Obrazy na stronie
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of air through the throat. The sound that is thus | God's breath, or God's breath being described as produced corresponds to the rough guttural sound wind (Ex. xv. 8; Jobiv. 9; xv. 30; Hos. xiii. 15; of the roaring lion (xxxi. 4), to the noise of thun- Isaiah xl. 7; lix. 19). As a violent tempest der (Job xxxvii. 2), to the moaning of a dove causes much damage, but at the same time does (xxxviii. 14), to the muttering of conjurers (viii. much good by its purifying influence, so this pun19), and to the sighing of a nian (xvi. 7), and is ishnient of expulsion from the land is so far from also the physical basis for human speech, whether being intended for the destruction of Israel, that this be a speaking with others or a speaking with the salvation of Israel arises from it. For just Even in Prov. XXV. 4 sq. this signification holds thereby (1?? as xxvi. 14; Jer. v. 2) the guilt of “ Breathe (blow) the dross from the silver” is Jacob is expiated (covered comp. xxii. 14). The what we read there. This means, we are to re- words by this, therefore, are to be taken together, and move by blowing the impure ingredients that point with emphasis backwards. nxia cannot be swim on the surface of the molten silver. And so referred to the following 1307, because atone(Prov. xxv. 5) the court is to be purified from the ment is not made for Israel by this 911 daw, but hurtful presence of a wicked man, he is to be on the contrary, this 111 w is the fruit of the blown away as scum upon molten silver. In our expiation. By this expiatory punishment Israel place, too, nım is simply “to breathe.” He knows how to make good come out of evil (Gen.

is made partaker of great blessing. The LORD breathes with his rough breath in the day 1. 20). The expiation, i. e., the removal of guilt of the east wind means nothing else than: has the effect that Israel thereby becomes free also God blows Israel away out of his land by send from the power and dominion of sin. [12?, ing, like the storm of an east wind, His breath though it strictly means shall be atoned for, is here with great force over the land. The thought in

metonymically used to denote the effect and not volved in onko is once more expressed by an the cause, purification and not expiation. In the image. The Prophet knows that exile is the se- very same way it is applied to the cleansing of verest punishment which Jehovah inflicts on His inanimate objects. ALEXANDER.-D. M.]. 7! people. Whether it was the case that Isaiah had refers to 'n and what follows. All fruit of the already witnessed the carrying away of the ten forgiveness of sin, consequently all sanctification tribes, or that passages of the Pentateuch which concentrates itself in Israel's keeping row the first threaten the punishment of exile were present to and greatest commandment, and in definitivery him (Deut. iv. 27 sq.; xxviii. 36, 63 $99; ; xxix. renouncing idolatry. 7! is not, however, the de28), he certainly means that Jehovah does not exterminale His people as He, e. g., exterminated monstrative pronoun, but is to be taken adverbithe Canaanites, but that He inflicts on them as

ally; this word, as is well known, possessing the the maximum of punishment only temporary two significations this and there. Hence the conexile. The use of the perfect 1717 is then quite

struction 1990? (not 15:12) can follow. Comp. normal, in order to describe further a matter con

29:27. thy. Num. xiii. 17. Israel by so dashtained in the principal sentence (onkw). The altais, that they can no longer serve for places of

ing in pieces all the stones of their idolatrous expression nop on does not elsewhere occur worship for Ashtoreth and images of the sun, exBut Isaiah does speak of a ne D'IT xix. 4, of hibits the fruit of the expiation that has been ren

dered and of the forgiveness that has been re. 2, . (. Qey, noen ?n ver. 1. A mighty political catastrophe lime-stones, the mineralogical sense, but stones which would purify the land is here compared in a wall which are covered with lime, mortar with a stormy wind, or east wind, the most vio- [?]. n1353, (comp. xi. 12; xxxiii. 3) are the lent wind known in Palestine (Job xxvii. 21; same stones, when they, in consequence of the deHos. xiii. 15, which place was perhaps before the struction of the wall which they formed, lie broken mind of the Prophet ; Jon. iv. 8; Ezek. xvii. 10; idolatrous altars, and they will in consequence no

in pieces. This shall happen to the stones of the xix. 12); and this wind is marked as 0717 717 longer serve as pedestals on which images of as a breath proceeding from the mouth of God; Ashtoreth and of the sun (compon xvii. 8) wind being frequently in the 0. T. described as stand up.

