustinentes thecae succurrunt , that is even not pin. For.197). This may, therefore, be called their mast. The

tangled cables hinder the unfurling of the flag (the ezithis word denotes adstringere, firmum reddere, and can only relate directly to the mast, as occurs in the text.

omuov or napaonuov, (comp. Ezek. xxvii. 7).—7 de Hence DRECHSLER would not take cables but the seamen noting" booty" occurs again only Gen. xlix. 27; Zeph. as subject of pin'; in which case the negative expres- iii. 8. sion appears strange. Hence I think that 12 here is Ver. 24. Ver. 23 and 10 make it clear that not the substantive, but the adjective derived from 192, to Jerusalem. — 17 nys occurs only here; but comp. erectus stetit, which means rectus, and would here be ! Ps. xxxii. 1 and Isa. iii. 3; ix. 14.

na refers


EXEGETICAL AND CRITICAL. 1. We regarded ver. 22, in form and contents, that it is (xxx. 32) the reading is doubtful, and as a conclusion of the prophetic perspective that if the reading -7 be correct, still the suflix must joins on to the act of deliverance spoken of before refer to the land of Assyria, which is impossible ver. 13, and presupposes it. With ver. 23 thc in our text. [The Author hardly docs justice to Prophet returns into the immediate present dis- the view he controverts, which, as put by J. A. tress from which proceeds the entire prophetic ALEXANDER, in loc., seems more natural than his cycle of chaps. xxviii.—xxxiii. At ver. 23 we “There is, at the beginning of this verse, a stand again in the period before the overthrow of sudden apostrophe to the enemy considered as a the Assyrians. With few, yet vigorous and clear ship. It was said (ver. 21) that no vessel should lines the Prophet portrays, in the first three approach the holy city. But now the Prophet clauses of ver. 23, the present distress, using an seems to remember that one had done so, the image suggested by ver. 21. He compares the proud ship Assyria. But what was its fate?' He kingdom of Judah to a ship whose cables hang sees it dismantled and abandoned to its enemies." loose and hold neither flag nor mast (but see –Tr.] comment below). For then (i.e., in the great mo

The ship of the Jewish state presents a desolate ment referred to, vers. 1 and 3, whose approach spectacle. But patience! Then (i. e., in the mohe had announced as immediate ver. 10, and pre- ment, that is partly predicted, partly presupposed supposes ver. 13 sqq.), in this great moment great in what precerles), spoil will be divided, which imbooty is distributed, and in fact plunder is so easy plies complete victory. The accumulation of words end). Now Israel is reinvigorated to a healthy, meaning booty (vy, 560, 12) denotes the rich strong life. It has in that deliverance the pledge abundance of it. What is said of the lame intithat God has forgiven its sin, and that is the mates plainly enough that the field of plunder pledge of all salvation (ver. 24). Thus the pro- must have been near Jerusalem, and that the phecy concludes with a brief word as it began. enemy had fled. For only then could such reach And the pith of it is the same fact to which ver. the camp or venture into it. Manifestly the Pro1 refers from another side.

phet has in mind the same fact to which he refers ver. 4 (2 Kings xix. 35 sqq.; Isa. xxxvii.36 s

sqq.). 2. Thy tacklings iniquity.–Vers. 23, As in vers. 5, 6 the spoiling of the Assyrian is 24. Expositors down to EWALD, whom DRECHS- made the pledge of all other displays of divine LER and DELITZSCH join [so also BARNES, J. A. grace, so, too, here. The nation that has experiALEXANDER, BIRKs], understand the image of enced such salvation from God may comfort itthe ship to refer to Assyria, and to form a conti- self with the assurance of all support both for the nuation of the allegory of ver. 21 : did the enemy body (24 a) [comp. Jer. xiv. 18] and for the soul succeed in crossing those trenches, they would be (246). Both hang closely together (comp. Luke wrecked, and Israel would divide the spoil. The v. 20 sqq.). But forgiving sin is the chief matfollowing considerations conflict with this view: ter: for sin separates God and man; and as soon 1) ver. 22 concludes the preceding discourse; 2) as it is taken away, both are closely united, and according to ver. 21 the hostile ships will not the way is opened for blessing men (comp. vers. cross over those water trenches; the mention of 5, 6). them is in respect only of plundering and destruction ; 3) the description of ver. 23 does not suit a vessel disabled in conflict, but only one badly equipped for battles; 4) what is said of the

1. On xxxii. 1. Per quod quis peccat, per idem lame plundering implies a locality that such can punitur et ipse. Jer. xxx. 16; comp. Adonibezek, reach, they cannot be supposed to take part in a Judg. i. 5 sqq.; Matth. vii. 2.

2. On xxxiii. 10. God alone knows when the sea-fight; 5) the feminine suffix in Johan refers proper moment has come for Him to interpose. to Zion, because Assyria is nowhere else made fe- Till then He waits—but not a moment longer. minine. For in the sole passage quoted in proof Till then it is our part to wait with patience.