8. THE DESTRUCTION OF THE WORLDLY CITY AND ISRAEL'S JOYFUL RES

TORATION. CHAPTER XXVII. 10-13. 10 •Yet the defenced city shall be desolate,

And the habitation forsaken, and left like a wilderness :
There shall the calf feed, and there shall he lie down,

And consume the branches thereof.
11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off:

The women come and set them on fire :
For it is a people of no understanding;

Therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them,

And he that formed them will show them no favor. 12 And it shall come to pass in that day,

That the LORD shall beat off
From the bchannel of the river unto the stream of Egypt,
And

ye

shall be gathered one by one,
0 children of Israel.
13 And it shall come to pass in that day,

That the great trumpet shall be blown,
And they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria,
And the outcasts in the land of Egypt,
And shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.
· For.

Dear of corn.

ye

TEXTUAL AND GRAMMATICAL.

TT:

Ver. 10. 773 (only here in Isaiah) is an adverb, or is the form of the construct state, and can be treated substantive used adverbially. It might also be 7735 here as such ; for the construct state marks in apposi(comp. Numb. xxiii. 9; Micah vii. 14). That an adverb tional relations nothing but the closest connection can be the predicate is well known.

(NAEGELSBACH Gr., 2 64, 1). {To one one, i. e., one to the Ver. 12. 7718 17x", i. e., to one one, to one which is other, to mark careful attention to each individual, and one and nothing else, wholly one. This combination to express the idea that all will be gathered together occurs only here (for Eccles. vii. 27 is different). Tnx and without exception.-D. M.).

משלח

EXEGETICAL AND CRITICAL, 1. The Prophet again draws on a dark back- | taken here as pasturage," but as habitation, ground the picture of the worldly power. He dwelling-place. The mij is said by Metonymy had represented it, ver. 1, in the form of beasts; to be driven away (nap) although only its here, as already (xxiv. 10-12; xxv. 2, 3, 12; xxvi. 5), the great city of the world, the centre inhabitants are so. (Comp. 17 xvi. 2; of the worldly power, is made to appear. He hasra n'y Amos v. 3; and Jun 1?N? Isa. xiii

. depicts it as a desolate forsaken place, overgrown with bushes, whose tender branches the calves 20). As the wilderness can be said to be foreat off, whose withered twigs women gather for saken, but not driven away, we have to connect fuel. This pitiable lot is the punishment of their only zij') with 1379), and not n huo also. On folly (vers. 10 and 11). Quite different is the the place that has been so forsaken calves will case with Israel. This people finds grace in the feed (comp. v. 17; xxvii. 13 sqq.), and lie eyes of its Lord. Out of the sheaves of the down, and consume (xlix. 4) the branches nations, which shall be gathered in the day of judgment, all the ears that belong to Israel shall (comp. xvii. 6) thereof, i. e., of the forsaken be separated, and bound together (ver. 12). And city. What remains of the branches (7*3p in when the great trumpet sounds, all the Israelites the collective sense of foliage, especially in Job lost and scattered in the lands of the heathen, xiv. 9; xviii. 16; xxix. 19), and is withered, shall return home, in order to worship Jehovah is broken off (the plural 173730n to be referred on the holy mountain at Jerusalem (ver. 13). to the idea of a multitude of branches contained

2. Yet the defenced-no favor.-Vers. 10, in 7'3p); then women come and kindle it 11. The city which becomes desolate and finds anix as a neuter comp. on ver. 4), i. e., they no mercy (ver. 11) cannot possibly be Jerusalem. It can only be the city which the Prophet has make an X, a flame of it (xxxi. 9; xliv. 16; 1. already (xxiv. 10-12; xxi. 2, 3, 12; xxvi. 5) the people (i. e., the nations conceived as one)

11 comp. Mal. i. 10). This judgment comes upon 60 emphatically set forth as the centre of the of the worldly power; because it is a people worldly power, and distinguished from the earth without right understanding (plural only here. of which it is the centre. Vers. 10 and 11 are therefore connected with ver. 1. ' is here ex.

Comp. on xi. 2). Therefore, although Jehovah

is the Creator of the heathen also (Gen. i. 26; plicative, rather than causal. The defenced comp. Job xii. 10; Acts xvii. 26), yet He will city of ver. 10 is identical with the 77133 1717 not be gracious unto them (170 Y as xvii. 7; xxix. in xxv. 2.-7! (comp. xxxii. 18; xxxiii. 20; 16. 173. comp. xxix. 16; xlv. 9 et saepe). [Many xxxiv. 13; xxxv. 7; lxv. 10) is originally a of the best interpreters hold that the city spoken habitation of Nomades, a place where people can of in ver. 10 is Jerusalem, and not Babylon. stay with their flocks and herds. Then it is The desolation here described is not so complete habitation in general; and as the city is here as that denounced against Babylon (xiii. 19-22), designated as iyi 713, what the city was, and and corresponds exactly to the judgment foretold not what it is. is denoted by 0712. It was formerly elsewhere by Isaiah against Israel and Jerusalem an inhabited city. nid is 'accordingly not to be xxxii. 13, 14; v. 17. The people of no under

DOCTRINAL AND ETHICAL.

נדחים and אבד'ס Gentiles are nothing but the

standing, whose Maker and Former is Jehovah, | Euphrates to designate a boundary of the Israelitcertainly looks like Israel. Comp. i. 3.-D. M.]. ish kingdom (Gen. xv. 18; 1 Kings viii. 65),

3. And it shall come-Jerusalem.-Vers. but as emblem of the southern and first land of 12, 13. In contrast to the sad image of a wilder- exile; as the Euphrates is emblem of the second ness in vers. 10 and 11, the Prophet depicts and northern land of exile. Israel's final destiny as a harvest of glory and At the signal which will be given by sound of highest honor for Israel. The image of a great trumpet (xviii. 3; Matt. xxiv. 3; 1 Cor. xv.52; harvest-day (Matt. xiii. 39; Rev. xiv. 14 sqq.), 1 Thes. iv. 16) all the Israelites who are lost forms the basis of the figurative language of vers. (Jer. 1. 6) and scattered (xi. 12 comp. Ezek. 12 and 13. The sheaves are gathered, even in xxxiv. 4, 16) in the lands of Assyria and Egypt the countries where Israel lives in exile, mainly in the same lands which were previously detherefore, in the countries of the Euphrates and signated by 973 and 'n nu) come to worship the Nile. For these countries are for the Pro- the Lord in Jerusalem, on the mountain of the phet here, as xi. 11 sqq.; xix. 23 sqq., repre: Sanctuary (xxiv. 23 ; xxv. 6, 7, 10). Here ends sentatives of the lands of exile in general. But the libellus apocalypticus of Isaiah This worwhen the harvest-sheaves of those countries are ship he conceives as never ending (comp. xxv. 7 borne by the reapers, the LORD shall beat these sq.). Israel's return to his own land is type of sheaves (oan of the beating off of olives Deut. the restoration of redeemed men (the 'Iopara xxiv. 20; of the threshing of grain with a staff TVEDUATIKÓc) into the heavenly home. It is not Jud. vi. 11; Ruth ii. 17; Isa. xxviii. 27), and possible in this connection to think merely (as the ears of Israel will fall out, and then be even DRECIISLER does) on a single act of worgathered to be brought back. It is plain that the ship before taking possession of the land and Prophet means by this image what he afterwards, settling in it. ver. 13, states in proper terms. For the scattered Israelitish ears amid the great sheaves of the

)

xxiv. 2. “When general judgments take ver. 13. I take therefore non ver. 12 as a col- place, no distinction is observed between man and lective designation of ears of grain. For what wife, master and servant, mistress and maid, significance would it have here to give promi- | learned and unlearned, noble and plebeian, clergy nence to the Euphrates being at high water, as and laity; therefore let no one rely on any exterit is quite indifferent for the Geographical bound- nal prerogative or superiority, but let every one ary whether the Euphrates has much water or without distinction repent and forsake sin.”little insav, flurus aquae, emphasizes the abund- CRAMER. Though this is right, yet we must, on ance of water, Ps. lxix. 3, 6, besides only Jud. the other hand, remember that the Lord declares xii. 6 where the meaning is a matter of no conse

in reference to the same great event, “ Then shall quence)? We dare not press the line of the two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and

the other left. Two women shall be grinding at Euphrates

, or the line of the D'ivo brd any the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other more than the depth of the Euphrates as a sharply left” (Matth. xxiv. 10 sq.). There is no contradrawn boundary-line. For the grain-ears of the diction in these two statements. Both are true: Euphrates are just the ears of the lands of the outward relations will make no difference; there Euphrates, and the ears of the brook of Egypt shall be no respect of persons. But the state of are the ears of Egypt, as appears from IDR p the heart will make a difference. According to and 0'75 ver. 13. I believe that in regard to the inward character there will, in the case of grammar we are fully justified in supplying about those whose external position in the world is per

fectly alike, be some who enter life, others whose after 7 and before og hou. The omission of doom is death. substantives after prepositions of comparison

2. xxiv. 5 sq.