But let the right moment come, and let the LORD condition (believing prayer, ver. 2); 2) Its ground once say: “Now will I rise," then what is not of a. the grace of God (ver. 2a); 6. the power of God falls to pieces, then the nations must despair God (ver. 36, v. 5 a); 3) Its two sides, in that it and kingdoms fall; the earth must pass away is a. corporal (vers. 3, 4); b. spiritual (vers. 5, 6). when He lets Himself be heard (Ps. xlvi. 7).

2. [Ver. 5. When God's enemies and ours are Then the hidden truth of things becomes mani- overthrown, both He and we are glorified. “1. fest: what appeared strong then appears weak, God will h:lve the praise of it (ver. 5 a); 2. His and the weak strong, that the LORD alone may be people will have the blessing of it (ver. 5 b)." high at that time (ii. 11; v. 15).

M. HENRY] 3. Ver. 14. Here we get a deep insight into the obstinate and despairing heart of man, and recog; 1. They come at the right moment (ver. 10). 2.

3. Vers. 10–13. The Lord's acts of deliverance. nize why it will not endure a living and personal They are thorough in their effects (vers. 11, 12). God. As Peter said: “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, o Lord” (Luke v. 8), so they 3. They teach us to know and praise God. would turn the living God out of the world, be

4. (Ver. 14. “1. The hypocrites will be greatly cause they feel themselves to be sinful men, who alarmed when they see punishment come upon cannot renounce their sins, because they will not; the open and avowed enemies of God. 2. In for did they but earnestly will to do so, then they such times they will have none of the peace and could also. The inmost reason of all practical quiet confidence which His true friends have. and theoretical heathenism is the feeling of the 3. Such alarm is evidence of conscious guilt and natural man that he and the holy God cannot ex- hypocrisy. 4. The persons here spoken of had a ist side by side in the world. One or other must belief in the doctrine of eternal punishment-a yield. Instead of adopting the way and means belief which hypocrites and sinners always have, which God reveals, by which from natural and else why should they be alarmed ? 5. The

punsinful men we may become holy children of God, ishment of hypocrites in the church will be dreadwe rather deny the living God and substitute ful.” A. BARNES). either demons (1 Cor. x. 20) or abstractions for 5. [The character of a righteous man (ver. 15). Him. But the Prophet here awakens the presen- The reward of the righteous (ver. 16 sqq.). See timent that we may become holy children of God M. Henry and BARNES in loc.—TR.) (ver. 15); the Son of God, however, in the new 6. Vers. 20-22. Comfort for the church in advercovenant teaches us this with perfect clearness şity. The church of the Lord stands fast. For (1 Pet. ii. 9 sqq.).

1. It is the last and highest institution of God (ver. 20). 2. The Lord Himself is mighty in it,

a. as Judge, b. as a Master (Teacher), c. as King 1. Vers. 2-6. Help in great distress. 1) On what | (vers. 21, 22).




CHAP. XXXIV.-XXXV. Chapters xxxiv., Xxxv. are the proper conclu- of Israel's hope of salvation is that its enemies sion of the first part of Isaiah's prophecies. For shall be destroyed. That the Prophet means here chaps. xxxvi.-xxxix. are only an historical sup- to conclude all announcement of judgment against plement, though a very important one. Hence their enemies appears from the demand of ver. I do not think that chaps. xxxiv., xxxv. are only 16 that they shall search “the book of the Lord," the finale of chaps. xxviii.-xxxii; for that we and compare the prediction there with the fulfilhave already found in chap xxxiii. Rather chaps. ment. We shall try to show that this appeal to xxxiv., xxxv. form a conclusion of the first half "the book of the LORD” implies the entire foreof the book that sums up and finishes the an- going book. nouncements of judgment and salvation of the first part, and prepares for and introduces those of part side of the judgment of the world, riz., the final

In chap. xxxv. the Prophet presents the other second. For we notice already in these chapters redemption of Israel. the language of xl.-Ixvi. First of all the Pro-home to Zion out of exile. Not a word intimates

It appears as a return phet carries us in chap. xxxiv. to the end of days. that the Prophet has in mind only the return from As if to make an end corresponding to the beginping, i. 2, he summons the earth and all its in Babylon. He names no land; he speaks only of habitants to notice the announcement of the final return (1930, ver. 10) in general. Already in judgment that is to comprehend heaven and earth Deut. xxx. 3 sqq. it is promised that the Lord (xxxiv. 1-4). But he is not in condition to rep- will gather the Israelites and bring them back ont resent the how of the world's destruction. As re- of all lands, even though driven out to the end of marked in the introduction to xxiv.-xxvii., he heaven, thence too the Lord will fetch them. On can only paint that remote judgment in colors of the ground of this passage Isaiah had already the present. He gives at once a vivid and an held out a similar prospect (xi, 11 sqq.; xix. 23 -9.; agreeable picture of it by_representing it as a xxvii. 12 sq.), and after him Jeremiah especially judgment against Edom. For the negative base deals much in this particular of the glorious last

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