“ The earth is burdened with furnishes a perfectly sufficient analogy for this sins, and is therefore deprived of every blessing. omission (comp. Job xxxiii. 25). [The proposed The earth must suffer for our guilt, when we construction is intolerably hard, and has no clear have as it were spoilt it, and it must be subject to parallel to support it. It is unwarrantably as- vanity for our sakes (Rom. viii. 20). What wonsumed that 7700 obroj must mean the high toward us ?” —CRAMER.

der is it that it should show itself ungrateful water of the river Euphrates as distinguished

[3. xxiv. 13 sq.

“ Observe the small number from the river at low water. Okan denotes cur- of this remnant; here and there one who shall rent, flood, and so abundance of water, and it escape the common calamity (as - Noah and his may well be put as an adjunct of the river Eu family, when the old world was drowned), who phrates when the other terminus is the insignifi- when all faces gather blackness, can lift up their cant stream of Egypt, the Wadi el Arish. It ap- head with joy. Luke xxi. 26–28.” Henry. – pears to me exceedingly forced to take obao D. M.]. here as a collective, meaning ears of grain, and

4. xxiv. 17–20. Our earth is a volcanic body. then to suppose an ellipsis of this substantive Mighty volcanic forces were active at its forma: after 1.-D. M.].

tion. That these are still in commotion in the

interior of the earth is proved by the many active That the ing boy is the Wadi el Arish which volcanoes scattered over the whole earth, and by flows near Rhinocolura into the sea is certain the perpetual volcanic convulsions which we call (Comp. EBERS, Egypt and the books of Moses, I. earthquakes. These have hitherto been confined p. 275). But it is not mentioned along with the to particular localities. But who can guarantee

that a concentration and simultaneous eruption | those which arose together with it, and which of those volcanic forces, that is, a universal earth- stand in organic connection with it, so also the quake, shall not hereafter occur ? The LORD angelic powers, which are judged simultaneously makes express mention of earthquakes among the with us nen, can be only those which stand in signs which shall precede His second coming connection with the heavenly bodies of our Solar (Matth. xxiv. 7; Mark xiii. 8; Luke xxi. 11). System, i. e., with the earthly material world. And in 2 Pet. iii. 5 sqq. the future destruction of There are heavenly bodies of glorious pneumatic the earth by fire is set over against the destruc- substance. If personal beings stand in connection of the old world by water. Isaiah in our tion with them, they must also be pure, glorious, place announces a catastrophe whose characteris- resplendent beings. These will not be judged. tic features will be that, 1) there will be no escape They are the holy angels, who come with the from it; 2) destructive forces will assail from LORD (Matth. xxv. 31). But it is quite conabove and below; 3) the earth will be rent asun-ceivable that all the bodies of our Solar System der; 4) it will reel and totter ; 5) it will suffer are till the judgment like our earth suffered to be so heavy a fall that it will not rise again (ver. 20 the theatre of the spirits of darkness. b). Is there not here a prophecy of the destruc 6. xxiv. 21-23. It seems to me that the Protion of the earth by volcanic forces ? And how phet has here sketched the chief matters pertainsuddenly can they break loose! The ministers ing to eschatology. For the passing away of heaof the word have every reason to compare this ven and earth, the binding of Satan (Rev. xx. lextreme exposedness of our earth to fire, and the 3), the loosing of Satan again (Rev. xx. 7), and possibility of its unexpectedly sudden collapse finally the reign of God alone, which will make with the above-cited warnings of the word of sun and moon unnecessary (Rev. xxi. 23)—are God, and to attach thereto the admonition which not these the boundary-stones of the chief epochs is added in 2 Pet. iii. 11.

of the history of the end of the world? 5. xxiv. 21. The earth is a part of our plane. The provision is very rich, and every thing is of

7. xxv. 6. ["The LORD of hosts makes this feast. tary system. It is not what it appears to the op; the best. It is a feast, which supposes abundance tical perception to be, a central body around and variety ; it is a continual feast to believers; which worlds of a different nature revolve, but it, ' i is their fault if it be not. together with many similar bodies, revolves round a common centre. The earth according to things and full of marrow; so relishing, so nourishthat view of the account of the creation in Gen. ing are the comforts of the Gospel' to all those i., which appears to me the true one, has arisen that feast upon them and digest them. The rewith all the bodies of our Solar system out of turning prodigal was entertained with the fatted one primary matter, originally united, common calf; and David has that pleasure in communion to them all. If our Solar System is a well with marrow and fatness. It is a feast of wines on

with God, with which his soul is satisfied as ordered, complete organism, it must rest on the the lees; the strongest-bodied wines, that have basis of a not merely formal, but also material been long kept upon the lees, and then are well unity ; i. e., the separate bodies must move, not only according to a principle of order which There is that in the Gospel which, like fine wine,

jefined from them, so that they are clear and fine. governs all, but they must also as to their sub- soberly used, makes glad the heart, and raises the stance be essentially like. And as they arose simultaneously, so must they perish simultaneous spirits, and is fit for those that are of a heavy ly. It is inconceivable that our earth

alone lieart, being under convictions of sin, and mournshould disappear from the organism of the Solaring for it, that they may drink and forget their System, or pass over to a higher material condi- misery (for that is the proper use of wine; it is a

cordial for those that need it, Prov. xxxi. 6, 7) tion. Its absence, or ceasing to exist in its previous form and substance, would necessarily draw may be of good cheer, knowing that their sins are after it the ruin of the whole system. Hence the work and warfare, as a strong man refreshed with

bé vigorous in their spiritual Scripture speaks every where of a passing away wine.” Henry.-D. M.] and renovation of the heaven and the earth (Ps.

8. xxv. 9. “In the Old Testament the vail and cii. 26; Isa. li. 6; lxv. 17; lxvi. 22; Matth. v. 18; xxiv. 29, 35; 2 Pet. iii. 7, 10, 13; Heb. xii: covering were before men's eyes, partly because 26; Rev. xx. 11;' xxi. 1). The heaven that shall because they sat in darkness and in the shadow

they waited for the light that was to appear, partly pass away with a great noise, whose powers shall of death (Luke i. 79). The fulfilment of this prebe shaken, whose stars shall fall

, is the planetary diction has in Christ already begun, and will at heaven. The same lot will happen to the com

last be perfectly fulfilled in the Church triumphant panions of our earth, to the other planets, and to the centre, the sun, and to all other co-ordinate where all ignorance and sorrow shall be dispelled and subordinate stellar bodies, which will befall (1 Cor. xiii. 12).” CRAMER. the earth itself. This is the substance of the view mother, who presses to her bosom her sorrowful

9. xxv. 8. “God here represents Himself as a which serves as a basis for our place. But per- son, comforts him and wipes away his tears (Isa. sonal beings are not thereby by any means excluded from the aid x3y. The parallel ex

Ixvi. 13). The righteous are to believe and ap

propriate this promise, that every one may learn pression 79787 1789, and the use in other places to speak with Panl in the time of trial: the sufof the related expression D'p@73 833 lead us ferings of this present time are not worthy to be rather to suppose personal beings to be included. compared with the glory which shall be revealed But I believe that a distinction must be made in us, Rom. viii, 18.” CRAMER. here. As the heavenly bodies which will pass 10. xxv. 10. “This is now the hope and consolaaway simultaneously with the earth, can only be tion of the church that the hand of the LORD rests

RICH.

All we

on this mountain, that is, that He will be gracious, the living God on earth, and who will not be exand let His power, help and grace be there seen cluded from the celestial city. Instead of comand felt. But the unbelieving Moabites, i. e., the plaining that only the righteous and the faithful Jews, with all others who will not receive the will be admitted into the heavenly city, it should gospel, shall be threshed to pieces as straw in the rather give us joy to think that there will be no mire; these the Lord's hand will not rescue, as it sin there, that none but the just and true will helps those who wait on Him, but it shall press there be found. This has been a delightful subthem down so that they will never rise, accord-ject of reflection to God's saints. The last words ing to the saying, Mark xvi. 16." VEIT DIET- written by HENRY MARTYN were: “Oh! when

shall time give place to eternity? When shall 11. xxv. Three thoughts contained in this appear that new heaven and new earth wherein chapter we should hold fast: 1) When we see dwelleth righteousness? There, there shall in no the world triumph over every thing which be- wise enter in any thing that defileth; none of that longs to the LORD and His kingdom, when our wickedness which has made men worse than wild hearts are anxious about the preservation in the beasts-none of their corruptions which add to the world of the Church of Christ, which is sore op- miseries of mortality shall be seen or heard of any pressed, let this word of the Prophet comfort our more."--D. M.] hearts. The world-city which contains all that 14. xxvi. 4. “The fourth privilege of the church is of the world, sinks into the dust, and the church is trust in God the Rock of Ages, i.e., in Christ, of Christ goes fronı her chains and bands into the who not only here, but also Matth. xvi.; 1 Cor. state of freedom and glory. We have often seen x.; 1 Pet. ii., is called a rock in a peculiar manthat it is the Lord's way to let every thing come ner, because no other foundation of salvation and to maturity. When it is once ripe, He comes of the church can be laid except this rock, which suddenly with His sentence. Let us comfort ours is here called the rock of ages on account of the selves therewith, for thus will it happen with the eternity of His being, merit and oflice. Hence a world and its dominion over the faithful followers refutation can be drawn of the papistical fable of Christ. When it is ripe, snddenly it will come which makes Peter and his successors, the Roman to an end. 2) No one who has a heart for the Pontiffs, to be the rock on which the church is welfare of the nations can see without the deepest built.” FOERSTER. (“Whatever we trust to the pain how all hearts are now seduced and befooled, world for, it will be but for a moment. and all eyes closed and covered. The simplest expect from it is confined within the limits of truths are no longer acknowledged, but the more time; but what we trust in God for will last as perverse, brutal and mean views and doctrines long as we shall last. For in the Lord Jehovah, are, the more greedily are they laid hold of. We Jah, Jehovah, in Him who was, and is, and is to cannot avert this. But our comfort is that even come, there is a rock of ages, a firm and lasting this seduction of the nations will reach its climax. foundation for faith and hope to build upon; and Then men will come to themselves. The vail and the house built on that rock will stand in a storm.” covering will fall off, and the Gospel will shine Henry.”—D. M.] with new light before the nations. Therewith let 15. xxvi. 5. “It is very common with the us comfort ourselves. 3) Till this happens, the prophets, when they prophesy of the kingdom of church is sorrowful. But she shall be full of joy. Christ to make reference to the proud and to the The promise is given to her that she shall be needy, and to represent the latter as exalted and fully satisfied with the good things of the house the former as brought low. This truth is directed of ihe LORD. A life is promised to her which properly against the self-righteous. For Christ neither death nor any pain can affect, as she and His righteousness will not endure spiritual has rest from all enemies. The word of the pride and presumption; but the souls that are Lord shall be fulfilled in her: Blessed are the poor, that hunger and thirst for grace, that know meek, for they shall inherit the earth. The their need, these Christ graciously receives.” Church that has such a promise may wait in pa- CRAMER. tient quietness for its accomplishment, and praise 16. xxvi. 6. “It vexes the proud all the the Lord in affliction, till it pleases Him to glo- more that they will be overcome by those who rify her before all cations." WEBER, The Prophet | are poor and of no consequence.

For example, Isaiah. 1875.

Goliath was annoyed that a boy should come 12. xxvi. 1. "The Christian church is a city of against him with a staff (1 Sam. xiii. 43).” God. God has built it, and He is the right Mas- CRAMER. ter-builder. It is strong: 1) on account of the 17. xxvi. 8-10. That the justice of God must Builder; 2) on account of the foundation and absolutely manifest itself that the majesty of the corner-stone, which is Christ; 3) on account of LORD may be seen, and that the wicked may the bond wherewith the living stones are bound learn righteousness, must eren from a new Testatogether, which is the unity of the faith.” CRA- ment view-point be admitted. But the New TesMER. [The security and happiness of true be- tament disputes the existence of any one who is lievers, both on earth and in heaven, is represented righteous when confronted by the law, and who is in Scripture under the image of their dwelling in not deserving of punishment. [But that there is a city in which they can bid defiance to all their none righteous, no not one, is taught most emphaenemies. We dwell in such a city even now, Ps. tically in the Old Testament also.-D. M.]. But xlvi. 4-5. We look for such a city, Heb. xi. 10, it (the New Testament) while it shuts up all, 16; Rev. xxi.-D. M.]

Jews and Gentiles, without exception, under sin 13. xxvi. 2. (These words may be taken as a (Gal. iii. 22; Rom. iii. 9; xi. 32), sets forth a description of the people whom God owns, who scheme of mediation, which, while it renders full are fit to be accounted members of the church of | satisfaction to justice, at the same time offers to

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